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Barabra is an old ethnographical term for the Nubian peoples of northern Sudan and southern Egypt. The word is variously derived from Berberi, i.e. Berber people, or described as identical with Barabara, figuring in the inscription on a gateway of Tuthmosis I, as the name of one of the 113 tribes conquered by him.

In a later inscription of Rameses II at Karnak (1300 BC), Beraberata is given as the name of a southern conquered people. Thus it is suggested that Barabra is a real ethnical name, confused later with Greek and Roman barbarus, and revived in its proper meaning subsequent to the Moslem conquest. A tribe living on the banks of the Nile between Wadi Halfa and Assuan are called Barabra.