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Sugar

Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose, and galactose. The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide. (In the body, sucrose hydrolyses into fructose and glucose.) Other disaccharides include maltose and lactose. Longer chains of sugars are called oligosaccharides. Chemically-different substances may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars. Some are used as lower-calorie food substitutes for sugar described as artificial sweeteners.

Sugars are found in the tissues of most plants, but are present in sufficient concentrations for efficient extraction only in sugarcane and sugar beet. Sugarcane refers to any of several species of giant grass in the genus Saccharum that have been cultivated in tropical climates in South Asia and Southeast Asia since ancient times. A great expansion in its production took place in the 18th century with the establishment of sugar plantations in the West Indies and Americas. This was the first time that sugar became available to the common people, who had previously had to rely on honey to sweeten foods. Sugar beet, a cultivated variety of Beta vulgaris, is grown as a root crop in cooler climates and became a major source of sugar in the 19th century when methods for extracting the sugar became available. Sugar production and trade have changed the course of human history in many ways, influencing the formation of colonies, the perpetuation of slavery, the transition to indentured labour, the migration of peoples, wars between sugar-trade–controlling nations in the 19th century, and the ethnic composition and political structure of the New World.

The world produced about 168 million tonnes of sugar in 2011. The average person consumes about of sugar each year (33.1 kg in industrialised countries), equivalent to over 260 food calories per person, per day.

Since the latter part of the twentieth century, it has been questioned whether a diet high in sugars, especially refined sugars, is good for human health. Sugar has been linked to obesity, and suspected of, or fully implicated as a cause in the occurrence of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, macular degeneration, and tooth decay. Numerous studies have been undertaken to try to clarify the position, but with varying results, mainly because of the difficulty of finding populations for use as controls that do not consume or are largely free of any sugar consumption.

Sugar (American band)

Sugar was an American alternative rock band of the early 1990s. Formed in 1992, they were led by the singer and guitarist Bob Mould (ex- Hüsker Dü), alongside bassist David Barbe (ex-Mercyland) and drummer Malcolm Travis (ex- Human Sexual Response).

Sugar (disambiguation)

Sugar is a class of edible substances.

Sugar may also refer to:

Sugar (System of a Down song)

"Sugar" is a song by Armenian American rock band System of a Down. It was released as a single and EP in May 1999 and was taken from their album System of a Down (1998).

"Sugar" is one of System of a Down's first songs, having initially appeared on their first official demo tape. This song has been played at most System of a Down concerts, and the concerts mostly end with this song.

The song was used in certain World Wrestling Federation (WWF) promos during 1999-2000 and is featured in the game Madden NFL 2010.

Sugar (South Korean band)

Sugar (슈가) was a South Korean girl group. Their 2003 singles Take It Shake It and Real Identity were the opening and ending theme songs respectively for Season 1 of the highly popular anime Kaleido Star. However, they had mediocre success in the South Korean market. Their last album has seen them go through an image and style change, as members have been changed. The album had less cute pop material and instead focused on rock songs and midtempo ballads. However, their albums did not have high sales. Since then, Soo Jin has left the group, and Hwang Jung-eum has gone on to have a solo career. On December 20, 2006, KBS World Radio announced that the group had officially disbanded. All members have since branched into acting and musical efforts.

Sugar (2004 film)

Sugar is a Canadian romantic drama film, released in 2004. The film was directed by John Palmer, and written by Palmer, Todd Klinck and Jaie Laplante based on short stories by Bruce LaBruce.

The film stars Andre Noble as Cliff, a sheltered and insecure suburban teenager being introduced to gay street life by Butch ( Brendan Fehr), a hustler. The film's cast also includes Marnie McPhail, Sarah Polley, Maury Chaykin, Alexander Chapman and Michael Riley.

Noble, who received strong reviews for his performance in Sugar, died just a few weeks after the film's debut.

The film received two nominations at the 2005 Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television's 25th Genie Awards. Klinck, Laplante and Palmer were nominated in the Best Adapted Screenplay category, while Fehr was nominated for Best Supporting Actor.

Sugar is available on DVD in the United States through TLA Video.

Sugar (TV series)

Sugar is a TV cooking show shown on Food Network Canada hosted by Canadian pastry chef Anna Olson. The official show description reads "Anna Olson satisfies sweet cravings with great dessert recipes and guides viewers from making to plating with presentation ideas to dress up any dessert."

Premiered in October 2002, Sugar is a half-hour show which specializes in desserts. Each episode has a theme ingredient. Host Anna Olson makes one simple dessert with the theme ingredient in the first part of the show. During the second and third part, she creates a more elaborate or decadent dessert with the same ingredient. During the last few minutes of the program called the "Switch-Up", Anna re-invents the first dessert with a few tricks and turns it into something more special.

Sugar aired for five seasons on Food Network Canada and its 151 episodes has been syndicated in 40 countries.

Sugar (software)

Sugar is a free and open source computer desktop environment designed for interactive learning by children. Copyright by SugarLabs. Developed as part of the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) project, Sugar was the default interface on OLPC XO-1 laptop computers. The OLPC XO-1.5 and later provided the option of either the Gnome or Sugar interfaces.

