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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

use

I.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a used/second-hand car (=one that is not new)
▪ The company locates suitable new and used cars for buyers.
an excessive use of sth
▪ Farmers have been criticized for their excessive use of chemical fertilizers.
(be of) limited use/value
▪ Unfortunately, the drug is of limited value in treating cancer.
be on/use/take heroin
cheap to run/use/maintain etc
▪ Gas appliances are usually cheaper to run than electric ones.
▪ For the employer, a part-time workforce means a cheap labour supply.
comfortable to wear/use/ride etc
▪ My bike isn’t very comfortable to ride.
commercial use
▪ The trees were planted for commercial use.
drug use/abuse (=taking drugs)
▪ She is being treated for drug abuse.
energy use
▪ 30% of all our energy use is in the home.
exercise/use your veto
For external use only (=written on medicines which must be put on your skin and not swallowed)
for (your) personal use
▪ He bought a computer for his personal use.
go on the bus/use the bus (=travel by bus)
▪ It's easier to go on the bus than to drive.
heavy use
▪ the film’s heavy use of special effects
I could use a laugh (=I want to hear something funny to cheer me up)
▪ Tell me what she said - I could use a laugh.
illegal use of sth
▪ They were found guilty of the illegal use of confidential information.
imaginative use
▪ an imaginative use of computer technology
in regular use (=people used it often)
▪ Penn Station was in regular use until the 1960s.
indiscriminate use
▪ the indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers
industrial use (=not to be used at home)
▪ cleaning products that are for industrial use only
Internet use
▪ The software allows parents to control children’s Internet use.
make good use of
▪ You should make good use of your time.
make the best use of sth
▪ Making the best use of space is important in any room.
make use of the facilities
▪ We hope students make use of the new facilities.
practical use
▪ Knowledge without understanding is of little practical use.
ready to use/eat etc
▪ The computer is now set up and ready to use.
resort to/use violence
▪ They were willing to resort to violence to achieve their ends.
safe to use/drink/eat etc
▪ The water is treated to make it safe to drink.
simple to use/make/operate etc
▪ The machine is very simple to use.
take/use drugs
▪ I think I took drugs to escape my problems.
take/use opportunity (=do something you have a chance to do)
▪ Several employees took the opportunity to retire early.
the efficient use of sth
▪ We must work towards the more efficient use of all natural resources.
the exclusive use of sth
▪ We had exclusive use of the house while he was away.
the use of violence
▪ A police spokesman said that the use of violence, while regrettable, was necessary.
use a calculator
▪ The children are taught to use calculators from a young age.
use a checklist
▪ Interviewers often use a checklist to ensure that they’ve covered everything.
use a cliché
▪ 'Time marches on', to use the old cliché.
use a compass
▪ Some of the kids were learning how to use a map and compass.
use a computer
▪ Most people do jobs in which they have to use a computer.
use a dictionary
▪ We advise all our students to use a good dictionary.
use a language
▪ The children use their native language at home.
use a machine
▪ Can you use the copy machine?
use a metaphor
▪ To use her own metaphor, she is a caged bird who wants to fly free.
use a method (also employ a methodformal)
▪ Which payment method do you use when travelling?
use a name (=tell people that you have a particular name)
▪ She may be using a false name.
use a needle
▪ I don't think he even knows how to use a needle!
use a program
▪ The documentation explains how to use the program.
use a skill
▪ I am sure you can use your communication skills to get your message across.
use a strategy (also employ a strategyformal)
▪ What strategies do you use to deal with these problems?
use a tactic
▪ We used various tactics to get their support.
use a technique (also employ a techniqueformal)
▪ By using commercial shipbuilding techniques, the Navy hoped to reduce costs.
use a term
▪ a term used by psychiatrists
use a weapon
▪ They claim the government used chemical weapons against them.
use a word
▪ Be very careful how you use the word ‘natural’.
use an approach
▪ This approach has been used for a number of major investigations.
use an entrance
▪ It's quicker to use the side entrance.
use an example
▪ He used several examples to illustrate his point.
use an exit
▪ In the event of a fire, please use the emergency exit nearest to you.
use any/every means to do sth (=use any method or many methods)
▪ He will use any means to get what he wants.
use batteries (also run on batteries)
▪ The clock runs on two 9-volt batteries.
use chemicals
▪ Farmers use chemicals to kill insects that would destroy their crops.
use credit
▪ The survey showed only 15% of people had never used credit.
use criteria
▪ What criteria do we use to decide whether one book is better than another?
use electricity
▪ The system uses electricity to heat the water.
use energy
▪ Washing machines use a lot of energy.
use equipment
▪ Mr Gomez will now demonstrate how to use the equipment safely.
use every excuse in the book (=use every possible excuse)
▪ He used every excuse in the book to avoid seeing the doctor.
use fuel
▪ People need to learn how to use fuel more efficiently.
use ingredients
▪ Many recipes in this book use Chinese ingredients.
use magic
▪ By using magic, he can order the ghost of any dead person to be his servant.
use make-up
▪ She rarely uses make-up.
use medication
▪ The leaflet tells you how to use the medication correctly.
use petrol
▪ Try to cut your motoring costs and use less petrol.
use resources
▪ Modern products use fewer natural resources.
use resources (also make use of resources)
▪ We must use our resources efficiently.
use sb’s name (=say their name when speaking to them)
▪ I didn’t know him well enough to use his first name.
use software
▪ Several companies have already begun using the software.
use sth as a precedent
▪ Latin America was afraid that the invasion of Panama would be used as a precedent.
use sth as an excuse
▪ She never complained or used her illness as an excuse.
