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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


a border area/region
▪ The Afghan border area is open and wild.
a broad area/field (=including a lot of different things)
▪ Psychobiology is a broad area covering many different topics.
a conservation area (=an area where animals and plants are protected)
▪ a wildlife conservation area
a danger area/zone (=an area that could be dangerous)
▪ People living in the danger area have been told to leave.
a desert area/region
▪ A hot dry wind blows from the desert areas of North Africa.
a disaster area/zone (=area where a disaster has happened)
▪ Military planes flew food supplies to the disaster area.
a fashionable resort/area/address etc
▪ He runs a fashionable restaurant near the Harbor.
a growth area/industry
▪ Nuclear energy will be the main growth area in the energy sector.
a key area
▪ What are the key areas of economic policy?
a picnic area/site (=a special area with tables where people can have picnics)
▪ There is a picnic area next to the car park.
a resort town/area/centre
▪ They're only a five minute stroll away from the main resort centre with all its bars, restaurants and nightlife.
a subject area (=a group of related subjects)
▪ He has written a lot in this subject area.
an affluent society/area etc
▪ the affluent Côte d'Azur
an area of conflict (=a subject or matter that causes conflict)
▪ There may be many areas of conflict between parents and teenagers.
an area of disagreement (=an idea or subject that people disagree about)
▪ Substantial areas of disagreement still exist between scientists.
an area/field of research
▪ This is a very exciting area of research.
an exclusive suburb/area
▪ They live in an exclusive suburb on the north side of the city.
area code
catchment area
conservation area
contentious issue/area/subject etc
▪ Animal welfare did not become a contentious issue until the late 1970s.
declared a disaster area (=officially called a disaster area)
▪ The town was declared a disaster area after the floods.
deprived areas/neighbourhoods etc (=where a lot of deprived people live)
▪ our deprived inner cities
disaster area
▪ The town was declared a disaster area officially called a disaster area after the floods.
frontier town/area/post etc (=a town etc on a frontier)
general area
▪ Pat and his friend were in the general area of the crime when it happened.
geographical area/location/position
▪ a large geographical area
hilly region/area/terrain etc
immediate area
▪ It is a thriving shopping centre for the people who live in the immediate area.
industrial area/zone
▪ pollution in industrial areas
local area network
no-go area
▪ This part of the city was a no-go area for the police.
penalty area
plant a field/garden/area etc (with sth)
▪ a hillside planted with fir trees
recreation ground/area/room
▪ a recreation area for children to play in
rest area
restricted area
▪ No Entry – restricted area for army personnel only.
sb’s area/field of expertise (=the subject or activity that someone is skilled in)
▪ a historian whose area of expertise is the Roman Empire
service area
source/area/point of contention
▪ The issue of hunting is a source of contention.
staging area
surface area
surrounding area
▪ Troops sealed off the surrounding area.
the search area
▪ The search area has now been widened.
tough neighborhood/area/part of town etc
▪ a tough area of Chicago
urban areas
▪ unemployment in urban areas
vast areas/expanses/tracts etc (of sth)
▪ vast areas of rainforest
wilderness area
▪ With the exception of certain areas of mental health, there appeared little clear medical evidence in support of these claims.
▪ Whatever the level of national economic success, certain areas will remain disadvantaged.
▪ Although much of the development utilises pre-cast techniques, certain areas were constructed using traditional in-situ methods.
▪ There are also negative measures in the sense of restriction of land-uses, and exclusion of people and/or livestock from certain areas.
▪ In certain areas no figures were given for a good many parishes, even the values of some livings being omitted.
▪ That they have an important role to play is already clear in certain areas, such as special education.
▪ We do not take certain inner City areas.
▪ We got on together very well, our conversation frank and adult, with certain forbidden areas.
▪ Anyone dealing with such figures will know of the enormous variation in coding practice in different areas.
▪ There is a choice of over 260 walks exploring 85 different areas throughout the country.
▪ There were also a number of gates to hang, so that stock could be moved between the different areas.
▪ There are wide discrepancies in the service that patients in different areas receive.