Sugar is available as a Live CD, as Live USB, a package installable through several Linux distributions

Unlike most other desktop environments, Sugar does not use the " desktop", " folder" and " window" metaphors. Instead, Sugar's default full-screen activities require users to focus on only one program at a time. Sugar implements a journal which automatically saves the user's running program session and allows them to later use an interface to pull up their past works by date, activity used, or file type.

Sugar (musical)

Sugar is a musical with a book by Peter Stone, music by Jule Styne, and lyrics by Bob Merrill. It is based on the film Some Like It Hot, which was adapted by Billy Wilder and I.A.L. Diamond from a story by Robert Thoeren and Michael Logan. It premiered on Broadway in 1972 and was staged in the West End twenty years later.

Sugar (Aloha album)

Sugar is the third full-length album by Aloha. It was released in 2002 on Polyvinyl Records.

Sugar (Ladytron song)

"Sugar" is the first single from the album Witching Hour by electronic music band Ladytron. This song featured on the video game Need for Speed: Carbon and Need for Speed Carbon Own the City. It charted at number 45 in the United Kingdom.

Sugar (Tokio album)

Sugar is the eleventh studio album by Japanese band Tokio. It was released on February 20, 2008. The album peaked at sixth place on the Oricon weekly charts and charted for six weeks.

Sugar (Armand Van Helden song)

"Sugar" is the fifth and final single from American DJ Armand Van Helden's sixth album Nympho. It is written and sung by Jessy Moss.

Sugar (Tonic album)

Sugar is Tonic's second studio album, released in 1999. Released on November 9, 1999 and self-produced by the band itself, the album's title shared the same name as the fifth track on the recording. The creative and collaborative process spanned several geographic locations including Austin, Texas, and a mansion in New Orleans, Louisiana, where actual recording for the album was performed. "Knock Down Walls" and " You Wanted More" were charting singles released off the record, with the latter having first appeared on the soundtrack to the movie American Pie. With Shepard no longer part of the band, Peter Maloney played drums on the album, although Joey Waronker filled in for the single "You Wanted More". Music videos for the songs "You Wanted More" and "Mean to Me" were created as part of the album's promotion. Tonic appeared on the television shows Late Night with Conan O'Brien and "The Martin Short Show" in late 1999 as part of additional promotion. Sugar spent eight total weeks on the Billboard 200 chart, reaching a peak of #81 in its first week of release. The single "You Wanted More" reached a high of #3 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks charts in the U.S., and was featured on the soundtrack for the film American Pie.

Sugar (2008 film)

Sugar is a 2008 sports drama film directed by Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck. It follows the story of Miguel Santos, a. k. a. Sugar ( Algenis Perez Soto), a Dominican pitcher from San Pedro de Macorís, struggling to make it to the big leagues and pull himself and his family out of poverty. Playing professionally at a baseball academy in the Dominican Republic, Miguel finally gets his break at age 19 when he advances to the United States' minor league system; but when his play on the mound falters, he begins to question the single-mindedness of his life's ambition.

Sugar (Flo Rida song)

"Sugar" is a song by American rapper Flo Rida, featuring American pop/dance singer Wynter Gordon. The song's chorus samples the song " Blue (Da Ba Dee)" by Italian electronic music group Eiffel 65. The song was written by Flo Rida, The Jackie Boyz, Jeffrey Jey, Maurizio Lobina, and Massimo Gabutti, and was produced by DJ Montay for Flo Rida's second album, R.O.O.T.S.. The song was released as the album's third official single in March 2009 as a digital download.

The single became the second top 10 single from R.O.O.T.S., reaching number five on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, fueled by high sales from digital downloads. The single has also been successful in other countries, reaching the top ten in Canada, and on other Billboard subcharts. Following the song's success in the U.S., the song was released May 25, 2009, in the United Kingdom.

Sugar (Claw Boys Claw album)

$uga(r) is the sixth studio album by Dutch rock and roll band Claw Boys Claw and the first on EMI. It is one of their commercially most successful albums, and musically it sees the former garage band move toward what would be called "swamp rock." It was the most successful album of their career, reaching #26 on 13 February 1993 on the Dutch album chart, and staying on the chart for 10 weeks. Of the three singles that came from the album, the first one, "Rosie," charted—the first time ever for a Claw Boys Claw single—and reached #22 on 30 January 1993.

The CD was reissued in 2008, with two extra tracks; "Spread That Jam (remix)" and "The Keeper" had earlier been released as a CD single.

Sugar (Maceo Pinkard song)

"Sugar", also known as "That Sugar Baby o' Mine", is a popular song by Maceo Pinkard, his wife Edna Alexander and Sidney D. Mitchell.

The song is not to be confused with another 1927 song titled "Sugar", written by Jack Yellen, Milton Ager, Frank Crum and Red Nichols.

The song has been recorded by numerous artists, and is considered a jazz standard. Artists that have recorded the song include Adrian Rollini, Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, Fats Waller, Ethel Waters, Bing Crosby, Benny Goodman, Count Basie, Fletcher Henderson, Billie Holiday, Teddy Wilson, Gene Krupa, Kenny Davern, Ralph Sutton, The Manhattan Transfer and Lee Wiley.

