al-Nahda (; sometimes represented as Nahda or Ennahda) usually refers to the Arab Renaissance in the 19th and 20th century.
It may also refer to:Politics
- Islamic Renaissance Movement, an Islamic political party in Algeria.
- Renaissance Party (Egypt), an Islamic political party in Egypt.
- Ennahda Movement, an Islamic political party in Tunisia.
- al-Nahda, Syria, a village in Hama Governorate, Syria.
- Al Nahda, Dubai, a community in eastern Dubai.
- al-Nahda, Kuwait, a community in western Kuwait.
- Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
- al-Nahda Club (Oman), a multisport club in Oman.
- al-Nahda Club (Saudi Arabia), an association football club in Saudi Arabia.
- Nahdat Berkane, a sports club in Morocco.
- Al Nahda National Schools, a private school in Abu Dhabi.
Al-Nahda ( / ALA-LC: an-Nahḍah; Arabic for "awakening" or " renaissance") was a cultural renaissance that began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Egypt, then later moving to Ottoman-ruled Arabic-speaking regions including Lebanon, Syria and others. It is often regarded as a period of intellectual modernization and reform.
In traditional scholarship, the Nahda is seen as connected to the cultural shock brought on by Napoleon's invasion of Egypt in 1798, and the reformist drive of subsequent rulers such as Muhammad Ali. However, recent scholarship has shown that the Middle Eastern and North African Renaissance was a cultural reform program that was as "autogenetic" as it was Western inspired, linked to the Ottoman Tanzimat and internal changes in political economy and communal reformations in Egypt and Syro-Lebanon.
The Egyptian nahda was articulated in purely Egyptian terms, and its participants were mostly Egyptians, and Cairo was the geographical center of the movement. But al-Nahda was also felt in neighboring Arab capitals, notably Beirut and Damascus. The shared language of Arabic-speaking nations ensured that the accomplishments of the movement could be quickly picked up by intellectuals in Arab countries.
In the Ottoman-ruled Arabic regions, major influence and motive were the 19th century tanzimat reforms of the Ottoman Empire, which brought a constitutional order to Ottoman politics and engendered a new political class and later the Young Turk Revolution, which allowed proliferation of press and other publications.