Jazz (Jazz Aviation LP), is a Canadian regional airline based at Halifax Stanfield International Airport in Enfield, Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Chorus Aviation. Jazz Aviation provides regional and charter airline services in Canada and the United States, primarily under contract to Air Canada using the brand name Air Canada Express, and also as Jazz Charters.
It is Canada's third largest airline in terms of fleet size (but not in terms of passengers carried annually, number of employees or destinations served). Its Air Canada Express operations serve 79 destinations in Canada and the United States. Under a Capacity Purchase Agreement (CPA), Air Canada sets the Jazz route network and flight schedule, and purchases all of Jazz’s seat capacity based on predetermined rates. Its main base is Halifax Stanfield International Airport, with hubs at Toronto Pearson International Airport, Victoria International Airport, Vancouver International Airport, Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, and Calgary International Airport.
Prior to April 2011, Air Canada's regional operations were branded as Air Canada Jazz. Following the award of a contract to Sky Regional Airlines, the Air Canada Express brand was introduced as an umbrella for all regional operations. The Jazz brand is now entirely managed by Jazz Aviation LP.
Jazz is a music genre, but may also refer to:
Jazz (Queen album)
Jazz is the seventh studio album by the British rock band Queen, released on 10 November 1978. Roy Thomas Baker temporarily reunited with the band and became their producer; it was three years since he co-produced their 1975 album A Night at the Opera, but this album also was the last he co-produced for the band. The album's varying musical styles were alternately praised and criticised. It reached #2 in the UK Albums Chart and #6 on the US Billboard 200. Jazz has sold over 5 million copies to date.
Carlene Denise Moore-Begnaud (born August 27, 1973) is an American professional wrestler, signed to Women Superstars Uncensored under the ring name Jazz since 2007. She is best known for her tenure in Extreme Championship Wrestling, and in World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment, where she was a two-time WWE Women's Champion.
Jazz is the name of several fictional characters from the Transformers franchise. He is usually portrayed as a music-loving robot and speaks in slang. He is also Optimus Prime's good friend and right-hand man.
Jazz (Henri Matisse)
Henri Matisse’s Jazz is a limited edition artist’s book containing prints of colorful cut paper collages, accompanied by the artist’s written thoughts. It was first issued on September 30, 1947, by art publisher Tériade. The portfolio, characterized by vibrant colors, poetic texts, and circus and theater themes, marks Matisse’s transition to a new form of medium.
Jazz is a music genre that originated from African American communities of New Orleans in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz spans a period of over a hundred years, encompassing a very wide range of music, making it difficult to define. Jazz makes heavy use of improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation and the swing note, as well as aspects of European harmony, American popular music, the brass band tradition, and African musical elements such as blue notes and African-American styles such as ragtime. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience and styles to the art form as well. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms".
As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, and local musical cultures, which gave rise to many distinctive styles. New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine, ragtime and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation. In the 1930s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, a hard-swinging, bluesy, improvisational style and Gypsy jazz (a style that emphasized musette waltzes) were the prominent styles. Bebop emerged in the 1940s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging "musician's music" which was played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation. Cool jazz developed in the end of the 1940s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, linear melodic lines.
The 1950s saw the emergence of free jazz, which explored playing without regular meter, beat and formal structures, and in the mid-1950s, hard bop emerged, which introduced influences from rhythm and blues, gospel, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. Modal jazz developed in the late 1950s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late 1960s and early 1970s, combining jazz improvisation with rock music's rhythms, electric instruments and the highly amplified stage sound. In the early 1980s, a commercial form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful, garnering significant radio airplay. Other styles and genres abound in the 2000s, such as Latin and Afro-Cuban jazz.
Jazz is a 1992 historical novel by Pulitzer and Nobel Prize-winning American author Toni Morrison. The majority of the narrative takes place in Harlem during the 1920s; however, as the pasts of the various characters are explored, the narrative extends back to the mid-19th century American South.
The novel forms the second part of Morrison's Dantesque trilogy on African American history, beginning with Beloved and ending with Paradise.
Jazz (TV series)
Jazz is a 2000 documentary miniseries, directed by Ken Burns. It was broadcast on PBS in 2001, and was released on DVD and VHS in January 2, 2001 by the same company. Its chronological and thematic episodes provided a history of the jazz emphasizing innovative composers and musicians and American history. Swing musicians Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington are the central figures, "providing the narrative thread around which the stories of other major figures turn"; several episodes discussed the later contributions of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie to bebop, and of Miles Davis, Ornette Coleman, and John Coltrane to free and cool jazz. Nine episodes surveyed forty-five years (1917–1961), leaving the final episode to cover forty years (1961–2001). The documentary examines the impacts of racial segregation and drugs on jazz.