Sugar (Gimme Some)

"Sugar (Gimme Some)" is the 2nd single by American rapper Trick Daddy from his 6th studio album Thug Matrimony: Married to the Streets. It features Ludacris & Cee-Lo Green & was produced by Mike Caren. The single was certified Gold by the RIAA.

Sugar (Stanley Turrentine album)

Sugar is an album by jazz saxophonist Stanley Turrentine, his first recorded for the CTI Records label following his long association with Blue Note, featuring performances by Turrentine with Freddie Hubbard, George Benson, Ron Carter, and Billy Kaye with Lonnie Liston Smith added on the title track and Butch Cornell and Richard "Pablo" Landrum on the other two tracks on the original release. The CD rerelease added a live version of the title track recorded at the Hollywood Palladium in 1971.

Sugar (Dead Confederate album)

Sugar is the second full-length album from Athens, Georgia based band, Dead Confederate. It was recorded in Hoboken, NJ with producer John Agnello ( The Hold Steady, Dinosaur Jr., Sonic Youth) in early 2010.

Sugar (2013 film)

Sugar is an American film released on November 8, 2013 in conjunction with Homeless Youth Awareness Month. The film was directed by Rotimi Rainwater, written by Tony Aloupis and Rotimi Rainwater, and stars Shenae Grimes, Marshall Allman, Corbin Bleu, and Austin Williams. The film is based on the experiences Rainwater had when he himself lived on the streets.

Sugar (My Bloody Valentine song)

"Sugar" is a song by the alternative rock band My Bloody Valentine. It was released as a non-album split single with Pacific, whose song "December, with the Day" is featured as the single's b-side. "Sugar"/"December, with the Day" was released in February 1989 on Creation Records and issued free with issue 67 of the British music magazine The Catalogue.

Written by vocalist and guitarist Kevin Shields, "Sugar" was recorded prior to the initial recording sessions for the band's second studio album Loveless (1991). Creation Records had requested My Bloody Valentine to record a track for The Catalogue and coincidentally "right at the same time, Bill Carey, a friend [of the band] who worked in a studio said that anytime [they] wanted to mess around in a studio, [they] could, so [they] went in and made ["Sugar"] up."

Originally released as a square 7-inch flexi disc, "Sugar" was later featured as the b-side on the 1992 French pressing of " Only Shallow". A remastered version was released on the compilation album EP's 1988–1991 (2012). Critics have described the song as "a drowsily sweet, raggedly swaying number" and "structurally pitched somewhere in between the sonic excesses of Isn't Anything and experimental passages on Loveless".

Sugar (15& album)

Sugar is the debut album by 15&, a South Korean duo signed under JYP Entertainment that debuted in 2012. It was released on May 26, 2014 with the song of the same name serving as the lead track for the album. The album consists of ten tracks which also includes three tracks that have been previously released since 2012.

Sugar (Editors song)

"Sugar" is a song by British post-punk revival band Editors from their fourth studio album The Weight of Your Love. The song was released as the fourth single from the album on 24 March 2014.

Sugar (Maroon 5 song)

"Sugar" is a song recorded by American pop rock band Maroon 5 for their fifth studio album, V (2014). It was written by Mike Posner, Adam Levine, Dr. Luke, and Jacob Kasher Hindlin together with its producers Ammo and Cirkut. It was sent to contemporary hit radio in the United States, as the third single from the album on January 13, 2015. A remix of the song, featuring rapper Nicki Minaj was digitally released on March 10 via the iTunes Store. "Sugar" is a disco, funk- pop and soul song that features a wide range of instruments including percussion, keyboards and guitars.

"Sugar" received generally positive reviews from music critics, who praised its catchy feel and retro vibe. In the US, it peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100 and became the band's third top 10 single from V, and eighth consecutive top 10 hit. "Sugar" is the 68th song in history to score at least 20 weeks in the Top 10 of the Hot 100. Film director David Dobkin shot the accompanying music video for the single in Los Angeles. Inspired by the 2005 romantic comedy Wedding Crashers, it features Maroon 5 crashing weddings that happened in the city. The video premiered on January 14, 2015, and received its television premiere on January 17. The song is also used as the encore of the shows during the Maroon 5 World Tour 2015.

"Sugar" received a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance at the 58th Annual Grammy Awards.

Sugar (Robin Schulz album)

Sugar is the second studio album by German DJ and record producer Robin Schulz, it was released on 25 September 2015. The album includes the singles " Headlights", " Sugar", "Show Me Love", and "Heatwave".

Sugar (Robin Schulz song)

"Sugar" is a song by German DJ and record producer Robin Schulz. It features the vocals from Canadian singer Francesco Yates. The song was released in Germany on July 17, 2015, and samples Baby Bash's 2003 single " Suga Suga".

