Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
String \String\ (str[i^]ng), n. [OE. string, streng, AS. streng; akin to D. streng, G. strang, Icel. strengr, Sw. str["a]ng, Dan. str[ae]ng; probably from the adj., E. strong (see Strong); or perhaps originally meaning, twisted, and akin to E. strangle.]
A small cord, a line, a twine, or a slender strip of leather, or other substance, used for binding together, fastening, or tying things; a cord, larger than a thread and smaller than a rope; as, a shoe string; a bonnet string; a silken string.
Round Ormond's knee thou tiest the mystic string.
A thread or cord on which a number of objects or parts are strung or arranged in close and orderly succession; hence, a line or series of things arranged on a thread, or as if so arranged; a succession; a concatenation; a chain; as, a string of shells or beads; a string of dried apples; a string of houses; a string of arguments. ``A string of islands.''
A strip, as of leather, by which the covers of a book are held together.
The cord of a musical instrument, as of a piano, harp, or violin; specifically (pl.), the stringed instruments of an orchestra, in distinction from the wind instruments; as, the strings took up the theme. ``An instrument of ten strings.''
--Ps. xxx. iii. 2.
Me softer airs befit, and softer strings Of lute, or viol still.
The line or cord of a bow.
--Ps. xi. 2.
He twangs the grieving string.
A fiber, as of a plant; a little, fibrous root.
Duckweed putteth forth a little string into the water, from the bottom.
A nerve or tendon of an animal body.
The string of his tongue was loosed.
--Mark vii. 35.
(Shipbuilding) An inside range of ceiling planks, corresponding to the sheer strake on the outside and bolted to it.
(Bot.) The tough fibrous substance that unites the valves of the pericap of leguminous plants, and which is readily pulled off; as, the strings of beans.
(Mining) A small, filamentous ramification of a metallic vein.
(Arch.) Same as Stringcourse.
(Billiards) The points made in a game.
In various indoor games, a score or tally, sometimes, as in American billiard games, marked by buttons threaded on a string or wire.
In various games, competitions, etc., a certain number of turns at play, of rounds, etc.
(Billiards & Pool)
The line from behind and over which the cue ball must be played after being out of play as by being pocketed or knocked off the table; -- called also string line.
Act of stringing for break.
A hoax; a trumped-up or ``fake'' story. [Slang]
a sequence of similar objects or events sufficiently close in time or space to be perceived as a group; a string of accidents; a string of restaurants on a highway.
(Physics) A one-dimensional string-like mathematical object used as a means of representing the properties of fundamental particles in string theory, one theory of particle physics; such hypothetical objects are one-dimensional and very small (10^ -33 cm) but exist in more than four spatial dimensions, and have various modes of vibration. Considering particles as strings avoids some of the problems of treating particles as points, and allows a unified treatment of gravity along with the other three forces (electromagnetism, the weak force, and the strong force) in a manner consistent with quantum mechanics. See also string theory. String band (Mus.), a band of musicians using only, or chiefly, stringed instruments. String beans.
A dish prepared from the unripe pods of several kinds of beans; -- so called because the strings are stripped off.
Any kind of beans in which the pods are used for cooking before the seeds are ripe; usually, the low bush bean.
To have two strings to one's bow, to have a means or expedient in reserve in case the one employed fails.
String \String\, v. i. To form into a string or strings, as a substance which is stretched, or people who are moving along, etc.
String \String\ (str[i^]ng), v. t. [imp. Strung (str[u^]ng); p. p. Strung (R. Stringed (str[i^]ngd)); p. pr. & vb. n. Stringing.]
To furnish with strings; as, to string a violin.
Has not wise nature strung the legs and feet With firmest nerves, designed to walk the street?
To put in tune the strings of, as a stringed instrument, in order to play upon it.
For here the Muse so oft her harp has strung, That not a mountain rears its head unsung.
To put on a string; to file; as, to string beads.
To make tense; to strengthen.
Toil strung the nerves, and purified the blood.
To deprive of strings; to strip the strings from; as, to string beans. See String, n., 9.
To hoax; josh; jolly; often used with along; as, we strung him along all day until he realized we were kidding.
String (computer science)
In computer programming, a string is traditionally a sequence of characters, either as a literal constant or as some kind of variable. The latter may allow its elements to be mutated and the length changed, or it may be fixed (after creation). A string is generally understood as a data type and is often implemented as an array of bytes (or words) that stores a sequence of elements, typically characters, using some character encoding. A string may also denote more general arrays or other sequence (or list) data types and structures.
