Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
A bar is a retail establishment that serves alcoholic beverages; also the counter at which drinks are served
Bar or BAR may also refer to:
Bár is a village in Baranya county, Hungary.
Bär (or Baer, from German: bear) is the surname of:
- Abraham Dob Bär Lebensohn (ca. 1789/1794-1878), Russian poet and grammarian
- Dietmar Bär (* 1961), German actor
- Heinrich Bär (1913–1957), German Luftwaffe fighter ace in WWII
- Olaf Bär (* 1957), German operatic baritone
- Philippe Bär, (* 1928), Dutch former bishop
- Bär McKinnon, (* 1969), musician
Bar (computer science)
The Bar is a river in the Ardennes department, northern France, left tributary of the river Meuse. Its source is near Buzancy, in the southern part of the Ardennes department. It flows through Brieulles-sur-Bar, Tannay, Chémery-sur-Bar and Cheveuges. It flows into the Meuse in Vrigne-Meuse, west of Sedan. For much of its length the river flows parallel to the Canal des Ardennes.
The bar is a metric unit of pressure, but not part of the International System of Units (SI). It is exactly equal to Pa and is slightly less than the average atmospheric pressure on Earth at sea level.
The bar and the millibar were introduced by the Norwegian meteorologist Bjerknes, who was a founder of the modern practice of weather forecasting.
Use of the bar is deprecated by various bodies. The BIPM lists it as one of the "non-SI units [that authors] should have the freedom to use" but does not include it among the "Non-SI units accepted for use with the SI", and the NIST includes it in the list of units to avoid and recommends the use of kilopascals (kPa) and megapascals (MPa) instead. The IAU also lists it under "Non-SI units and symbols whose continued use is deprecated." As of 2004, the bar is legally recognized in countries of the European Union.
Units derived from the bar include the megabar (symbol: Mbar), kilobar (symbol: kbar), decibar (symbol: dbar), centibar (symbol: cbar), and millibar (symbol: mbar or mb). The notation bar(g), though deprecated by various bodies, represents gauge pressure, i.e., pressure in bars above ambient or atmospheric pressure.
In musical notation, a bar (or measure) is a segment of time corresponding to a specific number of beats in which each beat is represented by a particular note value and the boundaries of the bar are indicated by vertical bar lines. Dividing music into bars provides regular reference points to pinpoint locations within a piece of music. It also makes written music easier to follow, since each bar of staff symbols can be read and played as a batch. Typically, a piece consists of several bars of the same length, and in modern musical notation the number of beats in each bar is specified at the beginning of the score by the top number of a time signature (such as ), while the bottom number indicates the note value of the beat (the beat has a quarter note value in the example).
The word bar is more common in British English, and the word measure is more common in American English, although musicians generally understand both usages. In American English, although the words bar and measure are often used interchangeably, the correct use of the word 'bar' refers only to the vertical line itself, while the word 'measure' refers to the beats contained between bars. In international usage, it is equally correct to speak of bar numbers and measure numbers, e.g. ‘bars 9–16’ or ‘mm. 9–16’. Along the same lines, it is wise to reserve the abbreviated form ‘bb. 3–4’ etc. for beats only; bars should be referred to by name in full.
The first metrically complete measure within a piece of music is called ‘bar 1’ or ‘m. 1’. When the piece begins with an anacrusis (an incomplete measure at the head of a piece of music), ‘bar 1’ or ‘m. 1’ is the following measure.
A bar or stroke is a modification consisting of a line drawn through a grapheme. It may be used as a diacritic to derive new letters from old ones, or simply as an addition to make a grapheme more distinct from others. It can take the form of a vertical bar, slash, or crossbar.
A stroke is sometimes drawn through the numbers 7 and 0, to make them more distinguishable.
For the specific usages of various letters with bars and strokes, see their individual articles.
In Unicode, there are bars at , , , .
In heraldry, a bar is an ordinary consisting of a horizontal band across the shield. If only one bar appears across the middle of the shield, it is termed a fess; if two or more appear, they can only be called bars. Calling the bar a diminutive of the fess is inaccurate, however, because two bars may each be no smaller than a fess. Like the fess, bars too may bear complex lines (such as embattled, indented, nebuly, etc.). The diminutive form of the bar (narrower than a bar yet wider than a cottise) is the barrulet, though these frequently appear in pairs, the pair termed a "bar gemel" rather than "two barrulets".
Bar (TV Czech Republic)
Bar is the local season of the reality The Bar in Czech Republic. The show was started on 9 July 2006 and finished on 2 September 2006, with a duration of 56 days. TV Prima is the channel was aired. The presenters are Libor Bouček & Laďka Něrgešová.
