Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
CAST may refer to:
Cast (Mexican band)
Cast is a rock band from Mexico. Formed in the 1970s, they specialize in progressive rock, similar in style to early Genesis. Their music focuses strongly on keyboards, guitars and vocals. The band host an annual progressive rock festival called Baja Prog in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico, which features bands from around the world.
A cast is a basic skill on uneven bars in artistic gymnastics. From the front hang, a gymnast pikes (allowing the knee to touch the bar) and slides upwards to a handstand. Some gymnasts may perform the move with straddled legs. It is an "A" move in the Code of Points.
CAST (Center of Advanced Systems & Technologies)
The Center of Advanced Systems and Technologies (CAST) was established in 2005. Known as one of the largest and the most dynamic engineering / research centers in Iran, the mission of CAST is to develop relations with industries and research centers in order to solve industrial challenges by bringing together researchers, experts, consultants and elite students. This mission has guided CAST in its programs of basic and applied research projects. CAST concentrates on product based methods and its direct support of college of Engineering, University of Tehran. CAST’s portfolios in various fields of expertise include smaller scope services as well as large projects.
Cast are an English rock band from Liverpool, formed in 1992 by John Power (vocals, guitar) and Peter Wilkinson (backing vocals, bass) after Power left The La's and Wilkinson's former band Shack had split. Following early line-ups with different guitarists and drummers, Liam "Skin" Tyson (guitar) and Keith O'Neill (drums) joined Cast in 1993.
Emerging from the Britpop movement of the mid-1990s, Cast signed to Polydor Records and their debut album All Change (1995) became the highest selling debut album for the label. Further commercial success continued with the albums Mother Nature Calls (1997) and Magic Hour (1999), however a departure in sound on the band's fourth album Beetroot (2001) was met by a poor critical and commercial reaction and led to the band's split two weeks after its release.
The band reformed in November 2010 and released their fifth album Troubled Times in November 2011. Bassist Peter Wilkinson confirmed his departure from the band in March 2015, following his abrupt departure from a previous tour in December 2014.
Noel Gallagher of Oasis described watching the band live as being like a "religious experience" and they were labelled " The Who of the 90's". It has been suggested that the name "Cast" was taken from the final word on The La's eponymous album (the song "Looking Glass" ends with the repeated line "The change is cast"); John Power has since confirmed this to be true, stating that he avoided answering this question for some time.
CAST is a multinational technology corporation, with headquarters in France, near Paris, and New York City. CAST markets software quality and size (Automated Function Points counting) measurement technology and expertise, and offers software, hosting and consulting services all in support software Analysis and Measurement. The company was founded in 1990 in Paris, France, by Vincent Delaroche.
CAST pioneered the use of code quality metrics in application development SLAs, for which Gartner recently highlighted CAST as an innovative software publisher for its work in Application Services. CAST research and experts are often consulted in development quality and security by medias such as Los Angeles Times, BBC, CNBC, The Wall Street Journal, and The Economist. Research CAST's head of product development, Olivier Bonsignour, co-wrote The Economics of Software Quality with Capers Jones, another specialist in software engineering.
CAST leadership team includes Dr Bill Curtis, notable for having led the CMM at the Software Engineering Institute (SEI) in the early 1990s and more recently the Consortium for IT Software Quality (CISQ), which was established by industry to implement software quality and size standards.
The Collaborative International Dictionary
Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin; cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon) fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E. mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon, ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc. See these terms in the Vocabulary.
As swift as a pellet out of a gunne When fire is in the powder runne.
The word gun was in use in England for an engine to cast a thing from a man long before there was any gunpowder found out.
(Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon.
pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or manner of loading as rifled or smoothbore, breech-loading or muzzle-loading, cast or built-up guns; or according to their use, as field, mountain, prairie, seacoast, and siege guns.
Armstrong gun, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.
Big gun or Great gun, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big guns to tackle the problem.
Gun barrel, the barrel or tube of a gun.
Gun carriage, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or moved.
Gun cotton (Chem.), a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester of nitric acid.
Gun deck. See under Deck.
Gun fire, the time at which the morning or the evening gun is fired.
Gun metal, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.
Gun port (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.
Gun tackle (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from the gun port.
Gun tackle purchase (Naut.), a tackle composed of two single blocks and a fall.
Krupp gun, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.
Machine gun, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns, mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier models, such as the Gatling gun, the cartridges were loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel. Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such weapons, with accurate aim. The Gatling gun, Gardner gun, Hotchkiss gun, and Nordenfelt gun, named for their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse, are machine guns.
To blow great guns (Naut.), to blow a gale. See Gun, n., 3.
adj. (of molten metal or glass) formed by pouring or pressing into a mold
object formed by a mold [syn: casting]
the act of throwing dice [syn: roll]
the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel [syn: casting]
a violent throw [syn: hurl]
deposit; "cast a vote"; "cast a ballot"
select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet; "He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona"
assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors; "Who cast this beautiful movie?"
