Trier (; ), formerly known in English as Treves (, ), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of red sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the border with Luxembourg and within the important Moselle wine region.
Founded by the Celts in the late-4th century BC as Treuorum, it was later conquered by the Romans in the late-1st century BC and renamed Trevorum or Augusta Treverorum ( Latin for "The City of Augustus among the Treveri"), Trier may be the oldest city in Germany. It is also the oldest seat of a bishop north of the Alps. In the Middle Ages, the Archbishop-Elector of Trier was an important prince of the church, as the archbishop-electorate controlled land from the French border to the Rhine. The Archbishop-Elector also had great significance as one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire.
With an approximate population of 105,000, Trier is the fourth-largest city in its state, after Mainz, Ludwigshafen, and Koblenz. The nearest major cities are Luxembourg ( to the southwest), Saarbrücken ( southeast), and Koblenz ( northeast).
The University of Trier, the administration of the Trier-Saarburg district and the seat of the ADD (Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion), which until 1999 was the borough authority of Trier, and the Academy of European Law (ERA) are all based in Trier. It is one of the five " central places" of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Along with Luxembourg, Metz and Saarbrücken, fellow constituent members of the QuattroPole union of cities, it is central to the greater region encompassing Saar-Lor-Lux ( Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg), Rhineland-Palatinate, and Wallonia.
Trier is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.
Trier may also refer to:
- Trier (region), a historical region of Germany
Trier was one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, located in the west of the state.
The region was created in 1815 as part of the Prussian Rhineland. Until 1920 the bulk of what then became the Territory of Saar Basin was part of the Trier Region. Only the east of the Saar Territory, today's Saar-Palatinate district, formerly the western fringes of the then Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate, was previously no part of the Trier Region. In April 1937 the St. Wendel-Baumholder district, formed in 1920 from those parts of the St. Wendel district that had not been seceded to the Saar Territory, was dissected from the Trier Region and merged in the new Birkenfeld district within the Koblenz Region.
After the Second World War the French military government several times extended the Saar area before forming the Saar Protectorate, also including additional 109 municipalities belonging until July 1946 to the Trier Region and some to the Koblenz Region. Koblenz Region's former areas make up part of today's St. Wendel district in the Saarland. In December 1946, when a new customs boundary dissected the Saar Protectorate (later becoming the Saarland) from the area under the Allied Control Council over Allied-occupied Germany, the Trier Region with its then remaining territory had become one of the then five regions forming the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate, founded in August 1946. Later, the French occupation government again redeployed some municipalities – some returned to Allied-occupied Germany, some newly annexed to the protectorate – between the Saar area and the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1947 and 1949, before the border was finally fixed.
Since 2000, the employees and assets of the Bezirksregierungen (i.e. regional administrations) form the Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion Trier (ADD; Supervisory and Service Directorate Trier) and the Struktur- und Genehmigungsdirektionen (SGD; Structural and Approval Directorates) Nord in Koblenz and Süd in Neustadt (Weinstraße). These administrations execute their authority over the whole state, i. e. the ADD Trier oversees all schools.
Category:Geography of Rhineland-Palatinate Category:Former states and territories of Rhineland-Palatinate Category:Government regions of Prussia Category:History of Saarland Category:States and territories disestablished in 2000 Category:States and territories established in 1815 Category:History of the Rhineland
n. 1 One who try; one who makes experiments or examines anything by a test or standard. 2 An instrument used for sample something. 3 One who tries judicially. 4 (context legal English) A person appointed by law to try challenges of jurors; a trior. 5 (context obsolete English) That which tries or approves; a test.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Trier \Tri"er\, n. [From Try.]
One who tries; one who makes experiments; one who examines anything by a test or standard.
One who tries judicially.
(Law) A person appointed according to law to try challenges of jurors; a trior.
That which tries or approves; a test.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
city in Germany (French Trèves), founded c.15 B.C.E. by Augustus, named for the indigenous Gaulish people, the Treveri.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Usage examples of "trier".
Handleidinge om de menschelijke stem te bespelen, conjac met zout, de rok van Trier toegelicht, in mear oare bekinde in onbekinde taljeachtingen, handliedingen, awentoeren, wandelende sielen, bijdragen, verlustigingen, lear- in kerkredens, visioenen in sa fierder.
Thereupon he entered Augusta Treverorum, Trier to be, city of Classicus and Tutor, birthplace of the Gallic rebellion.
I had heard in the town that thirty military officers from the German garrison at Trier, a few miles away on the border, were coming, invited or self-invited, to the concert, and the Luxembourgers did not like the idea at all.
The des triers pawed the ground impatiently and Cressida saw that the men needed all their skill to control the powerful beasts.
He had wondered how Sandoval had adjusted back in London, but now he understood that it was just like the gay Neumann in Trier.
The knight took the reins of both des triers and moved towards the stable-block.
My thanks also to Jennifer Tifft, for enabling me to make an extra trip to England and find the chapel of St Helena in York, to Bernhard Hennen, for taking me to Trier, and to Jack and Kira Gillespie for showing me Cumae and Pozzuoli.
Navigatus had been complaining then that he missed the sight and smells of the garden he had had when he was a District Superintendent in Trier.
Medieval hagiography makes her the great discoverer of relics, who brought the heads of the three Wise Men to Cologne, the Robe Jesus wore to Trier, and the True Cross to Rome.