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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

stress

I.noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a debt/stress etc counsellor (=helping with debt, stress etc problems)
▪ A debt counsellor has been helping the family.
ease the pain/stress/tension
▪ He’ll give you something to ease the pain.
emphasize/stress the importance of sth
▪ I'd like to emphasize the importance of reading exam questions carefully.
post-traumatic stress disorder
primary stress
relieve stress
▪ Don’t resort to alcohol to relieve your stress.
secondary stress
stress fracture
▪ a stress fracture in his left knee
stress level
▪ I find exercise helps with my stress levels.
stress mark
stress/emphasize/underline the need for sth (=say how important it is)
▪ He stressed the need for better training courses.
stresses and strains
▪ Holidays help people to cope with the stresses and strains of life.
undue pressure/stress/strain etc
▪ Exercise gently and avoid putting yourself under undue strain.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
considerable
▪ Frequent meetings and possible disagreements can cause considerable stress.
▪ My family was under considerable stress.
▪ In use the sled comes under considerable stress.
▪ Their customers often come to them under considerable stress, dependent, short of money, embarrassed and afraid of rejection.
▪ Compared to gases and liquids, solids can withstand considerable external stress.
▪ Physical fitness also provides considerable protection against stress and the illnesses it can cause.
emotional
▪ Be prepared to reconsider the likelihood of emotional stresses and strains.
▪ Hemifacial spasm is not psychogenic as was commonly thought in the past, although it may be aggravated by emotional stress.
▪ A person who is mentally ill has a temporary ailment, a condition brought about by emotional stress.
▪ Also the emotional stress placed on families with special-needs children can bring on abuse or neglect.
▪ Not surprisingly, most studies have concerned themselves with ill effect, notably that of emotional stress.
▪ Drugs, hormones, food, distension, and emotional stress elicit exaggerated motor responses.
▪ It all caused me severe emotional stress and a career setback.
▪ Like other terms associated with emotional states, stress is difficult to define and varies from person to person.
great
▪ Moreover, death is a time of great stress to those you love most.
▪ The greater the stress reaction, the more likely it is that your body will be strained.
▪ State-owned industries, already shaken by lay-offs and closures, will come under even greater stress from international competition.
▪ For you must remember that each day was a day of great stress with him.
▪ Teachers believe that their interaction with pupils and the disciplinary problems which arise are the greatest source of stress in their work.
▪ As at every other point of great stress, I got sick.
▪ As a result, modern marriages are under a great deal of stress.
▪ Many other sports, with a greater stress on grace and timing, require much less physical or hormonal deformation.
high
▪ These two attributes together would mean that a high level of stress would cause the individual to become overwhelmed.
▪ The hardware is tested for composition, durability and thickness under high stress.
▪ But against this, the engines are subjected to higher stresses at supersonic speeds.
▪ The family matter weighs heavily on him, and he is probably sensing high levels of stress and embarrassment.
▪ This corresponded to a higher stress than had ever been observed before in tin and perhaps in any other metal.
▪ Invariably, the guys who are not making time away with their wives are feeling the highest levels of stress.
▪ If this is high the layers deform quasi-uniformly though with high shear stresses at the interfaces.
mental
▪ What was to be done for Liselotte, who showed signs of severe mental stress from the age of five?
▪ Kip was tired, exhausted not from physical exertion or mental stress, but from inactivity.
▪ Although the mechanism is not understood, mental stress also seems to make eczema and urticaria worse.
▪ But is the consent valid, coming as it does from some one who is under severe mental stress?
▪ Unfortunately the mental stresses we have to deal with nowadays usually require less physical solutions.
▪ Although I still suffer from headaches, it takes a lot more physical and mental stress before it manifests.
▪ More usually, however, the mental effects of stress are subtle and insidious.
▪ If you are suffering from mental or emotional stress, your body will be adversely affected.
primary
▪ Obviously, single-syllable words present no problems - if they are pronounced in isolation they are said with primary stress.
▪ The goal is to determine if that relationship, not the job, is the primary cause of stress.
▪ When stress is being discussed, the mark indicates primary stress and indicates secondary stress.
▪ If both primary and secondary stress need to be marked it can be done like this: demonstration. 5.2.3.
▪ When is primary stress placed on the first word of the compound and when on the second?
psychological
▪ Consequently they also illustrated higher rates of psychological anxiety and stress than spouse carers.
▪ By implication, Walshe was clearly stating that a genetic readiness plus a long-term psychological stress results in cancer.