▪ Each teacher approaches a procedure in an individual way and has different areas of expertise and interest.
▪ There were a limited number of places allocated to different areas.
▪ The two pubs are in different areas of Doncaster, South Yorks.
▪ There is no justification in economic analysis for giving different institutional treatment to different competition policy areas.
▪ The quality and price of private housing varies enormously both between city centres and suburbs and between different geographical areas.
▪ Civilizations as geographical areas Civilizations, vast or otherwise, can always be located on a map.
▪ The geographical area where each sale was made; 6.
▪ There were even several geographical areas named after him in recognition of his oceanographic studies.
▪ In 1914 they were still few in number and often had impractically large geographical areas to deal with.
▪ The chronological introduction of different alloys can then be compared between different cultures and geographical areas.
▪ Moreover, they are inclined to deal with geographical areas in turn.
▪ Those that were traded over wide geographical areas, though, can be useful in linking the dating frameworks of different regions.
▪ Some contamination by heavy metals was detected, notably in the industrial areas of Fife, and also more widely by tin.
▪ The city also reached agreement with a major development firm to market the industrial park area.
▪ Although Kilmarnock is an industrial area, there is a large rural area in the constituency in the heart of Ayrshire.
▪ With rising rural population and the end of the cereal boom, farm wages away from industrial areas simply stagnated.
▪ Because the technology is based on readily available material it can be produced anywhere, creating jobs outside industrial areas.
▪ This was true of the industrial areas but also the rural communities which had ancient Catholic communities.
▪ The Convention set a transitional period of 10 years, with an industrial free trade area coming into being by 1970.
▪ These two actions would provide a separation of industrial and residential areas to a degree, creating a better environment.
▪ Recruitment has, to a large extent, centred on the key areas of sales and research staff.
▪ One key result area was quality.
▪ The major industrial developments were heavily concentrated in a few key areas of the Empire.
▪ Thus, in the key area of economic policy, despite an occasional victory, Carter achieved little.
▪ Another key area where energy efficiency is required is dishwashing.
▪ We have also tightened up our management in other key areas of milk production.
▪ The key area in which these ultra-current databases flourish is the field of financial information.
▪ We were delighted yesterday to obtain the agreement of the manufacturers to concentrate on these three key areas.
▪ Junction devices; Large area imaging applications.
▪ A metropolitan is the chief bishop of a large area.
▪ In the Somerset Levels large areas of land were reclaimed and given straight-sided, drain-edged fields.
▪ Planners must be aware of the less acceptable aspects of bringing people from too large a catchment area.
▪ This was a large amusement area filled with slides, rope swings and wooden climbing frames.
▪ But with larger areas it is best to cut out a regular shape and put in new timber.
▪ From then on their superior passing dominated large areas of the match.
▪ Only small areas have had to be re-drilled because of flooding, although that can mean relatively large areas in some localities.
▪ Graphics: Methods of transmitting broadcast quality vision through a digital local area network.
▪ You will have to buy this directly or indirectly from one of the telephone companies serving your local area.
▪ It is currently working on a system for extending the security provided on Unix and local area network systems.
▪ Private local-area networks on the Internet operate at data transmission speeds of 10 to 100 megabits per second.
▪ National and international events are covered when they affect the local area.
▪ Until recently it was difficult to buy authentic Farmhouse Lancashire anywhere but in the local area.
▪ You should have already completed research into your local area and know where you can or can not detect safely.
▪ Intermediate and advanced teaching in the main areas continues in the second- and third-year courses.
▪ The main areas will be awarded.
▪ Where possible, cover the main floor area in one sheet, or make joins well away from main traffic areas.
▪ Petrey outlines the main areas of disagreement and suggests an explanation for the differences between the two schools.
▪ Maps and memoirs of the main coalfield areas had been published and many of the one-inch sheets of non-coalfield areas had appeared.