Bar (TV Croatia)
Bar is the local season of the reality The Bar in Croatia. The show was started on 2 August 2005 and finished on 1 October 2005, with a duration of 61 days. Nova is the channel was aired. The presenter is Marin Ivanović, "Stoka".
Bár (TV Hungary)
Bár is the local season of the reality The Bar in Hungary. The show was aired in 2000 and 2008 with 2 seasons in total. Viasat 3 is the channel was aired. In season 1 the presenter is Péter Novák, in season 2 the presenters are Lia and Majka.
Bar (river morphology)
A bar in a river is an elevated region of sediment (such as sand or gravel) that has been deposited by the flow. Types of bars include mid-channel bars (also called braid bars, and common in braided rivers), point bars (common in meandering rivers), and mouth bars (common in river deltas). Bars are typically found in the slowest moving, shallowest parts of rivers and streams, and are often parallel to the shore and occupy the area farthest from the thalweg.
The locations of bars are determined by the geometry of the river and the flow through it. Point bars form on the inside of meander bends in meandering rivers because the shallow flow and low shear stresses there reduce the amount of material that can be carried there. The excess material falls out of transport and forms the bar.
Bar (tropical cyclone)
The bar of a mature tropical cyclone is a very dark gray-black layer of cloud appearing near the horizon as seen from an observer preceding the approach of the storm, and is composed of dense stratocumulus clouds. Cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds bearing precipitation follow immediately after the passage of the wall-like bar. Altostratus, cirrostratus and cirrus clouds are usually visible in ascending order above the top of the bar, while the wind direction for an observer facing toward the bar is typically from the left and slightly behind the observer.
Bar (TV Slovenia)
Bar is a reality show aired by the commercial television station POP TV, in which contestants live in the same house for three months and compete against each other to see who can run a bar the best. With a small payment, viewers can follow the events of the show live on the show's website, as more than 20 cameras follow the everyday lives of the contestants. POP TV plays a recap of the day's events every evening except Sundays.
Each Wednesday, competitors rate each other's performance by assigning each other either pluses or minuses. The competitor who receives the most minuses, and the contestant chosen by the one with the most pluses, find themselves in the "hot seat" and must compete against each other on Saturday night. Viewers vote by telephone which one of the contestants will remain in the show. The competitor with the lowest number of votes must leave the bar. The bar manager directs the competitors.
Bar (TV Poland)
Bar is the local season of the reality The Bar in Poland. The show was aired on Polsat (first 5 editions) and TV4 (6th edition). Was, like its precursor, Big Brother, as many supporters as opponents. By the year 2004 held five Polish edition of the program. In the year 2005 completed the next edition - Bar Europa, which proved to be the least popular among all six versions.
"Bar" was to work in one of the apartments in Wroclaw and doing as much as the daily takings. About staying in the program determined both persons involved in the struggle (vote plus-minus), and the audience (by calling a special number or sending SMS ). In the first edition of the Bar was in the basement of a department store Solpol at Świdnicka street, in the next - in the dining pavilion between the bridges on Kepa Mieszczańska (demolished in May 2006).
The program was created under license from Swedish TV production company Strix.
Leading in all the editions was Christopher Ibisz . The program consisted of tracking the fate of several participants in the program both at work in the premises, "Bar" and in the house. Participants scratching each week viewers vote SMSowego decision, sitting on the so-called. "Hot seat" to the finals, where he fought for the title of winner of two people. In the first, third and sixth edition of the winners received cash prizes, in the second edition was flat in Warsaw "Saska Kepa" in the fourth six bars of pure gold, while the fifth car in the Porsche.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Bar \Bar\ (b[aum]r), n. [OE. barre, F. barre, fr. LL. barra, W. bar the branch of a tree, bar, baren branch, Gael. & Ir. barra bar. [root]9
] 1. A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and for various other purposes, but especially for a hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; as, the bars of a fence or gate; the bar of a door.
Thou shalt make bars of shittim wood.
--Ex. xxvi. 26.
An indefinite quantity of some substance, so shaped as to be long in proportion to its breadth and thickness; as, a bar of gold or of lead; a bar of soap.
Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
Must I new bars to my own joy create?
A bank of sand, gravel, or other matter, esp. at the mouth of a river or harbor, obstructing navigation.
Any railing that divides a room, or office, or hall of assembly, in order to reserve a space for those having special privileges; as, the bar of the House of Commons.
The railing that incloses the place which counsel occupy in courts of justice. Hence, the phrase at the bar of the court signifies in open court.
The place in court where prisoners are stationed for arraignment, trial, or sentence.
