Eshtemoa, meaning obedience, is a name found in the Bible.
- A son of Ishbah or maybe a town inhabited by Ishbah's descendants. ( 1 Chronicles 4:17)
- A descendent of Bithiah princess of Egypt and Mered (1 Chron. 4:19)
- A Levitical city in the mountains of Judah, which was allotted, with the common land round it, to the priests ( Joshua 15:50, 21:14). It has been identified with As-Samu, a village about 3½ miles east of Socoh, and about 9 miles south of Hebron, around which there are ancient remains of the ruined city. It was one of the places frequented by King David as a fugitive ( 1 Samuel 30: 26-28).