▪ Theoretical Basis of Relaxation Training Relaxation induces physiological effects opposite in nature to those induced by psychological stress.
▪ Naturally, most people thrown out of work do not like it and suffer psychological stress.
▪ Some patients may require psychological help or stress management skills, but simple supportive psychotherapy by the attending physician can be salutary.
▪ There are also new pressures on individuals, including both personal and psychological stresses.
▪ Working towards incompatible goals can cause a great deal of psychological stress.
▪ A high level of concern about children was the main factor in psychological stress among men as well as women.
traumatic
▪ She suffers from post-#traumatic stress, which makes it impossible to work.
▪ Counselors will work with people who have post- traumatic stress disorder.
▪ The movement's struggle with authorities to help the victims of post-#traumatic stress disorder and Agent Orange had undeniable significance.
undue
▪ The conference also approved resolutions to cut class sizes and protect teachers from undue stress.
▪ Remember that knots weaken line so avoid undue stress.
▪ Everything was meant to have been thought out and planned, and woe betide any signs of undue excitement or stress.
▪ Before assembling the back, it is best to level the feet to avoid any undue stress on any particular leg.
▪ Can the software be readily and integrated into the syllabus without undue stress?
■ NOUN
disorder
▪ The movement's struggle with authorities to help the victims of post-traumatic stress disorder and Agent Orange had undeniable significance.
▪ Post-traumatic stress disorder is key to the brothers' defense.
▪ Counselors will work with people who have post- traumatic stress disorder.
▪ All maintain they have never recovered from the incident and suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
▪ During cross-examination by Abramson, Dietz agreed that that condition shares symptoms with post-traumatic stress disorder.
▪ Under the standard criteria, the children did not qualify for a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder.
fracture
▪ Full-back Tony Clement is also out after suffering a stress fracture of the right ankle and is replaced by Mike Rayer.
▪ But she also suffered a second stress fracture to her tibia last season.
▪ The Rangers ace suffered a stress fracture of the right knee after a late tackle in the recent 1-1 draw at Broomfield.
▪ Ratliff is expected to miss at least three more weeks with a stress fracture of the right wrist.
▪ The problem is believed to be either an Achilles tendon strain or a stress fracture of the right foot.
▪ Terrell Owens will play with a stress fracture in his foot.
▪ The most bothersome injury may be the stress fracture suffered by defensive tackle Brandon Whiting before camp began.
▪ Each player has started this season because Richardson missed the first 17 games with a stress fracture in his left foot.
level
▪ The residual stress so created enables the bond to release the grains at predetermined stress levels.
▪ How much did he slow down the Mac effort, instead of advancing it, by ratcheting up the stress level?
▪ The stress level in the newsroom was high.
▪ As the stress level goes up or as anxiety increases, one is more prone to sleeplessness.
▪ What can you do to relieve your own stress levels?.
▪ And the field is incredibly competitive, which increases the stress level.
▪ Colic and ulcers seem to relate more to general stress levels rather than to poor or erratic feeding.
▪ Flexible scheduling has been a life-saver which has reduced the overall stress levels in our lives immeasurably.
management
▪ Some patients may benefit from a stress management programme, while severe cases may require the multidisciplinary services of a pain clinic.
▪ Besides stress management, the McKinney twins also struggled with independent thinking.
▪ The first approach concerned a stress management clinic advertising a consultant psychologist.
▪ Progressive organisations are taking stress management education available to all their staff.
▪ They should be offered relaxation therapy and stress management, and advice on diet and exercise, he said.
▪ Some patients may require psychological help or stress management skills, but simple supportive psychotherapy by the attending physician can be salutary.
▪ The experience of stress and stress management.
▪ Assertiveness, stress management and time management are topics covered annually by a professional tutor on national training days.
■ VERB
add
▪ Not to have made a Will can only add to that stress.
▪ He was also frequently ill with bronchitis and colds, adding to the stress.
▪ Such fears, anger and other feelings can add to the natural stress of being ill, and stress can be exhausting.
▪ A pregnancy undertaken at a time of serious illness or death of a family member will bear added stress.
▪ Several other elements add to the stress which these tensions bring into our schools.
▪ Another criticism of the Leeds adjournment system was that it added further stress to socially disadvantaged people already living under stressful conditions.
cause
▪ There is much speculation now that Graf's frequent illnesses at the biggest events are caused largely by stress.
▪ Too much disturbance can cause stress and disease.
▪ Frequent meetings and possible disagreements can cause considerable stress.
▪ For some time it has been suspected that these voltages affect aquarium fish, causing stress and possibly disease.
