n. (plural of genome English)
Usage examples of "genomes".
Through advances in technology, the cost and speed of reading our genomes has dropped one thousand-fold in 15 years and will likely keep going, so this is a hurdle we can overcome.
Engineering of adult cell genomes may one day become as routine as ways that we currently alter our bodies with cosmetics, drugs, vehicles, and education.
Bacteria and viruses have very simple genomes compared with those of multicellular organisms, so naturally their genomes were the first to be sequenced.
Despite their simplicity, it took years of painstaking work to sequence those first genomes, but since then novel biochemical techniques have been developed that greatly reduce the sequencing time.
This includes applying the sequencing techniques used in the Human Genome Project to the genomes of other important organisms, such as laboratory animals and farm animals and plants.
Many more complete genomes representing diverse branches of the evolutionary tree will be derived as the cost of sequencing decreases.
Once the DNA sequence of the human genome is known, scientists will be able to compare the information to that produced by efforts to sequence the genomes of other species, yielding a fuller understanding of how life on the earth evolved.
Add to the mix the data pouring in about the genomes of so-called model organisms such as fruit flies and mice, and you have what Gene Mayers, Jr.
HGS and at least one other company have filed similar applications on other genomes, but it is highly uncertain that the U.
So for a while, the organisms with completely sequenced genomes will be those with simple genomes and those with scientific or economic importance, such as laboratory animals and agricultural animals and plants.
In time, it might even become possible to save species from extinction by preserving their genomes in a huge life-forms database from which they could be resurrected at will.
Yet corporate and academic researchers are using the genomes of these so-called model organisms to study a variety of human diseases, including cancer and diabetes.
The differences in gene expression may explain how largely similar genomes create such different organisms.
Its vital RNA lacks the proofreading and editing skills which longer, more stable genomes such as ours have developed.