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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


a map and compass
▪ Always take a map and compass with you in the mountains.
an outline map
▪ an outline map of the island
gene mapping
Ordnance Survey map
relief map
road map
▪ a road map to the United States Constitution
the weather map (=a map showing the current or expected future weather)
▪ The weather map shows a band of rain coming in from the east.
▪ Walks in South Somerset gives full instructions and a detailed map for ten walks ranging from 2-1/2 to seven miles long.
▪ A detailed brochure with map and route descriptions point out places of interest on your way.
▪ This will perhaps serve to put John Cook's detailed maps of the tip region into perspective.
▪ There is much to see, and hopefully the detailed instructions and maps will prevent you from getting lost.
▪ What differences are there in the two farms, shown on the detailed maps?
▪ Failing that, you must at least keep a detailed plan or map of your rose garden with such information.
▪ He also helped start Etak Inc., a digital map maker in Menlo Park.
▪ A digital map is essentially a numerical description of these lines and symbols.
▪ The development of mathematical models to represent the uncertainty characteristics of digital map databases; 2.
▪ A single digital map currently costs £85.
▪ Previously he had been engaged in making a geological map of Devon and he now continued this work in an official capacity.
▪ The geological map, Fig. 7, shows the distribution of the main Lewisian types.
▪ The Outer Hebrides Thrust, and all the important faults mentioned above can be found in the geological map Fig. 7.
▪ The accuracy of his geological maps was legendary, his crisp and lucid style apparent in everything he wrote.
▪ The aim is to have 1:50 000 geological map sheets for the whole of Great Britain available to the public by 2005.
▪ The report is accompanied by a 1:100 000 scale geological map showing the location of the numerous abandoned mines.
▪ The geological maps of Great Britain all use an Ordnance Survey topographic base.
▪ The outcome will be a geological map at 1:50 000 of the area around Dounreay accompanied by a report.
▪ Apart from the large maps on the walls above the low bookcases, the only decoration was Nina's photograph.
▪ I found a large scale map of the island in the school library.
▪ Find a large map of the world and trace it on to a large piece of paper.
▪ His father cheered him by ordering copies of large maps of the Holy Land at ten guilders each.
▪ Drawing this aside, he exposed a large mounted map of the district.
▪ On the wall in his room was a large map of Cairo.
▪ A large map, or picture, was unrolled and hung over the blackboard.
▪ They can either draw their contribution directly on to the paper, or they can stick their drawings on to a large wall map.
▪ The entire economy of the Earth, the political map, the military map.
▪ California's political map is a chaotic mess of overlapping cities, counties and school districts.
▪ The commission's recommendations could profoundly affect the political map of the area.
▪ Clearly, devising a political map of Minoan Crete is fraught with problems.
▪ Still, at least the interlocking issues of taxation, welfare and the family are now on the political map.
▪ There were three tests on map reading.
▪ It reminds me of those half-houses which according to normal criteria of map reading shouldn't exist.
▪ Some knowledge of map reading is useful.
▪ He says that if the ambulancemen had a map reference they might have found him sooner.
▪ Anywhere in the country can be given a map reference.
▪ All I had for guidance was Donald's photocopied road map.
▪ Role models, as we have discussed, can be invaluable in helping you prepare your own road map.
▪ Although using a road map, she managed to lose herself and so stopped to ask a young man the way.
▪ Now 56 and finally comfortable with her aging, Pogrebin has written a road map that many will soon be following.
▪ They're not like road maps, more a kind of spiritual map, showing significant places.
▪ It is a low-risk, high-reward chance for you to see if your road map works.
▪ A road map shows all the roads in an area.
▪ Strong alternatives include: Using new technology can be like following a complicated road map.
▪ Will it be a useful reference route map and a compass?
▪ A London Underground route map. 12.
▪ Comprehensive ticket wallet including luggage labels, exclusive full colour street map of Amsterdam and detailed travel itinerary.
▪ Every description needs some sort of logical movement that readers can follow as easily as a street map.
▪ Free full colour street map of Central Amsterdam.
▪ Images Street Image She's busy and alert, writing in her notebook, or studying a street map.
▪ And all the time Chief Inspector Morse sat, less tetchy now, staring at the street map of Oxford.
▪ I took out my street map and had a look.
▪ In the left, the folded-up street map.
▪ A street map is a map of the streets in a town or city.
▪ Ordnance survey maps are the official maps of Britain printed by the government.
▪ Filling a substantial amount of skyline and covering six full squares of the Ordnance Survey map.
▪ Ordnance Survey maps are essential: they are accurate and of good quality.
