ECFA may refer to:
- Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement - agreement between mainland China and Taiwan
- Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability - an accrediting association for evangelical Christian organizations
- European Coalition for Farm Animals, a European organisation for farm animal rights
- The European Committee for Future Accelerators, which was set up at the beginning of 1963 on the initiative of Prof. Weisskopf, then Director-General of CERN and of Prof. Powell, Chair of the CERN Scientific Policy Committee 1.
- European Children's Film Association