Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.
In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practise subsistence agriculture, and also for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village when it built a church. In many cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them. The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and development of many trades. The trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization. Villages have been eclipsed in importance as units of human society and settlement.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village was small, consisting of perhaps 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds.
Village (New Jersey)
A Village, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government.
The Village Act of 1891 defined the form of government to consist of a five-member board of trustees to be elected to three-year staggered terms. One member serves as president, one member serves as treasurer. This act was repealed by the State Legislature in 1961.
The Village Act of 1989 changed the essence of the Village form of government, essentially eliminating it in all but name. As of January 1, 1990, every village operating under the Village Form of government had to operate according to the laws pertaining to the Township form. Essentially, the Village form of government is now identical to the Township form, except that the Township Committee and Mayor in the Township form correspond to the Board of Trustees and the President of the Board in the Village form.
Though there are four municipalities with the Village type of government, none of them use the traditional Village form of government. Tiny Loch Arbour was the last to do so, but in December 2011, its residents voted to change to the Walsh Act form of government with a three-member board of commissioners. Two other villages – Ridgefield Park (now with a Walsh Act form) and Ridgewood (now with a Faulkner Act Council-Manager charter) – also migrated to other, non-Village forms years earlier. The Township of South Orange Village is somewhat unique, in that it operates with a six-member Board of Trustees and a Village President elected directly by voters, operating under a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature in 1869 that has been revised several times since, but that is largely modeled off of the Village form of government.
A village in Pennsylvania is a geographic area within a larger political subdivision, usually a township, although some villages are located within a borough. Often, a village is also a census-designated place, but this is not always the case.
Village is an electoral ward of Trafford, Greater Manchester, covering the eastern part of the village of Timperley, including the Village Centre, and part of Brooklands.
A village in the U.S. state of Oregon is a model of local governance that only exists in Clackamas County. Like villages elsewhere, it is a subnational entity; like New York's villages, the definition is unique to a state (at the moment, to one county in a state).
Villages in Oregon are in addition to hamlets in Oregon (which were defined at the same time as villages) and to Community Planning Organizations (CPOs), which predate both villages and hamlets.
In June 2006, citizens in the Mount Hood Corridor communities of Brightwood, Wemme, Welches, Zigzag, and Rhododendron voted to become the Villages at Mount Hood, Oregon's first village. From a census perspective these communities are part of the Mount Hood Village CDP.
The residents of Boring voted against forming a village in July 2006 1.
Government Camp, another community within the Mount Hood Corridor, is considering a village as a possible governance option.
Village is an Irish current affairs magazine founded by Vincent Browne. It was launched in October 2004 and was published weekly. Its initial directors included Barbara Nugent, Terry McManus, Michael Smith along with Browne.
On 27 November 2008, it was relaunched under a new editor Michael Smith, a former investor in the magazine, and published by Ormond Quay Publishing Limited. It is currently published on a monthly basis with a stringent leftist editorial filter. The only right-wing commentator writing for the magazine is well-known economist Constantin Gurdgiev who writes the 'Interloper' column. Village's editorial board comprises Michael Smith, Niall Crowley, Bride Rosney and Joan Fitzpatrick. Former Green Party leader John Gormley is a contributing editor.
Journalists who have contributed to the magazine include the former Irish Times Columnist John Waters, Conor Brady (now Garda Ombudsman), health journalist Sara Burke(who served as Managing Editor), Frank Connolly and briefly Justine McCarthy(now with the Irish Independent).
Village (United States)
In the United States, the meaning of "village" varies by geographic area and legal jurisdiction. In many areas, "village" is a term, sometimes informal, for a type of administrative division at the local government level. Since the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal government from legislating on local government, the states are free to have political subdivisions called "villages," or not to do so, and to define the word in many different ways. Typically, a village is a type of municipality, although it can also be a special district or an unincorporated area. It may or may not be recognized for governmental purposes.
In the U.S. state of Vermont, villages are named communities located within the boundaries of an incorporated town. Villages may be incorporated or unincorporated.
