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Strela

Strela (, arrow) may refer to:

A series of Russian-manufactured anti-aircraft missiles

  • The 9K31 Strela-1, aka SA-9 Gaskin
  • The 9K32 Strela-2, aka SA-7 Grail
  • The 9K34 Strela-3, aka SA-14 Gremlin
  • The 9K35 Strela-10, aka SA-13 Gopher
Other
  • Strela (rocket), a Soviet/Russian carrier rocket
  • Strela computer, the first mainframe computer manufactured serially in the Soviet Union
  • Strela (satellite), a Russian communications satellite constellation
  • Strela candy
  • Strela (crane), cargo cranes used to move cosmonauts and components around the exterior of Mir and the Russian Orbital Segment of the International Space Station.
  • Strela (beer), a Cape Verdean beer

Strela (rocket)

Strela (, arrow) is a Russian orbital carrier rocket, derived from the Soviet/Russian UR-100NU missile. It conducted its maiden test launch on 5 December 2003, and its first functioning payload on 27 June 2013, and its second functioning payload on 19 December 2014.

It was originally planned to be launched from the Svobodny Cosmodrome, with test launches being conducted from existing UR-100 silos at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Svobodny was closed in 2007, without seeing any Strela launches. It is unclear whether a Strela launch complex will be incorporated into the Vostochny Cosmodrome, which is being built on the site of Svobodny.

Strela differs from the Rockot, which is also derived from the UR-100, in that it has undergone fewer modifications, such as the absence of an additional Briz-KM upper stage, as used on the Rockot. However it is equipped with a repurposed APB as upper stage, which was designed to deliver nuclear warheads. It is also launched from silos, whereas the Rockot is launched from flat pads.

Strela (satellite)

Strela (, arrow) is a Russian (previously Soviet) military communications satellite constellation operating in low Earth orbit.

These satellites operate as mailboxes ("store-and-forward"): they remember the received messages and then resend them after scheduled time, or by command from the Earth. Some sources state the satellites are capable of only three months of active operation, but in accordance to others they can serve for about five years. The satellites are used for transmission of encrypted messages and images.

Strela (beer)

Strela is a Cape Verdean beer, produced by the Sociedade Cabo-verdiana de Cerveja e Refrigerantes (SCCR).

It is sold in bottles of 25cl, 33cl, and 1 litre, also in kegs of 20 and 50 litres. Its production was begun in 2006, starting on the Ilha de Santiago, Ilha de São Vicente and Ilha do Sal. In the future, it is planned to be distributed in the other islands of the archipelago, as well as in other countries, in order to reach the Cape Verdean diaspora market. It is already exported to Gambia, where a major Coca Cola plant is located (SCCR being a Coca Cola entity), in a market that demonstrates a demand for beer sales.

The label has a dark blue base with a gold border, and the word Strela written at the centre in white letters.

Strela (crane)

The Strela (Russian Стрела, means Arrow) cranes are four Russian built cargo cranes used during EVAs to move cosmonauts and components around the exterior of the Soviet/Russian space station Mir and the Russian Orbital Segment of the International Space Station. Mir featured two cranes mounted to its core module (delivered by Progress spacecraft), and the ISS also possesses two cranes, mounted to Pirs (they were carried to the ISS on Integrated Cargo Carriers, the first on STS-96, the second on STS-101). The cranes are unpowered telescopic poles assembled in sections, which measure around 6 feet (182 cm) when collapsed but, when extended using a hand crank, measure 46 feet (14 m) long. This means that the cranes on Mir could easily reach all of the main modules of the complex, and those attached to the ISS can be used to transfer objects the full length of the Russian Orbital Segment(ROS), from Zvezda to Zarya.

The largest robotic arm on the ISS, Canadarm2 weighs 1,800 kilograms and is used to hold crew members during EVA's, move station modules, spacecraft, orbital replacement units and Dextre on the US Orbital Segment. The ROS does not require spacecraft or modules to be manipulated, as all spacecraft and modules dock automatically, and may be repositioned or discarded the same way. Each strela crane weighs 45 kg and can perform all necessary tasks, with substantial weight savings, less complexity and less maintenance than the Canadarm2 and the European Robotic Arm.

An EVA in February, 2012 relocated one Strela crane to the docking compartment Poisk. A second EVA, performed in August, moved the second Strela to Zarya. These moves were required because Pirs will be detached and deorbited to allow the MLM Nauka to dock to the Pirs current location in the future.

Strela (mountain)

The Strela is a mountain of the Plessur Alps, located between Langwies and Davos in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.