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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Reed

Reed \Reed\ (r[=e]d), a. Red. [Obs.]
--Chaucer.

Reed

Reed \Reed\, v. & n. Same as Rede. [Obs.]
--Chaucer.

Reed

Reed \Reed\, n. The fourth stomach of a ruminant; rennet. [Prov. Eng. or Scot.]

Reed

Reed \Reed\, n. [AS. hre['o]d; akin to D. riet, G. riet, ried, OHG. kriot, riot.]

  1. (Bot.) A name given to many tall and coarse grasses or grasslike plants, and their slender, often jointed, stems, such as the various kinds of bamboo, and especially the common reed of Europe and North America ( Phragmites communis).

  2. A musical instrument made of the hollow joint of some plant; a rustic or pastoral pipe.

    Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed Of Hermes.
    --Milton.

  3. An arrow, as made of a reed.
    --Prior.

  4. Straw prepared for thatching a roof. [Prov. Eng.]

  5. (Mus.)

    1. A small piece of cane or wood attached to the mouthpiece of certain instruments, and set in vibration by the breath. In the clarinet it is a single fiat reed; in the oboe and bassoon it is double, forming a compressed tube.

    2. One of the thin pieces of metal, the vibration of which produce the tones of a melodeon, accordeon, harmonium, or seraphine; also attached to certain sets or registers of pipes in an organ.

  6. (Weaving) A frame having parallel flat stripe of metal or reed, between which the warp threads pass, set in the swinging lathe or batten of a loom for beating up the weft; a sley. See Batten.

  7. (Mining) A tube containing the train of powder for igniting the charge in blasting.

  8. (Arch.) Same as Reeding. Egyptian reed (Bot.), the papyrus. Free reed (Mus.), a reed whose edges do not overlap the wind passage, -- used in the harmonium, concertina, etc. It is distinguished from the beating or striking reed of the organ and clarinet. Meadow reed grass (Bot.), the Glyceria aquatica, a tall grass found in wet places. Reed babbler. See Reedbird. Reed bunting (Zo["o]l.) A European sparrow ( Emberiza sch[oe]niclus) which frequents marshy places; -- called also reed sparrow, ring bunting. (b) Reedling. Reed canary grass (Bot.), a tall wild grass ( Phalaris arundinacea). Reed grass. (Bot.)

    1. The common reed. See Reed, 1.

    2. A plant of the genus Sparganium; bur reed. See under Bur. Reed organ (Mus.), an organ in which the wind acts on a set of free reeds, as the harmonium, melodeon, concertina, etc. Reed pipe (Mus.), a pipe of an organ furnished with a reed. Reed sparrow. (Zo["o]l.) See Reed bunting, above. Reed stop (Mus.), a set of pipes in an organ furnished with reeds. Reed warbler. (Zo["o]l.)

      1. A small European warbler ( Acrocephalus streperus); -- called also reed wren.

      2. Any one of several species of Indian and Australian warblers of the genera Acrocephalus, Calamoherpe, and Arundinax. They are excellent singers.

        Sea-sand reed (Bot.), a kind of coarse grass ( Ammophila arundinacea). See Beach grass, under Beach.

        Wood reed grass (Bot.), a tall, elegant grass ( Cinna arundinacea), common in moist woods.

Wikipedia

Reed (mouthpiece)

A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument. The reeds of most woodwind instruments are made from Arundo donax ("Giant cane") or synthetic material; tuned reeds (as in harmonicas and accordions) are made of metal or synthetics.

Reed

Reed or Reeds may refer to:

Reed (company)

Reed is an employment agency based in the United Kingdom. The company was founded in 1960 by Sir Alec Reed CBE, and is currently chaired by his son, James Reed. Reed also offers training and HR consultancy services. The company’s website, reed.co.uk, was established in 1995 and doubles as a job site. In 2014 Alexa ranked Reed.co.uk as the no.1 UK employment agency website.

Reed has more than 3,000 permanent employees working across 425 business units in 180 locations worldwide.