▪ Her long and anxious wait for breakfast had caused her so much stress, that she had developed colic and died.
▪ This threw his weight on to the outside of the feet which affected his whole balance, causing excessive stress throughout his entire body.
▪ Ann Black says it will cause some stress for students hoping to ring today.
▪ Other events may cause the stress tap to turn on much quicker.
cope
▪ Anxious clients can be taught to cope with stress.
▪ To survive, they learned to cope with the stresses associated with negative feedback and emotions.
▪ The problem is, how do you cope with stress?
▪ Do they cope well with stress?
▪ But coping with stress seems to be a dawdle for McBride.
▪ Some hospitals have programs to help their employees cope with the stress.
▪ Diverse ways of coping with the stress caused by illness will be identified and any links with self-esteem investigated.
▪ An early, major order of business was learning to cope with the stresses and intense emotions of becoming a manager.
create
▪ This is the part of the counselling process which many dislike because it necessarily creates stress and anxiety in the counsellee.
▪ Noise can create a level of stress so unnerving that it can suppress intelligence and creativity.
▪ Rapid social change sweeps away centuries-old ways of doing things, creating stress and insecurity.
▪ Neil and Amsale have also avoided the kind of overparenting that creates unnecessary stress.
▪ These and other factors combine in various ways to create stress in a language.
▪ You create an atmosphere of stress, creative stress, everyone competing to solve one problem.
▪ The need to become confident in one's knowledge about other phases and sectors of education can create stress.
▪ Hearing what you expect to hear can create negative situations and stress in individuals or groups.
deal
▪ Massage is one of the oldest forms of therapy and has become popular for its efficient in dealing with stress.
▪ But the ways people can best deal with their own stress are as varied as the ways in which they express it.
▪ However, there are ways of dealing with stress, handling and overcoming problems.
▪ This means that some attention to internal fatigue levels may also be of help in dealing with stress.
▪ The therapy encouraged crying and venting, figuring out how to face the future, and learning ways to deal with stress.
increase
▪ Perfectionist and obsessional thoughts can also increase stress and cause loss of confidence.
▪ The pressure of seeing hunters wandering cross-country may have increased stress on bighorns there in the past.
▪ Regular exercising not only keeps the body supple; it strengthens heart and lungs and helps increase relaxation and reduces stress.
▪ And the field is incredibly competitive, which increases the stress level.
▪ Poor communication can lead to unhealthy relationships, and unhealthy relationships are likely to increase stress.
▪ They are protected from too much human contact because of studies showing that touching increased their levels of stress.
lay
▪ New legislation lays particular stress on appropriate assessment.
▪ Here we might look at the question why Gandhi should lay so much stress on the interrelation of Truth and ahi.
▪ In addition to the need for humility, discipline and singleminded devotion in the quest for Truth Gandhi lays stress on prayer.
▪ The Government are laying great stress on the possibility of a consumer-led recovery.
▪ She said that her interview had laid stress on personal circumstances rather than experience and qualifications.
▪ He lays particular stress on two consequences of this analysis, both of which are presented as advantages of Marx's theory.
▪ In the matter of ultimate aesthetic evaluation it laid stress on the intuitive response of the general public.
▪ Historically, she has laid much greater stress than her continental neighbours on sophisticated external examinations at the end of compulsory schooling.
place
▪ In the first place it places great stress on individual responsibility.
▪ But it seems that his interest in primitive ritual had led him to place his own stress on life as a ritual.
▪ Advocates of such an interpretation have placed particular stress on the role of the electorate in fuelling party conflict at this time.
▪ He places particular stress upon contextual details which can be interpreted as the Reeve's appropriation of the role of priest.
put
▪ You put too much stress on your laterals, you're going to be really stuffed up.
▪ However, that puts enormous stress on his knees.
▪ It also puts little stress on those problem-solving skills that are vital to the development of village life.
▪ Excessive protein intake can be dangerous, putting stress on the kidneys and causing dehydration.
▪ The posture puts an unnatural stress on the spine and shortens the neck.
▪ Critically, this approach to art production puts the stress on the means of representation as much as the representation itself.
▪ It is true that Franciscan spirituality put new stress on the necessity for integrating action and contemplation.
▪ The problem puts enormous stress on managers.
reduce
▪ So strategically placed Asics Gel can significantly reduce the stress and shock of a run.
▪ He said school districts should reduce teacher paperwork, hire more clerical help and lighten teaching loads to reduce stress.
▪ Time management can reduce stress considerably.
▪ To play as much as he wanted to play, Peter had to find ways to reduce the stress.
▪ Take active steps towards eliminating or reducing this stress.
