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Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
mast
noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
at half mast (=halfway down the pole, in order to express public sadness at someone’s death)
▪ The government ordered that all flags should be flown at half mast.
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ NOUN
cell
▪ In addition, mast cells in normal colon, adenoma, or carcinoma samples consistently showed strong positive staining for cytochrome P450 3A.
▪ Mucosal mast cells in the rat intestine are drastically affected by an infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis.
▪ When this occurs, the mast cells start to break down.
▪ During the initial phase, newly formed mast cell components such as histamine, serotonin, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes may be released.
▪ In histological specimens a significantly reduced number of mucosal mast cells was found.
▪ In some experiments the mucosa was completely devoid of mast cells.
▪ In the many stomach histamine is stored predominantly in the mast cells.
▪ Ketotifen may prevent the release of the inflammatory mediators from mast cells as well as from other inflammatory cells.
radio
▪ Forward in next field, making for lower of two radio masts.
▪ We flew above the skeletal radio mast and I stared down at the row of huge houses.
▪ As Schellenberg and Devlin got out, a sergeant emerged from the hut with the radio mast, and hurried towards them.
▪ How much do you care about the environmental and health damage caused by the radio masts?
track
▪ The easiest way to carry the board is with one hand in the daggerboard and the other on the mast track.
▪ The larger sized boards are also suitable for beginners though footstraps and mast track will be no use to a novice.
▪ Daggerboards and mast tracks should be made to work freely and you should be confident with the non-slip surface.
▪ One way of doing this is to put the mast track further forwards, thus engaging more of the rail.
trolley
▪ The Blackwell enclosed spring trolley mast was placed at the centre of the upper deck.
▪ There was two and two seating on the upper deck, except for two single seats by the trolley mast.
▪ There was 2 &038; 2 seating on the upper deck, with a single seat at one side of the trolley mast.
yarn
▪ On Brother and Toyota machines it positions itself automatically when left to hang freely between the yarn mast and knitting.
▪ There was no coned yarn, no row counter, no yarn mast, no wool winder - and no competition!
▪ The tension disc at the top of the yarn mast will need adjusting for the thread.
▪ You can in fact have almost as many yarn masts as you like attached to the back of the machine.
▪ Well, have you ever looked at the yarn mast and tension spring?
▪ The yarn to be woven should be threaded through the second side of the yarn mast.
▪ When weaving with a thick yarn, you will probably find that it won't feed through the yarn mast.
▪ On Brother and Toyota machines, just let the yarn hang between the yarn mast and the edge of the knitting.
■ VERB
fly
▪ The ferry's flag flew at half mast as the probe went on at Cork's Ringaskiddy port.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
nail your colours to the mast
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ And, rotors are smaller than masts and sails.
▪ He stood there like a mast.
▪ I wanted to jump down from a mast and land right in her, but I kept my promise to Remi.
▪ In addition, mast cells in normal colon, adenoma, or carcinoma samples consistently showed strong positive staining for cytochrome P450 3A.
▪ On Brother and Toyota machines, just let the yarn hang between the yarn mast and the edge of the knitting.
▪ When Nick proposed an improved way of setting the masts in place, Mr Ching balked at the suggestion.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Mast

Mast \Mast\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Masted; p. pr. & vb. n. Masting.] To furnish with a mast or masts; to put the masts of in position; as, to mast a ship.

Mast

Mast \Mast\ (m[.a]st), n. [AS. m[ae]st, fem.; akin to G. mast, and E. meat. See Meat.] The fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns.

Oak mast, and beech, . . . they eat.
--Chapman.

Swine under an oak filling themselves with the mast.
--South.

Mast

Mast \Mast\, n. [AS. m[ae]st, masc.; akin to D., G., Dan., & Sw. mast, Icel. mastr, and perh. to L. malus.]

  1. (Naut.) A pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar, set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, rigging, etc. A mast may also consist of several pieces of timber united by iron bands, or of a hollow pillar of iron or steel.

    The tallest pine Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast Of some great ammiral.
    --Milton.

    Note: The most common general names of masts are foremast, mainmast, and mizzenmast, each of which may be made of separate spars.

  2. (Mach.) The vertical post of a derrick or crane.