▪ The main areas of growth have been in inter-bank deposits, certificates of deposit and the foreign currency markets.
▪ The other main area of growth is in unemployment.
▪ The 25 acres of the Peffermill playing fields are within easy reach from the main areas of the University.
▪ This scheme, which has now spread to other areas, obviously influenced the Griffiths proposals.
▪ You should sell some shares for cash and invest that money in other areas.
▪ Various local companies sponsored the restoration and furnishing of other areas of the 1907 Clubhouse.
▪ Senior officers are watching the pilot programme carefully with a view to including other areas.
▪ But there are many other areas in which we could act.
▪ It is not the proper procedure for anyone trying to make sense of other areas of social life.
▪ Clearly a cohort analysis of this and other areas in southwest Cumbria is urgently required.
▪ A dominant characteristic of the location-factor school is its focus on the particular features of areas in order to explain their relative fortunes.
▪ The other chapter on a particular area of policy deals with education.
▪ You will also be held in respect of any particular area of your breakdown to what you have put in your original letter.
▪ They provide a very general introduction to particular occupational areas.
▪ When I work in a particular area I want to know why a landscape looks as it does.
▪ Area analysis can be used to provide a company with information about the different types of people living in a particular area.
▪ The division of responsibility was based upon past historical connections and more recent wartime involvement with particular areas of concern.
▪ This may be a particular area where the records manager's experience of other media and enabling litigation may be particularly valuable.
▪ It has the loveliest of gardens and is situated in the residential area of Sorrento known as Sant' Agnello.
▪ Because of this decentralization of services and businesses, few convenient residential areas exist for those who lack transportation.
▪ Driving-related report, however, was highest in shopping areas, then arterial roads, and lowest in residential areas.
▪ Anyway, coming back I detoured through residential areas where the traffic was not so bad.
▪ London Dockland is a very attractive residential and business area.
▪ The pilot tried to turn back but the jet exploded and a large fireball ripped into a crowded residential area.
▪ His planning powers were also insufficient to enable the breaking through of older residential areas to construct Paris-type boulevards.
▪ Moreover, they are virtually unknown in established residential areas.
▪ The most difficult part of the Boards' programme of expanding the distribution system was in rural areas.
▪ This is aimed at encouraging subscriptions from smaller towns and rural areas where there are no Internet service providers.
▪ Car ownership rates are higher in rural areas than the national average.
▪ In many rural areas the tree was deemed sacred and thus is widely planted in churchyards.
▪ Even since the war industrial relocation schemes for rural areas have been half-hearted and inadequate.
▪ In some rural areas the population served may need to be even smaller if villages are far apart.
▪ In the rural areas, angry farmers prevented officials from evicting those who were in arrears with their mortgage payments.
▪ They were painted over, but some one had scraped away a small area of paint, exposing the clear glass.
▪ Switching on the vacuum cleaner, he runs it over a small area of the gray wall-to-wall carpet.
▪ Providing a service often requires a thorough local knowledge of the culture and mores of small areas of the community.
▪ The first signal to arrive back at Earth is the mirror-like reflection of the small area about the sub-Earth point on Mercury.
▪ They make up in quality for their comparatively small area.
▪ A very small land area is included in this zone.
▪ Increase or reduce numbers of plants for larger or smaller areas.
▪ Palaeontological studies only relate to the very small areas of sedimentary cover over certain parts of the crystalline basement in this region.
▪ There is, it is heartening to note, quite widespread acceptance that language is significant in all subject areas.
▪ The bulk of reviews in these papers cover just a few subject areas.
▪ New computers are needed for the subject areas involved.
▪ The consequence of this for the curriculum must be that within all subject areas both aspects must be attended to.
▪ Topic - word senses vary according to subject area or domain.
▪ What about the subject areas covered?
▪ We are now interested in whether subject area has any influence on differences in type of contract of employment.