▪ All textiles that can be stored flat are stored flat, to reduce stress on fragile threads.
▪ Rule 2: reduce stress and increase self-confidence Make yourself familiar with the form of the exam.
▪ Flexible scheduling has been a life-saver which has reduced the overall stress levels in our lives immeasurably.
relieve
▪ Stonehouse, intended to relieve Glasgow's housing stress, was abandoned in 1976.
▪ Massage-Good for general relaxation and to relieve stress buildup in the muscle tissue.
▪ What can you do to relieve your own stress levels?.
▪ Next, learn to pause and de-stress, because relieving stress can save your life!
▪ They also relieve stress on the elbows.
▪ We thought it was a terrific benefit and would relieve a lot of stress.
▪ Don't resort to alcohol to relieve your stress.
▪ The workouts were intended to relieve stress, but they were for vanity, too.
suffer
▪ But the surgeon can suffer from tiredness and stress.
▪ Naturally, most people thrown out of work do not like it and suffer psychological stress.
▪ He suffered from post-traumatic stress because of a lone confrontation with eight youths two years earlier.
▪ Morale dropped as sailors suffered from stress and uncertainty, he said.
▪ Full-back Tony Clement is also out after suffering a stress fracture of the right ankle and is replaced by Mike Rayer.
▪ But she also suffered a second stress fracture to her tibia last season.
▪ The Rangers ace suffered a stress fracture of the right knee after a late tackle in the recent 1-1 draw at Broomfield.
▪ All maintain they have never recovered from the incident and suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
lay emphasis/stress on sth
▪ In addition to the need for humility, discipline and singleminded devotion in the quest for Truth Gandhi lays stress on prayer.
▪ In the matter of ultimate aesthetic evaluation it laid stress on the intuitive response of the general public.
▪ She said that her interview had laid stress on personal circumstances rather than experience and qualifications.
the stress/accent/beat falls on sth
▪ In the word "spoken," the stress falls on the first syllable.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
▪ Air travelers can enjoy stress-free trips if they follow a few guidelines.
▪ Exercise puts stress on bones as well as muscles.
▪ Geoff is having trouble dealing with the emotional stress of his recent divorce.
▪ Her financial problems were causing her a lot of stress.
▪ His wife has also suffered stress-related health problems.
▪ methods for reducing stress
▪ My headaches are caused by stress.
▪ She had been under a lot of stress just before the baby was born.
▪ The city's many parks offer a comforting relief from the stress of modern life.
▪ Workers are under such stress right now, and they have less time to spend relaxing with their families.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Before we go any further we need to define what we mean by stress.
▪ But most just see it as a fun way of relieving stress.
▪ In all the music colleges, particular stress is placed upon the acquisition of high standards of general musicianship.
▪ Officials from one country told Ellena that its citizens had enough stress coping with high unemployment and other transition ills.
▪ She became the first woman to enter the school but withdrew after a few days because of stress.
▪ She will be talking about better ways of communicating and improving one's lifestyle through reduced stress.
▪ State-owned industries, already shaken by lay-offs and closures, will come under even greater stress from international competition.
II.verb
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
aspect
▪ This point is emphasized by social psychologists who stress the rhetorical aspects of attitudes in general.
▪ In my discussions with each of them, I stressed the innovative aspects of the project.
▪ Turning to the evidence, he stressed those aspects of it which told against Meehan and in favour of Waddell.
▪ The norms of citizen behavior found in these texts stress the participant aspects of political culture.
difference
▪ In arguing for autonomy, Osaka's leaders stress cultural differences with Tokyo.
▪ Adults in the Making? 2.2 Developmental studies of childhood stress the difference between children and adults.
▪ The Communists, who were most active in stressing their differences with others were also most active in calling for unity.
▪ Party campaigns tended to stress differences in style and personalities as much as policies.
fact
▪ It is necessary to stress this rather negative fact mainly because of excessive claims that have been made for the new ideas.
importance
▪ Later, eugenicists stressed the importance of teaching women the criteria by which to choose a mate.
▪ First, they stress the importance of the teacher's personal qualities.
▪ Some books and magazine articles recommend a low carbohydrate diet while others stress the importance of a diet low in fat.
▪ He studied the physiological actions of volatile anaesthetics, stressing the importance of quantitive measurement.
▪ Indeed, we shall stress the importance of work organization in change agendas geared towards securing competitive advantage in uncertain market environments.
▪ The Kilbrandon Committee stressed the importance of training for the lay people who would become Panel Members.
▪ The Report stressed the importance of taking children into the curriculum-making process.
nature