▪ The early versions of Ordnance Survey maps are also very useful - particularly the large-scale, six inch to one mile maps.
▪ Lorton paused to consult his Ordnance Survey map.
▪ And the weather maps are updated infrequently.
▪ If you want to find me on the map, check out the color-coded weather map in the newspaper.
▪ You can look at a whole rainstorm on a weather map.
▪ Booth's team created minutely detailed maps of the capital, assigning individual dwellings to the various social classes.
▪ He includes a history of mail delivery, a healthy bibliography and a detailed map.
▪ Though Mr Honey's detailed computer maps got rave reviews from specialists, fewer than 3,000 were sold.
▪ And what a finely detailed map it is.
▪ Fie has detailed maps of photographers' lines of sight.
▪ They had produced the first detailed map of the universe in its infancy.
▪ A laser altimeter will measure the distance to Eros, gradually assembling a detailed topographical map.
▪ Democritus drew up a map along these lines.
▪ When it comes to drawing a road map of the brain, disease is often the best cartographer.
▪ When William Senior drew his map of c.1635 Chesterfield had still not expanded beyond its medieval limits.
▪ For science, students drew maps of the nearby river, studied its ecosystem, and investigated animals in the area.
▪ The range of values taken on by the variable is divided into a number of classes before the map is drawn.
▪ I drew maps and flowcharts of the events and stood people up and marched them through key scenes.
▪ He drew him another map and watched Blunset wander off into the darkness.
▪ The Home Guard had drawn him a map of how to get to Maryhill, and he was quite happy now.
▪ I have included Norma in the map with Ara.
▪ Author George Cagala impresses with his thoroughness, and the book includes good maps.
▪ Graphics include maps and drawings, often positioned over the shoulder of the anchor.
▪ These papers include maps, plans and architectural drawings.
▪ The appendix includes a map of the world and a list of business terms.
▪ The best view of the vale is from the hills surrounding it; it looks like a map spread out.
▪ If you look at a map, everything revolves around Market.
▪ Let me look at the map and see where we go to rejoin the main road to the auto-route.
▪ A stream that looked small on the map had grown to be about 15 feet across.
▪ He hadn't, but, looking at the map, Branson could see they were within striking distance.
▪ She and her husband looked at a map.
▪ These types of questions can not be answered easily by looking at a conventional map.
▪ OnceI think it was in Munich; maybe Colognehe got hopelessly lost and needed to pull over to look at the map.
▪ What are the names of the main cities marked on the map?
▪ The geologist records this by marking on a map the dip and strike of the beds wherever they outcrop.
▪ They are clearly marked on the map from the campsite.
▪ It was marked on a map dated 1648 and according to local reports was a working mill until 1900.
▪ An hour later they were halted in their tracks by a cataract not marked on the map.
▪ From an atlas find the names of the towns marked on the map as the more desirable dormitory towns.
▪ It is clearly marked on the map recommended for use with this, and the field guide.
▪ The track - optimistically marked on the map as Daleside Road - edged through a final gate and on to the road.
▪ All the input data is then processed to produce the nitrogen application maps.
▪ A device used to produce maps, architectural drawings and other graphic output.
▪ A manually-drawn version of the same map would take many hours to produce.
▪ They used the data to produce a map showing the location of older and weaker rock zones.
▪ Aerial photos can also be employed to produce a map of known features within a region.
▪ The alternative is to produce a paper map and photograph it.
▪ The universities of Chicago and Princeton are planning to dedicate a new telescope to producing a three-dimensional map of 1m galaxies.
▪ They had produced the first detailed map of the universe in its infancy.
▪ It will provide a map of your directory structure but won't transport you to a chosen sub-directory.
▪ Several small contracts to provide radon potential maps have been completed.
▪ They all say it's time Hawkwood was put on the map against that Greycoats.
▪ Whoever did, she says, put Nanaimo on the map.
▪ Distance and height, so you can put hills on a map that is flat.
▪ Near the window, he put up a framed map of the New York City subway system.
▪ This tournament has put us on the map and we are keen to develop it further.
▪ The range improvement program, though, really put me on the map.
▪ If you get stuck, just put the map away and go back to it later.
▪ That would put us on the map, give us more respect.
▪ The director-general should drive, said Swann: the chairman should read the map.
▪ Hey, Willie, how about sending down a busload of Muni drivers who can read a road map?
▪ Hussey has been doing more than both driving and reading the map.
▪ Ted was telling me he knew I could read a map.
▪ Just as this realisation dawned, a luckless couple drew into the parking space to read a map.
▪ Some had people in them reading maps that were unfolded like giant birds in the front seats of the cars.
