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Li

Li, li, or LI may refer to:

Lí (surname)

is a Chinese surname. It is most common in Central and South China (including Hong Kong) where it is transliterated as Lai (from Cantonese), and is one of the four most common surnames among ethnic Vietnamese, which in the Vietnamese language is Lê. It is listed 262nd in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames.

In the Vietnamese, some Chinese Li families changed their surname to Vietnamese Hà or Hồ . Later one such family started the Hồ dynasty.

Li (unit)

The li (, , or , shìlǐ), also known as the Chinese mile, is a traditional Chinese unit of distance. The li has varied considerably over time but was usually about a third as long as the English mile and now has a standardized length of a half- kilometer . This is then divided into chi or "Chinese feet".

The character 里 combines the characters for "field" (田, tián) and "earth" (土, ), since it was considered to be about the length of a single village. As late as the 1940s, a "li" did not represent a fixed measure but could be longer or shorter depending on the effort required to cover the distance.

There is also another li (Traditional: 釐, Simplified: 厘, ) that indicates a unit of length 1/1000 of a chi, but it is used much less commonly. This li is used in the People's Republic of China as the equivalent of the centi- prefix in metric units, thus limi (厘米, límǐ) for centimeter. The tonal difference makes it distinguishable to speakers of Chinese, but unless specifically noted otherwise, any reference to li will always refer to the longer traditional unit and not to either the shorter unit or the kilometer. This traditional unit, in terms of historical usage and distance proportion, can be considered the East Asian counterpart to the Western league unit.

Li (Confucianism)

Li is a classical Chinese word which is commonly used in Chinese philosophy, particularly within Confucianism. Li does not encompass a definitive object but rather a somewhat abstract idea and, as such, is translated in a number of different ways. Wing-tsit Chan explains that li originally meant "a religious sacrifice but has come to mean ceremony, ritual, decorum, rules of propriety, good form, good custom, etc., and has even been equated with Natural Law."

Li (Neo-Confucianism)

Li (理, pinyin )is a concept found in Neo-Confucian Chinese philosophy. It refers to the underlying reason and order of nature as reflected in its organic forms.

It may be translated as "rational principle" or "law." It was central to Zhu Xi's integration of Buddhism into Confucianism. Zhu Xi held that li, together with qi (氣: vital, material force), depend on each other to create structures of nature and matter. The sum of li is the Taiji.

This idea resembles the Buddhist notion of li, which also means "principle." Zhu Xi maintained, however, that his notion is found in I Ching (Book of Changes), a classic source of Chinese philosophy. Zhu Xi's school came to be known as the School of Li, which is comparable to rationalism. To an even greater extent than Confucius, Zhu Xi had a naturalistic world-view. His world-view contained two primary ideas: qi and li. Zhu Xi further believed that the conduct of the two of these took places according to Tai Ji.

Holding to Confucius and Mencius' conception of humanity as innately good, Zhu Xi articulated an understanding of li as the basic pattern of the universe, stating that it was understood these principles that one couldn't live with li and live an exemplary life. In this sense, li according to Zhu Xi is often seen as similar to the Dao in Daoism or to telos in Greek philosophy and also to the Dharma in Hinduism . Wang Yangming, a philosopher who opposed Zhu Xi's ideas, held that li was to be found not in the world but within oneself. Wang Yangming was thus more of an idealist with a different epistemic approach.

Li (Folk song)

Li is folk songs of the Chakesang tribe of Nagaland, India. Literally, Li means Folksong in the Chokri language spoken by the Chakhesang tribe of Nagaland. It often takes the place of conversation and is known to beautifully communicate feelings, ideas and engage people in a circle of warmth and friendship.

Li (surname 郦)

is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in traditional character and in simplified character. It is also spelled Lik according to the Cantonese pronunciation. It is listed 303rd in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames.

Li (surname 理)

is a Chinese surname. In Mandarin it is pronounced with the dipped third tone of the four tones.

Li (TV channel)

Li (Life Inspired) is a 24-hour high-definition television network in Asia. Launched in 2009, Li airs lifestyle-related programmes such as those pertaining to food, home, wellness, travel and style.

The channel is owned by Li TV International Limited and operated by Li TV Asia Sdn. Bhd., with its operating headquarters in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and regional operating offices in Singapore and Hong Kong.

The channel is not available in the Philippines and Vietnam.

Star Publications Sdn Bhd acts as the airtime sales agent for the channel. Hence, the channel's schedule appears on The Star's TV guide.

Li (surname 莉)

is an Ancient Chinese surname, among the Hui people of Yunnan Province. However the Baijiaxing does not have the surname "莉" as it is not an ethnic Han Chinese family.

Li (surname 利)

is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in Chinese character. It is pronounced Lei in Cantonese, and often spelled Lee in Hong Kong and overseas-Chinese communities. It is listed 364th in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames. As of 2008, Li is the 299th most common surname in China.

Li (surname 厉)

is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in traditional character and in simplified character. It is also spelled Lai according to the Cantonese pronunciation. It is listed 247th in the Song Dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.

