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ribosomes

n. (plural of ribosome English)

Usage examples of "ribosomes".

At any moment in a given cell, thousands of ribosomes are churning out proteins, thousands of sections of DNA are separating and rejoining, and thousands of used proteins are being broken down into their component amino acids, which will quickly be reused to build other proteins.

The ribosomes then translate the mRNA into the chain of amino acids that makes up the encoded protein.