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

sugar

I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a high sugar/salt/fibre etc content
▪ Red meat tends to have a high fat content.
a salad/sugar/fruit bowl (=for serving salad etc)
▪ There are some apples in the fruit bowl if you want one.
barley sugar
brown sugar
caster sugar
castor sugar
confectioner's sugar
demerara sugar
icing sugar
oil/petroleum/sugar refinery
powdered sugar
refined sugar/oil/petroleum
rice/sugar etc imports
▪ There is pressure on the country to reduce its rice imports.
sugar beet
sugar cube
sugar daddy
sugar lump
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
added
▪ Manufacturers are reducing or removing sugars from baby foods, so go for those with no added sugar.
▪ Carnation Milk contains no added sugar or preservatives, just concentrated fresh milk.
▪ Fruit juices contain natural sugars anyway, so added sugar may only have the effect of making your child expect oversweet drinks.
▪ These are made with concentrated fruit juices, and contain added vitamin C, with no added sugar.
▪ Some manufacturers are now producing juices with no artificial preservatives or added sugar - delicious and lower in calories too.
brown
▪ Meanwhile place apples, water, peel and soft brown sugar and cinnamon in a pan and simmer until tender.
▪ Combine cup brown sugar, pecans and 1 teaspoon cinnamon and sprinkle over batter.
▪ The brown sugar, incidentally, gives rhubarb a specially rich flavour and colour.
▪ Add the soy sauce, brown sugar and vinegar, and process again.
▪ Cream well the brown sugar, shortening and egg.
▪ Try making it with half white and half brown sugar.
▪ Combine the egg whites and brown sugar and beat until soft peaks form. 6.
▪ It was printed on a raisin package about 1954 and contained brown sugar and orange juice.
granulated
▪ It can be used just like granulated sugar, spoon for spoon, in drinks, desserts, cereals and some recipes.
▪ Gradually beat in granulated sugar until well combined.
▪ Add approximately half a teaspoon of white granulated sugar to each bottle before capping it.
▪ Beat eggs and granulated sugar well and add vanilla and citron.
▪ Combine granulated sugar, cinnamon and nutmeg in small bowl.
▪ Melt the granulated sugar with the almonds in a saucepan.
raw
▪ It is much simpler and neater-though not necessarily cheaper-simply to start with raw sugar.
▪ Baldwin Inc. last month fired 200 workers at its Crockett, California, refinery, citing high raw cane sugar prices.
▪ The sugar program provides loans to growers of 18 cents per pound for raw cane sugar production and limits foreign imports.
refined
▪ Animal fats and refined sugar contribute to a weight problem and can be a factor in heart and arterial disease.
▪ As for refined sugar - cut it out, as much as you can.
▪ Excessive quantities of dairy products, refined sugars and raw foods would be best avoided, with the emphasis on excessive.
▪ Read the labels on the foods you buy and you will be surprised at the number of hidden sources of refined sugar.
▪ A diet too high in refined sugar and fat will predispose to either obesity or shortage of nutrients, including minerals.
▪ The thing to avoid or at least cut down on is refined sugar and the products that contain it.
▪ Even when refined sugar is combined with refined flour to make cakes or desserts, the chewing required tends to be minimal.
▪ Cut down on refined white sugar, and white flour, and eat more wholemeal, granary and brown products.
white
▪ Refined white sugar is also entirely lacking in nutrients and adds nothing to our diet. 6.
▪ Decorate with white icing sugar for the base.
▪ Cut down on refined white sugar, and white flour, and eat more wholemeal, granary and brown products.
▪ Add approximately half a teaspoon of white granulated sugar to each bottle before capping it.
▪ Made from a mixture of egg white and icing sugar, it involves vigorous beating to incorporate as much air as possible.
▪ Use white sugar paste icing trimmings to cover the roof.
▪ You will also need a kilo bag of white sugar.
■ NOUN
barley
▪ Dad got me to read aloud to him and then offered me a barley sugar.
▪ He smelt of outdoors and of secret barley sugar.
▪ The assistants know what they are doing, and never try to sell you barley sugar on the way out.
▪ The castle looks as if it is twirled out of barley sugar.
▪ A fine oak staircase with barley sugar bannisters leads out of the stone flagged hall and the south-east facing sitting-room is panelled.
beet
▪ Cereals and sugar beet, on the other hand, ripen well in such conditions.
▪ A lot of sugar beet, I think.
▪ The authors seemed puzzled that so few Sioux were interested in raising sugar beets or working in a house-trailer factory.
▪ It had been delivering sugar beet to Erfurt and was heading back to the farm.
▪ Crawley will compare the ecology of engineered and conventional varieties of three crops: potatoes, oilseed rape and sugar beet.
▪ The brightest areas are those of intensive cultivation, and intermediate shades represent grassland and sugar beet.
blood
▪ In consequence, the level of the Party's blood sugar was low; their expectations none too high.
▪ People with Type 1 diabetes must closely monitor their blood sugar and take daily insulin injections.
▪ When you eat a big load of sugar, your blood sugar levels rise.
▪ Insulin in the bloodstream reduces the quantity of blood sugar.
▪ You use insulin to store the excess sugar away until your blood sugar levels drop.
▪ Jonathan had been taken to hospital and his blood sugar level had been found to be abnormally low.
▪ My blood pressure is normal, and so are my blood sugars.
bowl
▪ After that he still chased me, firing away with wellington boots, sugar bowls and other unlikely weapons.
▪ Lois stared down at the coffee table, which already had a creamer and sugar bowl and napkins set out.
▪ On a tray, set out a matching teapot, milk jug and sugar bowl.
▪ It has eight plates, eight cups and saucers, a coffee pot, a creamer and a sugar bowl.
▪ She had bought a sugar bowl.
▪ Cup, saucer and sugar bowl, from the Dorset Fruit collection by Poole Pottery.
cane
