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Mago

Mago in may refer to:

  • Mago (spider), a spider genus of the Salticidae family found in South America
  • Magu or Mago, a goddess

Places:

  • Mago Island, an island in Fiji
  • Mago, Minorca, a Carthaginian and later Roman town in Minorca
  • Mago, Russia, a rural locality (a settlement) in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
  • Mago National Park, in southwest Ethiopia
    • Mount Mago a mountain in Mago National Park, southwest Ethiopia
    • Mago River a tributary of the Omo river in Mago National Park, southwest Ethiopia

People:

  • Mago (agricultural writer), a Carthaginian writer quoted and drawn on by Columella
  • Mago Barca (243 BCE - 203 BCE), a Carthaginian general, son of Hamilcar Barca and brother of Hannibal
  • Mago (fleet commander), (died 383 BCE), a Carthaginian fleet commander, active in Sicily
  • Mago (general), a Carthaginian general active in Sicily in the mid 4th century BCE
  • The Magonids of the ruling dynasty of Carthage from 550 BCE to 340 BCE
    • Mago I of Carthage (reigned c.550-c.530 BCE)
    • Mago II of Carthage (reigned 396-375 BCE)
    • Mago III of Carthage (reigned 375-344 BCE)
  • Andrea Bargnani known as "Il Mago" (b. 1985) Italian basketball player
  • Mago, or Francisco Mago Leccia (1931–2004), Venezuelan ichthyologist
  • Hannibal Mago (died 406 BCE) Carthaginian Shofet and General

In entertainment:

  • Mago (album), a 2007 Jazz album by Billy Martin and John Medeski
  • Mägo de Oz, a Celtic folk metal band from Spain
  • Nurarihyon no Mago, a manga series
Mago (agricultural writer)

Mago was a Carthaginian writer, author of an agricultural manual in Punic which was a record of the farming knowledge of Carthage. The Punic text has been lost, but some fragments of Greek and Latin translations survive.

Mago's long work (it was divided into 28 books) was partly based on earlier Greek agricultural writings but no doubt incorporated local Berber and Punic traditional practices, Carthage being a Phoenician colony. It began with general advice which is thus summarized by Columella:

After Rome's destruction of Carthage in 146 BC, the Carthaginian libraries were given to the kings of Numidia. Uniquely, Mago's book was retrieved and brought to Rome. It was adapted into Greek by Cassius Dionysius and translated in full into Latin by Decimus Junius Silanus, the latter at the expense of the Roman Senate. The Greek translation was later abridged by Diophanes of Nicaea, whose version was divided into six books.

Extracts from these translations survive in quotations by Roman writers on agriculture, including Varro, Columella, Pliny the Elder and Gargilius Martialis. This is a partial list of surviving fragments:

  • If buying a farm, sell your town house (see quotation above).
  • The most productive vineyards face north.
  • How to plant vines.
  • How to prune vines.
  • How to plant olives.
  • How to plant fruit trees.
  • How to harvest marsh plants.
  • Preparing various grains and pulses for grinding.
  • How to select bullocks.
  • Notes on the health of cattle.
  • Mules sometimes foal in Africa. Mules and mares foal in the twelfth month after conception.
  • Notes on farmyard animals.
  • Getting bees from the carcass of a bullock or ox.
  • The beekeeper should not kill drones.
  • How to preserve pomegranates.
  • How to make the best passum (raisin wine).
Mago (spider)

Mago is a spider genus of the Salticidae family (jumping spiders), found only in South America.

Mago (fleet commander)

Mago ( Greek: ) was commander of the Carthaginian fleet under Himilco in the war against Dionysius I of Syracuse, 396 BCE.

As commander of the Carthaginian fleet under Himilco in the great sea-fight off Catania, Mago completely defeated the fleet of the Syracusans under Leptines, the brother of Dionysius, sinking or destroying over 100 of their ships, as well as capturing many others. ( Diod. xiv. 59, 60.)

There is no information as to his role in the subsequent operations against Syracuse itself. However, after the disastrous end to the Carthaginian expedition and the return of Himilco to Africa, Mago appears to have been given the chief command in Sicily, where he endeavoured, through lenient measures and conciliation towards the Greek cities and by concluding alliances with the Sicilian tribes, to re-establish the Carthaginian power on the island.

In 393 BCE he advanced against Messana (modern Messina), but was attacked and defeated by Dionysius near Abacaenum, which compelled him to remain quiet for a time. The next year, however, having received powerful reinforcements from Sardinia and North Africa, he assembled an army of 80,000 men, with which he advanced through the heart of Sicily as far as the Chrysas River, but was met there by Dionysius, who having secured the alliance of Agyris, tyrant of Agyrium, succeeded in cutting off the supplies of the enemy. As a result, Dionysius reduced the Carthaginians to such a level of distress that Mago was compelled to conclude a treaty of peace, through which he abandoned his allies, the Sicilians, to the power of Dionysius. (Id. xiv. 90, 95, 96.)

After this Mago returned to Carthage, where shortly after he was raised to the office of suffete, a position which he held in 383 BCE, when the ambition and intrigues of Dionysius led to the renewal of hostilities between Carthage and Syracuse. Mago landed in Sicily with a large army, and after numerous petty combats, a pitched battle took place, in which, after a severe contest, the Carthaginians were defeated and Mago was slain.

Mago (general)

Mago ( Greek: ) was commander of the Carthaginian fleet and army in Sicily in 344 BC. When Timoleon had made himself master of the citadel of Syracuse after the departure of Dionysius, Hicetas, finding himself unable to cope single-handed with this new and formidable rival, called in the assistance of Mago, who appeared before Syracuse with a fleet of 150 triremes, and an army of 50,000 men. He did not, however, accomplish anything worthy of so great a force; not only were both he and Hicetas unable to make any impression on the island citadel, but while they were engaged in an expedition against Catania, Neon, the Corinthian governor of Syracuse, took advantage of their absence to make himself master of Achradina. Jealousies likewise arose between the Carthaginians and their Syracusan allies, and at length Mago, becoming apprehensive of treachery, suddenly relinquished the enterprise, and on the approach of Timoleon at the head of a very inferior force, sailed away with his whole fleet, and withdrew to Carthage. Here his cowardly conduct excited such indignation, that he put an end to his own life, to avoid a worse fate at the hands of his exasperated countrymen, who, nevertheless, proceeded to crucify his lifeless body. ( Plut.Timol. 17—22; the same events are more briefly related by Diodorus Siculus, xvi. 69, but without any mention of the name of Mago.)

Mago (album)

Mago is a jazz album released by Billy Martin and John Medeski of the jazz trio Medeski Martin & Wood. Mago was recorded over two days in July 2006, and was produced by Martin. The duets album features Martin on drums and Medeski on Hammond B3 organ.

Billy Martin and John Medeski performed material from Mago at the Bonnaroo Music Festival in 2007.