▪ He often sat there in the early evening to read a book or map.
▪ The intelligence branch must have read their maps upside down.
▪ At the same time it was expected that accompanying memoirs would be published explaining in detail the geology shown on the maps.
▪ Figure 4-11 shows a geologic map with formations, strikes, and dips indicated.
▪ What are the uses for land shown on the map?
▪ We also have two full-color inserts to show maps and photographs whose major features need color.
▪ One rail bridge, well camouflaged, is not shown on any map.
▪ Nicodemus is eighty-two miles from Oakley; surprisingly, Rand McNally still showed it on the map.
▪ The texts show typical maps of the sensory strip and the motor strip, but patients exhibit a lot of variability.
▪ He was lounging back against the tree trunk a few yards away, consulting his compass and studying the map intently.
▪ They studied the map for a while, scratched their heads, turned it upside down and studied it some more.
▪ Images Street Image She's busy and alert, writing in her notebook, or studying a street map.
▪ Brown and company would then study the map and judge the next town they could reach comfortably by the next night.
▪ As Trent studied the map, he recalled the topography each side of the Makaa River.
▪ After studying maps and geological data, he became as convinced as his Triton colleagues that there was oil in those foothills.
▪ They studied the Underground map to see how to reach their destination.
▪ On the train he studied a map of Drenthe - not that there was much to see.
▪ Oblique aerial photographs show sites in the context of the landscape and can also be used for preparing archaeological maps.
▪ Several times in the past two weeks the class has wanted to use a map.
▪ Although using a road map, she managed to lose herself and so stopped to ask a young man the way.
▪ By using the map and clues you will eventually find your way to a fine hostelry out in the country.
▪ And yet the Aboriginal people do not use them for their maps.
▪ Taking these cases at face value, does the apparent ability to make and use maps provide convincing evidence of active intelligence?
▪ In fact, because of the slightly different technique that Clayton used, his maps looked a good deal messier.
a road map to peace
a road map to sth
wipe sth off the face of the earth/wipe sth off the map
▪ a street map
▪ Let me show you how to get there on the map.
▪ I am never far from a map of the seafloor.
▪ On the back wall of the produce shed hangs a schoolroom map of the continental United States.
▪ Significant developments in the use of maps in the coming decades can be predicted with confidence.
▪ Ted said one day, poring over maps and guidebooks.
▪ The map tore, and tore again, as he tossed around in the backseat.
▪ This might well be the word processor that puts WordStar right back on the map in the word processor stakes.
▪ When William Senior drew his map of c.1635 Chesterfield had still not expanded beyond its medieval limits.
▪ With their handwritten text, intricate maps and exquisite drawings, they were hailed as a work of art.
Areas of woodland and permanent pasture are mapped together with built-up areas as inaccessible to archaeologists.
▪ Make a transit and map an area.
▪ Insurance maps of the 10-block area, perhaps the best record of residential and commercial buildings, show few outhouses.
▪ Now it is time for us to do an exercise with you to begin to develop your own road map.
▪ His face is lined like a road map.
▪ The learner is lost, and the educational designer can not meaningfully map out the routes associated with a big bucket.
▪ Road atlas programs will map out your route between two cities or set up a whole itinerary of stops.
▪ As always, he had mapped his route before setting out.
▪ This will help you to map your route through the book.
▪ If I could borrow a copy of Mary's book, I could map its route, ambush, and kill it!
▪ The same radar data that permit determination of the rotation speed of Venus also permit us to prepare maps of its surface.
▪ Observers interested in mapping the surface or analyzing the atmosphere of Mars obviously prefer to observe near the time of opposition.
▪ This is done on the basis of the objects of feeling which are mapped in our inner worlds.
▪ It has been reproduced in millions and has served as the model for metro maps all over the world.
▪ As they talked about and wrote about buying slaves, slaveholders mapped a world made of slavery.
a road map to peace
a road map to sth
▪ A number of senators are already mapping their campaigns for the presidency.
▪ Polson has already mapped out a 20-week book promotion tour.
▪ The Magellan spacecraft has mapped the surface of Venus.
▪ A conventional lens maps each light ray to a particular point on an image plane.
▪ He reckoned in a destiny that was mapped for his career.
▪ High altitude radar mapping has also helped reveal a hitherto undocumented people in Costa Rica.
▪ It is known to map real metrics to real metrics only for space-times with two space-like Killing vectors.
▪ Ranger Dave Hutson likes to remind visitors how lucky they are compared to James White, who first mapped the cave.
▪ Road atlas programs will map out your route between two cities or set up a whole itinerary of stops.
▪ The path to glory was mapped out.