Jazz (We've Got)
"Jazz (We've Got)" is the second single from A Tribe Called Quest's second album The Low End Theory. A segment of the track "Buggin' Out" appeared in the music video. The sequences from "Jazz (We've Got)" are in black and white, while the "Buggin' Out" sequences are in full color. The original material sampled in the song, was provided by Pete Rock and was then recreated exactly the same way by Q-Tip (he is the producer of most of the tracks credited as produced by A Tribe Called Quest). Although Pete Rock is not officially credited, Q-Tip credits him in the outro of the track, rapping "Pete Rock for the beat, ya don't stop.".
Jazz (soft drink)
Diet Pepsi Jazz was a brand of soda introduced by the Pepsi company in 2006 and discontinued in 2009. It was a specifically named variant of Pepsi's popular Diet Pepsi product, combining several different flavors.
There were three different kinds available: Jazz with Black Cherry and French Vanilla, Jazz with Strawberries and Cream, and Caramel Cream.
Jazz used the 2003 Pepsi logo.
Pepsi Jazz is mentioned in the motion picture The Promotion as John C. Reilly is setting up a soda display.
Jazz is a Japanese yaoi manga by Tamotsu Takamure. It was originally published by Shinshokan and released into four tankōbon volumes between December 8, 1999, and June 7, 2000. The series was re-published from September 28, 2004, to February 25, 2006. It has been licensed in the United States and was published by Digital Manga Publishing.
The Jazz computer architecture was a motherboard and chipset design originally developed by Microsoft for use in developing Windows NT. The design was eventually used as the basis for most MIPS-based Windows NT systems.
In part because Microsoft intended NT to be portable between various microprocessor architectures, the MIPS RISC architecture was chosen for one of the first development platforms for the NT project in the late 1980s/early 1990s. However, around 1990, the existing MIPS-based systems (such as the TURBOchannel-equipped DECstation or the SGI Indigo) varied drastically from standard Intel personal computers such as the IBM AT—for example, neither used the ISA bus so common in Intel 386-class machines.
For those and other reasons, Microsoft decided to design their own MIPS-based hardware platform on which to develop NT, which resulted in the Jazz architecture. Later, Microsoft sold this architecture design to the MIPS Computer Systems, Inc. where it became the MIPS Magnum.
The Jazz architecture includes:
- a MIPS R4000/ R4400 or compatible microprocessor
- an EISA bus
- a framebuffer for video output (the G364 framebuffer)
- PS/2 connectors for mouse and keyboard
- a Floppy-disk controller
- onboard 16-bit sound system
- onboard National Semiconductor SONIC Ethernet
- onboard NCR 53C9x SCSI chipset for hard disk and CD-ROM interface
- standard IBM AT serial and parallel ports
- IBM AT-style time-of-year clock
This design was simple enough and powerful enough that a majority of Windows NT-capable MIPS systems were based on modified versions of the Jazz architecture. A list of systems which more or less were based on Jazz includes:
- MIPS Magnum (R4000 PC-50 and SC-50 versions)
- Acer PICA - uses S3 videocard
- Olivetti M700 - has different video and sound system
- NEC RISCstation - Jazz with PCI
The Jazz systems were designed to partially comply with the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) standard, and each used the ARC firmware to boot Windows NT. Other operating systems were also ported to various Jazz implementations, such as RISC/os to the MIPS Magnum.
There were also some MIPS systems designed to run Windows NT and comply with the ARC standard, but nevertheless were not based on the Jazz platform:
- DeskStation Tyne
- NeTpower FASTseries Falcon
- ShaBLAMM! NiTro-VLB
- Siemens-Nixdorf RM-200, RM-300 and RM-400
'Scifresh' is a cross between 'Royal Gala' and Braeburn. It was developed in New Zealand as part of a collaboration between apple marketer ENZA, orchardists, and the Plant & Food Research institute. The original cross was made in 1985 on trees at Goddard Lane, Havelock North, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. It launched commercially in April 2004. It is hard and crisp but juicy. The color is flushes of red and maroon over shades of green, yellow and orange.
Growers produce Jazz apples under licence in New Zealand, UK, USA, Australia, France, Chile, Italy, Switzerland, and Austria. Grown in the northern and southern hemispheres, it is available all year round.
The origin of the word jazz is one of the most sought-after word origins in modern American English. The word's intrinsic interest – the American Dialect Society named it the Word of the Twentieth Century – has resulted in considerable research and its history is well documented. As discussed in more detail below, jazz began as a West Coast slang term around 1912, the meaning of which varied but it did not initially refer to music. Jazz came to mean jazz music in Chicago around 1915.
Jazz (Wallace Roney album)
Jazz is an album by jazz artist Wallace Roney released in 2007.
Jazz (Ry Cooder album)
Jazz is the seventh album by Ry Cooder, produced by Joseph Byrd and Ry Cooder and released on the Warner Bros. Records label.
Jazz (Kanso series)
Jazz (Kanso series) is a series of 20 paintings made by Nabil Kanso in 1978-79. The subjects of the works are based on the jazz music and the entertainments night life in New York and New Orleans. The paintings are done in oil and acrylic on canvas measuring 224 X 182 cm (88 X 72 inches) each. Their compositions reflect predominant red tonality built with broad brushstrokes. Works from the series were exhibited in Atlanta in 1985.