Reed (plant)

Reed is a common name for several tall, grass-like plants of wetlands. They are all members of the order Poales (in the modern, expanded circumscription), and include:

In the Poaceae (grass) family:
  • Common reed ( Phragmites australis Cav.), the original species named reed
  • Giant reed ( Arundo donax L.), used for making reeds for musical instruments
  • Burma reed ( Neyraudia reynaudiana)
  • Reed canary-grass ( Phalaris arundinacea)
  • Reed sweet-grass ( Glyceria maxima)
  • Small-reed ( Calamagrostis species)
In the Cyperaceae (sedge) family:
  • Paper reed or papyrus ( Cyperus papyrus), the source of the Ancient Egyptian writing material, also used for making boats
In the Sparganiaceae family:
  • Bur-reed ( Sparganium species)
In the Typhaceae family:
  • Reed-mace ( Typha species), also called bulrush or cattail
In the Restionaceae family:
  • Cape thatching reed ( Elegia tectorum), a restio originating from the South-western Cape, South Africa.
  • Thatching reed ( Thamnochortus insignis), another restio species originating from the same geographic region.

Reed (name)

Reed may be either a surname or given name.

Reed (weaving)

A reed is part of a loom, and resembles a comb. It is used to push the weft yarn securely into place as it is woven, it also separates the warp threads and holds them in their positions, keeping them untangled, and guides the shuttle as it moves across the loom. It consists of a frame with lots of vertical slits. The reed is securely held by the beater. Floor looms and mechanized looms both use a beater with a reed, whereas Inkle weaving and tablet weaving do not use reeds.

Reed (Metroway station)

Reed station, located on Potomac Avenue and Reed Avenue, is a bus rapid transit station in Alexandria, Virginia. It is a stop on the portion of the mixed-traffic segment of the Metroway bus rapid transit line, providing two-way service along the route. The station provides service to the central Potomac Yard and Potomac communities in Alexandria.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

reed

noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
bed
▪ The reed beds cost £5 million to develop and cover 12 acres of land.
▪ About ten members toured the reed bed scheme at Billingham and later had discussions about local environmental improvement programmes.
▪ This reed bed is still maintained by working parties of the Sussex Ornithological Society.
▪ On the third circuit, I found it, lying dead in a reed bed.
▪ A cuckoo flew low over the reed bed, to be mobbed at once by two reed warblers.
▪ He followed the tracks of a car driven apparently at speed to the edge of the reed bed.
▪ This is an 18 mile long lake fringed with reed beds containing a breathtaking spectrum of birdlife.
bunting
▪ Females look a bit like our female reed buntings, having a streaked appearance all over.
▪ A pair of black-headed, white collared reed buntings preened on bracken fronds, their white-edged tails constantly flickering.
▪ Now it is probably extinct as a breeding bird in Shetland, and its place has been taken by the reed bunting.
▪ Scrubland birds such as reed bunting and curlew breed here.
▪ Five reed buntings preened at the pool's edge.
warbler
▪ A cuckoo flew low over the reed bed, to be mobbed at once by two reed warblers.
▪ Opposite A pair of reed warblers work flat out to keep the young cuckoo satisfied.
▪ In Britain the main hosts are the reed warbler, meadow pipit, dunnock and pied wagtail.
▪ Certainly, reed warblers with an additional egg in the clutch often fail to hatch all their own eggs.
▪ They, too, have learnt what a great reed warbler egg looks like.
▪ The stuffed cuckoo is bombarded by a frenzied reed warbler and a belligerent pair of nightingales.
▪ A tiny reed warbler, faced with a cuckoo, feeds a chick much larger than herself.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
Reeds grew all along the river bank.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ A former pool had silted up and was turning into a miniature reed marsh.
▪ About ten members toured the reed bed scheme at Billingham and later had discussions about local environmental improvement programmes.
▪ On the third circuit, I found it, lying dead in a reed bed.
▪ Other plants sown with the reeds absorb heavy metals and harmful bacteria.
▪ The little island seemed to float before her in the purply twilight, partly masked by a stand of reeds and cattails.
▪ This reed bed is still maintained by working parties of the Sussex Ornithological Society.
▪ When Coltrane breathed into his instrument his entire life seemed to pass through the reed and mouthpiece into the resounding metal.
Wiktionary

reed

Etymology 1 n. 1 (context botany countable English) Any of various types of tall stiff perennial grass-like plants growing together in groups near water. 2 (context countable botany English) The hollow stem of these plants. 3 (context countable music English) Part of the mouthpiece of certain woodwind instruments, comprising of a thin piece of wood or metal which shakes very quickly to produce sound when a musician blows over it. 4 (context countable music English) A musical instrument such as the clarinet or oboe, which produces sound when a musician blows on the reed. 5 (context countable weaving English) A comb-like tool for beating the weft when weaving. 6 (context uncountable architecture English) reeding 7 (context mining English) A tube containing the train of powder for igniting the charge in blasting. 8 straw prepared for thatching a roof vb. To mill or mint with reeding. Etymology 2

vb. (en-past of: ree) Etymology 3

alt. (context UK Scotland dialect English) The fourth stomach of a ruminant; rennet. n. (context UK Scotland dialect English) The fourth stomach of a ruminant; rennet.