▪ The modern police services in Britain originated in the needs of the growing urban areas at the beginning of the nineteenth century.
▪ The Reagan New Federalism also signalled an increased dependence of urban areas on state government.
▪ Increasingly, Labour and Conservative support has become polarized between North and South and between urban and rural areas.
▪ Runyon credits his drive to improve overnight mail service in urban areas for much of the shift in attitude.
▪ Despite this prudent, but politically damaging, platform, the party made gains, mainly in urban areas.
▪ During the period 1990-90, urban areas expanded at the rate of 11,000 ha per year.
▪ The early success and popularity of rural reforms encouraged the introduction of economic change in urban areas.
▪ The SDOs for the urban development areas do likewise for urban development corporations.
▪ He was surprised at the vast basement area that was used for medical research beneath the Alexander Fleming House building.
▪ Altogether, it was a vast area whose different parts were cut off from each other except by slow coastal navigation.
▪ To the south lay a vast area of redevelopment, relieved only by the remains of a Victorian terrace.
▪ The vast restaurant area allows us a complicated exit choice of at least fifty yards of glass door frontage.
▪ As Gould rightly assumed, vast areas of terraincognita held enormous possibilities for new and exotic species.
▪ The fact that the White groups were spread out over such a vast area caused the lack of communications.
▪ Between 1768 and 1779, his own voyages of discovery filled in vast empty areas on the maps of his time.
▪ You should be ready, however, for those awkward bream that decide to use their vast body area like kites.
▪ The whole area was immediately placed under curfew and restrictions were not relaxed until Dec. 15.
▪ By the time whole areas up to the sixteenth floor were visible, David Childs's intentions could be seen clearly.
▪ The whole area is wreathed in mists.
▪ The only traffic in the whole area consisted of chugging yellow Navy tugboats which emitted heavy black smoke from their tall stacks.
▪ Other cities also had noble temples; none had such a splendid facade to its whole sacred area.
▪ The discovery of this glow at high-temperature vents opens up a whole new area of research.
▪ It kills the germs as well, leaving the whole area clean and hygienic.
▪ If this transpires then the emergence of fairness really will have a substantial effect on the whole area of procedural due process.
▪ Having skirted the mire itself without success, the search-party fanned out to cover a wider area, calling Horatia's name.
▪ These deliver serotonin to wide areas of the brain and spinal cord.
▪ The restructuring will enable it to focus better on the two areas of its expertise in both wide area and local networks.
▪ It was first seen from Bristol, Reading, and Clifton, and was tracked by many observers over a wide area.
▪ It is apparent that course evaluation and judgement of aims both form part of the wider area of educational decision making.
▪ There are wide differences between areas within the same region.
▪ At his death, wide areas of the country were outside his government's control.
▪ Likewise the concepts of local and wide area networks.
▪ Prep schools have no secure catchment area, they have always depended on the forces of the market place for their survival.
▪ The hospitals more remote from their catchment area were thus the natural early candidates for closure.
▪ Neither hospital was sufficiently remote from its catchment area to warrant the intervention of the centre to impose closure.
▪ Attempts will be made to reduce pesticide use in water catchment areas.
▪ Planners must be aware of the less acceptable aspects of bringing people from too large a catchment area.
▪ Typically this will involve detailed catchment area research, and competition analysis.
▪ The closure was doubly important because the catchment area covered the inner London districts of Westminster, Paddington and Hammersmith.
▪ Dormitory centres Within the catchment area of a burgh; basic services available; some growth potential and encouragement to industry.
▪ We also understand that the Black Lion is situated in the conservation area in Llanfair Caereinion.
▪ It has no less than nine conservation areas designated as being outstanding.
▪ Similarly, any proposed redevelopment or new building must actively enhance or preserve the character or appearance of the conservation area.
▪ The course boasts a large conservation area, and it is my intention to plant some two thousand species of hardwood trees.
▪ Some local authorities have designated very few conservation areas.
▪ Demolition in conservation areas Permission is also needed to demolish an unlisted church in a conservation area.
