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Ritter (crater)

Ritter is a lunar crater located near the southwestern edge of Mare Tranquillitatis. It is the northwestern member of a crater pair with Sabine to the southeast. The two rims are separated by a narrow valley only a couple of kilometers wide. To the northwest is the crater Dionysius, and to the north-northeast are Manners and Arago. This crater is roughly circular but with an irregular outer rim. The inner walls have slumped down towards the floor. The interior is irregular with several low ridges. To the northwest of Ritter is a system of parallel rilles designated Rimae Ritter. These follow a course to the northwest.

Ranger 8 flew over Ritter prior to impact in Mare Tranquilitatis.

Both Sabine and Ritter were originally believed to be calderas rather than impact craters. In To A Rocky Moon, lunar geologist Don E. Wilhelms summarized: "They are identical twins in morphology and size (29-30 km). They lack radial rim ejecta and secondary craters despite their apparent youth. They are positioned at the presumably active edge of a mare. They are even aligned along graben, the Hypatia rilles. Most significant, they lack deep floors recognized since the days of Gilbert as diagnostic of impacts." However, after the Apollo landings were complete, it was realized that "all craters inside basins suffer enhanced isostatic uplift," because "the thin crust and greater heat inside basins lower the viscosity of the craters' substrate, allowing it to reach isostasy with its surroundings more quickly than can other craters."

Ritter

Ritter (German for " knight") is a designation used as a title of nobility in German-speaking areas. Traditionally it denotes the second-lowest rank within the nobility, standing above " Edler" and below " Freiherr" ( Baron). For its historical association with warfare and the landed gentry in the Middle Ages, it can be considered roughly equal to the titles of " Knight" or " Baronet".

As with most titles and designations within the nobility in German-speaking areas, the rank was normally hereditary and would generally be used together with the nobiliary particle of von or zu before a family name.

In the Austrian Empire the title of "Ritter von" would be bestowed upon citizens who deserved more than the plain "von" but were not considered deserving enough as to be given a barony as " Freiherr". In addition to the described system, some states like Württemberg and Bavaria introduced orders of merit beginning in the late 18th century which also conferred nobility as "Ritter von" but kept the title limited to the recipient's lifetime (see Military Order of Max Joseph).

In heraldry, from the late 18th century a Ritter would often be indicated by the use of a coronet with five points, although not everyone who was a Ritter and displayed arms actually made use of such a coronet.

Ritter (disambiguation)

Ritter is the second lowest-ranking title of nobility in German-speaking areas, just above an Edler, considered roughly equal to the title Knight or Baronet.

Ritter may also refer to:

  • Ritter (crater), a lunar crater located near Mare Tranquillitatis
  • Ritter, Iowa, a community in the United States
  • Ritter Bass Guitars, a manufacturer of high-end electric bass guitars

In schools:

  • Cardinal Ritter College Prep High School, a high school in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Cardinal Ritter High School, a high school in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Liegnitz Ritter-Akademie, a German knight academy founded in the 17th century
  • Wolfenbüttel Ritter-Akademie, a German knight academy founded in 1688

People with the surname Ritter:

  • Ritter (surname)

People with the titular name Ritter:

  • Ritter (titular name)

Ritter (surname)

Ritter is a surname, and may refer to:

Ritter (titular name)

Ritter is the second lowest-ranking title of nobility in German-speaking areas, just above an Edler, considered roughly equal to the title Knight or Baronet.

This list includes only those whose main Wikipedia article includes the titular 'Ritter' in the article name. There are many others whose name could include the title but whose main entry is at the non-titular version of the name.

People whose names include the title Ritter:

  • Hans Ritter von Adam (1886–1917), German flying ace in World War I
  • Rudolf Ritter von Alt (1812–1905), Austrian landscape and architectural painter
  • Carl Ferdinand Ritter von Arlt (1812–1887), Austrian ophthalmologist
  • Joseph Calasanza von Arneth (1791–1863), Austrian numismatist and archaeologist
  • Alfred Ritter von Arneth (1819–1897), Austrian historian
  • Ludwig August Ritter von Benedek (1804–1881), Austrian general, commander at the Battle of Königgrätz
  • Jakob Ritter von Danner (1865–1942), Bavarian general, put down the Beer Hall Putsch
  • Leopold Ritter von Dittel (1815–1898), Austrian urologist
  • Franz Ritter von Epp (1868–1946), officer in the Imperial German Army, early member of the Nazi party
  • Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach (1775–1833), German legal scholar
  • Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld (1807–1873), Austrian naturalist
  • Friedrich Ritter von Friedländer-Malheim (1825–1901), Bohemian-Austrian painter
  • Carl Ritter von Ghega (1802–1860), Albania-Italian engineer
  • Robert Ritter von Greim (1892–1945), German field marshal during World War II
  • Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger (1795–1871), Austrian mineralogist, geologist, and physicist
  • Franz Ritter von Hauer (1822–1899), Austrian geologist
  • Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra (1816–1880), Austrian physician and dermatologist
  • Gustav Ritter von Kahr (1862–1934), German conservative politician in Bavaria
  • Ludwig Ritter von Köchel (1800–1877), Austrian musicologist, catalogued the works of Mozart (K numbers)
  • Karl Heinrich Lang, Ritter von Lang (1764–1835), German historian and statesman
  • Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb (1876–1956), German field marshal during World War II
  • Karl Gottfried Ritter von Leitner (1800–1890), German author, editor, and publicist
  • Johann Ritter von Oppolzer (1808–1871), Austrian physician
  • Georg Ritter von Schönerer (1842–1921), Austrian politician
  • Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers (1775–1852), Austrian naturalist
  • Lorenz Ritter von Stransky (1889–1923), German engineer and early member of the Nazi Party
  • Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma (1891–1948), German officer who served in World War I, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II
  • Georg Ludwig von Trapp (1880–1947), Austrian naval officer, headed the singing family immortalized in The Sound of Music
  • Heinrich Ritter von Zeissberg (1839–1899), Austrian historian
  • Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann (1728–1795), Swiss philosophical writer and physician
  • Anselm Franz von Ritter zu Groenesteyn (1692–1765), Dutch-German government official and architect
  • Eduard Ritter von Weber, the German mathematician
Wiktionary

ritter

n. knight

Usage examples of "ritter".

This Ritter cuss came in late at night with that swamping gun, killed the gunsmith with it, stuffed the body in that vault, and put the murder weapon in the window, like it was on sale, as he just walked off with all that money!

Later his six groups were merged into three by an Austrian dermatologist named Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, whose classification was adopted.

Ritter von Krausser, Manfred von Killinger, HansPeter von Heydebreck, Hans Heyn, Georg von Detten, Hans Joachim von Falkenhausen .

Zahl sich beeilt, das Beispiel von Salomo und Ritter Joconde nachzuahmen.

Finally, we are the more confirmed in this supposition when we find that his lineal disciples and most competent expounders, such as Proclus, and nearly all his later commentators, such as Ritter, have so understood him.

Ritter out there, on the grass at the edge of the bluff overlooking the sea, her straight golden hair streaming down her back to those baggy, pockety walking shorts she always wore.

Ritter moved in with a vibra-scalpel, cutting through the thick felt mat of nutrient tubing with a touch so delicate the silvery amniotic sac beneath was unscored, then cut Miles free of his last bit of biological packaging, clearing his mouth and nose of fluids before his first surprised inhalation.

So neither Ritter nor Heger could have ridden in whooping like a Texas badman while shooting at street lamps.

The two most authoritative German writers on the subject, Eberhard Zeller and Professor Gerhard Ritter, give contradictory accounts.

To prepare for this a special office under General Franz Ritter von Epp was set up, called the Wehrpolitische Amt.

Ritter brooded over the silver love-cross for a bit, then shook his head and idly asked about another item and still another, working his insidious way toward the Morphy watch.

Had he also, Ritter asked himself, been one of the players to own the Morphy silver-and-gold chess set and the Morphy watch?

Ritter wondered if those circumstanceswith Morphy constantly thinking of chess, he felt surewere not ideal for the transmission of the vibrations of thought and feeling into inanimate objects, in this case the golden Morphy set and watch.

Karen reached up to kiss him, and as she turned, she saw Terry Ritter watching them fixedly from beside the case where the silver-banded spearpoints from V?

Ritter moved in with a vibra-scalpel, cutting through the thick felt mat of nutrient tubing with a touch so delicate the silvery amniotic sac beneath was unscored, then cut Miles free of his last bit of biological packaging, clearing his mouth and nose of fluids before his first surprised inhalation.