Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Patent \Pat"ent\ (p[a^]t"ent or p[=a]t"ent), a. [L. patens, -entis, p. pr. of patere to be open: cf. F. patent. Cf. Fathom.]
Note: (Oftener pronounced p[=a]t"ent in this sense) Open; expanded; evident; apparent; unconcealed; manifest; public; conspicuous.
He had received instructions, both patent and secret.
Open to public perusal; -- said of a document conferring some right or privilege; as, letters patent. See Letters patent, under 3d Letter.
Appropriated or protected by letters patent; secured by official authority to the exclusive possession, control, and disposal of some person or party; patented; as, a patent right; patent medicines.
Madder . . . in King Charles the First's time, was made a patent commodity.
(Bot.) Spreading; forming a nearly right angle with the steam or branch; as, a patent leaf. Patent leather, a varnished or lacquered leather, used for boots and shoes, and in carriage and harness work. Patent office, a government bureau for the examination of inventions and the granting of patents. Patent right.
The exclusive right to an invention, and the control of its manufacture.
(Law) The right, granted by the sovereign, of exclusive control of some business of manufacture, or of the sale of certain articles, or of certain offices or prerogatives.
Patent rolls, the registers, or records, of patents.
Patent \Pat"ent\, n. [Cf. F. patente. See Patent, a.]
A letter patent, or letters patent; an official document, issued by a sovereign power, conferring a right or privilege on some person or party. Specifically:
A writing securing to an invention.
A document making a grant and conveyance of public lands.
Four other gentlemen of quality remained mentioned in that patent.
Note: In the United States, by the act of 1870, patents for inventions are issued for seventeen years, without the privilege of renewal except by act of Congress.
The right or privilege conferred by such a document; hence, figuratively, a right, privilege, or license of the nature of a patent.
If you are so fond over her iniquity, give her patent to offend.
Patent \Pat"ent\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Patented; p. pr. & vb. n. Patenting.] To grant by patent; to make the subject of a patent; to secure or protect by patent; as, to patent an invention; to patent public lands.
A patent a set of exclusive rights granted by a state (national government) to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for the public disclosure of an invention.
A patent ( or ) is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention. An invention is a solution to a specific technological problem and is a product or a process. Patents are a form of intellectual property.
The procedure for granting patents, requirements placed on the patentee, and the extent of the exclusive rights vary widely between countries according to national laws and international agreements. Typically, however, a granted patent application must include one or more claims that define the invention. A patent may include many claims, each of which defines a specific property right. These claims must meet relevant patentability requirements, such as novelty, usefulness, and non-obviousness. The exclusive right granted to a patentee in most countries is the right to prevent others, or at least to try to prevent others, from commercially making, using, selling, importing, or distributing a patented invention without permission.
Under the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, patents should be available in WTO member states for any invention, in all fields of technology, and the term of protection available should be a minimum of twenty years. Nevertheless, there are variations on what is patentable subject matter from country to country.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
late 14c., "open letter or document from some authority," shortened form of Anglo-French lettre patent (also in Medieval Latin (litteræ) patentes), literally "open letter" (late 13c.), from Old French patente (see patent (adj.).\nThe Letters Patent were ... written upon open sheets of parchment, with the Great Seal pendent at the bottom ... [while] the 'Litteræ Clausæ,' or Letters Close, ... being of a more private nature, and addressed to one or two individuals only, were closed or folded up and sealed on the outside. [S.R. Scargill-Bird, "A Guide to the Principal Classes of Documents at the Public Record Office," 1891]\nMeaning "a license covering an invention" is from 1580s.
"to obtain right to land," 1670s, from patent (n.). The meaning "copyright an invention" is first recorded 1822, from earlier meaning "obtain exclusive right or monopoly" (1789), a privilege granted by the Crown via letters patent. Related: Patented; patenting.
late 14c., in letters patent, literally "open letter," from Old French patente, from Latin patentum (nominative patens) "open, lying open," present participle of patere "lie open, be open," from PIE *pete- "to spread" (see pace (n.)). Sense of "open to view, plain, clear" is first recorded c.1500. Related: Patently.
v. obtain a patent for; "Should I patent this invention?"