Relatively uncommon, Li 厲 is not among the top 300 surnames in China. People with the surname are concentrated in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan, and Hunan provinces of China.

According to tradition, the Li 厲 surname originated from Duke Li of Qi of ninth century BC, and the Zhou Dynasty state of Li 厲. The oldest extant genealogy book of the Li surname dates from the early fourth century AD.

Li (surname 栗)

is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname written in Chinese character. It is also spelled Leut according to the Cantonese pronunciation. Relatively uncommon, it is not listed in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames.

Li 栗 is the 249th most common surname in China, with a total population of about 300,000, half of whom live in Henan province.

Li (surname 李)

Li is the second most common surname in People's Republic of China, only behind Wang. It is also one of the most common surnames in the world, shared by 93 million people in China, and more than 100 million worldwide. It is the fourth name listed in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames. According to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Li takes back the number one surname in China with a population of 95,300,000 (7.94%).

The name is pronounced as "Lei" in Cantonese, but is often spelled as Lee in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and many other overseas Chinese communities. In Macau, it is also spelled as Lei. In Indonesia, it is commonly spelled as Lie.

The common Korean surname, Lee (also romanized as Yi, Ri, or Rhee), and the Vietnamese surname, Lý, are both derived from Li and are historically written with the same Chinese character, 李. The character also means "plum" or "plum tree".

According to tradition, the Li surname originated from the title Dali held by Gao Yao, a legendary minister of the Xia dynasty, and was originally written with the different character, 理. Laozi (Li Er), the founder of Taoism, was the first historical person known to have the surname and is regarded as the founding ancestor of the surname.

As the surname of the emperors of the Tang dynasty, Li was bestowed upon or adopted by numerous people, including many foreigners, during the period, and became one of the most common Chinese surnames.

Wiktionary

li

Etymology 1 n. The Chinese mile, a traditional unit of distance equal to 1500 chis or 150 zhangs, now standardized as a half-kilometer (500 meters). Etymology 2

n. A traditional Chinese unit of weight, equal to one-thousandth of a liang, or fifty milligrams. Etymology 3

n. (context Chinese philosophy English) A meaningful ceremony or ritual; etiquette, behaviour. Etymology 4

n. An ancient Chinese cauldron having three hollow legs.

The Collaborative International Dictionary

Li

Li \Li\ (l[=e]), n.

  1. A Chinese measure of distance, being a little more than one third of a mile.

  2. A Chinese copper coin; a cash. See Cash.

WordNet

li

adj. being one more than fifty [syn: fifty-one, 51]

Usage examples of "li".

The only question was whether they would march up to Razac and take a riverboat down the Argo, or take a ship in Marneri and sail to Kadein for the southern route, through the High Pass above Arneis and down the Lis.

Lita enjoyed that race as heartily as she had done several others of late, and caracoled about as if anxious to make up for her lack of skill by speed and obedience.

Hsiao had taken him into his growing organization, Never much more than a petty thug, Phreng and the criminal contacts he maintained throughout the city nonetheless had proven useful as Hsiao assembled the intricacies of Sheng li.

A nonsense phrase, actually, one made up by Hsiao as a code signaling the final phase of Sheng li.

The co-pilot, Thran knew, was Chinese, one of the battalion of trained pilots Hsiao Kuoping had brought first to Burma, then to Thailand as part of Sheng li.

Orphu is here, filLing the corridor, as is the Ganymedan Prime Integrator Suma IV, the CalListan Cho Li, rockvec General Beh bin Adee, and two of the pilot techs from the bridge.

The Librarian staggered to his feet and embraced Master Li, and the two old men clung together whooping and gasping with mirth.

The girl yowled, fell forward and was facedown on the floor as Lita raised the poker again.

His flight pattern called for him to proceed to the seventieth degree of latitude and to fly along it until Lis scintillometer recorded .

One of you pull off to the trailside every ten li, and wait there, so your horses will be fresh tomorrow.

It was richly paneled in cherrywood adorned with carved scrolls and fleurs de lis.

By utiLizing substantial contributions of the mathematicians Maxim Kontsevich, Yuri Manin, Gang Tian, Jun Li, and Alexander Givental, Yau and his collaborators Bong Lian and Kefeng Liu have finally found a rigorous mathematical proof of the formulas used to count spheres inside Calabi-Yau spaces, thereby solving problems that have puzzled mathematicians for hundreds of years.

Aside from Tzu Hsuang and Kei Bot Li, the only other person Batu recognized was Minister Kwan.

Liu and my personal name is Pao and I am honored to greet the renowned Master Li!

Prince Han Li, for example, was engrossed in a profound theological discussion with one of the hooded monks, and when the prince was next seen he was lying in a ditch with a large bump on his head, divested of his purse, jewelry, red leather belt studded with emeralds, silver-winged cap with white tassels, and knife-pleated white mourning garment with a gold-threaded design of five-clawed dragons.