Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or traditions, often marked as a local or national holiday, mela, or eid. Next to religion and folklore, a significant origin is agricultural. Food is such a vital resource that many festivals are associated with harvest time. Religious commemoration and thanksgiving for good harvests are blended in events that take place in autumn, such as Halloween in the northern hemisphere and Easter in the southern.
Festivals often serve to fulfill specific communal purposes, especially in regard to commemoration or thanksgiving. The celebrations offer a sense of belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups, contributing to group cohesiveness. They may also provide entertainment, which was particularly important to local communities before the advent of mass-produced entertainment. Festivals that focus on cultural or ethnic topics also seek to inform community members of their traditions; the involvement of elders sharing stories and experience provides a means for unity among families.
In Ancient Greece and Rome, festivals such as the Saturnalia were closely associated with social organisation and political processes as well as religion. In modern times, festivals may be attended by strangers such as tourists, who are attracted to some of the more eccentric or historical ones.
Festival (Santana album)
Festivál is a 1977 album from Santana. It was their eighth studio album. It peaked number twenty seven in the Billboard 200 chart and number twenty nine in the R&B Albums chart.
Festival (2005 film)
Festival is a 2005 British black comedy film about a number of people at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe directed by Annie Griffin. The general shots of the festival were filmed during the 2004 event.
A festival is a celebratory event, usually centered on a theme.
It may also refer to:
Festival (Kenan Doğulu album)
Festival is an album by the Turkish musician Kenan Doğulu. It reached commercial success in Turkey thanks to its hit single Çakkıdı (Kral TV Top 20's #1 in September 3, 2006).
A Festival is a type of observance in the Churches of the Anglican Communion, considered to be less significant than a Principal Feast or Principal Holy Day, but more significant than a Lesser Festival or Commemoration. In Common Worship each Festival is provided with a collect and an indication of liturgical colour.
Festival (1996 film)
Festival ( 축제 - Chukje) is a 1996 South Korean drama film directed by Im Kwon-taek, and based on the novel of the same title by Lee Cheong-jun.
Festival (Jon Oliva's Pain album)
Festival is the fourth release by the band Jon Oliva's Pain. Released in February 2010 in Europe, it peaked at #87 in the German MRC Radio Charts.
The record continues in using the works of the late Criss Oliva, the younger brother of the band's founder, Jon, like the two previous JOP albums. The track "Living on the Edge" is a reworking of a Savatage track that featured on bootleg records of the band.
Festival (Lee Ritenour album)
Festival is an album by American guitarist Lee Ritenour released in 1988, recorded for the GRP label. Festival is a collaboration of New York/LA Jazz musicians and Brazilian musicians. The album reached number three on the Billboard Contemporary Jazz chart.
Festival (2001 film)
Festival is a 2001 Swedish drama film directed by Karl Johan Larsson, and starring Ebba Hultkvist.
Festival (1967 film)
Festival! is a 1967 American documentary film about the Newport Folk Festival, directed by Murray Lerner.
Filmed over the course of three festivals at Newport (1963-1965), the film features performances by Johnny Cash, Joan Baez & Peter Yarrow, Joan Baez, Pete Seeger, Peter, Paul and Mary, Odetta, Bob Dylan, Judy Collins, Mississippi John Hurt, Son House, Howlin' Wolf, Brownie McGhee and Sonny Terry, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Spider John Koerner, Theodore Bikel, Hobart Smith, the Osborne Brothers, The Staple Singers, Mimi and Richard Fariña, Donovan, Sacred Harp Singers, Georgia Sea Island Singers, Mike Bloomfield, Judy Collins, Ronnie Gilbert, Moving Star Hall Singers, Blue Ridge Mountain Dancers, and many others.
It also features the infamous 1965 set by Bob Dylan at Newport. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Festival (TV series)
Festival is an hour-long UK dramatic anthology series produced by the British Broadcasting Company and aired on the BBC from 1963-64. There were a total of 32 episodes adapted from writers ranging from William Shakespeare to Samuel Beckett. Titles include Krapp's Last Tape by Beckett, Comedy of Errors by Shakespeare, Lysistrata by Aristophanes, Under Milkwood by Dylan Thomas, Murder in the Cathedral by T.S. Eliot, and Six Characters in Search of an Author by Luigi Pirandello.
Stars included Judi Dench, Cyril Cusack, Diane Cilento, Diana Rigg, Ian Richardson, Lee Grant, and Milo O'Shea.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1580s, "a festal day, appointed day of festive celebration," short for festival day (late 14c.), from Old French festival (adj.) "suitable for a feast; solemn, magnificent, joyful, happy," and directly from Medieval Latin festivalis "of a church holiday," from festum "festival, holiday" (see festivity). The English word returned to French 19c. in certain specialized senses.
a. Pertaining to a feast or feast-day. (Now only as the noun used attributively.) n. 1 An event or community gathering, usually staged by a local community, which centers on some theme, sometimes on some unique aspect of the community. 2 In mythology, a set of celebrations in the honour of a god.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Festival \Fes"ti*val\, a. [OF. festival, fr. L. festivum festive jollity, fr. festivus festive, gay. See Festive.] Pertaining to a fest; festive; festal; appropriate to a festival; joyous; mirthful.
I cannot woo in festival terms.
n. a day or period of time set aside for feasting and celebration
an organized series of acts and performances (usually in one place); "a drama festival" [syn: fete]
Usage examples of "festival".
Weavers travelled from town to village to city, appearing at festivals or gatherings, teaching the common folk to recognise the Aberrant in their midst, urging them to give up the creatures that hid among them.
Immediately before the battle of Verona, he visited the tent of his mother and sister, and requested, that on a day, the most illustrious festival of his life, they would adorn him with the rich garments which they had worked with their own hands.
The coincidence of this festival with the Assumption gave rise to adulatory rodomontades of the most absurd description.
Seregil and Sir Alec will be back in town in time for the Sakor Festival.
But the Saxon was imperious, the Romans were impatient, the festival of the coronation was disturbed by the secret conflict of prerogative and freedom, and Otho commanded his sword-bearer not to stir from his person, lest he should be assaulted and murdered at the foot of the altar.
In the days following the Paradise festival, Miss Azimuth explained these things to Cassia as they sat together in the silken tent.
As Yama approached the shrine, fluttering banderoles of all colors bled into the white light, as if it was a window that had turned toward a festival sky.
In a quarter of an hour the rest of the family came in, and I proffered my invitation for the following Sunday, which happened to be the Festival of St.
The curate came back and returned me the ring, saying that it could not be pledged until the day after the morrow, in consequence of the Festival of the Holy Virgin.
Stilicho resolved to attack the Christian Goths, whilst they were devoutly employed in celebrating the festival of Easter.
They seldom laugh or smile, even under the inspiration of chicha, and months of intercourse with them did not discover to us the power of song, though Villavicencio says they do sometimes intone fragments of prose in their festival orgies.
Out of feast-time they are out of town, and during the festival they are loth to leave, or are so full of chicha they do not know what they want.
There are houses that hold fifty in Tardengk, owned by one, clothes that we would put only on a demarch at a festival being worn by ordinary citizens every day, jewelry I would not have dreamed possible.
Festival Committee, the group who first had the idea of paving Saturn with hot-hydrogen balloons -- but over the course of a complete diurn, almost forty thousand seconds, a pattern begins to emerge.
Festival Committee, the group who first had the idea of paving Saturn with hot-hydrogen balloons but over the course of a complete diurn, almost forty thousand seconds, a pattern begins to emerge.