Depending on programming language and precise data type used, a variable declared to be a string may either cause storage in memory to be statically allocated for a predetermined maximum length or employ dynamic allocation to allow it to hold variable number of elements.
When a string appears literally in source code, it is known as a string literal or an anonymous string.
In molecular biology, STRING (Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins) is a biological database and web resource of known and predicted protein–protein interactions.
The STRING database contains information from numerous sources, including experimental data, computational prediction methods and public text collections. It is freely accessible and it is regularly updated. The resource also serves to highlight functional enrichments in user-provided lists of proteins, using a number of functional classification systems such as GO, Pfam and KEGG. The latest version 10.0 contains information on about 9.6 millions proteins from more than 2000 organisms. STRING has been developed by a consortium of academic institutions including CPR, EMBL, KU, SIB, TUD and UZH.
A string is the vibrating element that produces sound in string instruments such as the guitar, harp, piano ( piano wire), and members of the violin family. Strings are lengths of a flexible material that a musical instrument holds under tension so that they can vibrate freely, but controllably. Strings may be "plain" (consisting only of a single material, like steel, nylon, or gut). "Wound" strings have a "core" of one material, with an overwinding of other materials. This is to make the string vibrate at the desired pitch, while maintaining a low profile and sufficient flexibility for playability.
In physics, a string is a physical phenomenon that appears in string theory and related subjects. Unlike elementary particles, which are zero-dimensional or point-like by definition, strings are one-dimensional extended objects. Theories in which the fundamental objects are strings rather than point particles automatically have many properties that some physicists expect to hold in a fundamental theory of physics. Most notably, a theory of strings that evolve and interact according to the rules of quantum mechanics will automatically describe quantum gravity.
In string theory, the strings may be open (forming a segment with two endpoints) or closed (forming a loop like a circle) and may have other special properties. Prior to 1995, there were five known versions of string theory incorporating the idea of supersymmetry, which differed in the type of strings and in other aspects. Today these different string theories are thought to arise as different limiting cases of a single theory called M-theory.
In theories of particle physics based on string theory, the characteristic length scale of strings is typically on the order of the Planck length, the scale at which the effects of quantum gravity are believed to become significant. On much larger length scales, such as the scales visible in physics laboratories, such objects would be indistinguishable from zero-dimensional point particles, and the vibrational state of the string would determine the type of particle. Strings are also sometimes studied in nuclear physics where they are used to model flux tubes.
As it propagates through spacetime, a string sweeps out a two-dimensional surface called its worldsheet. This is analogous to the one-dimensional worldline traced out by a point particle. The physics of a string is described by means of a two-dimensional conformal field theory associated with the worldsheet. The formalism of two dimensional conformal field theory also has many applications outside of string theory, for example in condensed matter physics and parts of pure mathematics.
n. 1 (context countable English) A long, thin and flexible structure made from threads twisted together. 2 (context uncountable English) Such a structure considered as a substance. 3 (context countable English) Any similar long, thin and flexible object. 4 A thread or cord on which a number of objects or parts are strung or arranged in close and orderly succession; hence, a line or series of things arranged on a thread, or as if so arranged. 5 (context countable English) A cohesive substance taking the form of a string. 6 (context countable English) A series of items or events. 7 (context countable English) In various games and competitions, a certain number of turns at play, of rounds, etc. 8 (context countable computing English) An ordered sequence of text characters stored consecutively in memory and capable of being processed as a single entity. 9 (context music countable English) A stringed instrument. 10 (context music usually in plural English) The stringed instruments as a section of an orchestra, especially those played by a bow, or the persons playing those instruments. 11 (context in the plural English) The conditions and limitations in a contract collecively. (compare no strings attached) 12 (context countable physics English) the main object of study in string theory, a branch of theoretical physics 13 (context slang English) cannabis or marijuana 14 Part of the game of billiards, where the order of the play is determined by testing who can get a ball closest to the bottom rail by shooting it onto the end rail. 15 The points made in a game of billiards. 16 (cx billiards pool English) The line from behind and over which the cue ball must be played after being out of play, as by being pocketed or knocked off the table; also called the ''string line''. 17 A strip, as of leather, by which the covers of a book are held together. 18 A fibre, as of a plant; a little fibrous root. 19 A nerve or tendon of an animal body. 20 (context shipbuilding English) An inside range of ceiling planks, corresponding to the sheer strake on the outside and bolted to it. 21 (context botany English) The tough fibrous substance that unites the valves of the pericarp of leguminous plants. 22 (context mining English) A small, filamentous ramification of a metallic vein. 23 (context architecture English) A stringcourse. 24 (cx dated slang English) A hoax; a fake story. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To put (items) on a string. 2 (context transitive English) To put strings on (something). 3 (cx intransitive English) To form into a string or strings, as a substance which is stretched, or people who are moving along, etc.