use the facilities
▪ Guests are welcome to use all the hotel’s facilities.
use the Internet
▪ More and more companies are using the Internet to conduct their business.
use the library
▪ You can use the library before or after school.
use the lift
▪ It’s on the 3rd floor. Let’s use the lift.
use the phone
▪ Do you mind if I use your phone?
use the telephone
▪ May I use your telephone?
use (up) leave
▪ I used all my leave in the summertime.
use up/exhaust a supply
▪ The diver had nearly used up his supply of oxygen.
use your brain
▪ It’s easy if you just use your brain.
use your card
▪ I don’t use a card if I can pay by cash.
use your charm
▪ She knew when to use her charm in order to get what she wanted.
use your common sense
▪ If something goes wrong, just use your common sense.
use your imagination
▪ Musicians need to use their imagination as well as their technical skills.
use your influence
▪ She wasn’t afraid to use her influence to get what she wanted.
use your muscles
▪ Bend your knees and use your thigh muscles when picking up heavy objects.
use your position
▪ She can now use her position to do some good.
use your power (also exercise (your) powerformal)
▪ The party will use all its power and influence to raise the issue in the Senate.
▪ Questions have been asked about the way the police exercised their power.
use your strength
▪ He used all his strength to heave the door shut.
use your talents
▪ They have been using their artistic talents to brighten up the school.
use/apply logic
▪ Why do we not apply the same logic in the way we treat animals?
used scare tactics
▪ Employers used scare tactics to force a return to work.
used to
▪ He used to go to our school.
used...as a punching bag
▪ a young wife whose husband used her as a punching bag
use/exercise your discretion
▪ The judge exercised his discretion rightly to admit the evidence.
use/exploit a loophole
▪ Airlines may be exploiting legal loopholes in order to employ pilots trained outside the US.
Use...initiative
▪ Don’t keep asking me for advice. Use your initiative.
use...noddle (=think)
▪ It’s easy enough to do if you just use your noddle .
Use...noggin (=think)
Use your noggin .
use...nut
▪ Oh come on, use your nut!
use/run/operate a system
▪ They use a system of grades to evaluate each hospital’s performance.
▪ We operate a booking system.
Use...sparingly
Use the spices sparingly.
widespread use
▪ the widespread use of chemicals in agriculture
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
computer
▪ Ileal motility was measured by integrating the area under the pressure-time curve, during 1 minute periods, using computer software.
▪ Airlines for years have used computers to predict demand and set fares to maximize revenues.
▪ Some one who uses different computers at home and at work will need two digital signatures.
▪ Years ago, adults used expensive, high-powered computers at work and bought a low-end machine for the kids.
▪ Conventional taxonomic publications can still be produced using computers, but much more rapidly and cheaply.
drug
▪ The idea was tested by using drugs which produced convulsions.
▪ As he grew older, he used hallucinogenic drugs.
▪ Nineteen had used only one drug prior to heroin use, principally cannabis, the rest using a variety of drug combinations.
▪ It would increase mandatory penalties for drug dealers selling drugs to children or using children to sell drugs.
▪ If it turns out that your teenager is using drugs and has problems, you have something very painful to face.
▪ Therefore claims incurred where, for example, a vessel was being used for drug smuggling would not be covered.
▪ Over 90 percent of the heroin users at each agency had been using the drug for between one month and five years.
▪ Around half know of some one who uses drugs.
information
▪ My main impressions are that it is easy to use and displays information clearly.
▪ It is used to display information about the customer business, the customer product, or the customer services.
▪ This use of probability information is susceptible to the problems of using statistical information outlined earlier and described by Sayre.
▪ Integration Recognition can be improved by using additional linguistic information.
▪ Third, we can use comparative information.
▪ What that experience demonstrates is that the teacher very rarely uses the voluminous information, which is nevertheless conscientiously stored and retained.
▪ A significant proportion of the dolphin's brain is thought to be used in processing the information produced by the echolocation system.
language
▪ Such experimental retrieval may be more necessary for searches using the natural language of the document.
▪ Jefferson never used stronger language than Carroll did against religion supPorted by law.
▪ The loss of Lardie Moonlight Tribal people are sometimes thought to use primitive languages.
▪ Fiennes has to use expressive body language and an extensive vocal palette to get his points across.
▪ For imagine a person crying out with pain alone in the desert: is he using a language?
▪ It encourages creativity and allows pupils to use the language they have learnt in the context of stimulating and relevant projects.
▪ One can see that the task of interpreting will share similarities in its processes nomatterwhich languages are being used.
▪ But some investigators claim that they have taught them to use systems approaching human language in their versatility and complexity.
material
▪ Second, consider a project that uses a particular material.
▪ Team leader Alan Smith said the nursery was committed to preserving the environment so it did not use peat materials or chemicals.
▪ The language of continuum mechanics is increasingly being used in modern material science.
▪ Established in 1912, Olympus has a long tradition of good design, using the finest materials and quality craftsmanship.
▪ The students have been preparing for the assessments using open learning materials developed by Telford College.
▪ Bunns helps by using materials with a similar specification to prepare all Mr Middleditch's fertilisers.
▪ In the phases of large-scale antislavery mobilisation within Britain these two purposes were pursued simultaneously, though sometimes using different printed materials.
▪ Officials admit that another 700 firms and institutions are using hazardous radioactive material.
