sum
I.nounCOLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a huge amount/sum/quantity etc
▪ huge sums of money
a sum of money (also an amount of money)
▪ £10,000 seemed a huge sum of money to me.
do a calculation/sum (=use numbers to find out a figure, price etc)
▪ I did a quick calculation on a piece of paper.
lump sum
▪ When you retire you’ll get a lump sum of £80,000.
paltry sum
▪ paltry sum of money
sum total
▪ That’s the sum total of my knowledge about it.
the princely sum of
▪ My savings had now reached the princely sum of £30.
the sum total (=the whole of an amount, when everything is added together)
▪ This was the sum total of her grandfather's possessions.
vast amounts/numbers/quantities/sums etc (of sth)
▪ The government will have to borrow vast amounts of money.
▪ The refugees come across the border in vast numbers.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
considerable
▪ Yes, both Place and Egan had considerable sums stowed away from various jobs.
▪ Owing to the large amount of work demanded, this would be quite a considerable sum.
▪ In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.
▪ The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.
▪ The crisis has been caused partly by the reluctance of self-employed family doctors to invest the considerable sums needed to computerise.
▪ Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.
enormous
▪ Virtually all Third World countries were Spending enormous sums on war or preparation for war, despite staggering debts and dreadful poverty.
▪ Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.
fixed
▪ The policy guarantees a fixed sum to your pet if you die.
▪ Recall that a bond is an asset that earns a fixed sum of money for its owner each year.
▪ If the authority receives a fixed sum 31, then it is able to purchase more of the publicly provided good.
▪ Usually this is a fixed sum which, at the time of writing seems to average around £90.
▪ From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.
▪ This petty cash is kept on the imprest system, whereby the petty cashier is entrusted with a fixed sum of money.
▪ The petty cashier must always account for a certain fixed sum of money. 2.
▪ He would then have drawings and quantities prepared and would invite tenders for a fixed sum.
great
▪ One of its ideas is that of holism - the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.
▪ Is it thus greater than the sum of the individual parts?
▪ Labor provides Daley with his strongest personal support and contributes great sums to his campaigns.
▪ A plan consists of time, resources and indicated action but the whole is much greater than the sum of the parts.
▪ It was their intention to suggest that the negative total was greater than the sum of his recent accomplishments.
▪ On the other hand, it was no great sum and Hope's custom had given him publicity.
huge
▪ The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.
▪ The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.
▪ All Mr Fractor did was write huge sums on his blackboards.
▪ Though banks lend huge sums to firms, banks are not the only source of lending.
▪ It was completed in 1970, at a cost of one billion dollars - a huge sum in those days.
▪ Achieving the goal of absolute purity would cost an additional huge but undetermined sum.
▪ On top of that come huge sums of cheap credit to enterprises which must be reduced if inflation is to be controlled.
▪ Each vessel must have cost a huge sum, and carried at least a score of men on board.
large
▪ In addition, he was ordered to pay large sums of money to the government as compensation for his negligence.
▪ Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.
▪ He advanced large sums to Parliament and later invested heavily on his own account in the purchase of bishops' lands.
▪ It often saves large sums in absenteeism and recruitment as companies retain a better workforce.
▪ This will require them to deal with complex legal questions and to control large sums of money.
▪ The Crown needed larger sums for longer periods than London financiers could provide.
▪ Retail and wholesale banks alike raise large sums of money on this market, and lend their surpluses there.
▪ Other Defences Consent People can - and often do for large sums of money - agree to be defamed.
modest
▪ It was a very modest sum for Helmut.
▪ In fact, investing had been on my mind because of a modest sum of money that had unexpectedly come my way.
▪ Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.
▪ Yet this one modest sum brings you some remarkable advantages.
▪ It is £1,685.02, a fairly modest sum after nearly seven years of investment.
▪ Added to which, these were simple people who worked hard for modest sums of money.
nominal
▪ He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.
▪ It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.
▪ These were leased for a nominal sum from a very understanding Tangmere Parish Council.
paltry
▪ Little of these paltry sums is likely to be new money, most being sliced off existing allocations.
▪ But the total amount of helium-3 in Uranus and Neptune is vastly larger than this paltry sum.
▪ That is why men and women come on these schemes for such a paltry sum.
princely
▪ Our local CAA-approved doctor charges the princely sum of £65 for similar services.
▪ Like the other outreach workers Saturday, Harris earned the princely sum of $ 24 for her hours of outreach.
▪ And young activists can win the princely sum of £100 if they come up with the winning slogan.
▪ Eventually, they were returned to Quedlinburg, but not before the heirs of Joe Meador had collected a princely sum.