grant rights to; grant a patent for
make open to sight or notice; "His behavior has patented an embarrassing fact about him"
adj. (of a bodily tube or passageway) open; affording free passage; "patent ductus arteriosus"
clearly apparent or obvious to the mind or senses; "the effects of the drought are apparent to anyone who sees the parched fields"; "evident hostility"; "manifest disapproval"; "patent advantages"; "made his meaning plain"; "it is plain that he is no reactionary"; "in plain view" [syn: apparent, evident, manifest, plain]
Etymology 1 n. A declaration issued by a government agency declaring someone the inventor of a new invention and having the privilege of stopping others from making, using or selling the claimed invention; a letter patent. vb. To successfully register an invention with a government agency; to secure a letter patent. Etymology 2
1 (context biology English) open, unobstructed, expanded. 2 explicit and obvious. 3 (context of flour English) that is fine, and consists mostly of the inner part of the endosperm 4 Open; unconcealed; conspicuous. 5 Open to public perusal; said of a document conferring some right or privilege. 6 Protected by a legal patent.
Usage examples of "patent".
If they held the patent on the proper adenovirus, it could be worth billions of dollars.
And so we find him now about to show to his chum, Ned Newton, his latest patent, an aerial warship, which, however, was not the success Tom had hoped for.
And that old, specious, dressed-up, garbled, sea-sick ptomaine prancing about avidiously like an irremediable turkey gobbler with patent leather shoes on is my best friend.
Golightly The Nipper Lanky Jones Blue Baccy Nancy Nutall and the Mongrel Our John Willie Bill and the Mary Ann Shaughnessy AUTOBIOGRAPHY Our Kate Catherine Cookson Country Let Me Make Myself Plain WRITING AS CATHERINE MAR CHANT House of Men Heritage of Folly The Fen Tiger THE House of Women CORGI BOOKS THE HOUSE OF WOMEN A CORGI BOOK 0 552 13303 5 Originally published in Great Britain by Bantam Press a division of Transworld Publishers Ltd PRINTING HISTORY Bantam Press edition published 1992 Corgi edition published 1993 Corgi edition reprinted 1993 Copyright Catherine Cookson 1992 The right of Catherine Cookson to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Golightly The Nipper Lanky Jones Blue Baccy Nancy Nutall and the Mongrel Our John Willie AUTOBIOGRAPHY Our Kate Catherine Cookson Country Let Me Make Myself Plain WRITING AS CATHERINE MAR CHANT House of Men Heritage of Folly The Fen Tiger THE GILLYVORS Catherine Cookson CORGI BOOKS THE GILLYVORS A CORGI BOOK 0 552 13621 2 Originally published in Great Britain by Bantam Press, a division of Transworld Publishers Ltd PRINTING HISTORY Bantam Press edition published 1990 Corgi edition published 1991 Corgi edition reissued 1991 Copyright Catherine Cookson 1990 The right of Catherine Cookson to be identified as author of this work has been asserted in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
His closely trimmed hair was grey at the temples and although most of the men flying that night would be wearing white roll-neck sweaters and stained battledress, Munro was never seen on duty in anything other than his well-tailored barathea with his hand-made shoes polished like patent leather.
A second patent cause of the mania was the zeal and the bibliolatry of Protestantism.
And this patented inner tread means Bungee Condoms hug the surface to prevent dangerous slips and slides.
The patent claims effects on neurotransmitter potentials in the cingulate gyrus.
The thesis for some reason is not citable as a good, sufficient, and competent reference under the Patent Office rules.
Henry Creamer has seven patents on steam traps, and more than a dozen among the number have patented as many as five different inventions.
Preliminary Treatment of the Fabric -- Waterproofing with Acetate of Alumina -- Impregnation of the Fabric -- Drying -- Waterproofing with Paraffin -- Waterproofing with Ammonium Cuprate -- Waterproofing with Metallic Oxides -- Coloured Waterproof Fabrics -- Waterproofing with Gelatine, Tannin, Caseinate of Lime and other Bodies -- Manufacture of Tarpaulin -- British Waterproofing Patents -- Index.
I had only a dilettantish idea what he was talking about, a modest background from answering a rash of alarmed questions about patented new forms of life.
A patent ductus arteriosus makes a continuous shushing murmur, soft, but audible with a little concentration, particularly in the supraclavicular and cervical regions.
A patent ductus arteriosus may have no symptoms, beyond that odd, continuous murmur.