▪ Whilst we stress the artificial nature of most time-cues, it would be misleading to suggest that natural light is without effect.
▪ Roosevelt rode out the storm by stressing the temporary nature of the deal.
▪ It is important at this stage to stress the unhealthy nature of avoidance.
▪ The underlying approach of codification in re-forming the law has stressed the mechanistic nature of legal reasoning as essentially a syllogistic exercise.
▪ Marx stressed the apparently impersonal nature of this relation in capitalism.
need
▪ But while recommending such long-term plans, I must stress the need for flexibility.
▪ Since then, other national reports have stressed the need for these kinds of personal and cognitive attributes.
▪ Counselling should seek to present a positive view of retirement, but one which stresses the need for individual commitment and effort.
▪ I can not stress too much the need for self-invention.
▪ Mr Schrempp was also likely to stress the need for co-operation on the part of unions, suppliers and dealers.
▪ In view of this, the committee stressed the need to restrict the availability of highly hazardous pesticides.
▪ He also stressed the need for faster and more sophisticated vessels to combat modern smuggling by sea.
▪ We have already stressed the need for you to keep your notes and assignments in properly labelled and categorised loose-leaf folders.
official
▪ While police continue their investigations into the allegations, council officials stress that the home won't close.
▪ A Justice official stressed that amnesty was one of a range of options considered by the task force.
▪ The officials were eager to stress the mutual interests of our two countries and a future full of cooperation.
pain
▪ He is at pains to stress that conflict, another cause of poverty, resolves nothing.
▪ All three writers are at pains to stress the unquantifiable advantages of purchase as against borrowing.
point
▪ What needs to be stressed at this point is that this evolution is rooted in a very specific historical moment of production.
▪ Public systems, especially education, are stressed to the point of breakdown.
▪ In this particular case, we felt that the documentation did not adequately stress the point.
▪ Although he did not stress the point, he intervened to hold down the price of oil.
▪ He tried to do his best for Lennie by only stressing his good points.
report
▪ Throughout our Report we stressed that the success of the National Curriculum depends on the professional abilities of teachers.
▪ Since then, other national reports have stressed the need for these kinds of personal and cognitive attributes.
▪ Recent reports stressed that training and education would be a stimulus to emigration.
▪ The report also stressed the need for a clear mission for the district.
▪ The report stressed that the original intention of right-to-buy legislation was to enable public sector tenants to purchase the houses they occupied.
▪ The Report stressed the importance of taking children into the curriculum-making process.
▪ The report clearly stresses that the catering industry is more interested in quality than price.
▪ Other reports in March stressed the need for a crash immunization programme to ward off the threat of epidemics.
role
▪ Charles Darwin, in his theory of evolution by means of natural selection, stressed the role of competition.
▪ The plan stressed the role of central planning in the allocation of key materials and products, and in finance.
▪ The constructionist accounts also stress the central role of language and communication in the social process of knowledge.
▪ Economic orthodoxy over the past decade has rightly stressed the role of the private sector in development.
▪ Mr Clarke also stressed the role of schools in combating juvenile crime and demanded more effective treatment of disruptive pupils.
▪ But it gave its inner-city policy a new direction by stressing the role of private enterprise in economic regeneration.
▪ Some of its theories stress the role of local processes, whilst others analyse national structures.
value
▪ As Taylor has stressed: Value is not inherent in, nor is it carried by, an information message.
▪ Brodhead stresses that despite the value of health screening, people need to take responsibility for their own health.
▪ Of course the studio hoped that the film would succeed as melodrama and much of the publicity stressed its entertainment value.
▪ Coming to the subject by way of the biological sciences, she stressed the value of biological principles applied to human geography.
▪ Voice over Meanwhile the pupils stressed the value of the teaching at Grange House.
■ VERB
tend
▪ The claim that balance-of-power theorists tend to stress order or at least stability over justice is probably true.
▪ Private schools tend to stress scholastic skills and concentrate on developing the capacity to pass examinations and on building self-confidence.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ But the general limitations of questions and responses such as these should be stressed.
▪ He was careful to stress that he was talking about public ethics, not private ethics.
▪ I would like to stress that the commercial consideration is only one of many elements and is certainly not the most important.
▪ It looks forward to a greater gift in the future while stressing a real gift in the present.
▪ It should be stressed that no payment is made by the client.
▪ The Republican takeover of Congress deflated that notion, though, and he no longer stresses it.
Wikipedia