▪ This was a princely sum in the year of our Lord, 1926.
▪ Tim is doing a one-year cabinetmaking course with me and paying a princely sum for the pleasure of doing it.
▪ The result was that it had been increased only twice and now stood at the princely sum of £30.
▪ They would happily pay out princely sums for completely new garments made from superior imported cloths.
small
▪ His Milton and Dante fetch pathetically small sums in comparison with the labour and skill they cost.
▪ Others took in smaller sums, but it added up.
▪ Even putting by a relatively small sum on a regular basis can lead to a healthy nest-egg after a few years.
▪ They insist there is no pot of gold, but relatively small sums at best.
▪ There are few more cost-effective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.
▪ This meant that even customers with small sums of money could he made to do large pieces of business.
▪ Two large denomination bills on top, the rest a small sum.
▪ Plenty of managers have had spectacular short-term records when they ran relatively small sums.
substantial
▪ As you would expect, a project of this kind requires substantial sums of money to set up.
▪ People have gained confidence in sending substantial sums off to unseen institutions and working with them long-distance.
▪ The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.
▪ He managed to raise 200, 000 pesos, a substantial sum in those days, to begin his religious order.
▪ He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum.
▪ Now careless loss of a substantial sum of money.
▪ It has redrawn the boundaries between the public and private sectors in favour of the latter and raised substantial sums for the Treasury.
▪ For those businesses requiring substantial sums of cash it is often appropriate to provide these from our Cash centres.
tidy
▪ Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.
▪ Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.
▪ Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?
▪ And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
▪ These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪ Still, I should be coming in for a tidy sum of compensation.
total
▪ Klein reports that the total sums spent began a slow rise from the 1970s, reaching £39 million by 1983.
▪ Next they weighed each new shopping plan against their total sum of money.
▪ Each school received figures showing how the total sum available to them had been allocated under different headings.
▪ But this total sum is distributed very unevenly among the schools.
▪ The total sum is then debited to your Current Account.
▪ The report also says that the total sum spent on improvements is far less than required.
▪ In the case of unspecified valuables, there is a total sum insured and a separate single article limit.
▪ The normal premium is about 10 percent of the total sum insured.
undisclosed
▪ Disney said yesterday it had reached a settlement with one group of contractors for an undisclosed sum.
▪ Koutros' attorney, Steven Thaler, said the case had been settled last year for an undisclosed sum.
▪ Darlington conservatory maker Amdega bought a Staffordshire-based rival for an undisclosed sum.
▪ Acquired by Houston from San Antonio for an undisclosed sum on Feb. 21, 1990.
▪ Boots is selling Fine Art Wallcoverings to its management for an undisclosed sum.
▪ However, he settled the case for an undisclosed sum in 1992.
▪ Disney has an option to buy the entire 140, 000 square-foot site from Slough Estates for an undisclosed sum.
vast
▪ Creditors and investors stood to lose vast sums.
▪ Rather than expending vast sums on political posturing, we may in-stead choose to invest in potentially profitable space enterprises.
▪ Shoppers will have more in their pockets and it will not cost companies vast sums to borrow for expansion.
▪ And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.
▪ Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.
▪ Most businesses, especially small businesses, can not afford to squander vast sums of money on such refined legalistic nit-picking.
▪ Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.
▪ Her father had bought it for a vast sum from a sailor in a pub.
■ VERB
add
▪ Marcella Tate came to the Incident Room and made her statement which added nothing to the sum of their knowledge.
▪ But nobody fuses much over daily expenditures on sales and gasoline taxes -- even though they add up to large sums annually.
▪ Equally it has to be acknowledged that misguided and failed protest has added to the sum of human misery.
▪ But the whole doesn't always add up to the sum of its mostly clever parts.
▪ This one is well researched, but I question whether it adds much to the sum total of our knowledge about Wellington.
give
▪ When I accepted he suggested I might like to give him a certain sum to help the wine flow.
▪ If a fire department were given a lump sum budget and allowed to keep any savings, these incentives would change.
▪ Some state schools have followed the example of the independent schools in asking parents to give covenanted sums.
▪ Had she wanted it, the Loreto Order would certainly have given her a reasonable sum to cover her expenses.
▪ Should you wish to give away substantial sums of money which will reduce your savings you should notify the Department.
▪ If they gave you ten sums, you were allowed to get only one wrong.
▪ From each performance they were given either a fixed sum or collected money from the crowd for charity.
▪ What if I wish to give a sum of capital or a sum in excess of my annual taxable income?
invest
▪ Major record companies invest vast sums of money in new artists every year.
