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Abrikosov (; masculine) or Abrikosova (; feminine) is a Russian surname. It derives from the Russian word "" (abrikos), meaning apricot.

The line of Abrikosovs began with the Penza peasant Semyon Nikolayev, who migrated to Moscow in 1802 and later opened a confectionery plant there. As he started his business with importing and selling fruit (including apricots), he petitioned, and in 1814 was allowed, to change his surname to Abrikosov.

People with this surname
  • Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (1875–1955), Russian/Soviet pathologist
  • Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (born 1928), Soviet/Russian theoretical physicist; son of Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov
  • Andrei Abrikosov (1906–1973), Soviet stage and film actor
  • Anna Abrikosova (1882–1936), Russian Eastern Catholic and translator
  • Grigori Abrikosov (1932–1993), Soviet actor, son of Andrei Abrikosov
  • Tatiana Abrikosova, Russian basketball player for Dynamo Moscow
  • Vladimir Abrikosov (1880–1966), Russian Catholic priest