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Monism

Monism is the view that attributes oneness or singleness (Greek:μόνος) to a concept (e.g., existence). Substance monism is the philosophical view that a variety of existing things can be explained in terms of a single reality or substance. Another definition states that all existing things go back to a source that is distinct from them (e.g., in Neoplatonism everything is derived from The One). This is often termed priority monism, and is the view that only one thing is ontologically basic or prior to everything else.

Another distinction is the difference between substance and existence monism, or stuff monism and thing monism. Substance monism posits that only one kind of stuff (e.g., matter or mind) exists, although many things may be made out of this stuff. Existence monism posits that, strictly speaking, there exists only a single thing (e.g., the universe), which can only be artificially and arbitrarily divided into many things.

The Collaborative International Dictionary

monism

Monogenesis \Mon`o*gen"e*sis\, n. [Mono- + genesis.]

  1. Oneness of origin; esp. (Biol.), development of all beings in the universe from a single cell; -- opposed to polygenesis. Called also monism.
    --Dana.
    --Haeckel.

  2. (Biol.) That form of reproduction which requires but one parent, as in reproduction by fission or in the formation of buds, etc., which drop off and form new individuals; asexual reproduction.
    --Haeckel.

  3. (Biol.) The direct development of an embryo, without metamorphosis, into an organism similar to the parent organism; -- opposed to metagenesis.
    --E. van Beneden.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

monism

"the philosophical doctrine that there is only one principle," 1862, from Modern Latin monismus, from Greek monos "alone" (see mono-). First used in German by German philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679-1754).

Wiktionary

monism

n. The doctrine of the oneness and unity of reality, despite the appearance of diversity in the world.

WordNet

monism

n. the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element

Usage examples of "monism".

The metaphysical principles that constitute scientific monism have proven to be enormously valuable guidelines for investigating a wide range of phenomena, specifically those that are physical, quantifiable,, orderly, and repeatable.

Nevertheless, science has progressed together with the ideology of scientific materialism that does embody a number of sacrosanct theories and a priori statements, namely the principles of objectivism, monism, universalism, reductionism, the closure principle, and physicalism.

Thus, in the infancy of Western metaphysical speculation, the principles of monism, physicalism, and re-ductionism were already prevalent.

Thus, ordinary, commonsense, firsthand experience is taken as seriously as scientific, third-person observations, and even the most cherished principles of scientific materialism, such as monism, are treated simply as hypotheses.

Exactly in proportion as you turn monotheism into monism you turn it into despotism.

It may be worth our while, however, to note that many modern mystics are not monists, and that the supposed inseparable connection between Mysticism and Monism is being thrown overboard.

Paul Carus is today the ablest American exponent of Monism, and to him it is a positive religion.

If Monism could make men of the superb mental type of Paul Carus, well might we place the subject on a compulsory basis and introduce it into our public schools.

God of the Jews was conceived, serves as a measure of how far the several schools were from the Jewish religion and the Monism that ruled it.

Walker, for example, in his extremely suggestive Spiritual Monism and Christian Theism.

Walker, for example, in his extremely suggestive work on Monism and Christian Theism.

Compared to the steady orientation of the Catholic, the Protestant philosophers wavered, catching often at the latest style in thought, be it monism or pragmatism.

That this correspondence (which may be merely verbal) is ground for synthesis seems doubtful: the position of the old Lykeionian Sub-Department of Dairy Husbandry may, it is true, be assigned with equal justice either to Negative Valuational Monism or to Negative-Superlative Disquiparent Pluralism.