Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Gouge \Gouge\, n. [F. gouge. LL. gubia, guvia, gulbia, gulvia, gulvium; cf. Bisc. gubia bow, gubioa throat.]
A chisel, with a hollow or semicylindrical blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.; a similar instrument, with curved edge, for turning wood.
A bookbinder's tool for blind tooling or gilding, having a face which forms a curve.
An incising tool which cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc. from leather, paper, etc.
(Mining) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein.
The act of scooping out with a gouge, or as with a gouge; a groove or cavity scooped out, as with a gouge.
Imposition; cheat; fraud; also, an impostor; a cheat; a trickish person. [Slang, U. S.]
Gouge bit, a boring bit, shaped like a gouge.
n. 1 A cut or groove, as left by something sharp. 2 A chisel, with a curved blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc. 3 A bookbinder's tool with a curved face, used for blind tooling or gilding. 4 An incise tool that cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc.. from leather, paper, etc. 5 (context mining English) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein and the solid vein. 6 (context slang English) imposition; cheat; fraud. 7 (context slang English) An impostor; a cheat. vb. 1 (context transitive English) To make a mark or hole by scooping. 2 (context transitive or intransitive English) To push, or try to push the eye (of a person) out of its socket. 3 (context transitive English) To charge an unreasonably or unfairly high price.
The term Gouge ( present participle: gouging) is used in different ways:
- Gouge (chisel), a form of chisel or adze, a woodworking tool
Gouge (grape), another name for the European wine grape Gouais blanc
- Gouge noir, another name for the French wine grape Gouget noir
- Eye-gouging (rugby union), an offence in rugby union
- Eye-gouging, the act of pressing or tearing the eye
- Fault gouge, an unconsolidated rock type
- Shale Gouge Ratio, a mathematical algorithm to predict fault rock types
- Seabed gouging by ice, such as an iceberg or sea ice ridge
- Gouging (fighting style), an antiquated form of combat in the back-country United States
- Fish-hooking, gouging as part of self-defence or martial arts
- Price gouging, a legal term
v. force with the thumb; "gouge out his eyes" [syn: force out]
obtain by coercion or intimidation; "They extorted money from the executive by threatening to reveal his past to the company boss"; "They squeezed money from the owner of the business by threatening him" [syn: extort, squeeze, rack, wring]
make a groove in [syn: rout]
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
mid-14c., "chisel with a concave blade," from Old French gouge, from Late Latin gubia, alteration of gulbia "hollow beveled chisel," probably from Gaulish (compare Old Irish gulban "prick, prickle," Welsh gylfin "beak").
1560s, "to cut with a gouge," from gouge (n.). Meaning "to force out with a gouge" (especially of the eyes, in fighting) attested by 1800. Meaning "swindle" is American English colloquial from 1826 (implied in plural noun gougers). Related: Gouged; gouging.
Usage examples of "gouge".
Another two strides, and he almost tripped over Issgrillikk - his agemate, friend, and foster-cousin - twisted around himself in pain at the base of one of the Great Trees, his claws gouging up the rough, grey-brown bark and tearing long white streaks into the inner wood.
Issgrillikk - his agemate, friend, and foster-cousin - twisted around himself in pain at the base of one of the Great Trees, his claws gouging up the rough, grey-brown bark and tearing long white streaks into the inner wood.
Here there was more change than the outside indicated, and Ward saw with regret that fully half of the fine scroll-and-urn overmantels and shell-carved cupboard linings were gone, whilst most of the fine wainscotting and bolection moulding was marked, hacked, and gouged, or covered up altogether with cheap wall-paper.
The platform was scarred with deep, charcoal-blistered trenches made by the reflected beams of energy weapons and pocked with thousands of splintered gouges and impact holes from ricocheting slugs and rifle pellets, and blasphemies and cabbalistic signs had been carved into the polished ancient planks, but the huge black disc of the shrine itself, being only partly of this world, was inviolate.
And in the stygian grotto I saw them do the rite, and adore the sick pillar of flame, and throw into the water handfuls gouged out of the viscous vegetation which glittered green in the chlorotic glare.
He took a deep breath and lifted his hand to touch the gouged cicatrix that sliced across his face from his good eye to the corner of his mouth.
But the others landed in soft soil gouged by the derailment and they made it okay.
They flew into a cloud of little silver hands that snatched and gouged and choked and punched, searing diabolic flesh.
The habitual spectators at the School of Medicine, the College of France, and the Faculty of Sciences, know how experiments are made on the living flesh, how muscles are divided and cut, the nerves wrenched or dilacerated, the bones broken or methodically opened with gouge, mallet, saw, and pincers.
I was sure that he intended to gouge his fingers into the sockets, to feel for the eyestrings, to blind him.
In the beginning, Ayla just followed Iza around and watched while they skinned animals, cured hides, stretched thongs cut in one spiral piece from a single hide, wove baskets, mats, or nets, gouged bowls out of logs, gathered wild foods, prepared meals, preserved meat and plant food for winter, and responded to the wishes of any man who called upon them to perform a service.
On they rampaged along the corridors, smashing, gouging and rending as they went.
But immediately after the young mountains were born, the rain and the glaciers had begun their work, gouging and eroding, washing the mountains back to the sea: On this turbulent planet, rock flowed like water, and mountain ranges rose and fell like dreams.
Sranc, shrieking Sranc, thousands upon thousands of them, clawing black blood from their skin, gouging themselves blind.
Jacques spins around, his clawed toes gouging the dirt, seeking purchase.