Find the word definition

The Collaborative International Dictionary

Chemical solution

Solution \So*lu"tion\ (s[-o]*l[=u]"sh[u^]n), n. [OE. solucion, OF. solucion, F. solution, fr. L. solutio, fr. solvere, solutum, to loosen, dissolve. See Solve.]

  1. The act of separating the parts of any body, or the condition of undergoing a separation of parts; disruption; breach.

    In all bodies there is an appetite of union and evitation of solution of continuity.
    --Bacon.

  2. The act of solving, or the state of being solved; the disentanglement of any intricate problem or difficult question; explanation; clearing up; -- used especially in mathematics, either of the process of solving an equation or problem, or the result of the process.

  3. The state of being dissolved or disintegrated; resolution; disintegration.

    It is unquestionably an enterprise of more promise to assail the nations in their hour of faintness and solution, than at a time when magnificent and seductive systems of worship were at their height of energy and splendor.
    --I. Taylor.

  4. (Chem.Phys.) The act or process by which a body (whether solid, liquid, or gaseous) is absorbed into a liquid, and, remaining or becoming fluid, is diffused throughout the solvent; also, the product resulting from such absorption. Note: When a solvent will not take in any more of a substance the solution is said to be saturated. Solution is of two kinds; viz.:

    1. Mechanical solution, in which no marked chemical change takes place, and in which, in the case of solids, the dissolved body can be regained by evaporation, as in the solution of salt or sugar in water.

    2. Chemical solution, in which there is involved a decided chemical change, as when limestone or zinc undergoes solution in hydrochloric acid. Mechanical solution is regarded as a form of molecular or atomic attraction, and is probably occasioned by the formation of certain very weak and unstable compounds which are easily dissociated and pass into new and similar compounds.

      Note: This word is not used in chemistry or mineralogy for fusion, or the melting of bodies by the heat of fire.

  5. Release; deliverance; discharge. [Obs.]
    --Barrow.

  6. (Med.)

    1. The termination of a disease; resolution.

    2. A crisis.

    3. A liquid medicine or preparation (usually aqueous) in which the solid ingredients are wholly soluble.
      --U. S. Disp.

      Fehling's solution (Chem.), a standardized solution of cupric hydrate in sodium potassium tartrate, used as a means of determining the reducing power of certain sugars and sirups by the amount of red cuprous oxide thrown down.

      Heavy solution (Min.), a liquid of high density, as a solution of mercuric iodide in potassium iodide (called the Sonstadt solution or Thoulet solution) having a maximum specific gravity of 3.2, or of borotungstate of cadium ( Klein solution, specific gravity 3.6), and the like. Such solutions are much used in determining the specific gravities of minerals, and in separating them when mechanically mixed as in a pulverized rock.

      Nessler's solution. See Nesslerize.

      Solution of continuity, the separation of connection, or of connected substances or parts; -- applied, in surgery, to a fracture, laceration, or the like. ``As in the natural body a wound, or solution of continuity, is worse than a corrupt humor, so in the spiritual.''
      --Bacon.

      Standardized solution (Chem.), a solution which is used as a reagent, and is of a known and standard strength; specifically, a normal solution, containing in each cubic centimeter as many milligrams of the element in question as the number representing its atomic weight; thus, a normal solution of silver nitrate would contain 10

  7. 7 mgr. of silver in each cubic centimeter.

Usage examples of "chemical solution".

He spotted several corroded areas that would have to be swabbed with a chemical solution to remove the offending copper chloride, an agent of what is known as bronze disease.

There was a sudden rumble, and a yellow chemical solution spurted from shower heads in the ceiling, walls, and floor.

It is fashionable in the North to think of hydroponics, when it is thought of at all, as a device of growing turnips in a chemical solution, and so it is -- in an infinitely complicated way.

It is fashionable in the North to think of hydroponics, when it is thought of at all, as a device of growing turnips in a chemical solution, and so it is - in an infinitely complicated way.

It is fashionable in the North to think of hydroponics, when it is thought of at all, as a device of growing turnips in a chemical solution, and so it is-in an infinitely complicated way.

It is fashionable in the North to think of hydroponics, when it is thought of at all, as a device of growing turnips in a chemical solution, and so it is —.

Should Doc wish to analyze the poison to determine its nature, he had merely to soak the cloth in a simple chemical solution.

The problem is, the varnish he used was an incredibly complex chemical solution, involving boiled insects and other organic and inorganic sources.

There was a final gurgle that shook the floor as the last of a half million gallons of chemical solution was forced deep into Yggdrasil's sapwood.

If the embalming had been done, the blood drawn out and replaced by a chemical solution designed to disinfect and preserve, to discourage life rather than sustain it, and from both Vicki's and Celluci's reports, the younger funeral director was certain it had, then there was no way that Marjory Nelson had risen to hunt the night.

If the embalming had been done, the blood drawn out and replaced by a chemical solution designed to disinfect and preserve, to discourage life rather than sustain it-and from both Vicki's and Celluci's reports, the younger funeral director was certain it had- then there was no way that Marjory Nelson had risen to hunt the night.

It is my own product, an electro-chemical solution which completely disrupts the molecular characteristics of matter.

He now reheated the blood that he had withdrawn from the body of the old woman, adding a few drops of some clear chemical solution, withdrew the liquid from the veins of the beautiful corpse, replacing it with the blood of the old woman and simultaneously administering a hypodermic injection.