Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Self \Self\ (s[e^]lf), a. [AS. self, seolf, sylf; akin to OS. self, OFries. self, D. zelf, G. selb, selber, selbst, Dan. selv. Sw. sjelf, Icel. sj[=a]lfr, Goth. silba. Cf. Selvage.]
Same; particular; very; identical. [Obs., except in the compound selfsame.] ``On these self hills.''
--Sir. W. Raleigh.
To shoot another arrow that self way Which you did shoot the first.
At that self moment enters Palamon.
Having its own or a single nature or character, as in color, composition, etc., without addition or change; unmixed; as, a self bow, one made from a single piece of wood; self flower or plant, one which is wholly of one color; self-colored.
Self \Self\, n.; pl. Selves.
The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of capacities and character; a person as a distinct individual; a being regarded as having personality. ``Those who liked their real selves.''
A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse with in the world.
The self, the I, is recognized in every act of intelligence as the subject to which that act belongs. It is I that perceive, I that imagine, I that remember, I that attend, I that compare, I that feel, I that will, I that am conscious.
--Sir W. Hamilton.
Hence, personal interest, or love of private interest; selfishness; as, self is his whole aim.
Personification; embodiment. [Poetic.]
She was beauty's self.
Note: Self is united to certain personal pronouns and pronominal adjectives to express emphasis or distinction. Thus, for emphasis; I myself will write; I will examine for myself; thou thyself shalt go; thou shalt see for thyself; you yourself shall write; you shall see for yourself; he himself shall write; he shall examine for himself; she herself shall write; she shall examine for herself; the child itself shall be carried; it shall be present itself. It is also used reflexively; as, I abhor myself; thou enrichest thyself; he loves himself; she admires herself; it pleases itself; we walue ourselves; ye hurry yourselves; they see themselves. Himself, herself, themselves, are used in the nominative case, as well as in the objective. ``Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples.''
--John iv. 2.
Note: self is used in the formation of innumerable compounds, usually of obvious signification, in most of which it denotes either the agent or the object of the action expressed by the word with which it is joined, or the person in behalf of whom it is performed, or the person or thing to, for, or towards whom or which a quality, attribute, or feeling expressed by the following word belongs, is directed, or is exerted, or from which it proceeds; or it denotes the subject of, or object affected by, such action, quality, attribute, feeling, or the like; as, self-abandoning, self-abnegation, self-abhorring, self-absorbed, self-accusing, self-adjusting, self-balanced, self-boasting, self-canceled, self-combating, self-commendation, self-condemned, self-conflict, self-conquest, self-constituted, self-consumed, self-contempt, self-controlled, self-deceiving, self-denying, self-destroyed, self-disclosure, self-display, self-dominion, self-doomed, self-elected, self-evolved, self-exalting, self-excusing, self-exile, self-fed, self-fulfillment, self-governed, self-harming, self-helpless, self-humiliation, self-idolized, self-inflicted, self-improvement, self-instruction, self-invited, self-judging, self-justification, self-loathing, self-loving, self-maintenance, self-mastered, self-nourishment, self-perfect, self-perpetuation, self-pleasing, self-praising, self-preserving, self-questioned, self-relying, self-restraining, self-revelation, self-ruined, self-satisfaction, self-support, self-sustained, self-sustaining, self-tormenting, self-troubling, self-trust, self-tuition, self-upbraiding, self-valuing, self-worshiping, and many others.
Self is a novel by Yann Martel. It tells the story of a traveling writer who wakes up one morning to discover that he has become a woman. It was first published by Knopf Canada in 1996.
Self was a series of three cyclecars built by the brothers Per and Hugo Wiertz in Svedala in 1916, 1919 and 1922.
The first car had a single-cylinder engine, the second a four-cylinder Phänomen and the third a Harley-Davidson V-twin engine. The cars were basically experimental cars and were probably scrapped quite soon. However the experience came in handy when the brothers started working at AB Thulinverken and participated in the development of the Thulin B.
Self is an American magazine for women that specializes in health, wellness, beauty, and style. Published by Condé Nast 12 times a year, it has a circulation of 1,515,880 and a total audience of 5,282,000 readers, according to its corporate media kit. The editor-in-chief is Joyce Chang, and the vice president and publisher is Mary Murko. Self is based at Condé Nasts' U.S. headquarters at 1 World Trade Center in New York, NY.
Self (programming language)
Self is an object-oriented programming language based on the concept of prototypes. Self was a dialect of Smalltalk, being dynamically typed and using just-in-time compilation (JIT) as well as the prototype-based approach to objects: it was first used as an experimental test system for language design in the 1980s and 1990s. In 2006, Self was still being developed as part of the Klein project, which was a Self virtual machine written fully in Self. The latest version is 4.5.0 released in January 2014.
Several just-in-time compilation techniques were pioneered and improved in Self research as they were required to allow a very high level object oriented language to perform at up to half the speed of optimized C. Much of the development of Self took place at Sun Microsystems, and the techniques they developed were later deployed for Java's HotSpot virtual machine.
At one point a version of Smalltalk was implemented in Self. Because it was able to use the JIT this also gave extremely good performance.
The self is the subject of one's own experience of phenomena: perception, emotions, thoughts. In phenomenology, it is conceived as what experiences, and there isn't any experiencing without an experiencer, the self. The self is therefore an "immediate given", an intrinsic dimension of the fact of experiencing phenomena. In some other trends of philosophy, the self is instead seen as requiring a reflexive perceptionof oneself, the individual person, meaning the self in such a view is an object of consciousness.
