Laki or Lakagígar (Craters of Laki) is a volcanic fissure in the south of Iceland, not far from the canyon of Eldgjá and the small village of Kirkjubæjarklaustur. Lakagígar is the correct name, as Laki mountain itself did not erupt, as fissures opened up on each side of it. Lakagígar is part of a volcanic system centered on the volcano Grímsvötn and including the volcano Þórðarhyrna. It lies between the glaciers of Mýrdalsjökull and Vatnajökull, in an area of fissures that run in a southwest to northeast direction.
The system erupted over an eight-month period between 1783 and 1784 from the Laki fissure and the adjoining volcano Grímsvötn, pouring out an estimated of basalt lava and clouds of poisonous hydrofluoric acid and sulfur dioxide compounds that killed over 50% of Iceland's livestock population, leading to a famine which then killed approximately 25% of the island's human population.
The Laki eruption and its aftermath caused a drop in global temperatures, as sulfur dioxide was spewed into the Northern Hemisphere. This caused crop failures in Europe and may have caused droughts in India. The eruption has been estimated to have killed over six million people globally, making it the deadliest in historical times.
Laki is a volcanic fissure in the south of Iceland.
Laki may also refer to:
- Laki language, an Iranian language
- Laki (Mazandarani Dialect), a Mazandarani dialect
- Laki (One Piece), a minor character in the Japanese anime One Piece
- Laki, another term for the Zay ethnic group
Łąki (meaning "meadows") may refer to the following places in Poland:
- Łąki, Lower Silesian Voivodeship (south-west Poland)
- Łąki, West Pomeranian Voivodeship (north-west Poland)
- Łąki, Lublin Voivodeship (east Poland)
- Łąki, Garwolin County in Masovian Voivodeship (east-central Poland)
- Łąki, Warsaw West County in Masovian Voivodeship (east-central Poland)
- Łąki, Wołomin County in Masovian Voivodeship (east-central Poland)
- Louky nad Olší (Łąki nad Olzą), village in the Czech Republic