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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Zoism

Zoism \Zo"ism\, n. [Gr. zwh` life + -ism.]

  1. Reverence for animal life or belief in animal powers and influences, as among savages.

  2. (Biol.) A doctrine, now discarded, that the phenomena of life are due to a peculiar vital principle; the theory of vital force.

Wiktionary

zoism

n. 1 (context dated English) reverence for animal life or belief in animal powers and influences, as among primitive groups. 2 (context dated English) A former doctrine claiming that the phenomenon of life are due to a peculiar vital principle; the theory of vital force.