method
▪ Cast using traditional methods, the bells have the names of faithful parishioners inscribed on them.
▪ It would use new methods to teach traditional academic subjects and equip young people with technical skills.
▪ Contributions are determined by qualified actuaries on the basis of periodic valuations using the projected unit method.
▪ Earlier studies on the deposit indicated the copper ore can be treated using conventional methods.
▪ The most comfortable and efficient way is to use the heel-toe method.
▪ Standards may also vary somewhat in specificity and reproducibility according to the methods used.
▪ Hubble was forced, therefore, to use indirect methods to measure the distances.
▪ A.. Yes, it would, and a waterproofing company using this method usually guarantees its work.
money
▪ Some of it was mixed with other ingredients as a compost, some of it was used as pure money.
▪ Gibbs calls it a blatant violation of the federal Fair Housing Act, which forbids using federal money for gentrification.
▪ You could use the life assurance money to buy the place and stay on.
▪ To be sure, not all strategists use money flow as a market gauge.
▪ Moore also used the money to buy a home for his girlfriend and save himself from bankruptcy.
▪ Why not use some of that money to get started with a low dam-and then switch horses in midstream?
▪ It is always possible to do that, and to use elsewhere the money saved.
▪ In practice, both parties use soft money to finance expensive media campaigns that promote their presidential candidates.
name
▪ But now there's kids who use the name and try to make up their own little Lo Life thing.
▪ He used her name, though, once.
▪ Celebration Remembering, and using people's names when talking to them pays dividends in personal relationships.
▪ Most of them allowed me to use their names.
▪ He used the name Abdullah Hayira.
▪ She's also known to have used the names Sarah Collins and Sarah Cohen.
system
▪ Finally, hair was dried using the System Professional Curl Reactivator to enhance the curl and give extra body.
▪ Even small firms that bank with small commercial banks can use such systems through established arrangements among the banks.
▪ The reasons for using expert systems technology in aircraft maintenance are explained.
▪ Technologysavvy farmers have begun using satellite positioning systems for precision planting and fertilizing.
▪ The cost of using such established systems is high, typically about £1,500 per hour to hire.
▪ Fig. 1 shows how an eight bit binary number can be bar coded using this system.
▪ The existing system for doing so is there to be used, alternative systems are not.
▪ Chapters 1 and 2 include descriptions of the various chromatographic, electrophoretic and spectroscopic techniques used in such systems.
technique
▪ And that's 4 weeks cutting, shaping and piecing together in the workshop using techniques, both old fashioned and up to date.
▪ You learn how to use relaxation techniques to relax your body and lower the pitch of the tone.
▪ Today around 80% of the prints I produce now use this technique.
▪ In this chapter, we will examine commonly used techniques for both short-term and long-term financial forecasting and budgeting.
▪ An alternative is to search using the logarithmic technique.
▪ The answer is that firms will want to use the most efficient technique because it yields the greatest profit.
▪ This may be detected either by using pulse timing techniques or by very-long-baseline interferometry.
▪ Inefficient Communist factories can be made to run at much higher output levels by simply using better management techniques.
term
▪ Other terms which are useful access points but which will not be used as index terms are listed in light type.
▪ No one used the term textbook operation.
▪ I use the term in the medical sense.
▪ I will use the term stage where it appears in quotes, but beyond this section I will use the term level.
▪ Exponential smoothing would again normally be used for short term forecasting, for periods up to six months ahead.
▪ By the time Christopher began using the term, most of the killings had already taken place.
▪ Information on spatial units, where relevant, are also included and may be used as search terms.
▪ Walter Adey first used the term synthetic ecology.
word
▪ One involved using whole word shape to help determine segment positions and to allow for letter shape variations within words.
▪ Weiser uses the example of words.
▪ Results can be printed in any form using the word processor.
▪ I use the word consciously, very much aware that it has been used in the past to demean adult women.
▪ In brightness masking, a homogeneous bright field is used after the target word.
▪ Compared to pidgins, a proper language can convey such complicated concepts using relatively few words.
▪ Syntactic knowledge may be used to identify those word combinations that are grammatically acceptable.
▪ In conversation we use the word to mean degrade, injure, or destroy.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
(a) fat lot of good/use
▪ A fat lot of good it did me!
▪ Frederick Bissett was a member of the Institute of Professional Scientists, and a fat lot of good that did him.
▪ Getting the pound down was what Labour governments did with metronomic regularity. Fat lot of good it did them.
be/get used to (doing) sth
▪ Zach's not used to such spicy food.
▪ Could it be used to predict the mating system of species that had not been studied?
▪ He walked like an old man trying to get used to new glasses.
▪ In housing, the market can not be used to move to the market.
▪ Left: Scenes shot on telephoto appear to have compressed perspectives which can be used to good effect.
▪ The bulldozer would be used to load them.
▪ The password which will be used to limit access to the packages created.
▪ The threat of this ex ante can then be used to ensure adherence to the agreement.
▪ This money would be used to provide education, job-training assistance, childcare and program administration beginning later this year.
do/use sth in anger
▪ You'd really need to re-fret this guitar before you used it in anger.
ease of application/use etc
▪ Choose the push-fit kind for ease of use. 4.
▪ Layout clear for ease of use.
▪ New methods must be carefully evaluated according to the criteria of cost and ease of application.