A map is a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, and themes.

Many maps are static two-dimensional, geometrically accurate (or approximately accurate) representations of three-dimensional space, while others are dynamic or interactive, even three-dimensional. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or imagined, without regard to context or scale; e.g. brain mapping, DNA mapping and extraterrestrial mapping.

Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word "map" comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and mundi the world. Thus, "map" became the shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world.

Map (mathematics)

In mathematics, the term mapping, usually shortened to map, refers to either a function, often with some sort of special structure, or a morphism in category theory, which generalizes the idea of a function. There are also a few, less common uses in logic and graph theory.

Map (disambiguation)

A map is a symbolic visual representation of an area.

Map or MAP may also refer to:

Map (band)

Map is an indie pop band from Riverside, CA that consists of Josh Dooley (guitar, Voice, Harmonica), Paul Akers (Keyboards) and Trevor Monks (drums).

Map (higher-order function)

In many programming languages, map is the name of a higher-order function that applies a given function to each element of a list, returning a list of results in the same order. It is often called apply-to-all when considered in functional form.

The concept of a map is not limited to lists: it works for sequential containers, tree-like containers, or even abstract containers such as futures and promises.

MAP (file format)

.MAP files are a type of debugging symbol.

These are typically plain text files that indicate the relative offsets of functions for a given version of a compiled binary.

Map (butterfly)

The map (Araschnia levana) is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It is common throughout the lowlands of central and eastern Europe, and is expanding its range in western Europe.

In the UK this species is a very rare vagrant, but there have also been several unsuccessful – and now illegal – attempts at introducing this species over the past 100 years or so: in the Wye Valley in 1912, the Wyre Forest in the 1920s, South Devon 1942, Worcester 1960s, Cheshire 1970s, South Midlands 1990s. All these introductions failed and eggs or larvae have never been recorded in the wild in the UK. (Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 it is now illegal to release a non-native species into the wild.)

