Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
A sense in biology and psychology, is a physiological method of perception.
Sense may also refer to:
- Word sense in linguistics, one of the meanings of a word
- Common sense, what people in common agree as being reasonable or rational
- Sense (band), a synthpop trio of which Paul K. Joyce was a member in his early career
- Sense (molecular biology), a reference to the coding strand of the DNA helix
- Sense (electronics), a technique used in power supplies to produce the correct voltage for a load
- Sense (programming), a programming environment created by The Open University
- Sense and reference, an innovation of the German philosopher and mathematician Gottlob Frege
- Sense (river), a river in Switzerland
- Sense (The Lightning Seeds album), and the title track
- Sense (Mr. Children album), 2010
- Sense (In the Nursery album)
- HTC Sense, a graphical user interface developed by HTC Corporation for mobile devices
- Sense Worldwide, a London-based co-creation consultancy
Sense (molecular biology)
In molecular biology and genetics, sense is a concept used to compare the polarity of nucleic acid molecules, such as DNA or RNA, to other nucleic acid molecules. Depending on the context within molecular biology, sense may have slightly different meanings.
Sense (The Lightning Seeds album)
Sense is the second album by English musical group The Lightning Seeds, released in 1992 and produced chiefly by Ian Broudie and Simon Rogers.
Sense (In the Nursery album)
Sense is the fifth album by In the Nursery, released in 1991 through Third Mind Records.
In electronics, sense is a technique used in power supplies to produce the correct voltage for a load. Although simple batteries naturally maintain a steady voltage (except in cases of large internal impedance), a power supply must use a feedback system to make adjustments based on the difference between its intended output and its actual output. If this system is working, the latter will be very close to the former.
Two types of sense are used, depending on where the power supply output is measured. In local sense, the supply simply measures the voltage at its output terminals, where the leads to the load connect. This method has the problem of not accounting for the voltage drop due to resistance of the leads, which is proportional to the amount of current drawn by the load. That is, the supply might be producing the correct voltage at its output terminals, but there will be a lower voltage at the input terminals of the load.
When this might cause a problem, remote sense can be used to force the power supply to counteract the voltage drop by raising the voltage at its output terminals. If successful, it will exactly cancel the drop along the leads, yielding the correct voltage at the input terminals of the load. This is accomplished by using separate "sense leads," connected to the load's input terminals, to measure the output voltage. (Because the sensing function draws only a very small amount of current, there is practically no additional voltage drop due to the sense leads themselves.)
Many power supplies that are equipped with remote sense can cause catastrophic damage to the loads if they turned on while the sense leads are unconnected. To avoid this, some supplies are equipped with auto sense, which will automatically switch between local and remote sensing depending on whether the sense leads are correctly connected.
A sense is a physiological capacity of organisms that provides data for perception. The senses and their operation, classification, and theory are overlapping topics studied by a variety of fields, most notably neuroscience, cognitive psychology (or cognitive science), and philosophy of perception. The nervous system has a specific sensory system or organ, dedicated to each sense.
Humans have a multitude of senses. Sight ( ophthalmoception), hearing ( audioception), taste ( gustaoception), smell ( olfacoception or olfacception), and touch ( tactioception) are the five traditionally recognized senses. The ability to detect other stimuli beyond those governed by these most broadly recognized senses also exists, and these sensory modalities include temperature ( thermoception), kinesthetic sense ( proprioception), pain ( nociception), balance ( equilibrioception), vibration ( mechanoreception), and various internal stimuli (e.g. the different chemoreceptors for detecting salt and carbon dioxide concentrations in the blood). However, what constitutes a sense is a matter of some debate, leading to difficulties in defining what exactly a distinct sense is, and where the borders between responses to related stimuli lay.