▪ Alcohol can be produced from plants such as sugar cane and cassava by fermentation and distillation.
▪ In the 1920s, they were leaders in a series of bloody strikes that crippled Hawaiian sugar cane growers.
▪ Finally a juicy ripe pineapple is sliced, and six fresh sticks of sugar cane arrive.
▪ The toll mounted Friday when three Christians were found slain in sugar cane fields in the nearby village of El Zuheir.
▪ Behind the mangroves lay low scrub, lagoons, and then narrow flats planted with sugar cane.
▪ Order the beef teriyaki skewers or lobster chao on sugar cane sticks.
▪ The main cash crops were coffee, sugar cane and cotton, with cassava the domestic staple.
▪ And growers just want water for their sugar cane fields.
caster
▪ Melt butter in a pan, add caster sugar and dark brown sugar, mix and allow to cool.
▪ Beat the Ricotta and Mascarpone together until soft, add the caster sugar and beat until fluffy. 3.
▪ Mix together the lemon juice and freshly squeezed orange juice, then stir in the caster sugar.
▪ Add the caster sugar, if using, and sufficient water to cover, then poach until tender but not too soft.
▪ While the swiss roll is cooking, dust a large sheet of greaseproof paper with plenty of caster sugar.
▪ Pour fresh cream over the cheese, covering it completely; serve caster sugar separately.
content
▪ Reducing sugar content below 0.25%. 7.
▪ They changed the way they cooked agave to alter the sugar content.
▪ Where there is more rain and cloud the beet grows larger but it has less sugar content.
▪ Certain types of liquids, especially those with a high sugar content, cause bottle tops to stick.
▪ They can also be classified according to their sugar content, ie dry, medium or sweet.
▪ The extent of nectar production is apparently associated with pollinator size and there is variation in its sugar content and dilution.
cube
▪ And then again, but this time on a coffee spoon, with the other half of the sugar cube.
cup
▪ Boil it with 1 cup water and 1 cup sugar until transparent.
▪ Add 1 cup sugar for every pound of fruit, and stir gently.
▪ Add 4 cups water and 1 cup sugar and heat to a boil.
▪ Mix flour, baking powder, salt, cup sugar and the poppy seeds in a large bowl.
▪ Beat together cream cheese, 1 / 3 cup sugar, 1 egg, 2 tablespoons flour and cinnamon until blended.
▪ If additional sweetness is desired, substitute a syrup made from 3 cups sugar and 1 quart water for the liquid.
▪ Gradually add remaining 1 cup sugar, beating at high speed until lightened in color and texture, 3 to 5 minutes.
▪ Topping 1 / 3 to cup sugar teaspoon cinnamon 1 cups coconut flakes Mix sugar and cinnamon and sprinkle over cake batter.
daddy
▪ The point is that Sun's kind of sugar daddy is neither uncommon, illegal or even fattening.
▪ A bill comes in and along comes sugar daddy with a loan, you can t resist it.
▪ She always had a sugar daddy.
grower
▪ However, Terrell of the sugar growers said their PACs gave only half as much as the users' PACs last year.
▪ Various exemptions and exclusions subsidize sugar growers or bee keepers.
▪ In fact, corn farmers probably have as big a stake in sugar quotas as do sugar growers!
▪ Nineteen PACs run by cane and beet sugar growers gave $ 846, 823.
icing
▪ On a surface lightly coated with icing sugar, shape chocolate mixture into finger-sized logs.
▪ Try salt, ginger, icing sugar, chocolate or coffee.
▪ Beat in the icing sugar to make a stiff paste.
▪ Roll the truffles gently but firmly, using enough icing sugar on your hands to prevent the mixture from sticking.
▪ Leave the cookies to cool and harden on a wire rack. 5 Mix the icing sugar with two tablespoons of water.
▪ With gelatine icing sugar, make the shapes of each of the cards.
▪ Decorate with white icing sugar for the base.
▪ Cover them in green icing sugar.
level
▪ If lower temperatures are used, the reducing sugar level may become too high.
▪ When you eat a big load of sugar, your blood sugar levels rise.
▪ Jonathan had been taken to hospital and his blood sugar level had been found to be abnormally low.
▪ You use insulin to store the excess sugar away until your blood sugar levels drop.
▪ Without this fibre, there can be a large fall in the blood sugar level, which causes hunger.
▪ So when I changed to television, I noticed that my sugar level was fluctuating.
▪ Low blood sugar level, that could be half the problem.
▪ Others need to raise their blood sugar levels before they get any ideas.
lump
▪ Guy immediately shovelled another sugar lump between its wet, smelly lips.
▪ There might be a sugar lump in a minute, but sometimes, when Henry was upset, there were no treats.
▪ I carry sugar lumps around with me and feed him those.
▪ If the fly landed on your sugar lump you got the girl.
maple
▪ Ash and sugar maple trees were shooting up among the apple trees in the remorseless struggle for light.
▪ To begin with, the sugar maple.
▪ I walked through hardwood forest of very thick sugar maples and yellow birches.
▪ And when I made extensive surveys I found them almost exclusively on sugar maples.
▪ The white birch, beech, and red and sugar maples were not far behind in the race for light.
▪ The golden crown of a sugar maple tinged with orange can startle you with its luminescence.
▪ So will the sugar maple seedlings, for a while, forming a yellow carpet in the hardwood forest.
▪ Everywhere there are chipmunks with bulging cheek pouches, gathering sugar maple seeds that have recently fallen.
plantation
▪ Sweetness and plight Slavery on sugar plantations is a thing of the past.
▪ A disused sugar plantation is now the site of thriving communal maize plots.
▪ Sadly, most never make it past the sorting stage and instead wind up as fire-lighters at a nearby sugar plantation.
production
▪ The sugar program provides loans to growers of 18 cents per pound for raw cane sugar production and limits foreign imports.
refinery
▪ Where are the main sugar refineries and why are they in these places?
▪ I travelled five miles of busy docks on the Overhead Railway, passed flour mills and sugar refineries and massive bonded warehouses.
■ VERB
add
