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The Collaborative International Dictionary

Goitre

Goiter \Goi"ter\ Goitre \Goi"tre\, n. [F. go[^i]tre, L. guttur throat, cf. tumidum guttur goiter, gutturosus goitered. See Guttural.] (Med.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck, usually resulting from iodine deficiency; bronchocele. It is frequently associated with cretinism, and was at one time common in mountainous regions, especially in certain parts of Switzerland. The incidence of goiter has been substantially reduced by addition of iodine to ceratin foods, such as salt.

Syn: struma.

Wikipedia

Goitre

A goitre (British English) or goiter (American English) (from the Latingutteria, struma) is a swelling of the neck or larynx resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland (thyromegaly), associated with a thyroid gland that is not functioning properly.

Worldwide, over 90% cases of goitre are caused by iodine deficiency.

WordNet

goitre

n. abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from under-production or over-production of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet [syn: goiter, struma, thyromegaly]

Wiktionary

goitre

n. An enlargement of the front and sides of the neck caused by inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary

goitre

alternative spelling of goiter.

Usage examples of "goitre".

His eyes bulged like those of a man afflicted with exophthalmic goitre.

The goitrous intermarry, and have children who are goitrous, or, rather, who will, if exposed to the same conditions as their parents, inevitably develop goitre.

On the green outside their cabin a husband with goitre, enraged against his goitrous wife, was kept from killing her by two elderly goitrous women.

The characteristics of this form of idiocy are an enlarged thyroid gland constituting a goitre or bronchocele, a high-arched palate, dwarfed stature, squinting eyes, sallow complexion, small legs, conical head, large mouth, and indistinct speech.

I think the nearer malefactor, with a goitre, and wearing a large black hat, is either an addition of the year 1709, or was done by the journeyman of the local sculptor who carved the greater number of the figures.

It applies also to a not inconsiderable extent to the man with a goitre who is leading Christ in the Calvary chapel.

It is a sign of constitutional weakness, for the children of goitred parents are usually deaf and dumb, and the succeeding generation idiots.

I did notice Morfans, for he was the ugliest man I ever saw, so ugly that he took pride in his twisted looks, goitred neck, hare lip and misshapen jaw.

The goitres snorted himself to alertness, and the male model stretched himself, cat-like, and produced a very sleepy smile that would never have sold anything.

He left the glass booth, and the man with goitres who had been fretting outside the door all this while rushed in and began to speak excitedly into the telephone in a language that resembled Bulgarian.

As soon as the man with goitres left her, the tweedy woman in the Tyrolean hat gestured more emphatically for his attention.

The tweedy woman was never again at the restaurant, but her companion, the man with goitres, was often there.

The goitres would leave his table just as promptly as he came to his, and on this particular afternoon, having nothing better to observe, he had watched the goitres making his way purposefully toward the steps of the church.

Shortly after he had gone in at the door two other men, both as lacking in the external signs of piety as the goitres, followed him inside.

There were no other doors but the one he had come in at, which he had been watching constantly since the goitres and the two other men had entered.