▪ The old trade-off between ease of use and security must therefore be addressed.
▪ This was rejected on grounds of ease of use and familiarity with the 100 percent marking scale.
▪ When selecting any kind of baby product, the essential requirements to consider are comfort, safety and ease of use.
no earthly reason/use etc
▪ As far as I could tell, there was no earthly reason for Fanshawe to have chosen me for this job.
▪ It serves no earthly use to recapitulate the damage that they do, and which we know they do.
▪ Surely there's no earthly reason why you should not come with me to mass?
▪ There is no earthly reason why I shouldn't be able to move like these young athletes.
▪ There seemed to be no earthly reason for the Bureau to resist such status-but it did.
use your imagination
▪ How can you look at a bunch of stars, so far away, and so incomprehensible, without using your imagination?
▪ Of course, Vincent explained to Theo, he could avoid the expense of models and use his imagination.
▪ This means using your imagination and buying some fairly unusual items.
▪ This would be a well-placed lesson to her in how to use her imagination a bit more.
▪ We also need to encourage children to use their imaginations in science lessons.
▪ When the information was slow in coming, the announcers were forced to use their imaginations to fill in the details.
▪ With Game Boys and other computers you don't need to use your imagination.
use your loaf
▪ I play by ear I use my loaf I suspect fair play.
use/try every trick in the book
▪ I tried every trick in the book to reform him.
▪ Victoria used every trick in the book to undermine Patsy in order to get the new job colleagues knew Patsy had earned.
use/turn sth to your/good advantage
▪ First and foremost, Borland have taken the Windows interface and used it to good advantage.
▪ Homeloans are one of the cheapest ways of borrowing money - find out how to use them to your advantage.
▪ If you would like to reassess your life and learn how to use stress to your advantage, come along.
▪ Parents may feel suspicious of these, or resentful, and will need help in using them to best advantage.
▪ Professionals need to be aware of such things and use them to good advantage.
use/wield the big stick
used cars/clothes etc
▪ Crackdown shows one third of used cars are not safe.
▪ However, with used cars, who knows?
▪ Leased a gravel lot for $ 15 a month and sold used cars.
▪ Now the tax on importing used cars has been slashed.
▪ The family also sticks to used cars.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Are we allowed to use a dictionary in the test?
▪ Can't you see Tad's just using you?
▪ Can I use your pen?
▪ Carla often doesn't use good judgment in selecting boyfriends.
▪ Charles was able to use his family connection for his own personal advancement.
▪ Do you mind if I use your phone?
▪ How often do you use the library?
▪ I can't tell you what to do - you must use your own discretion.
▪ I try not to use bad language around the kids.
▪ In his political life, he was not above using his families for his own ends.
▪ Martens uses her stage name when she travels.
▪ Morgan stopped using drugs and alcohol six years ago when he entered a long-term treatment program.
▪ Now that we have a car we very rarely use the buses.
▪ Planning is essential to make sure that resources are used effectively.
▪ Researchers often use questionnaires in their work.
▪ Right-wing activists used people's fears of unemployment as a way of stirring up extremism.
▪ She first started using drugs when she was thirteen.
▪ She lets herself be used and then dropped by almost every man she meets.
▪ The average Westerner uses over 260 lbs of paper every year.
▪ The drug smugglers used innocent travellers to carry the drugs through customs.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ A spectrograph uses optical elements called gratings or prisms to separate the light gathered by a telescope into its component colors.
▪ Every other machine in Harley's range uses its trusted formula of a 45 V-twin in a steel backbone frame.
▪ First, the wrong caulking had been used.
▪ Most scholars would agree that Mark came first and the other two used him in writing their accounts.
▪ Silly me, I have begun to conjure up an image of Newt Gingrich as a man more used than using.
▪ The experts were asked to use the four-point system commonly used in schools.
▪ This can be on-line or off-line recognition of hand-printed characters, or of machine-printed characters using optical character recognition.
▪ We shall use his perceived activities as an excuse for not growing up.
II.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
full
▪ During these play bouts the kitten's imagination is put to full use.
▪ He says that they can make full use of the science labs and workshops.
▪ The vitamin B complex enables the body to make full use of the food consumed.
▪ This may be because they are not working full-time or are not doing jobs which make full use of their abilities.
▪ She pulled herself back together again, and hauled herself out of the cubicle to make full use of the facilities.
▪ Not to make full use of the subject expertise of the university lecturing and research staff for selection is obviously absurd.
▪ As for capital gains tax, the main waste is due to the failure of married couples to make full use of their allowances.
▪ Encouraging full use of the potential of the County's rail links with Channel Tunnel rail terminals.
good
▪ They say that machinery works better when in use.
▪ Take all the criticism you can get and make the best possible use of it.
▪ The author of this disk has put the editor to good use designing a challenging collection of maze like levels.
▪ The drive might be put to better use doing data-only backups or for storing large graphics files.
▪ And when it comes there is not enough cash to make the best use of it.
▪ Domestic robots will also make good use of the home network to stay in touch with each other.
▪ She Dreamed up a new hobby for the Mayor, collecting antique paperweights, and made good use of them.
▪ To make the best use of space, use sliding doors.
great
▪ Carter made greater use of it than most but Reagan went even further.
▪ Many people want jobs that allow them to make greater use of their education and that provide intrinsic work satisfaction.