▪ The whole of the Main Street and the river frontage has been made into a conservation area.
▪ It is currently working on a system for extending the security provided on Unix and local area network systems.
▪ Within a building, a local area network can transfer data at broadband speeds-10 megabytes per second or more.
▪ But whether yours is a local area network or a global one, your problem is the same.
▪ Local-area networks transmitting data at speeds of between 10 megabits per second and 100 megabits per second also exist.
▪ The software allows users to access local and remote communication services on NetWare networks without being confined to a local area network.
▪ The principal problem area concerns the additional amount of computation that may be necessary successfully to implement Monte Carlo based techniques.
▪ In this case, treat the write-up as yet another learning experience informing you of strong and problem areas.
▪ If you stoop or are round-shouldered these shoulder movements will help to rectify this problem area for you.
▪ The termite inspector can point out some problem areas.
▪ We are tackling our problem areas and are divesting those assets which no longer have a strategic fit.
▪ In short, a literature reviewer tells you what others have done or are doing in your problem area.
▪ You can also conduct profit forecasts, identify profitable work and problem areas.
▪ As the probe got closer to the problem area, the sound increased.
▪ Georgina Newley was conferring with Brassard in the reception area.
▪ Back out toward the lobby, just off the reception area, is a different room.
▪ With children constantly moving between evacuation and reception areas, endless administrative problems arose.
▪ Homes with large impersonal reception areas are better for orientation if they are broken up into smaller areas divided from each other.
▪ New carpets, partitions, desks and offices have all been installed, together with the creation of a much needed reception area.
▪ The hubbub in the reception area was considerable among the gathering of journalists, show business people, and golfers.
▪ On signs in personnel departments and reception areas.
▪ They reception area is comfortable and welcoming.
▪ The aim was to get the weight as low as possible while at the same time maintain adequate surface area.
▪ The body surface area will not be used in the calculation since the clearance is being done on an average size adult.
▪ The surface area of a plate is reduced at a subduction zone whereas it is increased along a spreading ridge.
▪ The tension in the films draws them towards minimum surface area.
▪ Also a film presents less surface area to a chemical than does particulate matter.
▪ The microporous structure offers a high surface area 50% of which is inside the media.
▪ Blagdon supply Bio-Filter Medium high-grade semi porous light clay granules with a large surface area.
▪ Simply by growing larger, creatures suffer a continual decrease in relative surface area.
▪ Toton and Tinsley are good examples of depots with specific sub-sector allegiances and covering a wide geographical area.
▪ The concession covers an area in the department of Cesar with 100 million tons of proven reserves.
▪ Later still it was found covering extensive areas of the sea floor south of Ireland.
▪ Officials in rural districts covering a large area may drive long distances to perform their regular duties.
▪ The repetitions cover two areas, each of thirty-six bars.
▪ I would suggest that ten or twenty questions would be satisfactory to cover the subject area framed by the major research question.
▪ Keep doing this until any pain subsides, then cover the affected area and see your doctor.
▪ As part of the retooling, the newspaper will create special teams to cover five subject areas that are considered key.
▪ It was also decided that the living areas would be upstairs, with the bedrooms at ground level.
▪ They have lived in the area for hundreds of years.
▪ Two sets of bunk beds in each room along the living area, each bed tautly clothed.
▪ But what is life like for people living in rural areas who can't afford a car?
▪ Findings include: Some 600 million people live in urban areas where the average level of sulphur dioxide pollution endangers their lives.
▪ The people who live in those areas have lost power.
▪ This was because so many other companies were moving into the area and the demand for property grew.
▪ She worked in the clothing business in New York before moving to the Washington area about 40 years ago.
▪ It may be difficult to move areas since many local authorities and some housing associations operate strict residence restrictions.
▪ When guards showed up late that night to move Guzman to another area of the prison, he was missing.
