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Someș (river)

The Someș (; Hungarian: Szamos; German: Somesch or Samosch), located in northwestern Romania, is a left tributary of the Tisza in Hungary. It has a length of (including its source river Someșul Mare), of which 50 km are in Hungary. The Someș is the fifth river as length and debit in Romania. The hydrographic basin forms by the confluence at Mica, a commune about 4 km upstream of Dej, of Someșul Mare and Someșul Mic rivers. Someșul Mic (formed by the confluence of Someșul Rece with Someșul Cald) originates in the Apuseni Mountains, and Someșul Mare springs from the Rodna Mountains.

Someșul Mare has a length of 130 km and an area of 5,033 km and a slight asymmetry in favor of the left side of the basin. For the entire basin of Someș, the asymmetry on left becomes pronounced between Dej and Ardusat to change in the opposite direction after receiving Lăpuș River on the right side. The valley of Someșul Mare has much auriferous alluvium that, until the early 20th century, were brought to the surface using traditional tools. Specialists say that in the Someșul Mare were found grains of gold of 21 carats.

The Someș drains a basin of , of which in Romania. Its basin comprises 403 rivers with a total length of 5,528 km, or 7% of the total length of the country. Basin area represents 6.6% of the country area and 71% of the area of Someș–Tisza hydrographic basin.

To prevent flooding, the Someș is dammed in the lower course. In the spring of 1970, due to heavy rains, the Someș flooded part of Satu Mare and surrounding plains. The debit exceeded 3,300 m/s compared to that year's average of 210 m/s.

Someș (disambiguation)

Someş can be:

  • Someş, a river that flows through Romania and Hungary
  • Ţinutul Someş was one of the ten regions of Romania, founded in 1938