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The cattle roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from one town to the next"; "They rolled from town to town" [syn: roll, wander, swan, stray, tramp, roam, ramble, rove, range, drift, vagabond]
choose at random; "draw a card"; "cast lots" [syn: draw]
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; "After drinking too much, the students vomited"; "He purged continuously"; "The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night" [syn: vomit, vomit up, purge, sick, cat, be sick, disgorge, regorge, retch, puke, barf, spew, spue, chuck, upchuck, honk, regurgitate, throw up] [ant: keep down]
n. 1 An act of throwing. 2 Something which has been thrown, dispersed etc. 3 A small mass of earth "thrown off" or excreted by a worm. 4 The collective group of actors performing a play or production together. Contrasted with crew. 5 The casting procedure. 6 An object made in a mould. 7 A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones. 8 The mould used to make cast objects 9 (context hawking English) The number of hawks (or occasionally other birds) cast off at one time; a pair. 10 A squint. 11 visual appearance. 12 The form of one's thoughts, mind etc. 13 An animal, especially a horse, that is unable to rise without assistance. 14 Animal and insect remains which have been regurgitated by a bird. 15 A group of crabs. vb. 1 (label en heading physical) ''To move, or be moved, away.'' 2 # (label en now somewhat literary) To throw. (from 13thc.) 3 # To throw forward (a fishing line, net etc.) into the se
(from 14thc.) 4 # Specifically, to throw down or aside. (from 15thc.) 5 # (label en of an animal) To throw off (the skin) as a process of growth; to shed the hair or fur of the coat. (from 15thc.) 6 # (label en obsolete except in set phrases) To remove, take off (clothes). (from 14thc.) 7 # (label en nautical) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water. 8 # (label en obsolete) To vomit. 9 # (label en archaic) To throw up, as a mound, or rampart. 10 # (label en archaic) To throw out or emit; to exhale. 11 To direct (one's eyes, gaze etc.). (from 13thc.)
Douglas Harper's Etymology Dictionary
c.1200, "to throw, fling, hurl," from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse kasta "to throw" (cognate with Swedish kasta, Danish kaste, North Frisian kastin), of uncertain origin. Meaning "to form in a mold" is late 15c. In the sense of "warp, turn" it replaced Old English weorpan (see warp (v.)), and itself largely has been superseded now by throw, though cast still is used of fishing lines and glances. Meaning "calculate, find by reckoning; chart (a course)" is from c.1300.
mid-13c., "a throw, an act of throwing," from cast (v.). In early use especially of dice, hence figurative uses relating to fortune or fate. Meaning "that which is cast" is from c.1550s. Meaning "dash or shade of color" is from c.1600. The sense of "a throw" carried an idea of "the form the thing takes after it has been thrown," which led to widespread and varied meanings, such as "group of actors in a play" (1630s). OED finds 42 distinct noun meaning and 83 verbal ones, with many sub-definitions. Many of the figurative senses converged in a general meaning "sort, kind, style" (mid-17c.). A cast in the eye (early 14c.) preserves the older verbal sense of "warp, turn."
Usage examples of "cast".
From the summit he was cast down headlong, and dashed in pieces on the pavement, in the presence of innumerable spectators, who filled the forum of Taurus, and admired the accomplishment of an old prediction, which was explained by this singular event.
The acroterion is cast in the reclining form of a pretty young man, hands bound above his head, ankles bound as well, and a gag tied tightly across his mouth.
He must needs weave his phantasy into some quietly melancholy fabric of didactic or allegorical cast, in which his meekly resigned cynicism may display with naive moral appraisal the perfidy of a human race which he cannot cease to cherish and mourn despite his insight into its hypocrisy.
Where we read that, after the casting of lots, the sample lives are exhibited with the casual circumstances attending them and that the choice is made upon vision, in accordance with the individual temperament, we are given to understand that the real determination lies with the Souls, who adapt the allotted conditions to their own particular quality.
Already his visions of her as she would be were creeping into her mind, looking desirable, alluring, and she was having more and more trouble casting them out.
I should have wished to have limited my story to Beaufort and his message, but as the council seemed to be intent upon hearing a full account of my journey, I told in as short and simple speech as I could the various passages which had befallen me--the ambuscado of the smugglers, the cave, the capture of the gauger, the journey in the lugger, the acquaintance with Farmer Brown, my being cast into prison, with the manner of my release and the message wherewith I had been commissioned.
He cast another glace of longing and terror at the amplifier as he passed.
Truth once more, but if you cling to apostasy, then even as he foretold, you will be cast into the Fire, and all other unbelievers with you.
But as soon as they were united at Anagni and Fundi, in a place of security, they cast aside the mask, accused their own falsehood and hypocrisy, excommunicated the apostate and antichrist of Rome, and proceeded to a new election of Robert of Geneva, Clement the Seventh, whom they announced to the nations as the true and rightful vicar of Christ.
How had I not noticed, in the archive, that the region represented on those maps had exactly the brooding, spread-winged shape of my dragon, as if he cast his shadow over it from above?
In a few moments more the fire just at one point became blinding, and in another second the sun emerged, the first arrowy shaft passed into her chamber, the first shadow was cast, and it was day.
There was simply not the time to cast it into rhyme or metre, to take care with assonance and ambiguity.
Then, thanks to me, the needle in the compass took its true direction again, and the ship, blown to the northeast by that frightful hurricane, has just been cast on the coast of Africa, just on this land of Angola which I wished to reach.
And yet these exceptions are either too few in number, or too recent in time, entirely to remove the imputation of ignorance and obscurity which has been so arrogantly cast on the first proselytes of Christianity.
The light had a dull golden cast and a grainy quality, as if mixed in with particles of gloom, and the smell, while it plainly was that of a cleaning agent, did not have the astringency of an industrial cleaner.