▪ Some brewers add extra sugar at this stage to encourage the continuing fermentation.
Add wine, chicken broth and 2 cups water. Add peanuts, sugar and salt.
▪ Allow the mixture to cook for about 5 minutes over a low heat, then add the salt, sugar and stock.
▪ This treat he produced by mashing a sweet potato to pulp and adding sugar, vanilla extract, and evaporated milk.
▪ Pour the spirits and coffee into the glass, add sugar to taste and float the whipped cream on top.
▪ They usually taste bland because they are picked before the plant has the chance to add important sugars and aromas.
▪ Whisk the egg whites until stiff, then gradually add the caster sugar.
▪ Pour half of the olive oil into a frying pan and add the sugar and tomatoes.
beat
▪ Remove from heat and beat in sugars, syrup, eggs, milk and peanuts.
▪ In a large bowl, beat together remaining sugar with butter until smooth.
▪ Let mixture stand 15 minutes. Beat eggs and sugar with fork in separate bowl.
▪ Gradually beat in sugar until light and fluffy.
Beat the egg whites until stiff and then, a little at a time, beat in the sugar.
▪ In another large bowl, beat butter and sugar with an electric mixer until fluffy.
▪ In a small bowl, beat eggs; add sugar, beat well.
▪ Using an electric mixer, beat butter and sugars until fluffy.
coat
▪ Candied peel and angelica are coated in a thick sugar syrup, then dried.
combine
▪ Pour into 9-or 10-inch pre-baked, crimped pie shell. Combine granulated sugar, cinnamon and nutmeg in small bowl.
▪ In a small bowl, combine sugar, flour, salt, cinnamon and nutmeg.
▪ Meanwhile, in another small saucepan, combine pearl onions and sugar with water to cover barely.
▪ In large bowl, combine flour, sugar, baking powder, salt and pepper.
▪ In medium bowl, combine brown sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg, vanilla, milk and eggs; blend well.
contain
▪ Even some brands of muesli contain up to 25 percent sugar.
▪ It was printed on a raisin package about 1954 and contained brown sugar and orange juice.
▪ Almost all tinned foods contain sugar.
▪ This is because desserts almost always contain sugar and/or dairy fat, both of which are calorie-killers.
▪ Gerald was asked to try a diet containing no sugar or white flour and was given an anti-fungal drug, nystatin.
▪ These last four items also contain sugar and have already appeared in the list of goals for sugar reduction.
▪ Even low-sugar rusks can contain up to 15 percent sugar so give crusts of toast or a scrubbed carrot to gnaw on instead.
▪ Baby fruit juices and drinks are popular, but even pure fruit juices contain natural sugars which can be harmful to teeth.
dissolve
▪ Put the sugar and water into the pot and bring to a boil, stirring to dissolve the sugar.
▪ If you put in too much sugar, not all of it will dissolve.
▪ Heat gently to dissolve the sugar, then boil again quickly until the sugar turns golden.
dust
▪ Serve with lightly sweetened whipped cream on a place dusted with powdered sugar.
put
▪ They drank their tea very dark and all put much sugar into it.
▪ If you put in too much sugar, not all of it will dissolve.
▪ Leave them to one side. Put the icing sugar into another bowl.
▪ Can't you put sugar in his petrol tank or something?
▪ About four lumps will rub sufficient outside peel and oil out of each lemon. Put all the sugar together into the bowl.
▪ She avoided Betty's eye and absent-mindedly put too much sugar in her tea.
▪ From our list we would choose to put a cross against sugar, chocolate, biscuits, sponge cake, and mints.
▪ Well, with the coffee it's all a matter of putting the sugar in first and stirring well.
sprinkle
▪ Peel and core the apples and cut into quarters. Sprinkle the sugar over the bottom of a baking dish.
▪ Pour into a greased and floured 9-by-13-inch pan. Sprinkle with reserved brown sugar.
▪ Pour the milk over the mixture and sprinkle the sugar on top.
▪ Roll or pat into 9-inch circle. Sprinkle with sugar.
▪ Leave too cool on a wire rack and then sprinkle with icing sugar.
▪ Put them around the edges of the cake. Sprinkle a little powdered sugar on top.
▪ Serve the fritters warm with ice cream and sprinkled lightly with powdered sugar.
stir
▪ Add the kilo of sugar and stir water, sugar and wort until they are more or less dissolved.
▪ Farris stirred in sugar and coffee creamer from their packets.
▪ Mix together the lemon juice and freshly squeezed orange juice, then stir in the caster sugar.
▪ Put the sugar and water into the pot and bring to a boil, stirring to dissolve the sugar.
Stir in remaining ingredients and gently cook, stirring until sugar dissolves.
▪ Cook over medium heat, stirring until sugar dissolves.
▪ Reduce heat to low and stir in sugar and butter.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
do you take sugar/milk?
sugar/sweeten the pill
▪ They tried to sweeten the pill. b. They tried to sugar the medicine. 34a.
▪ To sweeten the pill, the government will try to boost the flagging economy in various ways.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Halcyon and Regina are the winter barleys with Optic put in after late-lifted sugar beet.
▪ No wonder Third World sugar producers feel discriminated against.
▪ People with Type 1 diabetes must closely monitor their blood sugar and take daily insulin injections.
▪ Tea and sugar give clues about the ability of the working class to afford a reasonable diet.
▪ Textiles were excluded and there was no significant increases in the sugar quota to make up for cuts in recent years.
▪ The powdered sugar fell like fine snow on to the green bedspread.
▪ Where there was sugar, humans learned ways to encourage its conversion into alcohol by fermentation.
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
s
▪ Sugar tariff rate quotas are permitted under international trade agreements to protect the U. S. cane and sugar beet industry.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
sugar/sweeten the pill
▪ They tried to sweeten the pill. b. They tried to sugar the medicine. 34a.
▪ To sweeten the pill, the government will try to boost the flagging economy in various ways.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Sugar

