Ayam may refer to:
- Ayam kampung(cap),
- ʿ Ayam (people), Kuwaiti citizens of Persian origins.
Ayam, the Malay/Indonesian word for chicken, used in names of dishes and chicken or food-related entities:
- Ayam Brand, food company
- Ayam gulai, Indonesian curry dish
- Ayam pansuh, Malaysian chicken dish
- Opor Ayam, Javanese dish
- Soto ayam, a yellow spicy chicken soup with vermicelli
- Team Ayam, a Malaysian football club
Al Ayam ("The Days"), referring to several newspapers:
- Al Ayam (Bahrain)
- Al Ayam (Sudan)
- Al-Ayyam (disambiguation)
- Amur Yakutsk Mainline - partially complete railway in Eastern Siberia.
An ayam is a Korean traditional winter cap mostly worn by women in the Joseon period (1392 – 1910) for protection against the cold. It is also called aegeom which literally means "covering a forehead" in Korean. There is a historical record which mentions that officials in a low class called iseo wore ayam in the early Joseon period, so it was a unisex cap. However, it is not clear whether the shape at that time was identical to that of the later period. During the late Joseon period, an ayam was usually worn by female commoners. Especially in the western part of Korea, kisaeng (female Korean entertainers) commonly wore an ayam, and they were also worn as a simple formal headgear.
Ayam ( Kuwaiti Arabic):العيّم are Kuwaiti citizens of Iranian origin, who migrated to Kuwait over the last couple of hundred years. Marafi Behbahani was one of the first merchants to settle in Kuwait in the 18th century.
Most Ayam are Shia Muslims. However, some Kuwaitis of Iranian origin are Sunnis. The Kuwaitis of Iranian Balochi origin are predominantly Sunni Muslim. Balochi families first immigrated to Kuwait in the 19th century.
There are also Ayam who originate from Mecca and Medina, but had moved during the Abbasid rule to Iran due to Persecution; after the Abbasid caliphate Al-Ma'moon forced the 8th Shia imam, Ali al-Ridha to stay in Merv in Khorasan. A lot of Shia wanted to visit their imam, but where stopped in their way while in Persia. Most of them settled their after that. Most of Al-Musawi family come from this line.