▪ Unfortunately, it doesn't make the greatest use of the Windows interface.
▪ The relative complexity of the Visual Effects required a far greater use of filmed inserts.
▪ Throw-over bedspreads are another great use for the thicker woven lengths.
▪ Also, manufacturers have upgraded the specification of diesel cars as well as making greater use of turbo-chargers to improve performance.
▪ Second, women of all socio-economic groups make greater use of general practitioners than men, again relative to need.
▪ Surprisingly the greatest use had been among children in reasonably affluent neighbourhoods.
heavy
▪ Therapeutic input makes heavy use of group work, though individual therapy is also possible.
▪ In response to heavy recreational use, the Forest Service issued strict new regulations a year ago.
▪ WordPerfect is a good example of a word-processor that makes heavy use of these key combinations.
▪ Despite heavy use, it is one of the most fragmented national forests in the country.
▪ He makes heavy use of what may be called the Argument from Personal Incredulity.
▪ When the guard arrived, they and the police made heavy use of firearms.
▪ Many people seem simply to grow out of heavy drug use, rather as many young drinkers mature out of heavy drinking.
industrial
▪ Argyll and the Islands Enterprise executives are anxious to purchase the 44-acre site at Sandbank, near Dunoon, for industrial use.
▪ The industrial use of oil, 3. 4in, constitutes an even more tempting alternative fuels target.
▪ The village was first mentioned in records of 1707 developing as a result of the increased industrial use of the river.
▪ The mill is still in industrial use and not open to the public.
▪ The other 20 percent goes for industrial uses and coins.
▪ Then Inchbrook was clearly put back to some industrial use as it was damaged by fire in August 1926.
▪ The first industrial use of power on the Moon will probably be for the manufacture of propellants and life-support materials.
personal
▪ If reserved for his personal use, it might put him at a certain advantage over his employer.
▪ It also refused to limit the use of county vehicles for personal use in the charter.
▪ Cattle could be stolen for the personal use of the thieves, often as beef.
▪ Under the act, teachers can make notes about students for their own personal use.
▪ Residents pay for their care according to their means and all will have at least a minimum amount of money for personal use.
▪ You decide which questions you are going to ask and you evaluate them for future personal use.
▪ There are also handouts, which may be photocopied for personal use.
▪ Reprinting items retrieved from the archives are for personal use only.
regular
▪ Tolerance means that with regular use, you need to increase the dose to achieve the same effect.
▪ Each user will be required to buy an annual pass and pay regular use fees.
▪ But Smith's name is unfamiliar even to many of the professional mathematicians who make regular use of the ideas he introduced.
▪ All her bicycle needed was some regular use.
▪ His Ed Blackwell playing activity was restricted through kidney disease, which required regular use of a dialysis machine far many years.
▪ She told me that she considered it a better one, but that it was too old to be in regular use.
▪ Several recent studies have indicated that regular aspirin use may reduce the risk of colon cancer.
suitable
▪ These search systems must still be suitable for casual use by inept or inexperienced users.
▪ The former, implemented on dense chips, would have a high radiation immunity and would be suitable for use in space.
▪ Estate agents' advertisements habitually claim that country houses are suitable for every use from country clubs to prestige headquarters.
▪ However, it is not suitable for use with many enzyme procedures.
▪ They are suitable for general use and especially for music recording.
▪ For these reasons hide glue or Scotch glue is only suitable for use indoors.
▪ But this does not mean that the carbon-zinc battery would be suitable for use in your detector.
▪ If the pan is not suitable for use in the oven, transfer the meat to a casserole dish.
widespread
▪ It is in widespread use, and is supported by other cad systems.
▪ Kaczynski was disgusted with the widespread drug use and liberal politics at UC-Berkeley, a law enforcement source said.
▪ But how can we best explain the widespread use of performance-enhancing drugs in cycling?
▪ Whether the technology ever will gain widespread use is uncertain.
▪ A further, recent complexity has been added by the widespread use of video recorders.
▪ The continuously falling price and increasing power of desk-top computers has led to their widespread availability and use.
▪ The main obstacle to the widespread use of abatement techniques is the significant and variable national costs which are incurred.
▪ One significant advantage of electric vehicles is that their widespread use would make far better use of off-peak electricity.
■ NOUN
drug
▪ There is a growing range of agencies which can provide help and advice on changing their pattern of drug use.
▪ There is a growing recognition of the debilitating effects of teen drug use, teen pregnancy and violence.
▪ Stubbornness: Individual willpower, the absolute determination to control drinking or drug use, is exactly what keeps the disease going.
▪ The results were predictable: Drug use dropped dramatically.
▪ We also know that socio-economic variables play a potentially vital role in the patterns of drug use.
▪ Reported drug use of any type among high school seniors jumped 44 percent from 1992 to 1995.
▪ All of their lives are reduced to their drug use.
▪ Dole also hammered at the increase in youthful drug use in the last four years.
heroin
▪ If heroin use proves relatively harmless to all concerned then we should advocate legal reform and controlled availability.
▪ Nineteen had used only one drug prior to heroin use, principally cannabis, the rest using a variety of drug combinations.
▪ Prior to his imprisonment, his burgling and dealing activities financed their heroin use.
▪ Consequently, it was forecast that the prevalence of heroin use might also begin to fall from 1988-9.
▪ Evidence of widespread heroin use in the community built up rapidly during 1983-4.
▪ Will the prevalence of heroin use increase, decline or become stable?