Stress

Stress may refer to:

Stress (pop rock band)

Stress was a pop rock band formed in San Diego in 1983.

Stress (card game)

Stress, or Hong Kong is a card game that uses a standard 52-card deck. Because of the rules of the game, it can only be played with a number of people that divides twelve (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, or 12 people). The objective of the game is to get all of a player's piles to have four-of-a-kinds.

Stress (Daddy Freddy album)

Stress is an album by Daddy Freddy.

Stress (Brazilian band)

Stress are a Brazil heavy metal band. They were among the earliest Brazilian metal bands, and recorded what is considered to be the first Brazilian heavy metal album, the self-titled Stress.

Stress (Stress album)

Stress is the debut full-length album by the Brazilian heavy, speed metal band Stress. It was released in 1982 and re-released on LP in 2002 and CD in 2005 by Dies Irae.

Stress (Justice song)

"Stress" is a song by French electronic music duo Justice. It is the tenth track on their debut studio album, (also known as Cross). A music video for the song, directed by Romain Gavras, was released on 1 May 2008 through the website of American rapper Kanye West. The video, which has also been subject to severe criticism, is notable for its extremely controversial content, which includes scenes of gang violence across Paris, France, performed by young teenagers. The song itself has received positive reviews from critics.

Stress (biology)

Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition. Stress is a body's method of reacting to a challenge. According to the stressful event, the body's way to respond to stress is by sympathetic nervous system activation which results in the fight-or-flight response. Because the body cannot keep this state for long periods of time, the parasympathetic system returns the body's physiological conditions to normal ( homeostasis). In humans, stress typically describes a negative condition or a positive condition that can affect a person's mental and physical well-being.

Stress (linguistics)

In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence. Stress is typically signaled by such properties as increased loudness and vowel length, full articulation of the vowel, and changes in pitch. The terms stress and accent are often used synonymously, but they are sometimes distinguished, with certain specific kinds of prominence (such as pitch accent, variously defined) being considered to fall under accent but not under stress. In this case, stress specifically may be called stress accent or dynamic accent.

The stress placed on syllables within words is called word stress or lexical stress. Some languages have fixed stress, meaning that the stress on virtually any multisyllable word falls on a particular syllable, such as the first or the penultimate. Other languages, like English, have variable stress, where the position of stress in a word is not predictable in that way. Sometimes more than one level of stress, such as primary stress and secondary stress, may be identified. However, some languages, such as French and Mandarin, are sometimes analyzed as lacking lexical stress entirely.

The stress placed on words within sentences is called sentence stress or prosodic stress. This is one of the three components of prosody, along with rhythm and intonation. It includes phrasal stress (the default emphasis of certain words within phrases or clauses), and contrastive stress (used to highlight an item − a word, or occasionally just part of a word − that is given particular focus).

Stress (Neo-Psychedelic band)

Stress was a very short-lived Neo- Psychedelic rock band composed of Wayne Binitie, Ian Mussington and Mitch Amachi Ogugua. They released only one album in 1991 on Reprise/ Warner Bros. Records. They are not to be confused with the San Diego rock/metal band Stress from the early 1980s and are sometimes credited as Stress UK in the United States. Their album drew numerous favourable comparisons with the likes of Jimi Hendrix and The Beatles, and although not a great commercial success, was described as possessing 'a lot of musical strengths' by All Music's Steven McDonald

In 1997, Binitie and Mussington released a second album under the moniker of Inqbator, entitled "Hatched". It featured contributions from Lenny Kravitz, whom they had previously supported on tour.

Stress (Odd Børre song)

"Stress" was the Norwegian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1968, performed in Norwegian by Odd Børre.

The song is a moderately up-tempo number, with Børre seemingly conducting a conversation with a friend or colleague, while trying to excuse himself to catch "the last bus home". He finds this to be a stressful situation, and sings that in the future he hopes to have more time.

The song was performed thirteenth on the night, following the United Kingdom's Cliff Richard with " Congratulations" and preceding Ireland's Pat McGeegan with " Chance of a Lifetime". At the close of voting, it had received 2 points, placing 13th in a field of 17.

Despite the comparative lack of success, the song has become something of a cult classic among fans of the Contest. An excerpt of Børre's performance, featuring the distinctive stammering delivery of the verses, was played during one of the collections at the Congratulations special in late 2005. Additionally, Australian Eurovision commentator Des Mangan derives humour from the unlikely title, the (to English-speaking ears) unusual name of the singer (generally pronounced "Odd Bore" in English) and also from the distinctive delivery.

It was succeeded as Norwegian representative at the 1969 Contest by Kirsti Sparboe with " Oj, oj, oj, så glad jeg skal bli".

Category:Eurovision songs of Norway Category:Eurovision songs of 1968 Category:1968 songs

Stress (mechanics)

In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material. For example, when a solid vertical bar is supporting a weight, each particle in the bar pushes on the particles immediately below it. When a liquid is in a closed container under pressure, each particle gets pushed against by all the surrounding particles. The container walls and the pressure-inducing surface (such as a piston) push against them in (Newtonian) reaction. These macroscopic forces are actually the net result of a very large number of intermolecular forces and collisions between the particles in those molecules.

