The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth. Its diameter is about 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth, accounting for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. About three quarters of the Sun's mass consists of hydrogen; the rest is mostly helium, with much smaller quantities of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon, and iron.
The Sun is a G-type main-sequence star (G2V) based on spectral class and is informally referred to as a yellow dwarf. It formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of matter within a region of a large molecular cloud. Most of this matter gathered in the center, whereas the rest flattened into an orbiting disk that became the Solar System. The central mass became so hot and dense, that it eventually initiated nuclear fusion in its core. It is thought that almost all stars form by this process.
The Sun is roughly middle-aged and has not changed dramatically for over four billion years, and will remain fairly stable for more than another five billion years. However, after hydrogen fusion in its core has stopped, the Sun will undergo severe changes and become a red giant. It is calculated that the Sun will become sufficiently large to engulf the current orbits of Mercury, Venus, and possibly Earth.
The enormous effect of the Sun on Earth has been recognized since prehistoric times, and the Sun has been regarded by some cultures as a deity. The synodic rotation of Earth and its orbit around the Sun are the basis of the solar calendar, which is the predominant calendar in use today.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Sun or the Sun may also refer to:
Sun is a transliteration of a common Chinese surname (simplified Chinese: 孙; traditional Chinese: 孫; pinyin: Sūn). Other transliterations include Suen (Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations), Sen (Amoy dialect), Sng (Teochew), Tôn (Vietnam), Son (Japan/Korea), Soon (regions with Hokkien-speaking populations), Suan (Philippines), and Swen.
Note that in Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations, the surname Xin (辛) is also transliterated as Sun.
Sun (supermarket tabloid)
Sun was a supermarket tabloid owned by American Media, Inc. It ceased publication in the summer of 2012 with the issue bearing a July 2, 2012 cover date.
Its contents often came under question and widely regarded as " sensationalistic writing." Since a 1992 invasion of privacy case, a small-print disclaimer printed beneath the masthead warned readers to " suspend belief for the sake of enjoyment."
The paper was founded by Mike Rosenbloom, then-publisher of Globe Magazine, in 1983 as a competitor to Weekly World News, and its early contents reflected the same kind of imaginative journalism. When both papers were consolidated under American Media Inc. ownership in 1999, Sun's content came to specialize in recurring stories on Bible prophecy, Nostradamus, global warming, the apocalypse, epidemics, and future war. Sun also featured health articles dealing with miracle cures of diseases such as chronic pain and arthritis, as well as numerous " strange but true" articles from across the country — in fact, the strange but true stories made up the bulk of the paper's content, although they were almost never featured on the front page.
Following the 2007 discontinuation of Weekly World News as a separate publication, Sun began printing a small "pull-out" insert of Weekly World News stories and columns.
Sun photo editor Robert Stevens became the first victim of the 2001 anthrax attacks. He died as a result of a letter sent to the offices of American Media, the parent company of Sun, The National Enquirer, and other supermarket tabloids.
Sun or The Sun is the name of the following newspapers:
Sun (R&B band)
Sun is an R&B, soul, disco, and funk band that was formed in the mid-1970s and recorded prolifically for Capitol Records from 1976 to 1984. The band was founded by Byron Byrd in Dayton, Ohio, in 1976. Additional members included Kym Yancey, Chris Jones, John Wagner, Hollis Melson, and Shawn Sandridge.
After being signed to Capitol by Larkin Arnold, Sun was faced with an immediate problem: an incomplete band. The black hole was in the rhythm section, so Byron Byrd recruited Roger Troutman and Lester Troutman (now with Zapp) and paid them to do some studio sessions so he could get the album finished. Lester laid drum tracks with Roger on bass, then Roger overdubbed guitar for four songs on the album, including "Live On, Dream On." It was on "Wanna Make Love (Come Flick My BIC)" that Troutman (Roger) contributed his signature Talk Box embellishments. Roger Troutman died April 25, 1999.
As the first single from the debut LP, Live On, Dream On (1976), " Wanna Make Love" became Sun's first hit, peaking at #31 on Billboard’s R&B chart.
With the release of their second album, Sun Power (pressed on orange vinyl in 1977), Sun sprang into a ten-piece configuration of multi-instrumentalists and vocalists that consisted of Byron Byrd, John Hampton Wagner, Christopher D. Jones, Hollis Melson, Dean Hummons, Kym Yancey, Shawn Sandridge, Bruce Hastell, Gary King and Ernie Knisley. The album also contained “Conscience,” the song "Time Is Passing” (used and sampled many Rap Artists including Dr. Dre) plus the instrumental “We’re So Hot,” which has been used in sports telecasts.