▪ Changing preferences will be shown in siting, and occupation will tend to move about within an area.
▪ And students would be allowed to move easily among career areas.
▪ Instead, proposals have involved moving him to his area of greatest expertise as public works director.
grey area
▪ Human beings can't live on grey areas for ever - unless it enters their soul.
▪ It only remains to add that there is - damn it - a thin grey area between the two.
▪ Nowhere is it easier to blackmail than in the criminal underworld and the grey areas of conduct that surround it.
▪ Of course there's a grey area.
▪ Sometimes a contractual term lies in a grey area between the two.
▪ There are far too many grey areas with endless different interpretations open to every side.
▪ There is one type of appeal which falls in the grey area between review and supervision.
▪ There were grey areas in what she had told him - or rather allowed him to believe.
target audience/group/area etc
▪ It is worth reiterating here the point that the media offer a means of influencing your target audiences.
▪ Most of its students are the provincial poor, the target audience of leftist guerrilla groups.
▪ Providing prevention materials to state health departments will ensure that target groups have ready access to such materials.
▪ The target areas were both moderate. income tracts of South Phoenix. 4.
▪ The approach involves identifying variations in the functioning of target areas and relating those variations to known differences in cortical function.
▪ The key is to analyze the target audience, Half said.
▪ The other major target group is those hospitalised with infectious illnesses.
▪ We know the terrain in the target area is complicated, rugged.
the length and breadth of the area/country/land etc
▪ But the Jaipur is hoping that eventually passengers will be eating their food the length and breadth of the country.
▪ They dogged him the length and breadth of the country, wherever the small troupe of players appeared.
uncharted waters/territory/area etc
▪ And instead of heading off into uncharted waters, Shyamalan has positively invited comparisons with his previous opus.
▪ Any progress to be made in this almost uncharted area would be of great significance to communication and those who apply it.
▪ Clearly the 49ers are sailing in uncharted waters.
▪ Gradually the performance builds into something extraordinary, a gallant voyage into uncharted territory.
▪ I clenched my teeth and closed my eyes as the plane headed straight into very uncertain, very uncharted territory indeed.
▪ Not uncommonly, studies of this kind which relate to relatively uncharted areas raise more issues than they solve.
▪ Other career seekers are more interested in venturing into uncharted waters.
▪ There are no road signs in uncharted territory, no footprints to follow in places where no one has ventured before.
walking disaster (area)
▪ As far as my patients went, I became a walking disaster area.
▪ a no-smoking area
▪ After an hour's work, I had only cleaned a small area of the carpet.
▪ Calculate the area of the walls and ceiling before you buy the paint.
▪ Hannah grew up in a beautiful area of Ireland.
▪ Nordstrom does research in the area of heart disease.
▪ Only cheeses made in this area may be labeled "Roquefort."
▪ Police think the crime was committed by someone from outside the area.
▪ Raul grew up in a poor area of Buenos Aires.
▪ The boat's sail had an area of more than 50 square yards.
▪ The boat has a sleeping area at one end.
▪ The cost of electricity has risen in our area.
▪ The family lives in Roxbury, a working-class area of Boston.
▪ The President has won new support because of his reforms in the areas of health and education.
▪ The rate at which an ice cube melts depends on its surface area.
▪ Their apartment has a large kitchen area.
▪ There's a smoking area behind the building.
▪ There is a shortage of water in many areas of the world.
▪ There were over 2 inches of rain in coastal areas.
▪ There were several damp areas on the living room ceiling.
▪ They fund research in areas like information technology.
▪ It may be difficult to move areas since many local authorities and some housing associations operate strict residence restrictions.
▪ Maricopa County started growing faster than any urban area except San Antonio.
▪ Most of the actual work of book provision is operated on an area basis - in common with other functions of the library service.
▪ The concession covers an area in the department of Cesar with 100 million tons of proven reserves.
▪ The larger size of authorities has produced complaints about remoteness from rural areas.
▪ The property encompassed about eighty thousand acres, seven times the area of Manhattan Island.
▪ They notify schools and day care centers when a moderate-risk offender moves into the area.