Other animals also have receptors to sense the world around them, with degrees of capability varying greatly between species. Humans have a comparatively weak sense of smell and a stronger sense of sight relative to many other mammals while some animals may lack one or more of the traditional five senses. Some animals may also intake and interpret sensory stimuli in very different ways. Some species of animals are able to sense the world in a way that humans cannot, with some species able to sense electrical and magnetic fields, and detect water pressure and currents.
The river Sense is a right tributary of the river Saane in Switzerland. It is a border river between the Cantons of Fribourg and Bern. Its source rivers, the Kalte Sense, coming from Mount Gantrisch, and Warme Sense, flowing out of lake Schwarzsee, join at Zollhaus and thus form the origin of the Sense.
After about 35 km, the Sense joins the Saane river at Laupen, Bern. Because the Sense's water level can rise rapidly during hefty rainstorms, it is dangerous to stay near the river bed in uncertain weather conditions.
Sense (Mr. Children album)
Sense is the fourteenth (officially listed as the sixteenth) studio album by Japanese pop rock band Mr. Children. It was released on December 1, 2010, and the details, such as track list, number of tracks, cover and title of the album, were announced on November 29, 2010. It includes a digital-only single "Fanfare" and no CD single or music videos. "Fanfare" is also the theme for the One Piece film Strong World, released on December 12, 2009, almost one year before the album's release.
The album got number 1 on Oricon Weekly Albums Chart for two consecutive weeks in three albums successively from Home.
Sense is an educational programming environment created by The Open University (OU) in the United Kingdom. It uses a drag-and-drop programming environment designed to teach students the fundamentals of computer programming, using different shape and colour "blocks" selected from a palette of available commands, meaning that the student needs no prior experience of programming nor need to learn a syntax. It is based on the Scratch programming language developed by the MIT Media Lab, and uses .sb files like Scratch but the two pieces of software cannot use each other's files.
The Sense programming environment is designed to work in conjunction with the SenseBoard, a specialised piece of hardware which connects to a user's computer via a USB connection. The SenseBoard has different input types such as sensors for infrared, light, sound (microphone), and temperature (thermometer), and outputs such as a motor and light emitting diodes (LEDs).
Sense and the SenseBoard are primarily used as part of the OU's My Digital Life (TU100) module, but is also used to a lesser degree on other modules. Sense was trialed in London schools in late 2012.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Sense \Sense\, n. [L. sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as E. send; cf. OHG. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, G. sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. F. sens. For the change of meaning cf. See, v. t. See Send, and cf. Assent, Consent, Scent, v. t., Sentence, Sentient.]
(Physiol.) A faculty, possessed by animals, of perceiving external objects by means of impressions made upon certain organs (sensory or sense organs) of the body, or of perceiving changes in the condition of the body; as, the senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch. See Muscular sense, under Muscular, and Temperature sense, under Temperature.
Let fancy still my sense in Lethe steep.
What surmounts the reach Of human sense I shall delineate.
The traitor Sense recalls The soaring soul from rest.
Perception by the sensory organs of the body; sensation; sensibility; feeling.
In a living creature, though never so great, the sense and the affects of any one part of the body instantly make a transcursion through the whole.
Perception through the intellect; apprehension; recognition; understanding; discernment; appreciation.
This Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover.
--Sir P. Sidney.
High disdain from sense of injured merit.
Sound perception and reasoning; correct judgment; good mental capacity; understanding; also, that which is sound, true, or reasonable; rational meaning. ``He speaks sense.''
He raves; his words are loose As heaps of sand, and scattering wide from sense.
That which is felt or is held as a sentiment, view, or opinion; judgment; notion; opinion.
I speak my private but impartial sense With freedom.
The municipal council of the city had ceased to speak the sense of the citizens.
Meaning; import; signification; as, the true sense of words or phrases; the sense of a remark.
So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense.
--Neh. viii. 8.
I think 't was in another sense.
Moral perception or appreciation.
Some are so hardened in wickedness as to have no sense of the most friendly offices.