add as if on a string; "string these ideas together"; "string up these songs and you'll have a musical" [syn: string up]
move or come along [syn: string along]
stretch out or arrange like a string
string together; tie or fasten with a string; "string the package"
remove the stringy parts of; "string beans"
provide with strings; "string my guitar" [ant: unstring]
n. a lightweight cord [syn: twine]
stringed instruments that are played with a bow; "the strings played superlatively well" [syn: bowed stringed instrument]
a tightly stretched cord of wire or gut, which makes sound when plucked, struck, or bowed
a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding; "a string of islands"; "train of mourners"; "a train of thought" [syn: train]
a linear sequence of symbols (characters or words or phrases)
a collection of objects threaded on a single strand
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1400, "to fit a bow with a string," from string (n.). Meaning "to thread (beads, etc.) on a string" is from 1610s. Of musical instruments from 1520s (stringed instrument is from c.1600). To string (someone) along is slang from 1902; string (v.) in the sense "deceive" is attested in British dialect from c.1812; perhaps ultimately from the musical instrument sense and with a notion of "to 'tune' someone (for some purpose)." Related: Stringed (later strung); stringing.
Old English streng "line, cord, thread, string of a bow or harp," in plural "tackle, rigging; lineage, race," from Proto-Germanic *strangiz (cognates: Old Norse strengr, Danish streng, Middle Dutch strenge, Dutch streng, Old High German strang, German Strang "rope, cord"), from *strang- "taut, stiff," from PIE root *strenk- "tight, narrow." Gradually restricted by early Middle English to lines that are smaller than a rope. Sense of "a number of objects arranged in a line" first recorded late 15c.\n
\nOld English meaning "ligaments, tendons" is preserved in hamstring, heartstrings. Meaning "limitations, stipulations" (1888) is American English, probably from the common April Fool's joke of leaving a purse that appears to be full of money on the sidewalk, then tugging it away with an attached string when someone stoops to pick it up.\n
\nTo pull strings "control the course of affairs" (1860) is from the notion of puppet theater. First string, second string, etc. in athletics (1863) is from archers' custom of carrying spare bowstrings in the event that one breaks. Strings "stringed instruments" is attested from mid-14c. String bean is from 1759; string bikini is from 1974.
Usage examples of "string".
Malink was hurling a string of native curses at Abo, who looked as if he would burst into tears any second.
We would need an accelerator to slam matter together with energies some million billion times more powerful than any previously constructed in order to reveal directly that a string is not a point-particle.
As our most powerful particle accelerators can reach energies only on the order of a thousand times the proton mass, less than a millionth of a billionth of the Planck energy, we are very far from being able to search in the laboratory for any of these new particles predicted by string theory.
And in the Fifth Symphony, one of those in which he called for no vocal performers, he nevertheless managed to vary and expand the conventional suite by preceding the first allegro with a march, and separating and relieving the gargantuan scherzo and rondo with an adagietto for strings alone.
There was a small amount of sulphurous light from the street lights strung along the se afront path, and I saw Danny climbing the metal steps over the sea wall.
Beany crep out esy and hunted round til we found the string and we tide it agen as tite as we cood and then we crep back into the porch and peeked through the window.
In the alameda a few small tin foldingtables had been set out and young girls were stringing paper ribbon overhead.
Water dripped from the trees in the alameda and the crepe hung in soggy strings.
Pausing to tune the harp, he snapped the string and, after a tense, whispered exchange with Alec, rose and bowed to the mayor.
Stepping away as far as he could, Alec pulled the harp string from his tunic and waved it like a pass.
But it was Alec, another arrow ready on the string, who stepped from tyim Flewelling the trees.
He handed Alec the silver ring, and strung the seal around his own neck on a bit of string.
Boca experience, and many restaurants in town offered alfresco seating beneath palm trees whose trunks and fronds were studded with strings of tiny white lights.
They were roped together with a string, they had mimic alpenstocks and ice-axes, and were climbing a meek and lowly manure-pile with a most blood-curdling amount of care and caution.
The article practically accused the Grand Dame Alpha of violating clan trust to pull strings for her granddaughter.