Sugar \Sug"ar\, v. i. In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the preposition off. [Local, U.S.]

Sugar

Sugar \Sug"ar\, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az['u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. Saccharine, Sucrose.]

  1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below.

    Note: The term sugar includes several commercial grades, as the white or refined, granulated, loaf or lump, and the raw brown or muscovado. In a more general sense, it includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the glucoses, or grape sugars (including glucose proper, dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses, or true sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates. See Carbohydrate. The glucoses, or grape sugars, are ketone alcohols of the formula C6H12O6, and they turn the plane of polarization to the right or the left. They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose) as yet produced artificially belongs to this class. The sucroses, or cane sugars, are doubled glucose anhydrides of the formula C12H22O11. They are usually not fermentable as such (cf. Sucrose), and they act on polarized light.

  2. By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.

  3. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words. Acorn sugar. See Quercite. Cane sugar, sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an isomeric sugar. See Sucrose. Diabetes sugar, or Diabetic sugar (Med. Chem.), a variety of sugar (grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the urine in diabetes mellitus; -- the presence of such a sugar in the urine is used to diagnose the illness. Fruit sugar. See under Fruit, and Fructose. Grape sugar, a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See Dextrose, and Glucose. Invert sugar. See under Invert. Malt sugar, a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found in malt. See Maltose. Manna sugar, a substance found in manna, resembling, but distinct from, the sugars. See Mannite. Milk sugar, a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See Lactose. Muscle sugar, a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called also heart sugar. See Inosite. Pine sugar. See Pinite. Starch sugar (Com. Chem.), a variety of dextrose made by the action of heat and acids on starch from corn, potatoes, etc.; -- called also potato sugar, corn sugar, and, inaccurately, invert sugar. See Dextrose, and Glucose. Sugar barek, one who refines sugar. Sugar beet (Bot.), a variety of beet ( Beta vulgaris) with very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe, for the sugar obtained from them. Sugar berry (Bot.), the hackberry. Sugar bird (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small South American singing birds of the genera C[oe]reba, Dacnis, and allied genera belonging to the family C[oe]rebid[ae]. They are allied to the honey eaters. Sugar bush. See Sugar orchard. Sugar camp, a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple sugar is made. Sugar candian, sugar candy. [Obs.] Sugar candy, sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized; candy made from sugar. Sugar cane (Bot.), a tall perennial grass ( Saccharum officinarium), with thick short-jointed stems. It has been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar. Sugar loaf.

    1. A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form of a truncated cone.

    2. A hat shaped like a sugar loaf. Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar loaf? --J. Webster. Sugar maple (Bot.), the rock maple ( Acer saccharinum). See Maple. Sugar mill, a machine for pressing out the juice of the sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers, between which the cane is passed. Sugar mite. (Zo["o]l.)

      1. A small mite ( Tyroglyphus sacchari), often found in great numbers in unrefined sugar.

      2. The lepisma.

        Sugar of lead. See Sugar, 2, above.

        Sugar of milk. See under Milk.

        Sugar orchard, a collection of maple trees selected and preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; -- called also, sometimes, sugar bush. [U.S.]
        --Bartlett.

        Sugar pine (Bot.), an immense coniferous tree ( Pinus Lambertiana) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a substitute for sugar.

        Sugar squirrel (Zo["o]l.), an Australian flying phalanger ( Belideus sciureus), having a long bushy tail and a large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See Illust. under Phlanger.

        Sugar tongs, small tongs, as of silver, used at table for taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.

        Sugar tree. (Bot.) See Sugar maple, above.

Sugar

Sugar \Sug"ar\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sugared; p. pr. & vb. n. Sugaring.]

