Find the word definition

Wikipedia

Humanism

Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence ( rationalism, empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition. The meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have identified with it. The term was coined by theologian Friedrich Niethammer at the beginning of the 19th century. Generally, however, humanism refers to a perspective that affirms some notion of human freedom and progress. In modern times, humanist movements are typically aligned with secularism, and today humanism typically refers to a non-theistic life stance centred on human agency and looking to science rather than revelation from a supernatural source to understand the world.

Humanism (disambiguation)

Humanism may refer to ethical philosophies such as

  • Religious humanism, an integration of humanist ethical philosophy with religious rituals and beliefs
    • Christian humanism, emphasizes the humanity of Jesus and other Christian figures
    • Humanistic Judaism, a movement in Judaism that offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life
  • Secular humanism, embraces humanism while rejecting religious aspects

Humanism may also refer to:

  • Civic Humanism, a form of republicanism inspired by the writings of classical antiquity
  • Humanism (philosophy of education), a theory based on generation of knowledge, meaning and expertise
  • Humanities, a group of academic disciplines and the educational philosophy associated with them
  • Marxist Humanism, a more liberal form of Marxism
  • Neohumanism, a holistic philosophical theory elaborated by Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar
  • New Humanism, a literary criticism term associated with Irving Babbitt and Paul Elmer More
  • Renaissance humanism, a collection of intellectual Greek and Roman teachings
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

humanism

noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
■ ADJECTIVE
secular
▪ The problem of wife abuse is not one of feminism, secular humanism or a lack of headship in the home.
▪ By this I mean the secular humanism that has allowed the flowering of civil society in the West.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
▪ Avignon was undoubtedly the starting-point of humanism and, with it, the Renaissance.
▪ I suggest that it is humanism - both religious and secular - that is the dominant philosophical adversary.
▪ I would regard Fanon's humanism otherwise.
▪ It is nothing less than the crisis of humanism as a religion being played out in economic life.
▪ It is the irreconcilable contradiction inevitable in humanism because of its false assumptions in constructing a world-view.
▪ Renaissance humanism preached respect for the greatness of the human being as an individual: it stressed personal intelligence and ability.
▪ Renaissance humanism was marked by such reading, such continual conversation.
▪ This context is essential to the understanding of humanism, one of the fundamental aspects of Western thought.
The Collaborative International Dictionary

Humanism

Humanism \Hu"man*ism\, n.

  1. Human nature or disposition; humanity.

    [She] looked almost like a being who had rejected with indifference the attitude of sex for the loftier quality of abstract humanism.
    --T. Hardy.

  2. The study of the humanities; polite learning.

  3. A doctrine or ethical point of view that emphasizes the dignity and worth of individual people, rejects claims of supernatural influences on humans, and stresses the need for people to achieve improvement of society and self-fulfillment through reason and to develop human-oriented ethical values without theism.

Wiktionary

humanism

n. 1 The study of the humanities or the liberal arts; literary (especially classical) scholarship. (from 19th c.) 2 (context historical often capitalized English) Specifically, a cultural and intellectual movement in 14th-16th century Europe characterised by attention to Classical culture and a promotion of vernacular texts, notably during the Renaissance. (from 19th c.) 3 An ethical system that centers on humans and their values, needs, interests, ability, dignity and freedom; especially used for a secular one which rejects theistic religion and superstition. (from 19th c.) 4 humanitarianism, philanthropy.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

humanism

along with humanist used in a variety of philosophical and theological senses 16c.-18c., especially ones imitating Latin humanitas "education befitting a cultivated man." See human + -ism. Main modern sense in reference to revival of interest in the Classics traces to c.1860; as a pragmatic system of thought, defined 1907 by co-founder F.C.S. Schiller as: "The perception that the philosophical problem concerns human beings striving to comprehend a world of human experience by the resources of human minds."

WordNet

humanism

  1. n. the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare [syn: humanitarianism]

  2. the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason; rejects religion and the supernatural [syn: secular humanism]

  3. the cultural movement of the Renaissance; based on classical studies

Usage examples of "humanism".

If it achieved nothing else, humanism brought about the emancipation of the artist, a development that is still very much with us.

In the case of Kirillov, this devil is the temptation to self-deification logically deriving from the atheistic humanism of Feuerbach.

Just as Stavrogin had inspired Kirillov with an atheistic humanism based on the supremacy of reason and the Man-God, so he has inspired Shatov, at the same time, with a Slavophilism founded on the very opposite principle.

Hans Castorp, as though somewhere between two intolerable positions, between bombastic humanism and analphabetic barbarism, must be something which one might personally call the human.

It is a philosophy that renewed the splendors of revolutionary humanism, putting humanity and nature in the position of God, transforming the world into a territory of practice, and affirming the democracy of the multitude as the absolute form of politics.

The Neo-Confucianists in China had started out to do the very same thing and had ended in producing intellectual syntheses that were far removed from the down-to-earth humanism of Confucianism and the sages of early China.

Crane Brinton, professor of ancient and modern history at Harvard, identified humanism, Protestantism and rationalism as the three great ideas making the modern world.

Just as Stavrogin had inspired Kirillov with an atheistic humanism based on the supremacy of reason and the Man-God, so he has inspired Shatov, at the same time, with a Slavophilism founded on the very opposite principle.

They also tended to preach a Tolstoian kind of humanism, and dabbled to varying degrees with ideas of social leveling.

Hence the encouragement we have given to all those schemes of thought such as Creative Evolution, Scientific Humanism, or Communism, which fix men's affections on the Future, on the very core of temporality.

We shall find ourselves with the same norms of honesty, progress, and humanism, and we shall have made of God an outdated hypothesis which will peacefully die off by itse:f.

But by all means, let us base our new humanism on this power-driven monologue with rocks.

If Scientific Humanism means anything more than just words to you, you must possess a sense of responsibility.

Though it could easily come off any of Phil's solo albums, because the themes of loneliness, paranoia and alienation are overly familiar to Genesis it evokes the band's hopeful humanism.

Rational humanism, as offered by the autodidacte who is trying to read all the books in the town library, seems at first a good, almost charming possibility, until it collapses in a scene of terrible comic force.