Sun had people from NASA do the cover animation for their fifth album, Sun Over The Universe (1980)
The Sun automobile was made in Elkhart, Indiana from 1916 to 1917, and in Toledo, Ohio from 1921 to 1922.
The Sun Motor Car Company was originally created in Buffalo, New York, but moved to Elkhart before production began. Their slogan was "The Sun Outshines Them All". Roscoe C. Hoffman designed a lightweight six-cylinder car, manufactured from 1916 to 1917. There were four body styles offered on the 116-inch (2946 mm) wheelbase: sedan, roadster, 5 person touring and 7 person touring. It made 23 horsepower though the company dubiously claimed 50. The car had shaft drive and a three-speed sliding gear transmission, and was priced in the $1000 range. Sun Motor Cars ordered 3,500 engines under contract from the Beaver Manufacturing Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, but since a little over 1,100 cars were made in the two years, the company was in receivership by September 1917. The company's assets were purchased by the Automotive Corporation of Toledo, Ohio.
The Sun automobile of Toledo was a small two-seat roadster, with power coming from a four-cylinder engine, produced in 1921 and 1922 only. It featured a 91-inch (2311 mm) wheelbase, disc wheels, and a claimed and .
The Automotive Corporation had built tractors in Toledo since shortly before the end of World War I. After taking over Sun Motor Car Company, Automotive Corporation provided parts and service to Sun owners, as well as gained useful experience in automobile manufacturing. Their new car of 1921 shared nothing with the old Sun except the logo. Even the slogan was new: "America's Greatest Little Car". Not only were the engines smaller, so was the wheelbase and price-- $375 in 1921 and $475 in 1922. A new lineup with bigger engines, longer wheelbases, and higher prices were announced but never produced for 1923.
Sun (Two Door Cinema Club song)
"Sun" is a song by Irish indie rock band Two Door Cinema Club from their second studio album, Beacon (2012). The song was released on 16 November 2012 as the album's second single. The Gildas Kitsuné Club Night Short Remix of "Sun" appears on Kitsuné Maison Compilation 14: The 10th Anniversary Issue. The accompanying music video premiered on 11 October 2012.
Sun (Belinda Carlisle song)
"Sun" is the first single released by American singer Belinda Carlisle in 15 years and is included on a new US compilation album, ICON: The Best Of and a new UK compilation album The Collection.
The company was founded as James Parkes & Son, a brass foundry producing lamp fittings and various other products. In 1885 the company started to manufacture frames and fittings for the bicycle trade.
In 1897, the company became The Sun Cycle & Fittings Company Limited, and around the same time began making its own bicycles. The first Sun motorcycle was produced in 1911.
The company was taken over by Tube Investments in 1958, and in 1961 the factory was closed and production moved to the Raleigh factory at Nottingham. The 'Sun' name was for some time used to badge Raleigh cycles which had been returned to the factory for rectification work.
A representation of the sun is used as a heraldic charge. The most usual form, often called sun in splendour or in his glory, consists of a round disc with the features of a human face, surrounded by twelve or sixteen rays, alternating wavy and straight. The alternating straight and wavy rays are often said to represent the light and heat of the sun respectively.
It is a common charge in the heraldry of many countries; e.g. the bearings of Armstrong, Canada, and the arms of Banbury Town Council, England.
It often appears as a rising sun as in the arms of East Devon District Council, England, and as a demi sun as in the coat of Aitchison, Canada.
It was used as a badge by Edward II of England, and was later adopted by Edward IV following the appearance of a parhelion or "sun dog" before his victory at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross in 1461. It also had significance in alchemy, and may be a symbol of the Roman deity Sol Invictus (Unconquered Sun).
The Sun of May shown on the national flags of Uruguay and Argentina is identical in form to the "Sun in Splendour".
Some Asian countries represent the sun in some of their symbols, the term Asia possibly deriving from the Akkadian word (w)aṣû(m), which means 'to go outside' or 'to ascend' — referring to the direction of the sun at sunrise in the Middle East and also likely connected with the Phoenician word asa, meaning 'east'. A similar etymology has the term Europe as deriving from Akkadian erēbu(m) 'to enter' or 'set' (of the sun).
Sun (German band)
Sun was an Alternative rock band from Mönchengladbach, Germany with English lyrics and styles described as Crossover and Progressive rock.