▪ The followers of this cult are, nevertheless, looking to the future and investing considerable sums of money in it.
▪ First, whether you are investing a lump sum or saving from income, you can never start too soon.
▪ I am 74 years old and when I retired in 1982 I invested my lump sum pension with a brokerage.
▪ There are few more cost-effective ways to invest relatively small sums of money than reinstating the support funding for tourism.
▪ He has done well before and now wants to invest a large sum of money in your operation.
▪ He is set to front a new rescue package, with a mystery backer ready to invest a substantial sum.
▪ You can either invest both the original sum and interest for another fixed term.
involve
▪ Reinstating a siding at Bedale would involve a five-figure sum.
▪ The management offer involves a lump sum payment of £300 and a pay rise of about £8 a week from next July.
▪ You will also handle projects involving large sums of public money.
▪ For all the children, the best indicator of response time was the size of the smaller number involved in the sum.
pay
▪ Lawyers are really expert at making you pay enormous sums for their advice.
▪ Courts don't pay out vast sums of money for ruined holidays.
▪ The firm had just paid him a fantastic sum of money.
▪ If we are to pay out a large sum to cover the last cargo there must be some corroboration.
▪ In addition the government would pay an annual sum equivalent to 6 percent interest on the transferred stock.
▪ They paid large sums to secure their pitches.
▪ Clubs will pay sums of four figures as secret bonuses or salary top-ups to their star players.
raise
▪ At subsequent Forest Eyres in other counties the judges were clearly determined to raise large sums by fining the forest landowners.
▪ The only alternative to raising huge sums of money is to have it already.
▪ Such accommodation can often be let on a long lease or sold to raise a capital sum.
▪ Fund-raisers used fears of destruction to raise the prodigious sums that fueled the entire machine.
▪ This kind of flotation to raise large capital sums has already been seen in cases such as Bairstow Eves and Connells.
▪ And I recognize now that Kathie Lee is above all a humanitarian who raises vast sums for good causes.
▪ Though he may never have visited Leighton, he raised a considerable sum of money to repair the church.
▪ Several dozen staffers worked in administration and finance, raising the ever-growing sums needed to keep the machine running.
receive
▪ She also received a cash lump sum from her Personal Accident Policy.
▪ Dear Help Wanted: I may be receiving a lump sum of money to settle a workers' compensation claim.
▪ Participating organisations will receive modest sums to defray recruiting, training and reporting costs.
▪ Under a block grant approach, each state would receive a lump sum to be divided any way the state chose.
▪ The average partner received a lump sum of $ 7. 8 million from the sale.
spend
▪ Format Many public libraries now spend large sums on paperbacks, and budget for them separately.
▪ He spent extravagant sums for blockbuster articles by and about celebrities, and launched a circulation war against Life and Look.
▪ The major companies operating in these markets spend huge sums on marketing in order to promote their products globally.
▪ In mass transit, private bus companies spend considerable sums to influence legislatures, to get and keep their contracts.
▪ Yet to win the big audiences that would attract advertising, the companies had to spend large sums on attractive programmes.
▪ Minna had spent a considerable sum of money on me and I could not die a swindler.
▪ The field officer, after all, has the power to make a discharger spend a substantial sum of money.
▪ The Church argued that it was not worth spending such high sums on the building's repair.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a goodly number/sum/amount etc
▪ It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.
▪ Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.
▪ The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.
a tidy sum/profit
▪ In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of $350,000.
▪ And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
▪ Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.
▪ Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.
▪ He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.
▪ Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.
▪ These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪ Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling re-issued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.
▪ Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?
nominal sum/charge/fee etc
▪ A red cotton T-shirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.
▪ He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.
▪ Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.
▪ It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.
▪ The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.
▪ Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.
▪ Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.
▪ Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.
the sum assured
▪ If you are aged over 55, Family Assurance Society will reduce the sum assured by £20 for each year above 55.
▪ If you can not complete the declaration without qualification, the sum assured may also have to be reduced under your Bond.
the sum total
▪ In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.
▪ In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.
▪ Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.
▪ Is that the sum total of the charges against me?
▪ That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.
▪ The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and man-made.
▪ They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ a lump-sum payment
▪ A purse containing a small sum of money was found at Guildhall Square on March 20.
▪ Apple has spent huge sums in its drive to penetrate new markets.
▪ He offered to purchase the estate for the sum of $80,000.
▪ Instead of paying him a regular pension, they gave him a lump sum when he retired.
▪ It'll be quicker if I use a calculator for these sums.
▪ My uncle left me a small sum of money when he died.
▪ She and the other workers received the princely sum of $14 for the evening's work.
