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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Grainer \Grain"er\ (gr[=a]n"[~e]r), n.

  1. An infusion of pigeon's dung used by tanners to neutralize the effects of lime and give flexibility to skins; -- called also grains and bate.

  2. A knife for taking the hair off skins.

  3. One who paints in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.; also, the brush or tool used in graining.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

"to reduce, to lessen in intensity," c.1300, shortening of abate (q.v.). Now only in phrase bated breath, which was used by Shakespeare in "The Merchant of Venice" (1596).


c.1300, "to contend with blows or arguments," from Old French batre "to hit, beat, strike," from Late Latin battere, from Latin batuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)). In falconry, "to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the perch." Figurative sense of "to flutter downward" attested from 1580s.


Etymology 1 vb. 1 (context transitive English) To reduce the force of something; to abate. 2 (context transitive English) To restrain, usually with the sense of being in anticipation; as, ''with bated breath''. 3 (context transitive sometimes figuratively English) To cut off, remove, take away. 4 (context archaic transitive English) To leave out, except, bar. 5 To waste away. 6 To deprive of. 7 To lessen by retrenching, deducting, or reducing; to abate; to beat down; to lower. 8 To allow by way of abatement or deduction. Etymology 2

n. strife; contention. vb. 1 (context intransitive English) To contend or strive with blows or arguments. 2 (context intransitive falconry English) Of a falcon: To flap the wings vigorously; to bait. Etymology 3

n. 1 An alkaline lye which neutralizes the effect of the previous application of lime, and makes hides supple in the process of tanning. 2 A vat which contains this liquid. vb. (context transitive English) To soak leather so as to remove chemicals used in tanning; to steep in bate. Etymology 4

vb. (context nonstandard English) (en-simple past of: beat); = (term beat English). Etymology 5

vb. (context intransitive slang English) To masturbate.

  1. v. moderate or restrain; lessen the force of; "He bated his breath when talking about this affair"; "capable of bating his enthusiasm"

  2. flap the wings wildly or frantically; used of falcons

  3. soak in a special solution to soften and remove chemicals used in previous treatments; "bate hides and skins"


Baté is a village in Somogy county, Hungary.


Baté is a village in Somogy county, Hungary.

Bate (surname)

Bate is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

  • Ahmade Bate (1417–1491), Kurdish poet and cleric
  • Anthony Bate (1927–2012), English actor
  • C. T. Bate (1823–1889), Canadian politician
  • Charles Spence Bate (1819–1889), British zoologist and dentist
  • Dorothea Bate (1878–1951), British paleontologist
  • Henry Bate of Malines (1246–14th-century), Flemish philosopher, theologian, astronomer, astrologer, poet and musician
  • Jeff Bate (1906–1984), Australian politician
  • Jennifer Bate (born 1944), English organist
  • Jonathan Bate (born 1958), British scholar
  • Matthew Bate (born 1987), Australian rules footballer
  • Michael Bate, Canadian media entrepreneur
  • Mike Bate (born 1943), English professor of biology
  • Roger Bate, economist
  • Roger R. Bate (1923–2009), U.S. Army and Air Force officer, Computer and Astrodynamic Scientist
  • Russell Bate, Australian politician
  • Walter Jackson Bate (1918–1999), American literary critic
  • William B. Bate (1826–1905), governor of Tennessee
  • William Thornton Bate (1820–1857), Royal Navy officer and surveyor
  • Zara Bate (1909–1989), Australian fashion designer

Usage examples of "bate".

I had my way in the end--I usually do--besides the satisfaction of finding that Granger Bates was still capable of stepping right along with his wife.

True, he had not rolled up any such enormous fortune as that of Granger Bates, nor did he make in the public eye any such splendid and enviable figure.

Throughout the call the talk had been frankly, inevitably personal, and Susan Bates had treated Eliza Marshall, whose difficult and captious character she at once apprehended, with the most elaborate and ingenious simplicity.

Why, from Susan Bates, to be sure--and in this very place: strophe and antistrophe.

Granger Bates, whose escort could not but expect to draw scrutiny and to provoke inquiry.

Her card was filled to the last line, and she danced it out--with William Bates, with Arthur Paston, and with a score of other young men for whose names the present pages have no need.

Susan Bates, in fact, had renewed the attack, and she prosecuted it whenever occasion offered.

Marshall noticed that Bates had put his flowers into his right-hand button-hole, and Bingham his into his left.

XIII Eliza Marshall meditated on the Bates dinner for several days succeeding, and when the following Saturday morning came round she was still busy with it.

On the side of William Bates there was his position, his ability, his certain future, and the sentimental resumption of old family relations.

But the more the family found to say directly and indirectly on behalf of William Bates, the more resolutely Rosamund turned her face in the opposite direction.

Paston, looking backward, saw Rosamund and William Bates together near the stern.

Susan Bates, with a slight touch of mortification, at once set the whole matter aside.

Susan Bates merely laughed, feeling that she had regained the upperhand.

Ingles at once appropriated William Bates for a walk through the framework of the unfinished dormitories.