Nero (; Latin: Nerō Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus;Classical Latin spelling and reconstructed Classical Latin pronunciation of the names of Nero:
15 December 37 AD – 9 June 68 AD) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death.
Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade and enhancing the cultural life of the empire, but according to the historian Tacitus he was viewed by the Roman people as compulsive and corrupt. He ordered theatres built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain. Nero annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the empire and began the First Jewish–Roman War.
In 64 AD, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing a false report of being denounced as a public enemy who was to be executed, he committed suicide on 9 June 68 (the first Roman emperor to do so). His death ended the Julio-Claudian dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Nero's rule is often associated with tyranny and extravagance. He is known for many executions, including that of his mother, and the probable murder by poison of his stepbrother Britannicus.
Nero was rumored to have had captured Christians dipped in oil and set on fire in his garden at night as a source of light. This view is based on the writings of Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio, the main surviving sources for Nero's reign, but a few sources paint Nero in a more favourable light. Some sources, including some mentioned above, portray him as an emperor who was popular with the common Roman people, especially in the East. Some modern historians question the reliability of ancient sources when reporting on Nero's tyrannical acts.
Nero (37–68) was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68.
Nero may also refer to:
Nero (DC Comics)
Nero (2004 film)
Imperium: Nero is an Italian-British-Spanish television film, part of the Imperium series; it was made film available on DVD as of November 2005 in the U.S. and Canada. Produced by EOS Entertainment and Lux Vide for RAI and Telecinco.
Nero, in comics, may refer:
- Nero (DC Comics), a DC Comics character.
- Nero of The Adventures of Nero, in Flemish: De Avonturen van Detectief Van Zwam and De Avonturen van Nero & Co
- Diamanda Nero, a Marvel Comics character
- NeRo, a Marvel Comics character and Daredevil villain
Nero (Closterkeller album)
Nero is the seventh studio album by Polish gothic rock band Closterkeller. It was released on October 16, 2003 in Poland through Metal Mind Productions. The album was recorded on August–September 2003 at Zeman-Krason studio. The cover art was created by Agnieszka Szuba. English version of album was released on February 23, 2004 in United States and Netherlands through Bertus Distributie, Pitchfork Promotions.
NERO is a chocolate- and liquorice-based candy bar made by Nidar AS of Trondheim, Norway. It consists of a liquorice-flavoured jelly with additional aniseed and fennel oil flavourings, covered in a layer of 45%-cacao dark chocolate. The bar commonly retails for 10 Norwegian kroner.
Nero, stylized as NERO, is a British electronic music trio composed of members Daniel "Dan" Stephens, Joseph "Joe" Ray and Alana Stephens (née Watson). On 12 August 2011, they released their debut studio album, Welcome Reality, which reached number one in the UK Albums Chart. In August 2012, " Promises" received a Gold certification in the United States. On 10 February 2013, Nero won a Grammy Award for their collaborative remix of "Promises" with Skrillex. Their second studio album, Between II Worlds, was released on 11 September 2015.
Nero (1922 film)
Nero is a 1922 American-Italian silent historical film directed by J. Gordon Edwards and starring Jacques Grétillat, Sandro Salvini and Guido Trento. It portrays the life of the Roman Emperor Nero.
The film was made by an Italian subsidiary of the Fox Film Corporation as part of an ambitious plan to make major films in Europe (with Britain and France planned as destinations as well as Italy). The film was shot on location in and around Rome, including at the Colosseum. Despite the fact that production costs were cheaper in Italy than Hollywood, the film's budget continued to grow. Some differences in labor demands (Italian extras insisting on lap breaks in the afternoons) caused some difficulty for the production as well. The film ultimately cost $358,000 to make. Although the film was eventually able to gross $522,000 this came out as a nearly $60,000 loss due to advertising and distribution costs. The film ended Fox's European scheme after only one production, with an announced film of Mary, Queen of Scots never being made.
Nero (comic book character)
Nero is a Flemish comic book character and the main protagonist in Marc Sleen's long running comic book strip series The Adventures of Nero (1947–2002). He is one of the most recognizable comic book characters in Belgium and comparable to Lambik from the Suske en Wiske series by Willy Vandersteen.
Nero is a middle aged, fairly obese man who is bald except for two long hairs on his head. Furthermore, he wears a huge red bow tie and has laurel leaves behind his ears, in reference to the Roman emperor Nero after whom he was named.
Nero is an anti hero. He is a complex character with many good character traits, but also many human fallities. He is sometimes stupid, lazy, naïve, egotistical and vain, but in other situations he proves himself to be clever, friendly, determined and melancholic.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Nero \Ne"ro\ (n[=e]"r[-o]), prop. n.