Strain inside a material may arise by various mechanisms, such as stress as applied by external forces to the bulk material (like gravity) or to its surface (like contact forces, external pressure, or friction). Any strain (deformation) of a solid material generates an internal elastic stress, analogous to the reaction force of a spring, that tends to restore the material to its original non-deformed state. In liquids and gases, only deformations that change the volume generate persistent elastic stress. However, if the deformation is gradually changing with time, even in fluids there will usually be some viscous stress, opposing that change. Elastic and viscous stresses are usually combined under the name mechanical stress.

Significant stress may exist even when deformation is negligible or non-existent (a common assumption when modeling the flow of water). Stress may exist in the absence of external forces; such built-in stress is important, for example, in prestressed concrete and tempered glass. Stress may also be imposed on a material without the application of net forces, for example by changes in temperature or chemical composition, or by external electromagnetic fields (as in piezoelectric and magnetostrictive materials).

The relation between mechanical stress, deformation, and the rate of change of deformation can be quite complicated, although a linear approximation may be adequate in practice if the quantities are small enough. Stress that exceeds certain strength limits of the material will result in permanent deformation (such as plastic flow, fracture, cavitation) or even change its crystal structure and chemical composition.

In some branches of engineering, the term stress is occasionally used in a looser sense as a synonym of "internal force". For example, in the analysis of trusses, it may refer to the total traction or compression force acting on a beam, rather than the force divided by the area of its cross-section.

Stress (journal)

Stress is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research on stress in terms of: the mechanisms of stressful stimulation, the physiological and behavioural responses to stress, and their regulation, in both the short and long term; adaptive mechanisms, and the pathological consequences of stress. This includes research in physiology, neuroscience, molecular biology, genetics, immunology, and behaviour.

The journal is published by Taylor & Francis and the editor-in-chief is James Herman ( University of Cincinnati). It was established in 1996 and according to the Journal Citation Reports it has a 2012 impact factor of 3.252.

Stress (psychological)

For other kinds of stress see Stress.

In psychology, stress is a feeling of strain and pressure. Small amounts of stress may be desired, beneficial, and even healthy. Positive stress helps improve athletic performance. It also plays a factor in motivation, adaptation, and reaction to the environment. Excessive amounts of stress, however, may lead to bodily harm. Stress can increase the risk of strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, dwarfism, and mental illnesses such as depression.

Stress can be external and related to the environment, but may also be created by internal perceptions that cause an individual to experience anxiety or other negative emotions surrounding a situation, such as pressure, discomfort, etc., which they then deem stressful.

Humans experience stress, or perceive things as threatening, when they do not believe that their resources for coping with obstacles (stimuli, people, situations, etc.) are enough for what the circumstances demand. When we think the demands being placed on us exceed our ability to cope, we then perceive stress.

Wiktionary

stress

n. 1 (Biology) A physical, chemical, infective agent agressing an organism. 2 (Biology) Agression of an organism resulting in a response in an attempt to restore previous conditions. 3 (context countable physics English) The internal distribution of force per unit area (pressure) within a body reacting to applied forces which causes strain or deformation and is typically symbolised by σ 4 (context countable physics English)Force externally applied to a body which cause internal stress within the body. 5 (context uncountable English) Emotional pressure suffered by a human being or other animal. 6 (context uncountable phonetics English) The emphasis placed on a syllable of a word. 7 (context uncountable English) Emphasis placed on words in speaking. 8 (context uncountable English) Emphasis placed on a particular point in an argument or discussion (whether spoken or written). 9 (obsolete form of distress English) 10 (context Scotland legal English) distress; the act of distraining; also, the thing distrained. vb. 1 To apply force to (a body or structure) causing strain. 2 To apply emotional pressure to (a person or animal). 3 (context informal English) To suffer stress; to worry or be agitated. 4 To emphasise (a syllable of a word). 5 To emphasise (words in speaking). 6 To emphasise (a point) in an argument or discussion.

WordNet

stress

  1. n. the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch); "he put the stress on the wrong syllable" [syn: emphasis, accent]

  2. (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense; "he suffered from fatigue and emotional tension"; "stress is a vasoconstrictor" [syn: tension, tenseness]

  3. (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body; "the intensity of stress is expressed in units of force divided by units of area"

  4. special emphasis attached to something; "the stress was more on accuracy than on speed" [syn: focus]

  5. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson [syn: strain]

stress

  1. v. to stress, single out as important; "Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet" [syn: emphasize, emphasise, punctuate, accent, accentuate]

  2. put stress on; utter with an accent; "In Farsi, you accent the last syllable of each word" [syn: accent, accentuate]

  3. test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!" [syn: try, strain]

The Collaborative International Dictionary

stress

Lateral \Lat"er*al\, a. [L. lateralis, fr. latus, lateris, side: cf. F. lat['e]ral.]

