Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century.
A Futurist may be:
- A practitioner of futurism, an artistic and social movement
- A practitioner of futures studies, also known as futurology, the study of possible futures
Futurism or futurist may also refer to:
- Afrofuturism, an African-American and African diaspora subculture
- Futurism (Christianity), an interpretation of the Bible in Christian eschatology
- Futurism (Judaism)
- Futurism (literature)
- Futurist (comics), a Marvel Comics character
- Futurist (magazine), published by the World Future Society
- Futurist Architecture, an architectural movement begun in Italy in 1904
- Futurist meals, a gastronomic movement based on Futurism
- Futurist Theatre, based in Scarborough, England
- Futurists or futurologists, scientists whose speciality is to attempt to predict the future
- Futurists (play), a play by Dusty Hughes
- Italian Futurism (cinema)
- Neo-Futurism, a contemporary art and architecture movement
- Retro-futurism, a modern art movement
- Russian Futurism
Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized speed, technology, youth, and violence, and objects such as the car, the aeroplane, and the industrial city. Although it was largely an Italian phenomenon, there were parallel movements in Russia, England, and elsewhere. The Futurists practiced in every medium of art including painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial design, interior design, urban design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture, and even gastronomy. Its key figures were the Italians Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Gino Severini, Giacomo Balla, Antonio Sant'Elia, Bruno Munari, Benedetta Cappa and Luigi Russolo, the Russians Natalia Goncharova, Velimir Khlebnikov, Igor Severyanin, David Burliuk, Aleksei Kruchenykh and Vladimir Mayakovsky, and the Portuguese Almada Negreiros. It glorified modernity and aimed to liberate Italy from the weight of its past. Cubism contributed to the formation of Italian Futurism's artistic style. Important Futurist works included Marinetti's Manifesto of Futurism, Boccioni's sculpture Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, and Balla's painting Abstract Speed + Sound (pictured). To some extent Futurism influenced the art movements Art Deco, Constructivism, Surrealism, Dada, and to a greater degree Precisionism, Rayonism, and Vorticism.
Futurism was an early 20th-century art movement which encompassed painting, sculpture, poetry, theatre, music, architecture and gastronomy. Filippo Tommaso Marinetti initiated the movement with his Manifesto of Futurism, published in February 1909. Futurist music rejected tradition and introduced experimental sounds inspired by machinery, and influenced several 20th-century composers.
Futurism is a Christian eschatological view that interprets portions of the Book of Revelation and the Book of Daniel as future events in a literal, physical, apocalyptic, and global context.
By comparison, other Christian eschatological views interpret these passages as past events in a symbolic, historic context ( Preterism and Historicism), or as present-day events in a non-literal and spiritual context ( Idealism). Futurist beliefs usually have a close association with Premillennialism and Dispensationalism.
Futurism is a modernist avant-garde movement in literature and part of the Futurism art movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It made its official literature debut with the publication of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's Manifesto of Futurism (1909). Futurist poetry is characterised by unexpected combinations of images and by its hyper-concision (in both economy of speech and actual length). Futurist theatre also played an important role within the movement and is distinguished by scenes that are only a few sentences long, an emphasis on nonsensical humour, and attempts to examine and subvert traditions of theatre via parody and other techniques. Longer forms of literature, such as the novel, have no place in the Futurist aesthetic of speed and compression. Futurist literature primarily focuses on seven aspects: intuition, analogy, irony, abolition of syntax, metrical reform, onomatopoeia, and essential/synthetic lyricism.
Jewish Futurism is used in three different contexts: religious, artistic and futures studies (foresight, futurology etc.)
Futurism is an emerging technology publication that launched in 2015. The site covers advancements in frontier technologies that include artificial intelligence, virtual reality, 3D printing, synthetic biology, and space exploration. The mission of Futurism is to "empower readers and drive the development of transformative technologies towards maximizing human potential."
Futurism is known for creating content that takes complex topics and breaks them down into easy to understand visual infographics and videos. They are well known for their "This Year in Science" annual report that highlights the biggest scientific and technological trends each year. Their work has been featured on Yahoo, Tech Insider, Business Insider, MSN, Mic and others.
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
n. 1 An early 20th century avant-garde art movement focused on speed, the mechanical, and the modern, which took a deeply antagonistic attitude to traditional artistic conventions; ''(originated by Wikipedia:Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, among others)''. 2 The study and prediction of possible futures. 3 (context Judaism English) The Jewish expectation of the messiah in the future rather than recognizing him in the presence of Christ. 4 (context Christianity English) Eschatological interpretations associating some Biblical prophecies with future events yet to be fulfilled, including the Second Coming.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
1909 as the name of a movement in arts and literature, from Italian futurismo, coined 1909 by Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876-1944); see future + -ism. Futurist is from 1911 in the arts movement sense; attested from 1842 in a Protestant theological sense ("one who holds that nearly the whole of the Book of Revelations refers principally to events yet to come" - Century Dictionary). As "one who has (positive) feelings about the future" it is attested from 1846 but marked in dictionaries as "rare."
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Futurism \Fu"tur*ism\, n. (Painting)
A movement or phase of post-impressionism (which see, below).
A point of view that finds meaning or fulfillment in the future rather than in the past or present. The philosophy of a futurist.
n. an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age
the position that the meaning of life should be sought in the future
Usage examples of "futurism".
Teams of behaviorists assembled in the sewers and conceived a brand of futurism based on filing procedures.
The designation of agencies to watch over the indicators of change in the quality of life would carry us a long way toward that humanization of the planner which is the essential first stage of the strategy of social futurism.
If the humanization of the planner is the first stage in the strategy of social futurism, therefore, the forward extension of our time horizon is the second.
The first time he'd heard about Marinetti, he said, he'd got the wrong end of the stick and thought Futurism was something to do with puppets.