▪ She left a small sum of money to her two granddaughters.
▪ She puts away small sums of money when she can afford to.
▪ Stars like Chaplin earned $2000 a week, which was an enormous sum in those days.
▪ The apartment cost over $25,000, which was an enormous sum in those days.
▪ The case was settled for an undisclosed sum last year.
▪ They are asking $40 for the new software, almost twice the sum it costs when bought via the Internet.
▪ We had to do some really hard sums today.
▪ You can receive your bonus in monthly instalments, or as a lump sum.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ A lump sum would be paid to a trade association or similar body.
▪ But when all had been settled, it seemed that Phil could expect a sum of only about six thousand pounds.
▪ If it is less than £1.05 a week, it will be paid as a lump sum once a year.
▪ Take your pension in lump sum rather than in monthly checks.
▪ This sum will be doubled up to £80,000, if both husband and wife die as a result of the same accident.
▪ This procedure applies to actions brought for the recovery of a sum, in either contract or tort, not exceeding £1000.
II.verbCOLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADVERB
up
▪ Reading the judge's summing up, they were obviously about to do so.
▪ But to sum up, he is beginning to feel that lawyers have contributed significantly to the disintegration of our country.
▪ She prefaces her book with an attempt to sum up the whole hideous story.
▪ That suggested strategy comes at a time when the Dole campaign is concerned about two words that sum up the campaign.
▪ To sum up, here are some of the benefits a Mercantile Credit Personal Loan offers.
▪ And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.
▪ To sum up, a translator can not always follow the thematic organization of the original.
■ NOUN
judge
▪ The judge has been summing up the case against Harper and the jury will consider the case against him tomorrow.
▪ The judge will sum up the evidence tomorrow before asking the jury to consider a verdict.
■ VERB
seem
▪ And there was a little argument between two security men about some detail of crowd positioning that seemed to sum up everything.
▪ It's a work that must have seemed to sum up the traumas of the war years and their aftermath for you?
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a goodly number/sum/amount etc
▪ It seems fair to assume that she will attract the attention of a goodly number of our countrymen.
▪ Small Dave had spent a goodly amount of time impressing upon him the importance of finding a camel.
▪ The Thatcher Years have been splendid ones for a goodly number of golf members throughout this Royal and Ancient land of ours.
a tidy sum/profit
▪ In 1899, the mansion cost the tidy sum of $350,000.
▪ And, if my memory serves me right, you stand to rake in a tidy sum on that.
▪ Chief Auctioneer, Michael Welch, suggests that silver, brass or other trinkets could well fetch a tidy sum.
▪ Even allowing for what they would have lost on laundering the proceeds, there should have been a tidy sum.
▪ He has sold no less than five cars, each one at a tidy profit.
▪ Nevertheless that blip was long enough for some one to make a tidy profit.
▪ These represented a tidy sum, not a great fortune but enough for her to be comfortably off.
▪ Until now they have made a tidy profit from selling re-issued pop hits from the fifties, sixties and seventies.
▪ Would we be right in thinking, a tidy sum?
nominal sum/charge/fee etc
▪ A red cotton T-shirt or running vest is available at a nominal charge of £1.00 together with sponsorship forms.
▪ He applied for a grant of land and this was sold to him for a nominal sum.
▪ Homes for the elderly were shut, and formerly nominal charges increased and extended.
▪ It would save money simply to give the pits to the miners for a nominal sum, say £1.
▪ The local agents provide an extensive catalogue of programs available at a nominal charge.
▪ Those registered users of Word for Windows requiring the upgrade can obtain it from Microsoft for a nominal fee of £7.75inc.VAT.
▪ Traditionally, the people's singing has been delegated to a choir which is generally paid a nominal fee.
▪ Under the program, the government sold shares to citizens for a nominal fee to quickly transform state enterprises into private companies.
the sum total
▪ In his eyes I amount to nothing, much, much less than the sum total of him.
▪ In the orthodox view the illness is considered to be the sum total of the symptoms and signs which it produces.
▪ Indeed, the whole is considered to constitute more than just the sum total of its parts.
▪ Is that the sum total of the charges against me?
▪ That was the sum total of my formal education for the craft.
▪ The built environment therefore equates to the sum total of all the assembled items which surround us, both natural and man-made.
▪ They create the illusion that they are the sum total of their own accomplishments.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Ask the task orientated member to regularly sum up where the meeting has reached.
▪ It is possible to sum up the Pauline arguments in terms of two directives.
▪ Three words to sum up the feelings of the Hereford fans on Saturday.