Ataka may refer to:
- National Union Attack, Bulgarian nationalist political party
- Ataka (play), a Japanese play used as a source for the film The Men Who Tread On the Tiger's Tail
- 9M120 Ataka-V, a Russian-made anti-tank guided missile
- Japanese Gunboat Ataka on the Yangtze River in the 1930s and during the Second Sino-Japanese War
Ataka is a Noh play written in 1465, during the Muromachi Era of Japan by playwright Kanze Nobumitsu.
It has been adapted as a kabuki play, Kanjinchō, and as a movie, Tora no o-wo fumu otokotachi, directed by Kurosawa Akira.