The map is unusual in that its two annual broods look very different. The summer brood are black with white markings, looking like a miniature version of the white admiral and lacking most of the orange of the pictured spring brood.

The eggs are laid in long strings, one on top of the other, on the underside of stinging nettles, the larval food plant. It is thought that these strings of eggs mimic the flowers of the nettles, thereby evading predators. The larvae feed gregariously and hibernate as pupae.

Araschnia levana MHNT CUT 2013 3 15 Forme printanière Toulouse Dos.jpg|Araschnia levana f. ''levana '' Araschnia levana MHNT CUT 2013 3 15 Forme printanière Toulouse Ventre.jpg|Araschnia levana f. ''levana '' △ Araschnia levana MHNT CUT 2013 3 15 Forme estivale Compiegne Dos.jpg|Araschnia levana f. prorsa Araschnia levana MHNT CUT 2013 3 15 Forme estivale Compiegne Ventre.jpg|Araschnia levana f. prorsa

Map (painting)

Map is a 1961 oil-on-canvas painting by Jasper Johns. It represents the overall proportions and shapes of the states of the United States and parts of Mexico and Canada, although executed with a more "energetic application of paint" than found in cartography. The names of the states and ocean areas are stencilled.

The painting measures by . Johns was inspired by a gift from Robert Rauschenberg of some mimeographed outline maps of US states, of the sort that can be colored in by schoolchildren. Johns was attracted to an image that is ubiquitous but "seen and not looked at, not examined", effectively an found object. He copied the outlines to a large canvas, to which he added bright splashes of red, yellow, and blue, sometimes mixed, with accents of black and white. His rough brushwork resembles an Abstract Expressionist style or the late works of Cézanne. Although the outlines of the states are recognisable, the colors do not always respect state borders, perhaps suggesting the blurring of boundaries and homogenisation of post-war American society, reinforced by the mass-produced effect of the stencilled names. It has been suggested that the painting may be a visual pun, as Johns "deliberately put American painting on the map" in the 1950s. Johns considered that he was painting a map, not making a painting of a map.

The painting was donated by Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Scull to the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Johns continued to make map paintings through the 1960s, including gray versions in 1962 and 1963, a white map in 1965, and a monumental mural wide and high for Expo 67 in Montreal. Other map paintings by Johns employ encaustic in place of oil paint

Map (parallel pattern)

Map is an idiom in parallel computing where a simple operation is applied to all elements of a sequence, potentially in parallel. It is used to solve embarrassingly parallel problems: those problems that can be decomposed into independent subtasks, requiring no communication/synchronization between the subtasks except a join or barrier at the end.

When applying the map pattern, one formulates an elemental function that captures the operation to be performed on a data item that represents a part of the problem, then applies this elemental function in one or more threads of execution, hyperthreads, SIMD lanes or on multiple computers.

Some parallel programming systems, such as OpenMP and Cilk, have language support for the map pattern in the form of a parallel for loop; languages such as OpenCL and CUDA support elemental functions (as " kernels") at the language level. The map pattern is typically combined with other parallel design patterns. E.g., map combined with category reduction gives the MapReduce pattern.

The Collaborative International Dictionary


Map \Map\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mapped; p. pr. & vb. n. Mapping.] To represent by a map; -- often with out; as, to survey and map, or map out, a county. Hence, figuratively: To represent or indicate systematically and clearly; to sketch; to plan; as, to map, or map out, a journey; to map out business.

I am near to the place where they should meet, if Pisanio have mapped it truly.


Map \Map\ (m[a^]p), n. [From F. mappe, in mappemonde map of the world, fr. L. mappa napkin, signal cloth; -- a Punic word. Cf. Apron, Napkin, Nappe.]

  1. A representation of the surface of the earth, or of some portion of it, showing the relative position of the parts represented; -- usually on a flat surface. Also, such a representation of the celestial sphere, or of some part of it.

    Note: There are five principal kinds of projection used in making maps: the orthographic, the stereographic, the globuar, the conical, and the cylindrical, or Mercator's projection. See Projection.