WordNet

reed

  1. n. tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems especially of the genera Arundo and Phragmites

  2. United States journalist who reported on the October Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the Communist Labor Party in America in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in Moscow (1887-1920) [syn: John Reed]

  3. United States physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902) [syn: Walter Reed]

  4. a vibrator consisting of a thin strip of stiff material that vibrates to produce a tone when air streams over it; "the clarinetist fitted a new reed onto his mouthpiece" [syn: vibrating reed]

  5. a musical instrument that sounds by means of a reed [syn: beating-reed instrument]

Gazetteer

Reed, AR -- U.S. town in Arkansas

Population (2000): 275
Housing Units (2000): 103
Land area (2000): 0.103055 sq. miles (0.266910 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.103055 sq. miles (0.266910 sq. km)
FIPS code: 58880
Located within: Arkansas (AR), FIPS 05
Location: 33.701930 N, 91.443851 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 71670
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Reed, AR
Reed
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

reed

"tall, broad-leafed grass growing in wet places," Old English hreod "reed, rush," from Proto-Germanic *kreut- "reed" (cognates: Old Saxon hraid, Old Frisian hriad, Middle Dutch ried, Dutch riet, Old High German hriot, German Ried), with no known cognates beyond Germanic.\n

\nMeaning "musical pipe made from a reed stem" is from late 14c. (reed-pipe is from c.1300). As part of the mouthpiece of a musical instrument it is attested from 1520s. Meaning "a reed instrument" is from 1838.

Usage examples of "reed".

Though watery, on account of the artificial drains from the arable fields, the spot is on much higher ground than the brook, and it is a little singular that while reeds flourish in this place they are not to be found by the brook.

They asperged the body with water and Tibor said prayers for the memory of the dead sailor before lighting the dry reeds he had woven through the lower layers of the pyre.

Semerket made for the open waters of a far lagoon, weaving through the clumps of reeds with Assai in pursuit.

Though now he could not see Assai himself, he shot off obliquely to the side of the lagoon, toward another thicket of reeds.

The man, reed thin and ashen, bobbled the pack from his shoulder, losing his black cap in the process.

She watched the lamb step towards the water and saw the stillness of the surface, reflecting back the image of the reeds around the far side, the blueness of the sun and a scattering of fluffy white clouds.

Naar het scheen, had hij zich reeds in de eerste uren van zijn leven alle begaafdheden van zijn geslacht eigen gemaakt, zwom op den buik zoowel als op den rug, dook zonder moeite en langen tijd achtereen, gedroeg zich in een woord als een volwassene.

But when the hearing came up, Sutton placed Jim Reed and me in the witness-box, taking the stand later himself, and we showed that federal court that it had been buncoed out of an order of injunctive relief, in favor of the biggest set of ringsters that ever missed stretching hemp.

I have pens of reed and can make ink of various colours, who in the bygone days was no mean scribe.

In 1944 Justice Reed cited fourteen cases decided between March 27, 1937 and June 14, 1943 in which one or more prior constitutional decisions were overturned.

He saw Jenna snatch up two of the reeds - in his struggle to escape the slings, they had scattered all over the head of the bed - and then they were hurrying up the aisle, away from the bugs and from Sister Coquina, whose cries were now failing.

He remembered teaching the boy the difference between the calls of the two birds, showing him how, hidden in the reeds, the coucal arched its neck to gurgle out its last rising note.

He had often watched the white-browed coucals coming in on a long gliding flight to take cover here amongst the reeds in the breeding season.

Eugenio Torralba, tried by the Inquisition of Cuenca in 1531, about whom it was said that he flew through the air on a reed.

The fox grinned at her and vanished into the reeds while Daine looked at her new patient.