▪ We mentioned in the Introduction that earlier sociological studies of deviant behaviour provide notes of caution about investigating phenomena like heroin use.
land
▪ The sale of state firms would be start with the transport, energy, land use and housing sectors, Aznar said.
▪ Changes in land use and land productivity over the period area analysed.
▪ It has also resulted in isolated, small areas of land not being fully utilised for agriculture or any other land use.
▪ However, it has also to be pointed out that many intrusive land uses have occurred in green belts.
▪ Jacob's strictures served as a reminder that neat and tidy land use arrangements may have been over-emphasized.
▪ Reform land use planning so that the protection of the natural environment becomes a major feature of the planning system.
▪ One barrier to the regulation of rural land use change is the absence of planning controls over farming and forestry.
language
▪ And yet our eventual objective must be to prepare learners to cope with the natural conditions of language use.
▪ Slang is part of casual, informal styles of language use.
▪ Nor was I surprised that I often had to show the students how language use might be made meaningful.
▪ But settling questions of language use is the job of pragmatics-the study of the use of language in context.
▪ Recent ideas about language use and learning insist on the primacy of communicative activities in the classroom.
▪ In chapters 6 and 7 I would like to propose a characterization of grammar and language use which shows their interdependence.
▪ In his work on social class and linguistic styles, Basil Bernstein has identified two different modes of language use.
▪ They are based on observations of everyday experience and language use.
■ VERB
increase
▪ To overcome these difficulties, kings made increasing use of money.
▪ Soy protein products have increased in use as extenders.
▪ All is drawn in variously diluted glaze, and there is increasing use of washes of colour.
▪ Advances in portable computers are an important factor that is likely to lead to increased use of mobile data communication.
▪ Faced with a loss of power in 1988, party officials made increasing use of what remained for their own personal gain.
▪ For the hopeful, increased use of leave signals social progress, greater sharing by fathers.
▪ This is mostly due to an increased use of photographs and larger headlines to accompany text.
▪ It was at this moment of increasing daily use that the most profound lifestyle changes were perceived by the interviewees.
involve
▪ It involves the use of an objection as a stimulus to buy.
▪ Public-Key Cryptography A more powerful form of cryptography involves the use of public keys.
▪ This involves an intentional use or threat of violence by one person against another.
▪ Clients still have to pay for their vacations, which usually involve the use of unused timeshare units.
▪ The research involves the use of primary source materials in national and local archives.
▪ During this period, Guthrie had allegedly been pulling scams involving the use of fake receipts to return stolen property to KMarts.
▪ Herbalism: a holistic treatment involving the use of herbal remedies specifically chosen and blended for different conditions.
▪ Many searches involve the use of more than one source, and all searches require that the most appropriate source be chosen.
limit
▪ Funds obtained by this method are not limited in their use to balance of payments difficulties.
▪ The doctors in managed-care systems often have financial incentives to limit patients' use of laboratory tests, specialists and other services.
▪ This, coupled with the fact that the 3M machine offers fewer colours in any case, would limit its use.
▪ It also refused to limit the use of county vehicles for personal use in the charter.
▪ A restrictive clause in the title deed limited the land use to mission purposes.
▪ Such invasive treatment has limited use for these patients, and more confirmation of its efficacy is needed.
▪ The more open back bends have limited use, but this could be improved.
▪ But the report was limited to comparing use of six preventive services.
make
▪ And if you have any special skills or knowledge that can be made use of they would be more than welcome.
▪ Can it be that they are there for a reason, that the reader makes use of both?
▪ Another tundra strategy is to make use of the sea.
▪ Clearly, the government policies required to make the use of education and health services equitable are a daunting package.
▪ This may be because they are not working full-time or are not doing jobs which make full use of their abilities.
▪ Each ward should have a planned programme which makes full use of its learning opportunities.
▪ Shah made use of both pieces of legislation to great effect.
▪ Similarly, there will be a variant of the 68000 family translator tweaked to make use of the Macintosh file system.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ A pastry brush has a variety of uses in the kitchen.
▪ Herring, 55, is a former drug user who started the foundation in San Jose in 1980.
▪ It's main use is as a cleaning agent for metals.
▪ Robots have many different uses in modern industry.
▪ Technology developed for the space program have civilian uses as well.
▪ the use of animals in scientific experiments
▪ The land has been developed for tourism and other recreational uses.
▪ There has been a decline in the use of the subway system over recent years.
▪ There have been complaints about the use of excessive force by the police.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ And the lowest of low points was the use of five captains in seven Tests in 1988-89.
▪ He had no expectations or intentions that they would ever become constantly updated guidebooks for the use of millions.
▪ It appears that chronic caffeine use may cause up-regulation or down-regulation of other neurotransmitter systems as well.
▪ It leads to a crime: Some one is murdering claimants and putting their insurance money to private use.
▪ One in 12 people who took part in the survey was without the use of their machine for over a fortnight.
▪ The ramifications of the wrong use of imagination have to be fully realized before we can hope to control it.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Use