The band was founded in 1991 by Ralf Aussem and Jörg Schröder. Sun was considered for long time on critics as "German answer" of Pearl Jam or Tool. Furthermore, the band supported Pearl Jam on their Ten Release Tour in 1992 and also Monster Magnet in the year 1995.
Two years after founding their band they got their Majordeal on the label Gun Records. The band became good known by their albums Murdernature, XXXX and Nitro as also by co-projects for sequels of the serial rock sampler Crossing All Over. Further, the band used instruments atypical of rock, like English flutes.
In the year 2001 the band split up after different exchanges of bandmembers and severe illness of their singer. Their founder and musicwriter Ralf Aussem plays currently in the Scottish/German band Dead Guitars
[[Image:Karnak Tempel 03.jpg|300px|thumb|right|
(Note:Reversed in the Gardiner font.)
(given,life)-X8-S34 (rā,like)-N5-W19 ]]
The Ancient EgyptianSun hieroglyph is Gardiner sign listed no. N5 for the sun-disc; it is also one of the hieroglyphs that refers to the god Ra.
In the 24th century BC Palermo Stone, the sun hieroglyph is used on the Palermo Piece-(obverse) of the 7-piece Palermo Stone to identify dates, or specific "day-events", ..."day of ...." A few of the King Year- Register's are dates only for example in Row V (of VI rows): N11:N11:N5 ! V20:V20:Z2ss !!
Sun (Nopsajalka album)
Sun is the fourth solo studio album by Finnish musician Nopsajalka. Released on 14 March 2014, the album peaked at number 15 on the Finnish Albums Chart.
Sun (Cat Power album)
Sun is the ninth studio album by American musician Cat Power. Her first album of all-original material since 2006's The Greatest, it was released on September 3, 2012, in the United Kingdom and in the United States on September 4, 2012, via Matador Records. The album was issued in a variety of formats, including a limited edition deluxe LP containing a 7" vinyl of bonus tracks.
The album's lead single, "Ruin", was released for free download at Matador Record's store on June 20, 2012. A music video for album opener "Cherokee", directed by Marshall, was later released, while an ambient remix of the song by Nicolas Jaar is available to download from Cat Power's official website. The song was premièred on NPR's All Songs Considered on June 26, whose host Bob Boilen described the album as "[going in] yet another direction. A lot more drive, a lot more electronics, drum machines, synths—it's very bold."
On April 10, 2013, Cat Power performed the previously unreleased track "Bully" on the opening episode of the forty-second series of Later... with Jools Holland. Immediately following the broadcast, a new version of the album containing "Bully" as a bonus track was made available for download through iTunes.
Sun'' (Italian:Sole'') is a 1929 Italian silent drama film directed by Alessandro Blasetti and starring Marcello Spada, Vasco Creti and Dria Paola. The film was set around the planned draining of the Pontine Marshes by Benito Mussolini's Fascist government. It was shot partly on location, which added a sense of realism. Mussolini was impressed by the result and described it as "the dawn of the Fascist film".
The film was destroyed during the Second World War, and survives only in still photographs.
Sun (Thomas Bergersen album)
Sun is the second stand-alone production album created by Thomas J. Bergersen from Two Steps from Hell, released on September 30, 2014. The release contains 16 tracks, featuring vocal performances by Merethe Soltvedt, Molly Conole and other vocalists. The album cover and artwork are designed by Bergersen himself. The album was announced for pre-order on September 9 across iTunes, Amazon, and CD Baby, with the tracks "Empire of Angels," "Final Frontier," and "Starchild" made available on iTunes prior to the full release. In addition, a signed limited deluxe edition CD version has been scheduled for somewhere in 2016, set to include additional music, notes on each track written by Thomas, and a large-size poster featuring his artwork.
The Sun was an English language daily newspaper in Ceylon published by Independent Newspapers Limited, part of M. D. Gunasena & Company. It was founded on 1964 and was published from Colombo. In 1966 it had an average net sales of 18,000. It had an average circulation of 6,800 in 1970 and 32,247 in 1973.