  2. Anything which represents graphically a succession of events, states, or acts; as, an historical map.

    Thus is his cheek the map of days outworn.

    Map lichen (Bot.), a lichen ( Lecidea geographica.) growing on stones in curious maplike figures.
    --Dr. Prior.



n. A visual representation of an area, whether real or imaginary. vb. 1 To create a visual representation of a territory, etc. via cartography. 2 To inform someone of a particular ide

  1. 3 (context mathematics transitive English) To act as a function on. 4 (context topology transitive English) To act as a continuous function on.



  1. v. make a map of; show or establish the features of details of; "map the surface of Venus"

  2. explore or survey for the purpose of making a map; "We haven't even begun to map the many galaxies that we know exist"

  3. locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences; "map the genes"

  4. plan, delineate, or arrange in detail; "map one's future" [syn: map out]

  5. depict as if on a map; "sorrow was mapped on the mother's face"

  6. to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets) [syn: represent]

  7. [also: mapping, mapped]


  1. n. a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)

  2. a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set [syn: mapping, correspondence]

  3. [also: mapping, mapped]

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary


1520s, shortening of Middle English mapemounde "map of the world" (late 14c.), and in part from Middle French mappe, shortening of Old French mapemonde, both English and French words from Medieval Latin mappa mundi "map of the world;" first element from Latin mappa "napkin, cloth" (on which maps were drawn), "tablecloth, signal-cloth, flag," said by Quintilian to be of Punic origin (compare Talmudic Hebrew mappa, contraction of Mishnaic menaphah "a fluttering banner, streaming cloth") + Latin mundi "of the world," from mundus "universe, world" (see mundane). Commonly used 17c. in a figurative sense of "epitome; detailed representation." To put (something) on the map "bring it to wide attention" is from 1913.


1580s, from map (n.). Related: Mapped, mapping. To map (something) out in the figurative sense is from 1610s.

Usage examples of "map".

Mr Parmenter, as he handed the aerogram across the big table littered with maps, plans and drawings of localities terrestrial and celestial.

We knew, however, that the Americans were planning to descend upon the jungle in the area where it was conjectured the alated had their base, and to wipe it from the map.

Mark commanded the map to rotate in model space to align the viewpoint with his own current position.

Gordon Aller, who was supposed to be surveying for a geological map of northern Australia.

And Sir Alured rejoiced in the idea that when his ghost should look at the survey map, that hiatus of Barnton Spinnies would not trouble his spectral eyes.

Just mapping audio to the previously translated written forms had been a triumph.

New Guinea was supposed to be connected with Australia, it follows that we have in the above statement of Andrea Corsali the reason, at least, for the presence on subsequent maps of the Shonerean term Brasielie Regio, as applied to the Austral Continent.

Prado y Tobar forwards the map of Santo as proof that the statements of the captain regarding his discovery of the great Austral Land were without foundation, I cannot but regard it as an additional argument in favour of my contention, that Santo cannot be the grand Austral continent of which De Quiros speaks and of which he claimed to be the discoverer.

Then Bade looked forebodingly at the map and ordered Liaison to get General Rast for him.

Placing his tin baler before him, on which he had scratched his notes, he drew a map of the island.

Zella says, then picks up the magnifying glass and studies the map Bando spreads out for her.

Farther along we come to the confluence of the Little Delaware and the West Branch, and Bando takes out his compass and map again.

It has a seemingly simple and limited behavioural repertoire, including various forms of learning, while its relatively easily mapped central nervous system contains only a small number of cells - no more than 20,000 neurons in all, arranged in a system of distributed ganglia and including amongst them a population of very large cells which can be recognized easily and reproducibly from animal to animal.

In fact, this third island was actually two separate land masses, but the gully was only ten metres wide, and the map still referred to it as Kerkulla Besar, meaning Big Kerkulla.

I fished out my own packet and glanced at my bib number8then opened the accompanying map.