A Roman emperor notorious for debauchery and barbarous
cruelty; hence, any profligate and cruel ruler or merciless
tyrant. -- Ne*ro"ni*an (n[-e]*r[=o]"n[i^]*an), a.
[1913 Webster] Nero (originally Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus,
later Nero Claudius C[ae]sar Drusus Germanicus). Born at
Antium, Italy, Dec. 15, 37 a. d.: committed suicide near
Rome, June 9, 68. Roman emperor 54-68, son of Domitius
Ahenobarbus and Agrippina (daughter of Germanicus).
He was adopted by his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, in
50, and in 53 married Octavia, the daughter of Claudius by
Messalina. In 54 Claudius was poisoned by Agrippina, who
caused her son to be proclaimed to the exclusion of
Britannicus, the son of Claudius. His former tutors, the
philosopher Seneca and Burrus, commander of the pretorian
guards, were placed at the head of the government, and the
early years of his reign were marked, on the whole, by
clemency and justice. He caused his rival Britannicus to be
removed by poison in 55. In 59 he procured the assassination
of his mother, of whose control he had become impatient.
Burrus died in 62, whereupon Seneca retired from public life.
Freed from the restraint of his former advisers, he gave free
rein to a naturally tyrannical and cruel disposition. He
divorced Octavia in order to marry Popp[ae]a, and shortly
afterward put Octavia to death (62). Popp[ae]a ultimately
died from the effects of a kick administered by her brutal
husband. Having been accused of kindling the fire which in 64
destroyed a large part of Rome, he sought to divert attention
from himself by ordering a persecution of the Christians,
whom he accused of having caused the Conflagration. He put
Seneca to death in 65, and 66-68 visited Greece, where he
competed for the prizes as a musician and charioteer in the
religious festivals. He was overthrown by a revolt under
Galba, and stabbed himself to death with the assistance of
But the imperial Reign of Terror was limited to a
comparatively small number of families in Rome. The provinces
ware undoubtedly better governed than in the later days of
the Republic, and even in Rome itself the common people
strewed flowers on the grave of Nero.
--Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders, I. 6.
Usage examples of "nero".
Rome, in thirty books, from the fall of Nero to the accession of Nerva.
The tyranny of Tiberius, Nero, and Domitian, who resided almost constantly at Rome, or in the adjacent was confined to the senatorial and equestrian orders.
Painted the slaughter was of Julius, Of cruel Nero, and Antonius: Although at that time they were yet unborn, Yet was their death depainted there beforn, By menacing of Mars, right by figure, So was it showed in that portraiture, As is depainted in the stars above, Who shall be slain, or elles dead for love.
Not eastern bombast, nor the savage rant Of purpled madmen, were they numbered all From Roman Nero, down to Russian Paul, Could grate upon my ear so mean, so base, As the rank jargon of that factious race, Who, poor of heart, and prodigal of words, Born to be slaves, and struggling to be lords, But pant for licence, while they spurn controul, And shout for rights, with rapine in their soul!
Nero, who had been giving a recital when he was alerted, had not even had time to change from his costume as a cithara player.
Archie Goodwin and you work for Nero Wolfeit calls you his legmanand it says you were with Dazy Perrit when he was killed.
He invented certain new kinds of vice, even going beyond the perverts used by the debauchees of old, and he was well acquainted with all the arrangements of Tiberius, Caligula, and Nero.
The gardens of Nero were destined for the melancholy spectacle, which was accompanied with a horse-race and honored with the presence of the emperor, who mingled with the populace in the dress and attitude of a charioteer.
Nero traveled to Greece, and performed on the cithara at the Olympian and Isthmian games.
Nero Loring has resumed his leadership of Lorica, and his daughter is being brought along to replace him.
Romans still revered, in the person of Nero, the grandson of Germanicus, and the lineal successor of Augustus.
Nero had reached a particularly shrieky section of his sonata, and the children had to lean forward to one another in order to continue their conversation.
Can it be that Christ and Herod, Paul and Nero, Timour and Fenelon, drop through the blind trap of death into precisely the same condition of unwaking sleep?
The golden palace of Nero excited a just indignation, but the vast extent of ground which had been usurped by his selfish luxury was more nobly filled under the succeeding reigns by the Coliseum, the baths of Titus, the Claudian portico, and the temples dedicated to the goddess of Peace, and to the genius of Rome.
In spite of the public calamity Nero continued to give games for the amusement of the populace, other rich men followed his example, and the sports of the amphitheatre were carried on on an even more extensive scale than before.