Jazz (Tenacious D album)
Jazz is the second extended play by American comedy rock band Tenacious D. Released in 2012, the EP consists of a single, 11 minute jazz composition with vocals. The EP was released as a digital download and a limited edition vinyl record.
Jazz is a perfume for men by Yves Saint Laurent introduced in 1988. The black and white packaging and flacon were designed to resemble piano keys. A flankerLive Jazz was introduced in 1998.
Jazz (John Handy album)
Jazz is an album by saxophonist John Handy III featuring tracks recorded in 1962 and originally released on the Roulette label.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
a genre of popular music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles
a style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands
v. play something in the style of jazz
have sexual intercourse with; "This student sleeps with everyone in her dorm"; "Adam knew Eve"; "Were you ever intimate with this man?" [syn: roll in the hay, love, make out, make love, sleep with, get laid, have sex, know, do it, be intimate, have intercourse, have it away, have it off, screw, fuck, eff, hump, lie with, bed, have a go at it, bang, get it on, bonk]
n. 1 (context music English) A musical art form rooted in West African cultural and musical expression and in the African American blues tradition, with diverse influences over time, commonly characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms and improvisation. 2 Energy, excitement, excitability. Very lively. 3 The (in)tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a thing. 4 Unspecified thing(s). 5 (lb en with positive terms) Of excellent quality, the genuine article. 6 Nonsense. vb. 1 To play '''jazz''' music. 2 To dance to the tunes of '''jazz''' music. 3 To enliven, brighten up, make more colourful or exciting; excite 4 To complicate. 5 (context intransitive US slang dated English) To have sex for money, to prostitute oneself. 6 To destroy. 7 To distract/pester.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
"to speed or liven up," 1917, from jazz (n.). Related: jazzed; jazzing.
by 1912, American English, first attested in baseball slang; as a type of music, attested from 1913. Probably ultimately from Creole patois jass "strenuous activity," especially "sexual intercourse" but also used of Congo dances, from jasm (1860) "energy, drive," of African origin (compare Mandingo jasi, Temne yas), also the source of slang jism.If the truth were known about the origin of the word 'Jazz' it would never be mentioned in polite society. ["Étude," Sept. 1924]\nAll that jazz "et cetera" first recorded 1939.\n
The Collaborative International Dictionary
jazz \jazz\ n.
A type of music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles, but generally featuring intricate rhythms, improvisation, prominent solo segments, and great freedom in harmonic idiom played frequently in a polyphonic style, on various instruments including horn, saxophone, piano and percussion, but rarely stringed instruments. [WordNet sense 1]
empty or insincere or exaggerated talk; as, don't give me any of that jazz. [WordNet sense 2]
Syn: wind, idle words, nothingness.
A style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands.
Usage examples of "jazz".
As you shape your customer profile, recognize that your advertising must reach your largest customer group and must also convey specialties that exist in your store, such as jazz, blues, rock V roll, rap or classical.
A marvelous bebop medley, consisting of wonderful renditions of jazz tunes in the style of Thelonious Monk, Bud Powell, Horace Silver, and Elmo Hope.
High mountain flutes, jazz and bebop, one-stringed Mongol instruments, gypsy xylophones, African drums, Arab bagpipes.
There were small round tables, low backless stools for jazz buffs to sit on with knees hunched, and a bossa nova trio consisting of guitar, bass, and drums.
Music trickled down the hill with the light, usually music of a vanished era, waltzes and marches and Dixieland Jazz, music both romantic and danceable, played to such perfection that I envied Fitz his sound system until I saw several of the better known New York Philharmonic members round the comer near my house early on a particular Saturday evening.
Though we talked less than the allotted three minutes, the call left me so strangely jazzed up, I had to read Flaubert for an hour before I got sleepy again.
Strangely jazzed up and not tired from the housework, I got this from the storage vault and brought it into the den, the one cool room in the house.
He was a short thick-set black man, with a boxed musicom over his shoulder and a jazzer held by the grips, its stubby barrel pointed up.
And the song that he then played on the air was jazz, hot New Orleans jazz, and Skyler also could have sworn that the trumpet was being played by Kuta, too.
The jazz joints were closed, the cops in the subways slipped their pennies into the candy machines and received their coated peanuts for the long beat, up and down the platform, looking for mashers, smokers.
He could contact Moyle before the meeting and blow the gaff tell him everything he knew, being a good company man and all that jazz.
They should have supported her, they should have made her their champion against pseuds like David and yobbos like Garry and Jazz.
White-faced, Jazz and Zek shrank back into the shadow of the rock, stared at each other.
Then I reconstituted some barbecued baby back ribs, a baked potato, some Blue Lake green beans, and a handful of snickerdoodle cookies, and ate them seated in my command chair while listening to quiet jazz selections by Bill Evans and Marian McPartland.
Four live musicians softly blew and strummed old jazz instruments, while a single amber spotlight shone on the coffee colored, deceivingly languid songstress, whose sequined dress went all the way to her wrists and chin.