  3. (A["e]ronautics) A spar or strut to which tie wires or guys are attached for stiffening purposes.

    Afore the mast, Before the mast. See under Afore, and Before.

    Mast coat. See under Coat.

    Mast hoop, one of a number of hoops attached to the fore edge of a boom sail, which slip on the mast as the sail is raised or lowered; also, one of the iron hoops used in making a made mast. See Made.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
mast

"long pole on a ship to support the sail," Old English mæst, from Proto-Germanic *mastaz (cognates: Old Norse mastr, Middle Dutch maste, Dutch, Danish mast, German Mast), from PIE *mazdo- "a pole, rod" (cognates: Latin malus "mast," Old Irish matan "club," Irish maide "a stick," Old Church Slavonic mostu "bridge"). The single mast of an old ship was the boundary between quarters of officers and crew, hence before the mast in the title of Dana's book, etc.

mast

"fallen nuts; food for swine," Old English mæst, from Proto-Germanic *masto (cognates: Dutch, Old High German, German mast "mast;" Old English verb mæsten "to fatten, feed"), perhaps from PIE *mad-sta-, from root *mad- "moist, wet," also used of various qualities of food (cognates: Sanskrit madati "it bubbles, gladdens," medah "fat, marrow;" Latin madere "be sodden, be drunk;" Middle Persian mast "drunk;" Old English mete "food," Old High German muos "meal, mushlike food," Gothic mats "food").

Wiktionary
mast

Etymology 1 n. 1 A tall, slim post or tower, usually tapering upward, used to support, for example, the sails on a ship, flags, floodlights, or communications equipment such as an aerial, usually supported by guy-wires. 2 (context naval English) A non-judicial punishment ("NJP") disciplinary hearing under which a commanding officer studies and disposes of cases involving those under his command. vb. To supply and fit a mast to a ship Etymology 2

n. The fruit of forest-trees (beech, oak, chestnut, pecan, etc.), especially if having fallen from the tree, used as fodder for pigs and other animals. vb. 1 (context of swine and other animals English) To feed on forest seed or fruit. 2 (context agriculture forestry ecology of a population of plants English) To vary fruit and seed production in multi-year cycles.

WordNet
mast
  1. n. a vertical spar for supporting sails

  2. nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine

  3. nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine

  4. any sturdy upright pole

Wikipedia
Mast

Mast or MAST may refer to:

Mast (sailing)

The mast of a sailing vessel is a tall spar, or arrangement of spars, erected more or less vertically on the centre-line of a ship or boat. Its purposes include carrying sail, spars, and derricks, and giving necessary height to a navigation light, look-out position, signal yard, control position, radio aerial or signal lamp. Large ships have several masts, with the size and configuration depending on the style of ship. Nearly all sailing masts are guyed masts.

Until the mid-19th century all vessels' masts were made of wood formed from a single or several pieces of timber which typically consisted of the trunk of a conifer tree. From the 16th century, vessels were often built of a size requiring masts taller and thicker than could be made from single tree trunks. On these larger vessels, to achieve the required height, the masts were built from up to four sections (also called masts), known in order of rising height above the decks as the lower, top, topgallant and royal masts. Giving the lower sections sufficient thickness necessitated building them up from separate pieces of wood. Such a section was known as a made mast, as opposed to sections formed from single pieces of timber, which were known as pole masts.

Mast (naval)

In naval tradition, a mast is a non-judicial punishment ("NJP") disciplinary hearing under which a commanding officer studies and disposes of cases involving those in his command.

If the officer conducting the proceeding is either a captain, or a lower ranking officer (typically a commander or lieutenant commander) serving as commanding officer of a naval or coast guard vessel, an aviation squadron, or similar command afloat or ashore, then the proceeding is referred to as a captain's mast.

If an admiral is overseeing the mast, then the procedure is referred to as an admiral's mast or a flag mast.

A captain's mast or admiral's mast is a procedure whereby the commanding officer must:

  • Make inquiry into the facts surrounding minor offenses allegedly committed by a member of the command;
  • Afford the accused a hearing as to such offenses; and
  • Dispose of such charges by dismissing the charges, imposing punishment under the provisions of military law or referring the case to a court-martial.