Use \Use\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Used; p. pr. & vb. n. Using.] [OE. usen, F. user to use, use up, wear out, LL. usare to use, from L. uti, p. p. usus, to use, OL. oeti, oesus; of uncertain origin. Cf. Utility.]

  1. To make use of; to convert to one's service; to avail one's self of; to employ; to put a purpose; as, to use a plow; to use a chair; to use time; to use flour for food; to use water for irrigation.

    Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs.
    --Shak.

    Some other means I have which may be used.
    --Milton.

  2. To behave toward; to act with regard to; to treat; as, to use a beast cruelly. ``I will use him well.''
    --Shak.

    How wouldst thou use me now?
    --Milton.

    Cato has used me ill.
    --Addison.

  3. To practice customarily; to make a practice of; as, to use diligence in business.

    Use hospitality one to another.
    --1 Pet. iv. 9.

  4. To accustom; to habituate; to render familiar by practice; to inure; -- employed chiefly in the passive participle; as, men used to cold and hunger; soldiers used to hardships and danger. I am so used in the fire to blow. --Chaucer. Thou with thy compeers, Used to the yoke, draw'st his triumphant wheels. --Milton. To use one's self, to behave. [Obs.] ``Pray, forgive me, if I have used myself unmannerly.'' --Shak. To use up.

    1. To consume or exhaust by using; to leave nothing of; as, to use up the supplies.

    2. To exhaust; to tire out; to leave no capacity of force or use in; to overthrow; as, he was used up by fatigue. [Colloq.]

      Syn: Employ.

      Usage: Use, Employ. We use a thing, or make use of it, when we derive from it some enjoyment or service. We employ it when we turn that service into a particular channel. We use words to express our general meaning; we employ certain technical terms in reference to a given subject. To make use of, implies passivity in the thing; as, to make use of a pen; and hence there is often a material difference between the two words when applied to persons. To speak of ``making use of another'' generally implies a degrading idea, as if we had used him as a tool; while employ has no such sense. A confidential friend is employed to negotiate; an inferior agent is made use of on an intrigue.

      I would, my son, that thou wouldst use the power Which thy discretion gives thee, to control And manage all.
      --Cowper.

      To study nature will thy time employ: Knowledge and innocence are perfect joy.
      --Dryden.

Use

Use \Use\, v. i.

  1. To be wont or accustomed; to be in the habit or practice; as, he used to ride daily; -- now disused in the present tense, perhaps because of the similarity in sound, between ``use to,'' and ``used to.''

    They use to place him that shall be their captain on a stone.
    --Spenser.

    Fears use to be represented in an imaginary.
    --Bacon.

    Thus we use to say, it is the room that smokes, when indeed it is the fire in the room.
    --South.

    Now Moses used to take the tent and to pitch it without the camp.
    --Ex. xxxiii. 7 (Rev. Ver.)

  2. To be accustomed to go; to frequent; to inhabit; to dwell; -- sometimes followed by of. [Obs.] ``Where never foot did use.''
    --Spenser.

    He useth every day to a merchant's house.
    --B. Jonson.

    Ye valleys low, where the mild whispers use Of shades, and wanton winds, and gushing brooks.
    --Milton.

Use

Use \Use\, n. [OE. us use, usage, L. usus, from uti, p. p. usus, to use. See Use, v. t.]

  1. The act of employing anything, or of applying it to one's service; the state of being so employed or applied; application; employment; conversion to some purpose; as, the use of a pen in writing; his machines are in general use.

    Books can never teach the use of books.
    --Bacon.

    This Davy serves you for good uses.
    --Shak.

    When he framed All things to man's delightful use.
    --Milton.

  2. Occasion or need to employ; necessity; as, to have no further use for a book.
    --Shak.

  3. Yielding of service; advantage derived; capability of being used; usefulness; utility.

    God made two great lights, great for their use To man.
    --Milton.

    'T is use alone that sanctifies expense.
    --Pope.

  4. Continued or repeated practice; customary employment; usage; custom; manner; habit.

    Let later age that noble use envy.
    --Spenser.

    How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of this world!
    --Shak.

  5. Common occurrence; ordinary experience. [R.]

    O C[ae]sar! these things are beyond all use.
    --Shak.

  6. (Eccl.) The special form of ritual adopted for use in any diocese; as, the Sarum, or Canterbury, use; the Hereford use; the York use; the Roman use; etc.

    From henceforth all the whole realm shall have but one use.
    --Pref. to Book of Common Prayer.

  7. The premium paid for the possession and employment of borrowed money; interest; usury. [Obs.]

    Thou art more obliged to pay duty and tribute, use and principal, to him.
    --Jer. Taylor.

  8. [In this sense probably a corruption of OF. oes, fr. L. opus need, business, employment, work. Cf. Operate.] (Law) The benefit or profit of lands and tenements. Use imports a trust and confidence reposed in a man for the holding of lands. He to whose use or benefit the trust is intended shall enjoy the profits. An estate is granted and limited to A for the use of B.

  9. (Forging) A stab of iron welded to the side of a forging, as a shaft, near the end, and afterward drawn down, by hammering, so as to lengthen the forging. Contingent use, or Springing use (Law), a use to come into operation on a future uncertain event. In use.

    1. In employment; in customary practice observance.

    2. In heat; -- said especially of mares.
      --J. H. Walsh.

      Of no use, useless; of no advantage.

      Of use, useful; of advantage; profitable.

      Out of use, not in employment.

      Resulting use (Law), a use, which, being limited by the deed, expires or can not vest, and results or returns to him who raised it, after such expiration.

      Secondary use, or Shifting use, a use which, though executed, may change from one to another by circumstances.
      --Blackstone.