An incorporated village is a defined area within a town that was either granted a village charter by a special act of the legislature, or organized under the general law. Village governments are subordinate to the government of the town they belong to. A village is a clearly defined municipality and provides some municipal services, such as potable water, sewage, police and fire services, garbage collection, street lighting and maintenance, management of cemeteries, and building code enforcement. Other municipal services not provided by the village are provided by the parent town. Incorporated villages in Vermont are administratively similar to villages in New York. Vermont is the only state in New England that has incorporated villages.
Villages are the fourth level administrative subdivisions of Taiwan. It is the basic unit of Taiwanese administrative subdivision; under townships, county-controlled cities or districts. There are two types of villages depending on the divisions it belongs to and the population it contains.
- Urban village belongs to urban townships, county-controlled cities or districts, usually more populated places.
- Rural village belongs to rural townships, usually less populated places.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Village \Vil"lage\ (?; 48), n. [F., fr. L. villaticus belonging to a country house or villa. See Villa, and cf. Villatic.] A small assemblage of houses in the country, less than a town or city.
Village cart, a kind of two-wheeled pleasure carriage without a top.
Syn: Village, Hamlet, Town, City.
Usage: In England, a hamlet denotes a collection of houses, too small to have a parish church. A village has a church, but no market. A town has both a market and a church or churches. A city is, in the legal sense, an incorporated borough town, which is, or has been, the place of a bishop's see. In the United States these distinctions do not hold.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
late 14c., "inhabited place larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town," from Old French vilage "houses and other buildings in a group" (usually smaller than a town), from Latin villaticum "farmstead" (with outbuildings), noun use of neuter singular of villaticus "having to do with a farmstead or villa," from villa "country house" (see villa). As an adjective from 1580s. Village idiot is recorded from 1825. Related: Villager (1560s).
n. A rural habitation of size between a hamlet and a town.
Usage examples of "village".
Weavers travelled from town to village to city, appearing at festivals or gatherings, teaching the common folk to recognise the Aberrant in their midst, urging them to give up the creatures that hid among them.
The third and fourth humans on the island had tried to find their privacy as far from the abo village and the tunnel pool as possible.
But thus far there had been no other craft sighted on the waters, although smokes were visible from the many Aliansa village sites and a small group of aborigines was spied netting fish in the shallows.
Baron was always very respectful to Mr Aching since Granny had died two years ago, calling him the finest shepherd in these hills, and was generally held by the people in the village to be not too bad these days.
Down in the village decisions were made, things were done, life went on in the knowledge that in her old wheeled shepherding hut on the hills Granny Aching was there, watching.
The perpetual resort of pilgrims and spectators insensibly formed, in the neighborhood of the temple, the stately and populous village of Daphne, which emulated the splendor, without acquiring the title, of a provincial city.
In the petty quarrels of Europe, they shed the blood of their friends and countrymen, for the acquisition perhaps of a castle or a village.
The shriveled Vistana had gazed at Clarissewith those hard black eyes, and had pointed with acrooked finger toward the manor house, perched like adark bird on the tor above the village.
They still preserved their former habitation of Pella, spread themselves into the villages adjacent to Damascus, and formed an inconsiderable church in the city of Beroea, or, as it is now called, of Aleppo, in Syria.
It is impossible to justify the vain and credulous exaggerations of modern travellers, who have sometimes stretched the limits of Constantinople over the adjacent villages of the European, and even of the Asiatic coast.
Vrondisi, the monastery at the foot of Psiloritis, came down to the rich Turkish village of Suros and killed its bloodthirsty aga, just as he had bound two Christians to the treadmill of the well in his garden and was making them turn the wheel.
Ebon Rih, meeting with the Queens who ruled the Rihlander Blood villages of Doun and Agio, and talking to the council members who ran the larger landen villages.
All the other attractions of Agios Georgios could be found in a score of similar villages, in Crete or elsewhere.
They came no closer to the village of Akasha than five miles before they were attacked by elements of the Camel Corps, and driven off with the loss of two good men.
Ken Weaver, the drummer with the Fugs, sent Miles a copy of their first album, The Village Fugs, from New York.