The whole body of lawyers licensed in a court or district; the legal profession.
A special plea constituting a sufficient answer to plaintiff's action.
Any tribunal; as, the bar of public opinion; the bar of God.
A barrier or counter, over which liquors and food are passed to customers; hence, the portion of the room behind the counter where liquors for sale are kept.
(Her.) An ordinary, like a fess but narrower, occupying only one fifth part of the field.
A broad shaft, or band, or stripe; as, a bar of light; a bar of color.
(Mus.) A vertical line across the staff. Bars divide the staff into spaces which represent measures, and are themselves called measures.
Note: A double bar marks the end of a strain or main division of a movement, or of a whole piece of music; in psalmody, it marks the end of a line of poetry. The term bar is very often loosely used for measure, i.e., for such length of music, or of silence, as is included between one bar and the next; as, a passage of eight bars; two bars' rest.
The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the center of the sole.
A drilling or tamping rod.
A vein or dike crossing a lode.
A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
A slender strip of wood which divides and supports the glass of a window; a sash bar.
Bar shoe (Far.), a kind of horseshoe having a bar across the usual opening at the heel, to protect a tender frog from injury.
Bar shot, a double headed shot, consisting of a bar, with a ball or half ball at each end; -- formerly used for destroying the masts or rigging in naval combat.
Bar sinister (Her.), a term popularly but erroneously used for baton, a mark of illegitimacy. See Baton.
Bar tracery (Arch.), ornamental stonework resembling bars of iron twisted into the forms required.
Blank bar (Law). See Blank.
Case at bar (Law), a case presently before the court; a case under argument.
In bar of, as a sufficient reason against; to prevent.
Matter in bar, or Defence in bar, any matter which is a final defense in an action.
Plea in bar, a plea which goes to bar or defeat the plaintiff's action absolutely and entirely.
Trial at bar (Eng. Law), a trial before all the judges of one the superior courts of Westminster, or before a quorum representing the full court.
Bar \Bar\ (b[aum]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Barred (b[aum]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. Barring.] [ F. barrer. See Bar, n.]
To fasten with a bar; as, to bar a door or gate.
To restrict or confine, as if by a bar; to hinder; to obstruct; to prevent; to prohibit; as, to bar the entrance of evil; distance bars our intercourse; the statute bars my right; the right is barred by time; a release bars the plaintiff's recovery; -- sometimes with up.
He barely looked the idea in the face, and hastened to bar it in its dungeon.
To except; to exclude by exception.
Nay, but I bar to-night: you shall not gauge me By what we do to-night.
To cross with one or more stripes or lines.
For the sake of distinguishing the feet more clearly, I have barred them singly.
Etymology 1 n. 1 A solid, more or less rigid object of metal or wood with a uniform cross-section smaller than its length. 2 (context countable uncountable metallurgy English) A solid metal object with uniform (round, square, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular) cross-section; in the US its smallest dimension is .25 inch or greater, a piece of thinner material being called a strip. 3 A cuboid piece of any solid commodity. 4 A broad shaft, or band, or stripe. 5 A long, narrow drawn or printed rectangle, cuboid or cylinder, especially as used in a bar code or a bar chart. 6 A diacritical mark that consists of a line drawn through a grapheme. (For example, turning '''A''' into '''Ⱥ'''.) 7 A business licensed to sell alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; public house. 8 The counter of such a premises. 9 A counter, or simply a cabinet, from which alcoholic drinks are served in a private house or a hotel room. 10 In combinations such as coffee bar, juice bar, etc., a premises or counter serving non-alcoholic drinks. 11 An official order or pronouncement that prohibits some activity. 12 Anything that obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier. 13 (context computing whimsical derived from fubar English) A metasyntactic variable representing an unspecified entity, often the second in a series, following foo. 14 (context UK legal English) The railing surrounding the part of a courtroom in which the judges, lawyers, defendants and witnesses stay 15 (context legal "the Bar" "the bar" English) The Bar exam, the legal licensing exam. 16 (context legal "the Bar" "the bar" English) (non-gloss definition: A collective term for lawyers or the legal profession; specifically applied to barristers in some countries but including all lawyers in others.) 17 (context music English) A vertical line across a musical staff dividing written music into sections, typically of equal durational value. 18 (context music English) One of those musical sections. 19 (context sports English) A horizontal pole that must be crossed in high jump and pole vault 20 (context soccer English) The crossbar prep. 1 except, with the exception of. 2 (context horse racing English) (non-gloss definition: Denotes the minimum odds offered on other horses not mentioned by name.) vb. (context transitive English) To obstruct the passage of (someone or something). Etymology 2
n. A non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals, approximately equal to atmospheric pressure at sea level.
