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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
▪ An attempt was made where possible to aspirate gastric juice using a Teflon catheter passed down the suction biopsy channel.
▪ To aspirate the nasogastric tubes hourly.
▪ A bone marrow aspirate showed 64% blast cells.
▪ Acid output was calculated by multiplying the hydrogen ion concentration by the volume of the gastric aspirate.
▪ Characteristics and quantity of vomit, gastric aspirate, and stools were recorded.
▪ Five out of 10 patients had a positive result on provocation with their duodenal aspirate, developing epigastric pain.
▪ Her recently acquired aspirates gave way completely under the stress of emotion.
▪ In cases of doubt a bone marrow aspirate, which is the best guide to body iron stores, should be examined.
▪ Refluxed gastric alkali was determined by appearance of gastric marker in oesophageal aspirates.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Aspirate \As"pi*rate\, n.

  1. A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound.

  2. A mark of aspiration ([asper]) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.

  3. An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.


Aspirate \As"pi*rate\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aspirated; p. pr. & vb. n. Aspirating.] [L. aspiratus, p. p. of aspirare to breathe toward or upon, to add the breathing h; ad + spirare to breathe, blow. Cf. Aspire.] To pronounce with a breathing, an aspirate, or an h sound; as, we aspirate the words horse and house; to aspirate a vowel or a liquid consonant.


Aspirate \As"pi*rate\ ([a^]s"p[i^]*r[asl]t), Aspirated \As"pi*ra"ted\ (-r[=a]"t[e^]d), a. [L. aspiratus, p. p.] Pronounced with the h sound or with audible breath.

But yet they are not aspirate, i. e., with such an aspiration as h.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

1725, "sound of the letter 'H'," especially at the beginning of a word, from Latin aspiratio "a breathing, exhalation; the pronunciation of the letter H" (see aspire).


"to pronounce with audible breath," 1700; perhaps a back-formation from aspiration (n.2), or from French aspirer or directly from Latin aspiratus, past participle of aspirare (see aspire). Related: Aspirated; aspirating.

  1. aspirated n. 1 (context linguistics English) The puff of air accompanying the release of a plosive consonant. 2 (context linguistics English) A sound produced by such a puff of air. 3 A mark of aspiration (#) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing. v

  2. 1 (context transitive English) To remove a liquid or gas by means of suction. 2 (context transitive English) To inhale so as to draw something other than air into one's lungs. 3 (context transitive linguistics English) To produce an audible puff of breath. especially following a consonant.

  1. n. a consonant pronounced with aspiration

  2. v. remove as if by suction; "draw in air" [syn: draw in, suck in]

  3. pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds

  4. suck in air


Usage examples of "aspirate".

My eyes fly open and I aspirate in the jawless equivalent of a scream.

The waiters shared their pleasant mood, and served them affectionately, and were now and then invited to join in the gay talk which babbled on over dislocated aspirates, and filled the air with a sentiment of vagabond enjoyment, of the romantic freedom of violated convention, of something Gil Blas-like, almost picaresque.

Guadalaxara, or Guadalajara, is pronounced by the Spaniards with a strong aspirate, the x and j having the same force.

Aspirates troubled him, so that for the most part he cast them away, and the syntax of his periods was often anacoluthic.

Matty's Da'd died choking on aspirated blood, a veritable fountain of the darkest possible blood, Matty coated a spray-paint-russet as he held the man's yellow wrists and Mum lumbered off down the ward in search of a crash-cart team.

Particles aspirated so terribly fine, like almost atomized, so that they hung in the air like the air itself over the cribbed bed as the man expired, cat-yellow eyes wide open and face screwed into the very most godawful rictusized grin of pain, his last thoughts (if any) unknowable.

Gately's eyes were rolling around in his head and he was making pathetic little scared aspirated sounds as he pictured himself with a hook and parrot and patch making piratical 'Arr Matey' sounds from the AA podium.

On top of the bullet wound, he aspirated a lot of blood and they had to insert a chest tube.

From the autopsy she already knew the patient’s lungs and bronchial tubes had been clear, meaning he had not aspirated anything.

The question of aspiration There is one uncertainty regarding the precise pronunciation the unvoiced stops c (= k), t, p: In English as well as some other languages, these sounds, when occurring before a vowel at the beginning of a word, are normally aspirated.

Should Quenya t, p, c be aspirated as in English, or should they be pronounced as in French or Finnish?

It may be observed that Quenya t, p, c descend from Primitive Elvish consonants that were certainly not aspirated, for in the primitive language they contrasted with distinct aspirated sounds: primitive th, ph, kh, which later became s, f, h in Quenya.

Since the primitive aspirated sounds had been changed, adding aspiration to t, p, c would cause no confusion.

It should be noted, though, that in the writing system devised by Fëanor, there were originally distinct letters for aspirated sounds: "The original Fëanorian system also possessed a grade with extended stems, both above and below the line [of writing].

The voiced counterparts of t, p and c/k, namely d, b and (hard) g respectively, are not aspirated in English.