Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Retire \Re*tire"\, n.
The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires. [Obs.]
The battle and the retire of the English succors.
[Eve] discover'd soon the place of her retire.
(Mil.) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.
Retire \Re*tire"\, v. i.
To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice.
To Una back he cast him to retire.
The mind contracts herself, and shrinketh in, And to herself she gladly doth retire.
--Sir J. Davies.
To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle.
Set Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.
--2 Sam. xi. 15.
To withdraw from a public station, or from business; as, having made a large fortune, he retired.
And from Britannia's public posts retire.
To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs.
To go to bed; as, he usually retires early.
Syn: To withdraw; leave; depart; secede; recede; retreat; retrocede.
Retire \Re*tire"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Retired; p. pr. & vb. n. Retiring.] [F. retirer; pref. re- re- + tirer to draw. See Tirade.]
To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively.
He . . . retired himself, his wife, and children into a forest.
--Sir P. Sidney.
As when the sun is present all the year, And never doth retire his golden ray.
--Sir J. Davies.
To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note.
To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer.
n. 1 (context rare English) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires. 2 (context dated English) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively. 2 (context transitive English) To withdraw from circulation, or from the market; to take up and pay; as, to retire bonds; to retire a note. 3 (context transitive English) To cause to retire; specifically, to designate as no longer qualified for active service; to place on the retired list; as, to retire a military or naval officer. 4 (context transitive cricket of a batsman English) to voluntarily stop batting before being dismissed so that the next batsman can bat 5 (context transitive baseball of a fielder English), to make a defensive play which results in a runner or the batter being put out 6 (context intransitive English) To go back or return; to draw back or away; to keep aloof; to withdraw or retreat, as from observation; to go into privacy; as, to retire to his home; to retire from the world, or from notice. 7 (context intransitive English) To retreat from action or danger; to withdraw for safety or pleasure; as, to retire from battle. 8 (context intransitive English) To withdraw from a public station, from working, or from business 9 (context intransitive English) To recede; to fall or bend back; as, the shore of the sea retires in bays and gulfs. 10 (context intransitive English) To go to bed; as, he usually retires early.
v. go into retirement; stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's position; "He retired at age 68"
withdraw from active participation; "He retired from chess" [syn: withdraw]
withdraw from circulation or from the market, as of bills, shares, and bonds
make (someone) retire; "The director was retired after the scandal"
dispose of; as of old clothes; "She finally retired that old coat" [syn: pension off]
lose interest; "he retired from life when his wife died" [syn: withdraw]
cause to be out on a fielding play [syn: put out]
cause to retire; "The pitcher retired three batters"; "the runner was put out at third base" [syn: strike out]
go to bed in order to sleep; "I usually turn in at midnight"; "He turns out at the crack of dawn" [syn: go to bed, turn in, bed, crawl in, kip down, hit the hay, hit the sack, sack out, go to sleep] [ant: get up, get up]
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1530s, of armies, "to retreat," from Middle French retirer "to withdraw (something)," from re- "back" (see re-) + Old French tirer "to draw" (see tirade). Related: Retired; retiring.\n
\nMeaning "to withdraw" to some place, especially for the sake of privacy, is recorded from 1530s; sense of "leave an occupation" first attested 1640s (implied in retirement). Meaning "to leave company and go to bed" is from 1660s. Transitive sense is from 1540s, originally "withdraw, lead back" (troops, etc.); meaning "to remove from active service" is from 1680s. Baseball sense of "to put out" is recorded from 1874.
Usage examples of "retire".
Louis Philippe found a home in England, at first at Claremont, and then in Abingdon House, Kensington, where he lived for some time in apparently tranquil enjoyment, the delightful and salubrious vicinity affording to his family means of retired and pleasurable recreation.
Aquileia and Padua fled before the invasion of Attila, and retired to the Isle of Gradus, and Rivus Altus, or Rialto.
When I entered the room, to my amazement I found that of the five directors only one was present besides myself, an honest old retired sea captain who had bought and paid for 300 shares.
The father reserved to himself a revenue of one hundred thousand pistoles per annum, retired to the castle of Chamberry, and espoused the countess dowager of St.
The persons against whom these measures were taken, being apprized of the impending danger, generally retired from their own habitations.
When she retired from the ring, kissing her little hands prettily to the applauding audience, the manager turned her horse again facing the curtain in the canvassed passageway.
In the summer, however, her majesty made a cruise in her yacht, before retiring to her autumnal Scottish retreat.
Someone suggested Ross Griffin, a retired ski-bum and lifelong mountain beatnik who was going half-straight at the time and talking about running for the City Council.
The two ladies had such an air of mysterious competence to the task they had undertaken that it seemed to Bernard that nothing was left to him but to retire into temporary exile.
Edgar, giving him the charge of his horse, earnestly besought him to retire in quiet, and to keep his opinions and experiments to himself.
Miss Bloomer retired to rest, or rather to bed, for during the night she was restless, tossing from side to side like one in delirium.
Two months before, Pete had retired the previous Bonkers to a small but well apportioned hutch out in his garage to live out the rest of his life in comfort.
Some rebel chiefs escaped in two French frigates, which had arrived on the coast of Lochaber about the end of April, and engaged three vessels belonging to his Britannic majesty, which they obliged to retire.
On the verge of rising to coax his charge to consider retiring to the comfort in an alehouse, Brith froze.
As soon as Bronden received the paper, the Ashanti retired to his post.