a counter where you can obtain food or drink; "he bought a hot dog and a coke at the bar"
a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to prevent escape"
musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats; "the orchestra omitted the last twelve bars of the song" [syn: measure]
an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal; "it was an excellent kick but the ball hit the bar"
the act of preventing; "there was no bar against leaving"; "money was allocated to study the cause and prevention of influenza" [syn: prevention]
(meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter; "unfortunately some writers have used bar for one dyne per square centimeter"
a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore; "the boat ran aground on a submerged bar in the river"
a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); "a bar of chocolate" [syn: cake]
a portable .30 caliber magazine-fed automatic rifle operated by gas pressure; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War [syn: Browning automatic rifle]
a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises
a heating element in an electric fire; "an electric fire with three bars"
(law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried; "spectators were not allowed past the bar"
secure with, or as if with, bars; "He barred the door" [ant: unbar]
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
late 12c., "stake or rod of iron used to fasten a door or gate," from Old French barre (12c.) "beam, bar, gate, barrier," from Vulgar Latin *barra "bar, barrier," which some suggest is from Gaulish *barros "the bushy end" [Gamillscheg], but OED regards this as "discredited" because it "in no way suits the sense." Of soap, by 1833; of candy, by 1906 (the process itself dates to the 1840s). Meaning "bank of sand across a harbor or river mouth" is from 1580s, probably so called because it was an obstruction to navigation. Bar graph is attested from 1925. Bar code first recorded 1963. Behind bars "in prison" is attested by 1934, U.S.
c.1300, "to fasten (a gate, etc.) with a bar," from bar (n.1); sense of "to obstruct, prevent" is recorded by 1570s. Expression bar none "without exception" is recorded from 1866.
"tavern," 1590s, so called in reference to the bars of the barrier or counter over which drinks or food were served to customers (see bar (n.1)).
"whole body of lawyers, the legal profession," 1550s, a sense which derives ultimately from the railing that separated benchers from the hall in the Inns of Court. Students who had attained a certain standing were "called" to it to take part in the important exercises of the house. After c.1600, however, this was popularly assumed to mean the bar in a courtroom, which was the wooden railing marking off the area around the judge's seat, where prisoners stood for arraignment and where a barrister (q.v.) stood to plead. As the place where the business of court was done, bar in this sense had become synonymous with "court" by early 14c.
unit of pressure, coined 1903 from Greek baros "weight," related to barys "heavy" (see grave (adj.)).
Usage examples of "bar".
I mind was inside the bar of San Lucar, and he and I were boys about a ten year old, aboord of a Dartmouth ship, and went for wine, and there come in over the bar he that was the beginning of it all.
Bar area of Western Australia for the Aboriginal people of the Warburton Ranges area.
I should have shot the bastard, Ace thought as he continued on to the bar.
As the closing bars of the elegant waltz filled the ballroom, Acer shoved his way drunkenly through the dancers, marching toward Rackford and Daphne.
After paying a pretty penny to both the informant and the owner of the bar, I found out that Adeem visited quite frequently.
They contain such items as spare parts, chemical supplies, emergency seeds for restarting aeroponics, sheet and bar metal.
The Federal authorities, finally, are responsible for the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, whose existence on the statute books is a fatal bar to the treatment of the problem of corporate aggrandizement from the standpoint of genuinely national policy.
Only later would the hair develop the dark and light bars of the typical agouti coloration of an adult wolf -- if it would at all.
I had five boxes of Fiddle Faddle, two bags of Double-Stuff Oreo cookies, a ten-pack of Snickers bars, two bags of Fritos and one of Doritos, seven Gogurts in a variety of flavors, one bag of Chips Ahoy chocolate chip cookies, a box of Count Chocula, a two-pound bag of Skittles, and a six-pack of Yoo-Hoo locked in my room.
A bomb aimer was sick in the bar after drinking whisky mixed with rum.
And every year, on the feast of First God Ait, Jair had offered up another thousand bars of gold.
The supporting poles were kicked aside, and before they hit the ground Erik and Akee, along with two other men, were lifting the heavy oaken bar out of the brackets that held it in place.
He planned an album of Texspeak: homilies, humour and bar talk in a Texas accent.
Antryg said softly, and a shiver went through him, although the bar, with its close-packed bodies, its smells of cigarettes and beer and synthetic aldehyde, was warm as a Jacuzzi.
Dropping the ax, Alec dashed to the gate, heaved the heavy bar out of its brackets, and pushed the doors wide.