      Statute of uses (Eng. Law), the stat. 27 Henry VIII., cap. 10, which transfers uses into possession, or which unites the use and possession.

      To make use of, To put to use, to employ; to derive service from; to use.

WordNet

use

  1. n. the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers" [syn: usage, utilization, utilisation, employment, exercise]

  2. a particular service; "he put his knowledge to good use"; "patrons have their uses"

  3. what something is used for; "the function of an auger is to bore holes"; "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?" [syn: function, purpose, role]

  4. (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing; "the consumption of energy has increased steadily" [syn: consumption, economic consumption, usance, use of goods and services]

  5. a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition; "she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"; "long use had hardened him to it" [syn: habit, wont]

  6. (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property; "we were given the use of his boat" [syn: enjoyment]

  7. exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage; "his manipulation of his friends was scandalous" [syn: manipulation]

use

  1. v. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't make use of this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer" [syn: utilize, utilise, apply, employ]

  2. take or consume (regularly or habitually); "She uses drugs rarely" [syn: habituate]

  3. seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage; "She uses her influential friends to get jobs"; "The president's wife used her good connections"

  4. use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on school questions" [syn: expend]

  5. avail oneself to; "apply a principle"; "practice a religion"; "use care when going down the stairs"; "use your common sense"; "practice non-violent resistance" [syn: practice, apply]

  6. habitually do something (use only in the past tense); "She used to call her mother every week but now she calls only occasionally"; "I used to get sick when I ate in that dining hall"; "They used to vacation in the Bahamas"

Wikipedia

Use

Use may refer to:

  • Use (law), an obligation on a person to whom property has been conveyed
  • Use–mention distinction, the distinction between using a word and mentioning it

or to:

  • Consumption, whether economic (i.e. microeconomic), or indicative of devouring or occupying
    • Depletion, use to the point of lack of supply
    • Psychological manipulation, in that a person is used like a tool unbeknownst thereto
  • Utilization, quantification of the use of assets to be continuously let

Use (law)

Use, as a term in real property of common law countries, amounts to a recognition of the duty of a person, to whom property has been conveyed for certain purposes, to carry out those purposes.

Uses were equitable or beneficial interests in land. In early law a man could not dispose of his estate by will nor could religious houses acquire it. As a method of evading the common law, the practice arose of making feoffments to the use of, or upon trust for, persons other than those to whom the seisin or legal possession was delivered, to which the equitable jurisdiction of the chancellor gave effect. To remedy the abuses which it was said were occasioned by this evasion of the law the Statute of Uses of 1536 was passed. However it failed to accomplish its purpose. Out of this failure of the Statute of Uses arose the modern law of trusts (see that article for further details).

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

use

c.1200, "employ for a purpose," from Old French user "employ, make use of, practice, frequent," from Vulgar Latin *usare "use," frequentative form of past participle stem of Latin uti "make use of, profit by, take advantage of, enjoy, apply, consume," in Old Latin oeti "use, employ, exercise, perform," of uncertain origin. Related: Used; using. Replaced Old English brucan (see brook (v.)). From late 14c. as "take advantage of."

use

c.1200, "act of employing," from Anglo-French and Old French us "custom, practice, usage," from Latin usus "use, custom, practice, employment, skill, habit," from past participle stem of uti (see use (v.)).

Wiktionary

use

Etymology 1 n. The act of using. Etymology 2

vb. 1 (context archaic English) To accustom; to habituate. 2 (context transitive English) To employ; to apply; to utilize.

Usage examples of "use".

The words shimmered in her mind, his ability to use telepathy growing stronger with each use.

He seized, knew he was in trouble, and put himself out, using his ability as a dreamwalker.

For if invocations, conjurations, fumigations and adorations are used, then an open pact is formed with the devil, even if there has been no surrender of body and soul together with explicit abjuration of the Faith either wholly or in part.

He did manage to use his fire magic on a few of them, setting their shirts and hair ablaze, and that forced the rest to reconsider their attack for a time.

She whirled, her right hand raised, but before she could use the controlling ring she lay sprawled on the floor, one side of her face ablaze from the blow of a phantom hand.

The skin of this young creature, from continual ablutions and the use of mollifying ointments, was inconceivably smooth and soft.

I used to feel so sorry for these Aboriginal people, I wondered how they could come to be so poor.

It was the abortifacient, she was sure, that was what she was using to detect Sime fetuses.

It was used in many of our potions, from the sleeping potions and pain-killers to the abortifacients and life-drainers.

But now he realized that it must be only an abortus being used in some experiment.

The wharf guards are so used to seeing me shuffle past, they would not notice if Abri turned tumbles under my coat.

The latter privilege was deemed to have been abridged by city officials who acted in pursuance of a void ordinance which authorized a director of safety to refuse permits for parades or assemblies on streets or parks whenever he believed riots could thereby be avoided and who forcibly evicted from their city union organizers who sought to use the streets and parks for the aforementioned purposes.

He should boast of his accomplishment and use it as a warning to any others who might attempt to abscond with the affections of his mate.

He publicly chastised the cardinals for absenteeism, luxury, and lascivious life, forbade them to hold or sell plural benefices, prohibited their acceptance of pensions, gifts of money, and other favors from secular sources, ordered the papal treasurer not to pay them their customary half of the revenue from benefices but to use it for the restoration of churches in Rome.

With a young child and an abusive boyfriend, she had used up all the reserves of hope that she had stored up for emergencies and hard times.