  1. Of or pertaining to the sides; as, the lateral walls of a house; the lateral branches of a tree.

  2. (Anat.) Lying at, or extending toward, the side; away from the mesial plane; external; -- opposed to mesial.

  3. Directed to the side; as, a lateral view of a thing.

    Lateral cleavage (Crystallog.), cleavage parallel to the lateral planes.

    Lateral equation (Math.), an equation of the first degree.

    Lateral line (Anat.), in fishes, a line of sensory organs along either side of the body, often marked by a distinct line of color.

    Lateral pressure or stress (Mech.), a pressure or stress at right angles to the length, as of a beam or bridge; -- distinguished from longitudinal pressure or stress.

    Lateral strength (Mech.), strength which resists a tendency to fracture arising from lateral pressure.

    Lateral system (Bridge Building), the system of horizontal braces (as between two vertical trusses) by which lateral stiffness is secured.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

stress

c.1300, "hardship, adversity, force, pressure," in part a shortening of Middle English distress (n.); in part from Old French estrece "narrowness, oppression," from Vulgar Latin *strictia, from Latin strictus "tight, compressed, drawn together," past participle of stringere "draw tight" (see strain (v.)). Meaning "physical strain on a material object" is from mid-15c. As an abstract force in mechanics from 1855. The purely psychological sense is attested from 1955.

stress

c.1300, "to subject (someone) to force or compulsion," from Middle French estrecier, from Vulgar Latin *strictiare, from Latin stringere "draw tight," which also is the source of stress (n.). The figurative meaning "put emphasis on" is first recorded 1896, from notion of laying pressure on something by relying on it. Related: Stressed; stressing.

Usage examples of "stress".

And in the face of the accumulating stresses created by the maladjustments of Versailles, this galaxy of humbugs to whom democracy had entrusted the direction of human beings--humbugs unavoidably, for the system insisted upon it regardless of the best intentions--was equally enigmatical and impotent.

Assorted Alliteration Annexe, the superior sellers of stressed syllable or similar-sounding speech sequences since the sixteenth century.

I have here alluded to them only to show that, if we are unable to account for the characteristic differences of our domestic breeds, which nevertheless we generally admit to have arisen through ordinary generation, we ought not to lay too much stress on our ignorance of the precise cause of the slight analogous differences between species.

All the incident does is stress that the sooner he proceeds with the annulment and returns to Italy, the better it will be for you.

She had never really found a partner that inspired a lot of interest in it for her, but the company required employees to share sexual favors, not necessarily as recreation, but to cut down on emotional stress and she participated often enough to keep her name off of the antisocial list.

Finally, the contention has been made that in stressing the separate identities of a corporation and its stockholders, the Court overlooked the fact that when a surplus has been accumulated, the stockholders are thereby enriched, and that a stock dividend may therefore be appropriately viewed simply as a device whereby the corporation reinvests money earned in their behalf.

In addition, the engineering side of architecture was also stressed because of the importance attached by the Japanese government to structural design for the purpose of protection against earthquakes.

Reemerged from the labor of refounding the stressed chord of the sixth lane, he arrowed west on the winds of high altitude, his intent to resume the interrupted assistance he still owed the Guardian of Mirthlvain.

It carries the additional bonus of reducing tension and, if done on a regular basis, toughens the exerciser, making him more resilient and better able to handle stress.

But immediately the young Republic emerged from the stresses of adolescence, a missionary army took to the field again, and before long the Asbury revival was paling that of Whitefield, Wesley and Jonathan Edwards, not only in its hortatory violence but also in the length of its lists of slain.

The real question is: What causes the stress or the neurotransmitter or the hypothalamus changes?

Atomic stresses yielded enormous quantities of light and heat and great streams of magnetons and electrons.

The one thing her bosses stressed after teaching her be a bogus masseuse was that you get your violation of law without ever touching it.

To keep a spatial metaphor, the approximative character of which I have already stressed, I shall say that the signification of the myth is constituted by a sort of constantly moving turnstile which presents alternately the meaning of the signifier and its form, a language-object and a metalanguage, a purely signifying and a purely imagining consciousness.

It was already known that bees could die from too much stress, and now some claimed that the extensive patrolling of the invaders, the disappearance of monogyny - rule by a single queen - from the mass swarms, or the difficulty of preparing for winter at such a late date had made the bees functionally neurotic and suicidal.