A captain's mast is not:

  • A trial, as the term "non-judicial" implies;
  • A conviction, even if punishment is imposed;
  • An acquittal, even if punishment is not imposed.

In the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, these proceedings take place under the authority of Article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice ( UCMJ).

The term mast may also refer to when a captain or commanding officer makes themself available to hear concerns, complaints or requests from their crew. Traditionally, on a naval vessel, the captain would stand at the main mast of that vessel when holding mast. The crew, who by custom did not speak with the captain, could speak to him directly at these times. It could also refer to the naval punishment of tying one to a mast and lashing them with a whip.

In modern times, a meritorious mast refers to the commanding officer taking this time to single out a member of the crew for praise and present written recognition of work well done.

Mast (Sufism)

In Sufi philosophy, a mast (pronounced "must") is a person who is overwhelmed with love for God, accompanied with external disorientation resembling intoxication. The word is coined by Meher Baba and originates from the Sufi term mast-Allah meaning "intoxicated with God" from Persian mast, lit. "intoxicated." Another interpretation of its origin is that it is derived from masti, a Persian word meaning "overpowered."

Mast (film)

Mast is a 1999 Bollywood musical romantic film directed by Ram Gopal Varma. This was the debut film for Aftab Shivdasani as a lead actor. Upon release, the film received positive reviews, and has become an instant hit at the box office.

Mast (botany)

Mast is the "fruit of forest trees like acorns and other nuts". It is also defined as "the fruit of trees such as beech, and other forms of Fagaceae". Alternatively, it can also refer to "a heap of nuts". The term "mast" comes from the old English word "mæst", meaning the nuts of forest trees that have accumulated on the ground, especially those used as food for fattening domestic pigs.

More generally, mast is considered the edible vegetative or reproductive part produced by woody species of plants, i.e. trees and shrubs, that wildlife species and some domestic animals consume. It comes in two forms.

Mast (hieroglyph)

The ancient Egyptianship's mast hieroglyph is one of the oldest language hieroglyphs from Ancient Egypt. It is used on a famous label of Pharaoh Den of the First dynasty, but forms part of the location hieroglyph: Emblem of the East.

Usage examples of "mast".

As I ventured on I saw in the distance a forest of derricks and masts where the Grosvenor-canal had just been opened and barges from the East of the metropolis were bringing rubble for the Bason to be filled in, though of course I knew nothing of this at the time.

If I time it right our mast should snap off her jibboom and with a bit of luck her bowsprit should catch in our rigging.

Dryad nor anything resembling the Dryad except in the possession of two masts, but a genuine flyer, long and narrow, with a very fine entry, towering masts and a bowsprit of extraordinary length with a triple dolphin-striker, the Bonhomme Richard, that well-known blockade-runner.

Had the wind been lighter both sails would probably have been left up and brailed, but even with her muffled main still up the mast, the smuggler was starting to sheer quite wildly in the swell.

Absently, Brett nodded and raked cold fingers through his damp hair, his gaze ever vigilant on the crew struggling with the wreckage of the mast.

The masts of hundreds of longships bristled from the waters of Iron Bay.

Above them came a whirring noise, and Burl looked up to see the masts withdrawing into the building, their discs presumably left flat and directionless.

The old yacht club fell away quickly, but Manso liked to fly low, almost brushing the tops of the sailboat masts in the marina.

Triple masted and dragon prowed, it fought the waves with a fury that seemed almost alive.

Still, there could be no mistaking the timbered and masted boats under the huge sails.

She was the largest, a two masted schooner, with a deep draught, and slower than the other four.

Ships have been masted, guns taken on board, floating batteries prepared, and except hauling out and completing their rigging, everything is done in defiance of the treaty.

Her solid masting, her iron rigging, which was in good condition, would enable her to bear in this condition even a stronger breeze.

Dick Sands, Austin, Acteon, and Bat climbed into the masting, while Tom remained at the wheel, and Hercules on the deck, so as to slacken the ropes, as soon as he was commanded.

After numerous efforts, the fore-staff and the top-gallant mast were gotten down upon the deck, not without these honest men having a hundred times risked being precipitated into the sea, the rolling shook the masting to such an extent.