Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Rough \Rough\, v. t.
To render rough; to roughen.
To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.
To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch.
Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a bloom of iron to bars.
To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live without ordinary comforts.
Rough \Rough\, adv. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in
--Sir W. Scott.
Rough \Rough\, n.
Boisterous weather. [Obs.]
A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough.
Contemplating the people in the rough.
Rough \Rough\, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.]
Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth. Specifically:
Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road. ``Rough, uneven ways.''
Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond.
Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water.
More unequal than the roughest sea.
Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat. ``A visage rough.''
Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish. Specifically:
Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper.
A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough.
A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds.
Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions.
On the rough edge of battle.
A quicker and rougher remedy.
Kind words prevent a good deal of that perverseness which rough and imperious usage often produces.
Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers.
Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day.
He stayeth his rough wind.
--Isa. xxvii. 8.
Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught. Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior. Rough and ready.
Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. ``The rough and ready understanding.''
Produced offhand. ``Some rough and ready theory.''
n. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
adj. having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing" [syn: unsmooth] [ant: smooth]
(of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time" [syn: rocky]
ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men" [syn: pugnacious]
of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped [ant: smooth]
not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry" [syn: crude]
not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous" [syn: harsh]
Rough is a natural gas storage facility situated off the east coast of England.
Rough may refer to:
- Rough (golf), the area outside the fairway on a golf course
- Rough (manga)
- Rough (facility), gas storage in England
- Rough (album), released by Tina Turner in 1978
- Rough (film), a 2013 film
- Remi Rough, an English street artist
is a romantic comedy swimming manga by Mitsuru Adachi. It was published by Shogakukan in Weekly Shōnen Sunday from 1987 to 1989, and collected in 12 tankōbon volumes. The series was adapted into a live action film in 2006, released in Japan by Toho.
The story is about high school student Keisuke Yamato, a 100 m freestyle swimmer, and Ami Ninomiya, the diver he falls in love with. Their families own rival confectionery stores, and Ami hates Keisuke's family because she believes her grandfather was driven to an early death because of the Yamato "horned owl" manju, which outsold her family's owl manju because it had ears, making it larger.
Rough is Tina Turner's third solo album, released in September 1978 on the EMI label in the UK, Ariola Records in West Germany and United Artists in the United States.
Rough is a 2014 Telugu film directed by C. H. Subba Reddy. The movie is produced by M. Abilash on Sridevi Entertainments Banner while Aadi, Rakul Preet Singh and Srihari play pivotal roles. Mani Sharma composed the Music.Actor Srihari died before the film was released. The film received mixed reviews from critics and turned out to average hit at the box office.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:\n\nTo lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank.
[Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]\nTo rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cognates: Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- (2) "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cognates: Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").\n
\nThe original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
1 Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven. 2 approximate; hasty or careless; not finished. 3 turbulent. 4 difficult; trying. 5 crude; unrefined 6 violent; not careful or subtle 7 Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating. 8 Not polished; uncut; said of a gem. 9 Harsh-tasting. adv. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly. n. 1 The unmowed part of a golf course. 2 A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. 3 (context cricket English) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce. 4 The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created. 5 A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process. 6 (context obsolete English) Boisterous weather. v
1 To create in an approximate form. 2 (context ice hockey English) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player. 3 To render rough; to roughen. 4 To break in (a horse, et
), especially for military purposes.
Usage examples of "rough".
As she leaned against the wall of the house, the rough texture of the red brick gently abraded her bare shoulders.
The rough tips stroked, teased, and then he caught her abraded clit between two fingers.
The people hauled in to testify about why they voted absentee offered a vivid picture of the fierce loyalties, rough politics, and economic pressures that shaped the lives of Arkansas hill people.
Bay flattened herself against the rough adobe wall and held her hands out in front of her as he started walking toward her.
Walking through a wall in the pitch black, feeling the rough adobe as she made her way blindly down a secret passageway, was sensible?
Another two strides, and he almost tripped over Issgrillikk - his agemate, friend, and foster-cousin - twisted around himself in pain at the base of one of the Great Trees, his claws gouging up the rough, grey-brown bark and tearing long white streaks into the inner wood.
Issgrillikk - his agemate, friend, and foster-cousin - twisted around himself in pain at the base of one of the Great Trees, his claws gouging up the rough, grey-brown bark and tearing long white streaks into the inner wood.
When it was over and Thure and Bud again gave their attention to the court, Bill Ugger was about to continue with his testimony, the majority of the crowd having shown themselves so plainly in sympathy with the actions of the alcalde that the rougher ones evidently thought it wise to keep quiet.
Chained again in his corner of the drafry t Vcell, Alec turned his face to the rough stone wall and sobbed until his chest ached.
More locks, more tools, rough chunks of metal and wood, and a number of devices whose uses Alec could not guess were mixed indiscriminately among masks, carvings, musical instruments of all descriptions, animal skulls, dried plants, fine pottery, glittering crystals-there was no rhyme or reason apparent in the arrangement.
Gradually, Seregil introduced Alec to more clandestine procedures-a little innocent housebreaking, or making a game of evading the notice of the Harbor Watch in the rough byways of the Lower City.
Studying them in the red sunset light, Alec could see that they were hard-faced characters in rough traveling garb.
There is not simply an inquiry as to the value of classic culture, a certain jealousy of the schools where it is obtained, a rough popular contempt for the graces of learning, a failure to see any connection between the first aorist and the rolling of steel rails, but there is arising an angry protest against the conditions of a life which make one free of the serene heights of thought and give him range of all intellectual countries, and keep another at the spade and the loom, year after year, that he may earn food for the day and lodging for the night.
Their long-armed, apish forms seemed adapted to the rough going--the way was almost half steady climbing up, and down.
And yet I have seen a sprig of arbutus in rough and clumsy buttonholes on weather-faded lapels which, the rest of the twelve-month through, know no other flower.