  1. To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with. ``When I sugar my liquor.''
    --G. Eliot.

  2. To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof.

    With devotion's visage And pious action we do sugar o'er The devil himself.
    --Shak.

Wiktionary

sugar

interj. (context informal euphemistic English) Used in place of '''shit'''! n. 1 (context uncountable English) Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink. 2 (context countable English) When used to sweeten a drink, an amount of this substance approximately equal to five grams or one teaspoon. 3 (context countable chemistry English) Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy. 4 (context countable English) A generic term for sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc. 5 (context countable English) (non-gloss definition: A term of endearment.) 6 (context countable slang English) A kiss. 7 (context chiefly southern US slang uncountable English) effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality. 8 (context uncountable informal English) diabetes. 9 (context by extension English) Anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance. 10 compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar. 2 (context transitive English) To make (something unpleasant) seem less so. 3 (context US regional English) In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the syrup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition ''off''.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

sugar

late 13c., sugre, from Old French sucre "sugar" (12c.), from Medieval Latin succarum, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit sharkara "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel" (cognate with Greek kroke "pebble"). The Arabic word also was borrowed in Italian (zucchero), Spanish (azucar, with the Arabic article), and German (Old High German zucura, German Zucker), and its forms are represented in most European languages (such as Serbian cukar, Polish cukier, Russian sakhar).\n

\nIts Old World home was India (Alexander the Great's companions marveled at the "honey without bees") and it remained exotic in Europe until the Arabs began to cultivate it in Sicily and Spain; not until after the Crusades did it begin to rival honey as the West's sweetener. The Spaniards in the West Indies began raising sugar cane in 1506; first grown in Cuba 1523; first cultivated in Brazil 1532. The reason for the -g- in the English word is obscure (OED compares flagon, from French flacon). The pronunciation shift from s- to sh- is probably from the initial long vowel sound syu- (as in sure).\n

\nAs a type of chemical compound from 1826. Slang "euphemistic substitute for an imprecation" [OED] is attested from 189

  1. As a term of endearment, first recorded 1930. Sugar-cane is from 1560s. Sugar-maple is from 1731. Sugar loaf was originally a moulded conical mass of refined sugar (early 15c.); now obsolete, but sense extended 17c. to hills, hats, etc. of that shape.

sugar

early 15c., "to sweeten with sugar," also figuratively, "to make more pleasing, mitigate the harshness of," from sugar (n.).\nRelated: Sugared; sugaring.

WordNet

sugar

  1. n. a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative [syn: refined sugar]

  2. an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain [syn: carbohydrate, saccharide]

  3. informal terms for money [syn: boodle, bread, cabbage, clams, dinero, dough, gelt, kale, lettuce, lolly, lucre, loot, moolah, pelf, scratch, shekels, simoleons, wampum]

sugar

v. sweeten with sugar; "sugar your tea" [syn: saccharify]

Gazetteer

Usage examples of "sugar".

We are also aided by chemistry in determining the exact abnormal condition of the kidneys by the detection of albumen, sugar, etc.

Like the strawberry, if eaten without sugar and cream, it does not undergo any acetous fermentation in the stomach, even with gouty or strumous persons.

These juices, together with those of the pear, the peach, the plum, and other such fruits, if taken without adding cane sugar, diminish acidity in the stomach rather than provoke it: they become converted chemically into alkaline carbonates, which correct sour fermentation.

The transformation of starch into sugar, which is almost, if not entirely, suspended while the food remains in the stomach, owing to the acidity of the chyme, is resumed in the duodenum, the acid of the chyme, being neutralized by the alkaline secretions there encountered.

A good dose of sugar, or more carbon dioxide, will increase the acidosis enough to put you right.

Raw Onions contain an acrid volatile oil, sulphur, phosphorus, alkaline earthy salts, phosphoric and acetic acids, with phosphate and citrate of lime, starch, free uncrystallized sugar, and lignine.

Frequent mention is made of sour galls, aleppo galls, green and blue vitriol, the lees of wine, black amber, sugar, fish-glue and a host of unimportant materials as being employed in the admixture of black inks.

The adulterating ingredient is usually pipe-clay, of which a liberal portion is substituted for sugar.

Well, I gets near the Major at table, and afore me stood a china utensil with two handles, full of soup, about the size of a foot-tub, with a large silver scoop in it, near about as big as a ladle of a maple sugar kettle.

We have seen that leaves immersed for some hours in dense solutions of sugar, gum, and starch, have the contents of their cells greatly aggregated, and are rendered more or less flaccid, with the tentacles irregularly contorted.

Not getting enough sleep may be one of the reasons you can get addicted to many of those simple carbohydrates and sugars, as well as the aging fats that are impostors to real food.

Then I reduced them into a fine powder, and ordered the Jewish confectioner to mix the powder in my presence with a paste made of amber, sugar, vanilla, angelica, alkermes and storax, and I waited until the comfits prepared with that mixture were ready.

A giant sheet of folded polysaccharide, a complex mesh of interlinked pentose and hexose sugars hung with alkyl and amide side chains.

His companion thanked him for the compliment, and the child, who had now got astride of his alpenstock, stood looking about him, while he attacked a second lump of sugar.

Measurements of blood sugar, serum amylase, serum acetone, bilirubin, and blood urea nitrogen were normal.