Crete (, ; Ancient Greek: , Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, and the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica. Crete and a number of surrounding islands and islets constitute the region of Crete , one of the 13 top-level administrative units of Greece. The capital and the largest city is Heraklion. , the region had a population of 623,065.
Crete forms a significant part of the economy and cultural heritage of Greece, while retaining its own local cultural traits (such as its own poetry and music). It was once the centre of the Minoan civilization , which is currently regarded as the earliest recorded civilization in Europe.
Crete is a large island in Greece.
- Emirate of Crete
- Crete (theme), Byzantine Empire
- Crete Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
- Crete Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
- Cretan State
- Crete Region, Greece
Crete may also refer to:
- Locations in the United States
- Crete, Illinois
- Crete, Indiana
- Crete, Nebraska
- Crete Township, Sargent County, North Dakota
- Other locations
- La Crete, Alberta, Canada
- Crete Senesi, an area of the Italian region of Tuscany to the south of Siena
- Crete (novel), by Barry Unsworth
Cretan may refer to:
- The Cretan (disambiguation)
- Cretan Greek
- Cretan School
In Greek mythology, the name Crete may refer to several figures, all of whom are associated with the homonymous island of Crete, and may have been considered its eponyms:
- Crete, daughter of Asterion (Asterius), who married Minos, in one version.
- Crete, possible mother of Pasiphaë by Helios.
- Crete, daughter of Deucalion (son of Minos), sister of Idomeneus and half-sister of Molus.
- Crete, daughter of one of the Cretan Curetes, who married Ammon. She was actually said to have given her name to the island Crete, which was believed to have previously been called Idaea.
- Crete, one of the Hesperides and another possible eponym of Crete.
Crete, NE -- U.S. city in Nebraska
Housing Units (2000): 2188
Land area (2000): 2.371430 sq. miles (6.141975 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 2.371430 sq. miles (6.141975 sq. km)
FIPS code: 11370
Located within: Nebraska (NE), FIPS 31
Location: 40.624790 N, 96.959178 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 68333
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Crete, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
Housing Units (2000): 2807
Land area (2000): 6.377675 sq. miles (16.518101 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.025453 sq. miles (0.065923 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 6.403128 sq. miles (16.584024 sq. km)
FIPS code: 17523
Located within: Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
Location: 41.455910 N, 87.618798 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 60417
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
n. (context archaic English) A Cretan. n. One of the 13 peripheries of Greece; an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
traditionally said to be from Krus, name of a mythological ancestor; probably an ethnic name of some sort.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Crete \Crete\ (kr[=e]t), n. [L. Cres, Cretis.] A Cretan
Usage examples of "crete".
From the coal fields of a little town in Pennsylvania to the mountains of Albania, and Athens and Jerusalem and Smyrna, and Istanbul and Crete, and now here.
The mountains of Crete and Candia, with their snowy caps, were the only signs of land to be seen until we arrived in sight of Brindisi, which we reached twelve hours later than we should have done had it not been for the rough weather that we encountered.
Grabusa a shipload of cinnamon, cloves and musk-nuts, so that the whole of Crete had a sweet scent.
Isle of Crete, his exclusion from the throne was compensated by the royal title and the provinces beyond the Hellespont.
Crete looks from Egypt, the other islands being the Dodecanese and Cycladic archipelagos in the Aegean and the continent Greece and Asia Minor.
The only action they seemed to contemplate in this extremely serious crisis was to send a battalion or so to Crete, a few air squadrons to Greece, and make some minor diversions against the Dodecanese and a small though desirable offensive in the Soudan.
He insisted that he could not order evacuation, particularly of Crete and the Dodecanese, because of the political repercussions which would follow.
Such helmets, and artistic representations of them, have been found at Mycenaean sites, on Crete, at Mycenae, on Delos, but never in late archaeological contexts.
The intercourse between Crete and Egypt, however, goes much farther back than either the domination of the Hyksos or the Middle Kingdom.
So it has been suggested that the Knossos lid and the Baghdad lion are the scanty relics of a great Hyksos empire which once extended from the Euphrates to the First Cataract of the Nile, and possibly also held Crete in subjection.
In Crete this was the period when the beautiful polychrome Kamares ware was at the height of its popularity, and at Kahun, close to the pyramid of Senusert II.
Bronze Age sailors intent on reaching the Nile from Crete may have departed from the recently excavated port of Kommos, on the south coast within sight of the palace of Phaistos.
This cap which was lent to Ulysses had once been stolen by his grandfather, Autolycus, who was a Master Thief, and he gave it as a present to a friend, and so, through several hands, it had come to young Meriones of Crete, one of the five hundred guards, who now lent it to Ulysses.
But Clonie fell beneath the spear of Podarkes, whose hand Penthesilea cut off with the sword, while Idomeneus speared the Amazon Bremousa, and Meriones of Crete slew Evadre, and Diomede killed Alcibie and Derimacheia in close fight with the sword, so the company of the Twelve were thinned, the bodyguard of Penthesilea.
Crete, although its chiefs, Idomeneus and Meriones, are only of secondary rank among the heroes of the Iliad, is obviously one of the most important of Grecian lands.