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Shu (Egyptian god)

Shu ( Egyptian for "emptiness" and "he who rises up") was one of the primordial Egyptian gods, a personification of air, one of the Ennead of Heliopolis.


Shu may refer to:

Shu (state)

The State of Shu was an ancient state in what is now Sichuan Province. Shu was based on the Chengdu Plain, in the western Sichuan basin with some extension northeast to the upper Han River valley. To the east was the Ba tribal confederation. Further east down the Han and Yangtze rivers was the State of Chu. To the north over the Qinling Mountains was the State of Qin. To the west and south were tribal peoples of little military power.

This independent Shu state was conquered by the state of Qin in 316 BC. Recent archaeological discoveries at Sanxingdui and Jinsha thought to be sites of Shu culture indicate the presence of a unique civilization in this region before the Qin conquest.

In subsequent periods of Chinese history the Sichuan area continued to be referred to as Shu after this ancient state, and later states founded in the same region were also called Shu.

The Collaborative International Dictionary

Usage examples of "shu".

The part played by the god, and the nature of the link connecting him with Shu, have been explained by Maspero.

It was from Shu that the Greeks derived their representations, and perhaps their myth of Atlas.

On the day of creation a new god, Shu, came forth from the primaeval waters, slipped between the two, and seizing Nuit with both hands, lifted her above his head with outstretched arms.

Sibu had not been satisfied to meet the irruption of Shu by mere passive resistance.

After he had been identified with the sun, the similar identification of Shu inevitably followed.

The violence suffered by Nuit at the hands of Shu led to a connexion of the Osirian dogma of Mendes with the solar dogma of Sebennytos, and thus the tradition describing the creation of the world was completed by another, explaining its division into deserts and fertile lands.

As Atumu-Ra could have no fellow, he stood apart in the first rank, and it was decided that Shu should be his son, whom he had formed out of himself alone, on the first day of creation, by the simple intensity of his own virile energy.

Nomes which worshipped a goddess had no scruples whatever in ascribing to her the part played by Atumu, and in crediting her with the spontaneous maternity of Shu and Tafnuit.

Thus, the Theban Ennead of Amon-Maut-Khonsu, Shu, Tafnuit, Sibu, Nuit, Osiris, Isis, Sit, and Nephthys, is, in spite of its apparent irregularity, as correct as the typical Ennead itself.

Thus we find that Horus the son of Isis at Buto, Arihosnofir the son of Nit at Sais, Khnumu the son of Hathor at Esneh, were each in turn identified with Shu the son of Aturnu, and lost their individualities in his.

It having been finally admitted in the sacerdotal colleges that Tumu and Shu, father and son, were one, all the divine sons were, therefore, identical with Tumu, the father of Shu, and as each divine son was one with his parents, it inevitably followed that these parents themselves were identical with Tumu.

The legend of Shu and Sibil--The reign of Osiris Onnophris and of Isis: they civilize Egypt and the world--Osiris, slain by Sit, is entombed by Isis and avenged by Horus--The wars of Typhon and of Horus: peace, and the division of Egypt between the two gods.

Ra, Shu, Osiris, Sit, Horus--Thot, and the invention of sciences and writing--Menes, and the three first human dynasties.

The latter were born from another part of his body by the same means as those employed by Atumu in the creation of Shu and Tafnuit.

Their defeat at Hermopolis corresponded to the moment when Shu, raising the sky above the sacred mound in that city, substituted order and light for chaos and darkness.