Area (EP)

The Area EP is the follow-up release by The Futureheads after their self-titled debut album. The stand-alone EP was recorded in September 2005 in London and Newcastle upon Tyne. These tracks were re-released on the US version of News and Tributes.The title track of the EP was first premiered on the Shockwave NME Awards Tour 2005 during The Futureheads set.

Area (disambiguation)

Area is a quantity of a two-dimensional surface.

Area, Areas, or Areal may also refer to:

Area (band)

Area - International POPular Group, most commonly known as Area or AreA, is an Italian progressive rock, jazz fusion, electronic, experimental group formed in 1972 by singer Demetrio Stratos and drummer Giulio Capiozzo. They are considered one of the most respected and important bands of the blooming 1970s Italian progressive rock scene.

Area (country subdivision)

In addition to its other uses, the word " area" may refer to any of the following types of country subdivisions:

  • Local Government Area
  • Insular area
  • Planning Areas of Singapore
  • Census Metropolitan Area
  • National Recreation Area
  • Lieutenancy area
  • Metropolitan area
  • Urban area
  • Combined Statistical Area
  • United States metropolitan area
  • United States urban area
  • Urban areas of New Zealand
  • Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

Area (architecture)

In architecture, an area (areaways in North America) is an excavated, subterranean space around the walls of a building, designed to admit light into a basement, often providing access to the house for tradesmen and deliveries and access to vaults beneath the pavement for storage of coal and ash.

Area (journal)

Area is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Royal Geographical Society. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 1.203.

Area (LDS Church)

An area is an administrative unit of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which typically is composed of multiple stakes and missions. These areas are the primary church administrative unit between individual stakes and the church as a whole.

Area (graph drawing)

In graph drawing, the area used by a drawing is a commonly used way of measuring its quality.


Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane. Surface area is its analog on the two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional object. Area can be understood as the amount of material with a given thickness that would be necessary to fashion a model of the shape, or the amount of paint necessary to cover the surface with a single coat. It is the two-dimensional analog of the length of a curve (a one-dimensional concept) or the volume of a solid (a three-dimensional concept).

The area of a shape can be measured by comparing the shape to squares of a fixed size. In the International System of Units (SI), the standard unit of area is the square metre (written as m), which is the area of a square whose sides are one metre long. A shape with an area of three square metres would have the same area as three such squares. In mathematics, the unit square is defined to have area one, and the area of any other shape or surface is a dimensionless real number.

There are several well-known formulas for the areas of simple shapes such as triangles, rectangles, and circles. Using these formulas, the area of any polygon can be found by dividing the polygon into triangles. For shapes with curved boundary, calculus is usually required to compute the area. Indeed, the problem of determining the area of plane figures was a major motivation for the historical development of calculus.

For a solid shape such as a sphere, cone, or cylinder, the area of its boundary surface is called the surface area. Formulas for the surface areas of simple shapes were computed by the ancient Greeks, but computing the surface area of a more complicated shape usually requires multivariable calculus.

Area plays an important role in modern mathematics. In addition to its obvious importance in geometry and calculus, area is related to the definition of determinants in linear algebra, and is a basic property of surfaces in differential geometry. In analysis, the area of a subset of the plane is defined using Lebesgue measure, though not every subset is measurable. In general, area in higher mathematics is seen as a special case of volume for two-dimensional regions.

Area can be defined through the use of axioms, defining it as a function of a collection of certain plane figures to the set of real numbers. It can be proved that such a function exists.

Area (travel agency)

{{Infobox company|

name = Travel Agency Area Ltd

logo =

foundation = Finland (1937)

location_city = Helsinki

location_country = Finland

key_people = Taru Keronen

num_employees = 135

industry = Travel

homepage = }}

Area Travel Agency Ltd is a major travel agency in Finland. Area is a part of Finnair Group and wholly owned by Finnair, the national carrier of Finland. The company was founded in 1935. Area is a full-service business travel agency and a Globalstar travel management representative in Finland. Area provides a comprehensive range of business travel services for companies of all size.

Area (nightclub)

Area was a themed nightclub that operated from 1983 to 1987 at 157 Hudson Street in Manhattan, New York City.

Micheal Alig worked as a barback and busboy. The club was known for its unusual invitations.

The club was founded by brothers Eric Goode and Christopher Goode, Shawn Hausman and Darius Azari. The brick building housing Area was originally built in 1866 to house the stables of the American Express Company.

