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The Collaborative International Dictionary
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
Mali

modern African nation, known by that name from 1959, formerly French Sudan. The name is that of a former African kingdom (13c.-14c.), perhaps from Malinke, name of an indigenous people of the region.

Wiktionary
mali

n. (context slang English) Pure MDMA

Wikipedia
Mali

Mali (; ), officially the Republic of Mali , is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over . The population of Mali is 14.5 million. Its capital is Bamako. Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara Desert, while the country's southern part, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economy centers on agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's prominent natural resources include gold, being the third largest producer of gold in the African continent, and salt. About half the population lives below the international poverty line of $1.25 (U.S.) a day. A majority of the population (55%) are non-denominational Muslims.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. During its golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and art. At its peak in 1300, the Mali Empire covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France and stretched to the west coast of Africa. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a coup in 1991 led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.

In January 2012, an armed conflict broke out in northern Mali, which Tuareg rebels took control of by April and declared the secession of a new state, Azawad. The conflict was complicated by a military coup that took place in March and later fighting between Tuareg and Islamist rebels. In response to Islamist territorial gains, the French military launched Opération Serval in January 2013. A month later, Malian and French forces recaptured most of the north. Presidential elections were held on 28 July 2013, with a second round run-off held on 11 August, and legislative elections were held on 24 November and 15 December 2013.

Mali (disambiguation)

Mali is a country in Western Africa.

Mali may also refer to:

Mali (TV series)

Mali also known as Mali: United by Blood: Divided by Greed is a Kenyan television series and a soap opera in East Africa. It premiered on October 12, 2011 on NTV (Kenya) and was broadcast in Uganda starting in 2012. Mali is the first Kenyan programme in its genre to run three times a week on NTV. It is written by Alison Ngibuini and Damaris Irungu.

Mali (GPU)

The Mali series of graphics processing units (GPUs) are semiconductor intellectual property cores produced by ARM Holdings for licensing in various ASIC designs by ARM partners.

Mali (cartoonist)

T. R. Mahalingam, better known by his pen-name Mali, was an illustrator and cartoonist from Tamil Nadu, India, in the pre-independence era. He was the Tamil Press's first caricaturists, according to Chennai historian S. Muthiah in The Hindu. Muthiah has written elsewhere that Mali did as much with his strokes for Vikatan as its celebrated editor Kalki Krishnamurthy did with his words.

Mali published his drawings in the Indian Express in the 1930s, and first made his name at the Free Press Journal 'before being immortalised in the pages of Ananda Vikatan, the first popular Tamil periodical'. He also did cartoons for the Vikatan group's English-language Merry Magazine, where he became the editor in 1935. He is said to have left the editorial nitty-gritty to his assistant editor, while continuing to illustrate such humorous serials as 'Private Joyful in Madras' (The magazine shut down in c. 1935 or 1936).

While it was the writer and poet Subramanya Bharathi who first introduced cartoons to Tamil journalism, it was Ananda Vikatan that made them truly popular. As cartoonist and senior artist at Ananda Vikatan, Mali was thus a key influence on a second generation of cartoonists. Gopulu and Silpi were illustrators he mentored at Vikatan.

According to Tamil film historian Randor Guy, Mali designed the famous logo for Gemini Studios, which depicts cherubic twin buglers.

Mali died in c. 1947, according to an obituary in The Indian Review.

Usage examples of "mali".

Ibn Battuta had come here after travels in Arabia and India and China, and written admiringly of the kingdom of Mali.

What Heinrich Barth could find in the Western Sudan a hundred years ago would not have greatly differed in its social life and limits from the Mali of Ibn Battuta, five hundred years before.

Bonum, malum, qui fecisti Mali imploramus te, Salve fratrem, causa Christi, Miserere Domine!

This was the way to Gao and to Bamako, the capital of landlocked Mali.

Tum crebris diurnis nocturnisque eruptionibus aut aggeri ignem inferebant aut milites occupatos in opere adoriebantur, et nostrarum turrium altitudinem, quantum has cotidianus agger expresserat, commissis suarum turrium malis adaequabant, et apertos cuniculos praeusta et praeacuta materia et pice fervefacta et maximi ponderis saxis morabantur moenibusque appropinquare prohibebant.

The one exception is the remarkable mythology surrounding the star Sirius mat is held by the Dogon people of the Republic of Mali.

But their eminence dates from Mandingo supremacy and its empire of Mali.

Africa without Egypt was written some time later, the writer was in a position to found his chapter on Mali from information gathered by men who had seen the Mandingo monarch on his way to Mecca.

Islamic historians have recorded stories of voyages west from Mali in West Africa around 1311, during the reign of Mansa Bakari II.

Mali, however, nodded and gave the beaverish individual a sum of metal money from her purse, and then she and Joe stepped from the taxi onto the sidewalk.

Illa tamen bimanus custodit machina portam, Stricta, paratque malis plagam non amplius unam.

It drew a huge, double-edged sword and continued its flight up the trail, dragging Mali with it.

The e-voting encryption methods used on Mali and Vishnu, which allowed people to vote via the datanet, had been deemed insufficiently secure by Jefferson's founders, even though Kafari could have written the psychotronic safeguards into such a system in her sleep.

Rick, another young American in Kratie, was a geologist who came to Cambodia after three years of Peace Corps experience in a village in Mali, one of the hardest and loneliest countries in West Africa for expats to work in.

It was only later, after the economic facts of life had forced several ex-colonial countries to federate into groups sharing a common European language - such as Mali, Dahomey and Upper Volta into DahoMalia, and Ghana and Nigeria into RUNG - that they became aware of a curious phenomenon.