The self has been studied extensively by philosophers and psychologists and is central to many world religions. With the recent rise in technology, the self has been discussed under various new emerging fields, such as Technoself Studies.
Self (stylized as sElf or SeLF) is an American alternative pop/rock band from Murfreesboro, Tennessee and is largely the creative vision of writer, singer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist Matt Mahaffey.
Though it is not considered a band and not a solo project, Matt Mahaffey is the primary performer of all instrumentation and vocals on studio albums. Other members have contributed occasional parts on albums and have participated in live performances. The band currently consists of Chris James (keyboards, piano, samplers, guitar, backing vocals), Mac Burrus (bass guitar, keyboards, horns, backing vocals), and Jason Rawlings (Drums). Past members include Matt's brother, Mike Mahaffey (lead guitar, keyboards, vocals) and Timm Nobles (bass guitar). Mahaffey cites Electric Light Orchestra, Prince, and Pixies as some of his biggest musical influences.
Self is the fourth studio album by the English group Quintessence. It was the final album by the band to feature Maha Dev and Shiva Shankar Jones as both were fired from the band by Raja Ram prior to the release of Indweller.
The self is an individual person as the object of his or her own reflective consciousness.
- Self (album), by Quintessence
- Self, an album by Paul Kalkbrenner
- Self (band), an American alternative rock band
- Self (company), a Swedish motor vehicle manufacturer
- Self (magazine), an American women's magazine
- Self (novel), a 1996 Canadian novel
- Self (programming language), an object-oriented programming language based on the concept of prototypes
- self (computer science), a keyword in many object-oriented programming languages
- Self (sculpture), an ongoing art project
- Self (surname), a surname
- Self, Arkansas, an unincorporated community
- Solar Electric Light Fund, an international development aid organization
1 Having its own or a single nature or character, as in colour, composition, etc., without addition or change; unmixed. 2 (context obsolete English) same n. 1 The subject of one's own experience of phenomenon: perception, emotions, thoughts. 2 An individual person as the object of his own reflective consciousness (plural selves). pron. 1 (context obsolete English) himself, herself, itself, themselves; that specific (person mentioned). 2 (context commercial or humorous English) myself. v
1 (context botany English) To fertilise by the same individual; to self-fertilise or self-pollinate. 2 (context botany English) To fertilise by the same strain; to inbreed.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Old English self, seolf, sylf "one's own person, -self; own, same," from Proto-Germanic *selbaz (cognates: Old Norse sjalfr, Old Frisian self, Dutch zelf, Old High German selb, German selb, selbst, Gothic silba), Proto-Germanic *selbaz "self," from PIE *sel-bho-, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, "(we our-)selves" (see idiom).\n\nTrying to define yourself is like trying to bite your own teeth.
[Alan Watts]\nIts use in compounds to form reflexive pronouns grew out of independent use in Old English. As a noun from early 14c.
adj. combining form; oneself or itself; "self-control"
used as a combining form; relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self; "self-knowledge"; "self-proclaimed"; "self-induced"
[also: selves (pl)]
Usage examples of "self".
Joining in the conversation also helped to take her mind off the nightmarish phantasm that was now abiding somewhere within her unsettled self.
Are we to think that a being knowing itself must contain diversity, that self-knowledge can be affirmed only when some one phase of the self perceives other phases, and that therefore an absolutely simplex entity would be equally incapable of introversion and of self-awareness?
It is absolutely not an experience not an experience of momentary states, not an experience of self, not an experience of no-self, not an experience of relaxing, not an experience of surrendering: it is the Empty opening or clearing in which all of those experiences come and go, an opening or clearing that, were it not always already perfectly Present, no experiences could arise in the first place.
For this reason one who is in the love of ruling from the love of self thinks nothing of defrauding his neighbor, committing adultery with his wife, slandering him, breathing vengeance on him even to the death, treating him cruelly, and other such deeds.
Dear as his daughter might become to him, all he dared to ask of Heaven was that she might be restored to that truer self which lay beneath her false and adventitious being.
It was almost as though he was morphing into someone else, a self he should know even more intimately than the amnesiac Judd, but to whom he felt a complete stranger.
This man, who had given up everything in life except his own self, fostered an amorous inclination, in spite of his age and of his gout.
They let their separate selves burn away like so many thousands of matches, annihilating themselves in an all-consuming transcendence.
He seems an apocalyptic egotist willing to sacrifice world for self, at least so far.
Enlightenment paradigm: the holism of nature produced the atomism of the self.
And this is precisely, as we have seen, the fundamental Enlightenment paradigm: a perfectly holistic world that leaves a perfectly atomistic self.
Therefore, we must add to the silent multiple permutations of the authorial selves one more: Kundera as self-inscribed reader who rewrites as he rereads, sending us back to the initial query.
The experiencing self in his autobiographical narrative is disciplined by an overarching intelligence that keeps directing the storytelling toward the pole of analysis.
It would be over six weeks before the Baptist would emerge from the privacy of his inner self.
And just now the bumping of the Tube train shaped his emotion into something that began with Success that poisons many a baser mind With thoughts of self, may lift-- but stopped there because, when he changed into another train, the jerkier movement altered the rhythm into something more lyrical, and he got somewhat confused between the two and ended by losing both.