(Geom.) One of two opposite directions in which a line, surface, or volume, may be supposed to be described by the motion of a point, line, or surface. Common sense, according to Sir W. Hamilton:
``The complement of those cognitions or convictions which we receive from nature, which all men possess in common, and by which they test the truth of knowledge and the morality of actions.''
``The faculty of first principles.'' These two are the philosophical significations.
``Such ordinary complement of intelligence, that,if a person be deficient therein, he is accounted mad or foolish.''
When the substantive is emphasized: ``Native practical intelligence, natural prudence, mother wit, tact in behavior, acuteness in the observation of character, in contrast to habits of acquired learning or of speculation.''
Moral sense. See under Moral, (a) .
The inner sense, or The internal sense, capacity of the mind to be aware of its own states; consciousness; reflection. ``This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself, and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.''
Sense capsule (Anat.), one of the cartilaginous or bony cavities which inclose, more or less completely, the organs of smell, sight, and hearing.
Sense organ (Physiol.), a specially irritable mechanism by which some one natural force or form of energy is enabled to excite sensory nerves; as the eye, ear, an end bulb or tactile corpuscle, etc.
Sense organule (Anat.), one of the modified epithelial cells in or near which the fibers of the sensory nerves terminate.
Syn: Understanding; reason.
Usage: Sense, Understanding, Reason. Some philosophers have given a technical signification to these terms, which may here be stated. Sense is the mind's acting in the direct cognition either of material objects or of its own mental states. In the first case it is called the outer, in the second the inner, sense. Understanding is the logical faculty, i. e., the power of apprehending under general conceptions, or the power of classifying, arranging, and making deductions. Reason is the power of apprehending those first or fundamental truths or principles which are the conditions of all real and scientific knowledge, and which control the mind in all its processes of investigation and deduction. These distinctions are given, not as established, but simply because they often occur in writers of the present day.
Sense \Sense\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sensed; p. pr. & vb. n. Sensing.] To perceive by the senses; to recognize. [Obs. or Colloq.]
Is he sure that objects are not otherwise sensed by
others than they are by him?
n. a general conscious awareness; "a sense of security"; "a sense of happiness"; "a sense of danger"; "a sense of self"
the meaning of a word or expression; the way in which a word or expression or situation can be interpreted; "the dictionary gave several senses for the word"; "in the best sense charity is really a duty"; "the signifier is linked to the signified" [syn: signified]
sound practical judgment; "I can't see the sense in doing it now"; "he hasn't got the sense God gave little green apples"; "fortunately she had the good sense to run away" [syn: common sense, good sense, gumption, horse sense, mother wit]
a natural appreciation or ability; "a keen musical sense"; "a good sense of timing"
v. perceive by a physical sensation, e.g., coming from the skin or muscles; "He felt the wind"; "She felt an object brushing her arm"; "He felt his flesh crawl"; "She felt the heat when she got out of the car" [syn: feel]
detect some circumstance or entity automatically; "This robot can sense the presence of people in the room"; "particle detectors sense ionization"
become aware of not through the senses but instinctively; "I sense his hostility"
comprehend; "I sensed the real meaning of his letter"
n. 1 (senseid en manner to perceive) Any of the manners by which living beings perceive the physical world: for humans sight, smell, hearing, touch, taste. 2 (senseid en conscious awareness)Perception through the intellect; apprehension; awareness. 3 (senseid en sound judgment)Sound practical or moral judgment. 4 (senseid en meaning or reason)The meaning, reason, or value of something. 5 (senseid en natural ability)A natural appreciation or ability. 6 (senseid en pragmatics term)(context pragmatics English) The way that a referent is presented. 7 (senseid en semantics term)(context semantics English) A single conventional use of a word; one of the entries for a word in a dictionary. 8 (senseid en math: direction of a vector)(context mathematics English) One of two opposite directions in which a vector (especially of motion) may point. See also polarity. 9 (senseid en math: direction of rotation)(context mathematics English) One of two opposite directions of rotation, clockwise versus anti-clockwise. 10 (senseid en biochemistry)(cx biochemistry English) referring to the strand of a nucleic acid that directly specifies the product. vb. 1 To use biological senses: to either smell, watch, taste, hear or feel. 2 To instinctively be aware. 3 To comprehend.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1400, "faculty of perception," also "meaning, import, interpretation" (especially of Holy Scripture), from Old French sens "one of the five senses; meaning; wit, understanding" (12c.) and directly from Latin sensus "perception, feeling, undertaking, meaning," from sentire "perceive, feel, know," probably a figurative use of a literally meaning "to find one's way," or "to go mentally," from PIE root *sent- "to go" (cognates: Old High German sinnan "to go, travel, strive after, have in mind, perceive," German Sinn "sense, mind," Old English sið "way, journey," Old Irish set, Welsh hynt "way"). Application to any one of the external or outward senses (touch, sight, hearing, etc.) in English first recorded 1520s.\n\nA certain negro tribe has a special word for "see;" but only one general word for "hear," "touch," "smell," and "taste." It matters little through which sense I realize that in the dark I have blundered into a pig-sty. In French "sentir" means to smell, to touch, and to feel, all together.