The club was open from Wednesday to Saturday, 11 pm till 4 am.

Area attracted many celebrities. Writing for Details was Stephen Saben and Michael Musto, writing for The Village Voice magazine, these tabloids chronicled the doings there, and looked back on the phenomenon in Musto's book, Downtown.

There are several mentions of Area in Andy Warhol's diaries. Ben Buchanan was the official photographer for the club and was there most nights documenting the scene. These photos were in Details every month and often in the New York Post and Daily News.



  1. n. a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); "it was a mountainous area"; "Bible country" [syn: country]

  2. a particular environment or walk of life; "his social sphere is limited"; "it was a closed area of employment"; "he's out of my orbit" [syn: sphere, domain, orbit, field, arena]

  3. a subject of study; "it was his area of specialization"; "areas of interest include..."

  4. a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; "the spacious cooking area provided plenty of room for servants"

  5. a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve; "in the abdominal region" [syn: region]

  6. the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary; "the area of a rectangle"; "it was about 500 square feet in area" [syn: expanse, surface area]



n. 1 (context mathematics English) A measure of the extent of a surface; it is measured in square units. 2 A particular geographic region. 3 Any particular extent of surface, especially an empty or unused extent. 4 Figuratively, any extent, scope or range of an object or concept.

The Collaborative International Dictionary


Area \A"re*a\ ([=a]"r[-e]*[.a]; 277), n.; pl. Areas (-[.a]z) .

  1. Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building.

    The Alban lake . . . looks like the area of some vast amphitheater.

  2. The inclosed space on which a building stands.

  3. The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building.

  4. An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas.

  5. (Geom.) The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; superficial extent; as, the area of a square or a triangle.

  6. (Biol.) A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area.

  7. Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought.

    The largest area of human history and man's common nature.
    --F. Harrison.

    Dry area. See under Dry.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary


1530s, "vacant piece of ground," from Latin area "level ground, open space," used of building sites, playgrounds, threshing floors, etc.; which is of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to arere "to become dry," on notion of a burned clearing or dry, bare space. The generic sense of "amount of surface (whether open or not) contained within any set of limits" is from 1845. Area code in North American telephone systems is attested from 1959.


Usage examples of "area".

She went into the ablutions area and took a shower, trying to ignore the thing, which continued to watch her, or she presumed it was watching her, through its unblinking golden eye-slit.

One wall of the ablutions area changed miraculously into a mirror and she saw them both reflected in it.

Bar area of Western Australia for the Aboriginal people of the Warburton Ranges area.

A small area of abrasion or contusion was on the cheek near the right ear, and a prominent dried abrasion was on the lower left side of the neck.

A forensic team abseils down the cliff and scours the area but finds nothing more than a few small strips of clothing.

Intracompany mail bins Policy: Intracompany mail bins must not be located in publicly accessible areas.

Display of company Confidential information Policy: Company information not designated for public release shall not be displayed in any publicly accessible areas.

Ethernet jacks installed in conference rooms, the cafeteria, training centers, or other areas accessible to visitors shall be filtered to prevent unauthorized access by visitors to the corporate computer systems.

Sending sensitive information by fax Policy: Before sending Sensitive information by fax to a machine that is located in an area accessible to other personnel, the sender shall transmit a cover page.

Asia, the drowning of many productive lowland farming areas by rising sea levels, and the pollution of aquifers and the acidification or drying of freshwater lakes.

Grannie wants you to go down to Acme Films at ten fifteen when they will screen all the film we have of Red Army people who work for the Karlshorst Security Control Area.

Through an arched opening, she could see a cobbled area that flickered with torchlight, contrasting sharply with the bright, actinic glare of floodlamps.

As they moved, their adaptation became refined to areas as difficult as the arctic and the Kalahari.

The soils of Northern Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, that have produced hardwood timber, have unusually high adaptation to the growth of this plant, and as the snow usually covers the ground in these areas in winter, the crop may be relied upon with much certainty.

The area was adazzle with all of the floodlights working and the generator throbbed away out of sight somewhere.