By 1973/74 the Independent Newspapers publications had become vocal critics of Sirimavo Bandaranaike's government. The government sealed Independent Newspapers' presses and closed it down on 19 April 1974 using the Emergency (Defence) Regulations. Independent Newspapers resumed publication on 30 March 1977 but the three year closure had taken its toll. Faced financial problems Independent Newspapers and its various publications closed down on 26 December 1990.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
n. 1 (context astronomy English) A star, especially when seen as the centre of any single solar system. 2 The light and warmth which is received from the sun. 3 (context figurative English) Something like the sun in brightness or splendor.''Webster's College Dictionary'', Random House, 2001 4 (context chiefly literary English) sunrise or sunset. n. The star that the Earth revolves around and from which it receives light and warmth.''The Illustrated Oxford Dictionary'', Oxford University Press, 1998 vb. (context transitive English) To expose to the warmth and radiation of the sun.
n. a typical star that is the source of light and heat for the planets in the solar system; "the sun contains 99.85% of the mass in the solar system"
a person considered as a source of warmth or energy or glory etc
any star around which a planetary system evolves
first day of the week; observed as a day of rest and worship by most Christians [syn: Sunday, Lord's Day, Dominicus]
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Old English sunne "sun," from Proto-Germanic *sunnon (cognates: Old Norse, Old Saxon, Old High German sunna, Middle Dutch sonne, Dutch zon, German Sonne, Gothic sunno "the sun"), from PIE *s(u)wen- (cognates: Avestan xueng "sun," Old Irish fur-sunnud "lighting up"), alternative form of root *saewel- "to shine; sun" (see Sol).\n
\nOld English sunne was feminine (as generally in Germanic), and the fem. pronoun was used in English until 16c.; since then masc. has prevailed. The empire on which the sun never sets (1630) originally was the Spanish, later the British. To have one's place in the sun (1680s) is from Pascal's "Pensées"; the German imperial foreign policy sense (1897) is from a speech by von Bülow.
1510s, "to set something in the sun," from sun (n.). Intransitive meaning "expose oneself to the sun" is recorded from c.1600. Sun-bathing is attested from c.1600.
Sun, LA -- U.S. village in Louisiana
Housing Units (2000): 217
Land area (2000): 4.319367 sq. miles (11.187108 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.143069 sq. miles (0.370547 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 4.462436 sq. miles (11.557655 sq. km)
FIPS code: 73955
Located within: Louisiana (LA), FIPS 22
Location: 30.650085 N, 89.900148 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Usage examples of "sun".
Since Bull Shockhead would bury his brother, and lord Ralph would seek the damsel, and whereas there is water anigh, and the sun is well nigh set, let us pitch our tents and abide here till morning, and let night bring counsel unto some of us.
I will never give peace to the emperor of Rome, till he had abjured his crucified God, and embraced the worship of the sun.
Thus then they abode a-feasting till the sun was westering and the shadows waxed about them, and then at last Ralph rose up and called to horse, and the other wayfarers arose also, and the horses were led up to them.
XIV, the Sun King of France, born in 1638, became king in 1643 and achieved his age of majority in 1661.
It was probably a compound of Uch-Ur, the same as Achor, and Achorus of Egypt, the great luminary, the Sun.
Sun Li-jen and the Generalissimo had to acquiesce, with no accretion of good feeling.
Her sails spread slowly, catching the outwind of the local sun, their lead surfaces adazzle in shifting, light show display.
It was a glorious day, all sun bright and adazzle with lights off the lake.
Through the ripples of the water Addle could see the sun quivering like the yolk of an egg.
Because wanting to convince anyone that there was no Amadis in the world or any of the adventuring knights who fill the histories, is the same as trying to persuade that person that the sun does not shine, ice is not cold, and the earth bears no crops, for what mind in the world can persuade another that the story of Princess Floripes and Guy de Bourgogne is not true, or the tale of Fierabras and the Bridge of Mantible, which occurred in the time of Charlemagne, and is as true as the fact that it is now day?
It may be a world captured from afara lonely wanderer cast off from some other star, captured by the Sun after millions of years of drifting lightless through space.
The man aims for that rapidly vanishing afterglow, alone on a darkly painted sea, a single, tiny figure chasing a sun that has already deserted him.
From the twenty-sixth of August to the second of September, that is from the battle of Borodino to the entry of the French into Moscow, during the whole of that agitating, memorable week, there had been the extraordinary autumn weather that always comes as a surprise, when the sun hangs low and gives more heat than in spring, when everything shines so brightly in the rare clear atmosphere that the eyes smart, when the lungs are strengthened and refreshed by inhaling the aromatic autumn air, when even the nights are warm, and when in those dark warm nights, golden stars startle and delight us continually by falling from the sky.
I reached the Col de la Faucille at sunset, when, for a few minutes, the Mont Blanc and Aiguille Verte showed themselves in dull red light, but were buried again, before the sun was quite down, in the rising deluge of cloud-poison.
He spoke the words, though, as he turned himself sunwise, murmuring the brief prayer to each of the four airts in turn, and ended facing west, into the setting sun.