[Erich M. von Hornbostel, "Die Einheit der Sinne" ("The Unity of the Senses"), 1927]\nMeaning "that which is wise" is from c.1600. Meaning "capacity for perception and appreciation" is from c.1600 (as in sense of humor, attested by 1783, sense of shame, 1640s).
"to perceive by the senses," 1590s, from sense (n.). Meaning "be conscious inwardly of (one's state or condition) is from 1680s. Meaning "perceive (a fact or situation) not by direct perception" is from 1872. Related: Sensed; sensing.
Usage examples of "sense".
Hutchinson has little leisure for much praise of the natural beauty of sky and landscape, but now and then in her work there appears an abiding sense of the pleasantness of the rural world--in her day an implicit feeling rather than an explicit.
The ability to sense pain and discomfort in others, Will realized, was something he had always had and assumed others did as well.
All the while the shaft of phosphorescence from the well was getting brighter and brighter, bringing to the minds of the huddled men, a sense of doom and abnormality which far outraced any image their conscious minds could form.
The Canterbury Tales, so far as they are in verse, have been printed without any abridgement or designed change in the sense.
Her senses abrim, she forgot everything but the feverish need clamoring within her, the need to be filled as never before.
Matter, then, thus brought to order must lose its own nature in the supreme degree unless its baseness is an accidental: if it is base in the sense of being Baseness the Absolute, it could never participate in order, and, if evil in the sense of being Evil the Absolute, it could never participate in good.
The Acceptor probed and touched and caressed this new region of space with its farflung senses.
For all the processes essential to a physical acoustics are accessible to the eye and other senses.
I certainly did not act towards them with a true sense of honesty, but if the reader to whom I confess myself is acquainted with the world and with the spirit of society, I entreat him to think before judging me, and perhaps I may meet with some indulgence at his hands.
In a sense, the serial killers of the 1990s were the spiritual children of the hippies of the sixties, and their common ancestors would be the Viennese Actionists of the fifties.
Kosmos that produced the human brain are being, to some degree, recognized by that brain: in this special sense, they are discoveries, un-coveries, recognitions, anamnesias, recollections, apprehensions of patterns and worldspaces present as potentials but only now being actualized or apprehended in individual cases.
For if it were actually something, that actualized something would not be Matter, or at least not Matter out and out, but merely Matter in the limited sense in which bronze is the matter of the statue.
I said, but with the acuity of any jungle beast, he sensed the weakening of his prey.
I segued into the second movement, that sense of bright expectation replaced by the slow, haunting strains of the Adagio, at once lyrical and sad -- mirroring the turns my own life had taken, the shifting harmonies sounding to me like the raised voices of ghosts, of echoes.
Vaguely sensing a contradiction, he then exempts his own global-theorizing stance from having any adaptive value.