A terret is a metal loop on horse harness, guiding the lines and preventing them from becoming tangled or snagged on the harness.
The lines run from the hands of the driver, through the terrets, and then attach to the horse's bit to guide the horse. Most harness has two pairs of terrets, one on the harness saddle, and one on the hames of the collar (or on the neck-strap of a breast collar). Terrets are commonly made of brass or steel, and they may stand up stiffly, or they may consist of a hinged ring. They are usually circular, but may be U-shaped or square.
Where a horse is driven behind another (such as in a team of four or more, or in tandem), each terret on the rear animal's harness may be divided into two, allowing the lines for the forward and rear animals to be kept separate. There may also be an additional pair of head terrets on the rear animal's bridle, taking the reins for the forward animal.
The word terret may also be used for other metal loops for attaching ropes or chains, such as the ring on a dog collar. The word derives from the Old Frenchtoret or touret, meaning small and round.
Bronze terrets from horse harness are a common archaeological find from the European Iron Age, sometimes with decoration.
Terret is an ancient Vitis vinifera vine that, like the parent Pinot vine of Pinot noir's history, mutated over the course of thousands of years into grape varieties of several color. Originating in the Languedoc-Roussillon wine of southern France, the descendents of Terret now include the red wine variety Terret noir, the white Terret blanc and the light-skinned Terret gris.
For years, the light skin varieties of the Terrets were grown together as field blends and used in Vermouth production. The dark-skinned Terret noir was more highly valued as a permitted variety in the notable Rhône wine of Châteauneuf-du-Pape as well as in the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC)s of Corbières AOC and Minervois AOC in the Languedoc.
Terret or Terrets may be a reference to:
- Terret, part of a horse harness
- Terret (grape)
- Tourette syndrome, a neurological disorder
- Terete, adjective meaning cylindrical with a tapering end or ends
- Terets (gunboat), an Imperial Russian gunboat
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Terret \Ter"ret\, n. One of the rings on the top of the saddle of a harness, through which the reins pass.